Choueifat

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Choueifat
الشويفات
Choueifat is located in Lebanon
Choueifat
Choueifat
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°49′N 35°31′E / 33.817°N 35.517°E / 33.817; 35.517Coordinates: 33°49′N 35°31′E / 33.817°N 35.517°E / 33.817; 35.517
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Mount Lebanon Governorate
District Aley District
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Choueifat (Arabic: شويفات‎) is a suburb southeast of Beirut in Lebanon. The town is a Druze and Christian enclave that lies on the eastern side of Beirut's airport. The local population of the city is made up of mostly Druze and Christians, but in the last 25 years, many Beirutis have moved in to escape the capital's high rents, while many southerners have found Choueifat a good alternative to the crowded southern suburb known as Dahieh.

Choueifat is the home city of the Lebanese Druze leader Prince Talal Arslan and to other members of the Arslan family.

The first mayor of Choueifat was Fareed nabhan Choukier in 1893. Its current mayor as of 2010 is Melhem Najib El-Souki. [1]

Economy[edit]

The town is home to 150 factories, making it one of Lebanon's largest industrial areas.[2] Choueifat used be well known for its Olives season. A vast majority of its land used to be covered with olive trees and used to be referred to as "the desert of choueifat". This resource was one of the major sources of income for the Villagers, as the Olives were sold to be eaten or converted into Oil and Soap.

Education[edit]

The most renowned education institute in the town is the International School of Choueifat.

Sahra Choueifat[edit]

A 2005 MIT study by Hiba Bou Akar which analyzed the access to cheap housing by Shiites who had lived through two displacement (Lebanese civil war, and post 1992 reconstruction of the suburbs) gave rise to three findings: First, the monetary compensation received by displaced squatters after the war was, in theory, adequate to allow them to get legal housing in Beirut; however the implementation was unstable and led the families to bind their resources to vacant apartments before they could move to them. Second, political parties' intervention in the phase of compensation, as well as in the housing market of Sahra Choueifat, managed to acquire better housing and tenure rights for those who were displaced, but gave rise to religious pockets within a religiously sensitive area. Moreover, the use of legal tools by contesting groups such as voting, zoning, and manipulation of public services in Sahra Choueifat, is resulting in the division of space in a political manner; define a group’s space and excluding others. This is causing these families to move again in yet another, third phase of displacement, from Sahra Choueifat to more Shiite-dominated suburbs. [3]

In the suburb there is almost no risk of being consumed by or starting a wildfire, seeing as how it is fire-risk free according to some studies. [4]

The area of Choueifat El Oumara is home to the Kamal Jomblat hospital.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ الجمهورية اللبنانيّة وزارة الداخليّة والبلديّات بلديّة الشويفات (n.d.) تاريخ البلدية . Retrieved from: http://www.choueifatcity.net/%d8%aa%d8%a7%d8%b1%d9%8a%d8%ae-%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%a8%d9%84%d8%af%d9%8a%d8%a9
  2. ^ مدينة الشويفات
  3. ^ a b Bou Akar, H. (2005). Displacement, politics, and governance: Access to low-income housing in a Beirut suburb [Abstract]. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  4. ^ Centre de resources sur le developpement local. (Dec. 13, 2007). Population, Voters, Local Authorities, and Skills. Retrieved from: http://www.localiban.org/spip.php?article4113