|A Chow Chow puppy|
|Country of origin||China|
|Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
The Chow Chow is a sturdily built dog, square in profile, with a broad skull and small, triangular, erect ears with rounded tips. The breed is known for a very dense double coat that is either smooth or rough. The fur is particularly thick in the neck area, giving it a distinctive ruff or mane appearance. The coat may be red, black, blue, cinnamon/fawn, or cream.
Chow Chow eyes are typically deep set and almond shaped. The breed is distinguished by its unusual blue-black/purple tongue and very straight hind legs, resulting in a rather stilted gait. The bluish color extends to the Chow Chow's lips; this is the only dog breed with this distinctive bluish color in its lips and oral cavity (other dogs have black or a piebald pattern skin in their mouths). One other distinctive feature is the curly tail. It has thick hair and lies curled on its back. The nose should be black, but blue-coated Chow Chow can have a solid blue or slate-colored nose. According to the American Kennel Club breed standards, any other tone is not acceptable for contests. FCI countries, however, do allow a self-colored nose in the cream.
The blue-black/purple tongue gene appears to be dominant, as almost all mixed breed dogs that come from a Chow Chow retain that tongue color. This is not to say, however, that every mixed breed dog with spots of purple on the tongue is descended from Chow Chow, as purple spots on the tongue can be found on a multitude of pure breed dogs.
|Physical Appearance of Chow Chow|
Most commonly kept as pets, Chow Chows tend to display discernment of strangers and can become fiercely protective of their owners and property. The American Kennel Club standards, however, consider an all-too aggressive or all-too timid Chow Chow to be unacceptable. For that reason, some owners have attributed a cat-like personality to the Chow Chow.
Owning a Chow Chow can raise the cost of homeowners insurance because some companies consider them high-risk dogs. In a study in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, out of 238 fatalities related to dog bites from 1979 to 1998, Chow Chow were responsible for eight.
Chow Chow are not excessively active, meaning that they can be housed in an apartment. However, Chow Chow living in apartments will need daily exercise to prevent restlessness and boredom. Upon realizing that exercise is a daily occurrence, Chow Chow will tend to be more assertive with owners in anticipation of such activities.
The Chow Chow can suffer from entropion, glaucoma, juvenile cataracts, lymphoma, hip dysplasia, diabetes mellitus, canine pemphigus, and gastric cancer. Chow Chows are a high risk breed for autoimmune disease  and are at a predisposition for skin melanoma.
Due to the Chow Chow's thick coat, fleas can be a problem.
Recent DNA analysis confirm that this breed is one of the oldest dog breeds. Research indicates it is one of the first primitive breeds to evolve from the gray wolf, and is thought by many to have originated in the arid steppes of northern China/Mongolia, although other theorists conjecture that its origin is in Siberian regions of Asia. A Chinese bas-relief from 150 BCE shows a hunting dog and a dog very friendly toward children similar in appearance to the Chow Chow. Later, Chow Chows were bred as general-purpose working dogs for hunting, herding and protection of the home. The black tongued Chow Chow was also bred for human consumption. Some scholars claim the Chow Chow was the original ancestor of the Samoyed, Norwegian Elkhound, Pomeranian, and Keeshond.
In the United States, the Chow Chow was a highly popular pet among the rich and famous during the Roaring Twenties. President Calvin Coolidge and his wife owned a black Chow Chow named Timmy. Chow Chows were also popular in the 1930s and 1980s.
Famous Chow Chow owners 
Director Teja owns a Chow Chow called, "Action". Vanna Bonta has a cream Chow Chow named Sky in a line of her breed of choice, a blue Chow Chow she had named Seraph, and a red Chow Chow named Beowulf who was immortalized as a fictional dog in the book Flight. Sigmund Freud had a Chow Chow named Jo-Fi who attended all of his therapy sessions because he felt that dogs had a special sense that allows them to judge a person's character accurately, and admitted he depended on Jo-Fi for an assessment of a patient's mental state. Martha Stewart had a Chow Chow named Genghis Khan that died in a kennel fire. Peri Gilpin had a Chow Chow named Charlie. Janet Jackson had a Chow Chow named Buckwheat. Drew Barrymore, Selena Gomez and Matthew McConaughey had Chow Chow-Labrador mixes. Manchester United winger Nani is also an owner of a Chow Chow named Panda. A.C. Milan striker Mario Balotelli bought his girlfriend two Chow Chow puppies costing £850 each. 
Also, Elvis Presley had a chow chow called Getlow http://www.elvispresleynews.com/ElvisPets.html
Personality and Behaviour 
This breed of dog has many strong loyal bonds with friends and family, however the Chow Chow dog is usually overly protective of one or two main family member(s).  It is in the breed’s nature to be quiet and well behaved. However, it is also resistant to training. Chow Chows become very stubborn and attach to certain individuals, as they age. This is why training them when they are puppies is so crucial; they gain respect for those who care for them. In order to avoid aggressive and overprotectiveness as an adult, continuous socialization as early as possible could allow the dog to adjust. When Chow Chows have reached adolescence they reject authority from any other owner who failed to earn its admiration. Aggression is one distinctive behavioural characteristic in this breed. They are very aggrssive towards other dogs of the same sex, especially Chows. So much so, in fact, that two Chows of the same sex can not safely live together. They enjoy feeling as if they are irreplaceable to their owners.  Due to their strong hunting instincts, it is recommended that these dogs stay fenced, leashed, and away from cats and small dogs. This is why it is crucial that they are socialized early and consistently in order to act appropriately with strangers. At first, chow chows are very hesitant in interacting with strangers. However, this problem can be avoided if the owners train the chow chow at a young age.
Evidently, any high quality type of food can require the right nutrients for any dog’s skin, hair, and overall health. However, the characteristics of a Chow Chow breed contain 95% of protein in their hair, heavy weight for its height.  Therefore, ensuring that the food contains enough digestible proteins is crucial. The maturation of a Chow Chow occurs at a fast pace due to its size, by 18 months a Chow Chow is an adult dog.  The adjustment of the diet is also necessary. How much this breed eats all depends on the physiological characteristics, such as: size, metabolism, age etc. Chow Chow dogs must eat twice a day.  Due to the Chow Chow’s heavy build, it is important that this dog never be overweight or can lead to injuries of the hip. Most chows eat four cups of food a day, two in the morning and two at night. Chows cannot be fed a lot of meat, it is recommended that they are fed with different sources of protein such as eggs, and rice and in more portions.
Chow breed will heavily shed their fur in the seasons of spring and fall, which requires more grooming attention than other seasons. It is important that owners use the correct tool in order to avoid harming the skin and facilitates grooming. Three kinds of brushes that owner’s can use on their Chow Chow is a medium-coarse brush for the larger parts of the body, and a slick brush for smaller areas and a pin brush to maintain the longer strands of hair.  Chow Chows are known to have either short and smooth coat, or a rougher and longer coat. Both create a thick woolly layer, as it gets closer to the skin. They should be brushed four times a week; however shedding seasons may require daily grooming. Also, a spray conditioner can help avoiding breakage and tearing to the thick coat of hair. Lastly, a monthly bath is required to avoid from fleas and keep a clean coat of fur. 
See also 
- Case, Linda P. (2005). The Dog: Its Behavior, Nutrition, and Health (2nd ed.), p. 23. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-8138-1254-2.
- "Colours and coat types". Chow Chow Club. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
- American Kennel Club (1). "AKC MEET THE BREEDS®: Chow Chow". American Kennel Club. American Kennel Club® (AKC). Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- CHOWCHOW.at (9). "The FCI Breed Standard". CHOWCHOW.at. CHOWCHOW.at Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- Kathy Welsh; Anna Wallace, Vicki DeGruy (2001–2010). "The Truth About Those Black Tongues". Chow Chow Information and Adoption Center. WisconsinChow Chow Rescue. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- The Chow Chow Club, Inc.'s Welfare Committee (1997). "Chow Chow Temperament Evaluation, Handling & Placement Tips for Animal Shelters". Chow Chow Information and Adoption Center. Wisconsin Chow Chow Rescue. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- dogtime (Unknown). "Chow Chow". dogtime. DogTime Media Network. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- InsuranceAgents.com (Unknown). "Will Your Canine Affect Your Homeowners Insurance Policy?". InsuranceAgents.com. AgentInsider.com. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- J. Sacks, Jeffrey; Leslie Sinclair; Julie Gilchrist (15). "Vet Med Today: Special Report – "Breeds of dogs involved in fatal human attacks in the United States between 1979 and 1998"". JAVMA 217 (6).
- "Chow Welfare – Entropion".
- "Vet Info – Entropion".
- "Animal Eye Care".
- "VetInfo – Breed Specific Problems".
- "VetInfo – Juvenile Cataracts in Dogs".
- "Vet Info – Dog Lymphoma Symptoms".
- "Canine Hip Dysplasia".
- "Diabetes Mellitus".
- "Vet Info – Pemphigus".
- "Positional Cloning of the Gene(s) for Gastric Cancer in the Chow Chow".
- "Establishment of a Genetic Database for Disease Association Studies in the Major Histocompatibility complex for Purebred Dogs".
- "Canine Skin Melanoma".
- Atkinson, James (1988). Chow Chows. Haupaugge, NY: Barron's Educational Series, Inc. p. 76. ISBN 0-8120-3952-1.
- Collie or Pug? Study Finds the Genetic Code. New York Times Online. May 21, 2004. Accessed December 25, 2006.
- Schwabe, Calwin W.: Unmentionable Cuisine, page 168. University of Virginia Press, 1979
- Chow Chow | American Kennel Club
- Atkinson, James (1988). Chow Chows, p. 5. Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 0-8120-3952-1.
- Coolidge Pets
- "Vanna Bonta is into Genes!".
- "Vanna Bonta Gets Her Dog a Lion Fur-Do".
- Coren, Stanley (1997). What Do Dogs Know?. Free Press. p. 128.
- "Beginners Guide to the Chow Chow".
- "Martha Blog – A Terrible Event".
- "Beginners guide to the Chow Chow".
- "Canine Aristocracy".
- "Celebrity Owned Dogs".
- "Mario Balotelli's footie kitty".
- Breed. (n.d.). "Chow Chow. Petsource.org" Retrieved 3 April 2013
- Chow Chow Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts. (n.d.). "DogTime is the place for dog breeds, pet adoption, pet insurance and expert pet advice" Retrieved 3 April 2013
- Admin, C. (2012, March 2). Caring For Your Chow Chow • ChowChow.org • A community resource for Chow Chows, their owners and enthusiasts. ChowChow.org - a community resource for chow chows. Retrieved April 4, 2013, from http://chowchow.org/caring-for-your-chow-chow/
- Chow Chow Dog Breed | Information on Chow Chows. (n.d.). Pet Information | Online Resource for Pet Owners | PetWave. Retrieved April 3, 2013, from http://www.petwave.com/Dogs/Dog-Breed-Center/Non-Sporting-Group/Chow-Chow.aspx
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chow Chows|
- Chow Chow breed standard at the official American Kennel Club website
- The Chow Chow Club, Inc.
- The Netherlands Chow Chow Club
- The Royal Belgian Chow Chow Club