Place of origin
|United States of America|
Region or state
|Seafood or vegetables, often milk or cream|
|Variations||New England clam chowder, Manhattan clam chowder, corn chowder, potato chowder|
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2010)|
Chowder is a seafood or vegetable stew, often served with milk or cream and mostly eaten with saltine crackers. Chowder is usually thickened with broken up crackers, but some varieties are traditionally thickened with crushed ship biscuit. New England clam chowder is typically made with chopped clams and diced potatoes, in a mixed cream and milk base, often with a small amount of butter. Other common chowders include Manhattan clam chowder, which substitutes tomatoes for the milk and cream and typically omits potatoes; corn chowder, which uses corn instead of clams; a wide variety of fish chowders; and potato chowder, which is often made with cheese.
The origin of the term chowder is obscure. One possible source is the French word chaudière, the type of cooking/heating stove on which the first chowders were probably cooked. (This, if true, would be similar to the origin of casserole, a generic name for a set of main courses originally prepared in a dish called a casserole.) Another possible (and maybe more probable) source could be the French dish called chaudrée (sometimes spelt chauderée) which is a sort of thick fish soup from the coastal regions of Charente-Maritime and Vendée.
The phonetic variant chowda, found in New England, is believed to have originated in Newfoundland in the days when Breton fisherman would throw portions of the day's catch into a large pot, along with other available foods.
Fish chowder, corn chowder, and clam chowder continue to enjoy popularity in New England and Atlantic Canada.
- Clam chowder
- Corn chowder
- Fish chowder
- Southern Illinois chowder
- Bermuda Fish Chowder
- Seafood Chowder
- Wentworth, Harold; Flexner, Stuart Berg (1967). Dictionary of American Slang. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell. ISBN 0-690-23602-6. ""Chowderhead" definition, in use since c. 1835"
- Edwards County Historical Society (1980). A History of Edwards County, Illinois 1. Higginson Book Company. ISBN 0-88107-219-2.
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