18 September 1956 |
St. Johnsbury, Vermont, USA
|Education||Colgate University (B.A., English Literature)
Harvard Divinity School (M.Div)
Christopher Lynn "Chris" Hedges (born September 18, 1956) is an American journalist specializing in American politics and society. Hedges is also known as the best-selling author of several books including War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning (2002)—a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction—Empire of Illusion: The End of Literacy and the Triumph of Spectacle (2009), Death of the Liberal Class (2010) and his most recent New York Times best seller, written with the cartoonist Joe Sacco, Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt (2012).
Hedges is currently a senior fellow at The Nation Institute in New York City. He spent nearly two decades as a foreign correspondent in Central America, the Middle East, Africa and the Balkans. He has reported from more than fifty countries, and has worked for The Christian Science Monitor, National Public Radio, The Dallas Morning News, and The New York Times, where he was a foreign correspondent for fifteen years (1990–2005).
In 2002, Hedges was part of the team of reporters at The New York Times awarded the Pulitzer Prize for the paper's coverage of global terrorism. He also received the Amnesty International Global Award for Human Rights Journalism in 2002. He has taught at Columbia University, New York University, Princeton University and The University of Toronto. He currently teaches prisoners at a maximum-security prison in New Jersey. He writes a weekly column on Mondays for Truthdig and authored what The New York Times described as "a call to arms" for the first issue of The Occupied Wall Street Journal, a newspaper associated with the Occupy Wall Street protests in Zuccotti Park, New York City. The author describes himself as a socialist.
Christopher Lynn Hedges was born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, the son of a Presbyterian minister, the Rev. Thomas Hedges. He grew up in rural Schoharie County, New York, and graduated from the Loomis Chaffee School, a private boarding school in Windsor, Connecticut, in 1975.
He attended Colgate University, where he received his bachelor of arts in English Literature. He later earned a Master of Divinity from Harvard Divinity School, where he studied under James Luther Adams. He was awarded an honorary doctorate in May 2009 from the Unitarian Universalist seminary, Starr King School for the Ministry, in Berkeley, California. He speaks Arabic, French, and Spanish, and studied Latin and Ancient Greek at Harvard.
New York Times
||The neutrality of this section is disputed. (November 2013)|
Hedges spent 15 years as a foreign correspondent for The New York Times. He was based in the Middle East for five years, serving for four of those years as the Middle East Bureau Chief. He then covered the war in the former Yugoslavia as the Balkan Bureau Chief based in Sarajevo. He later covered al Qaeda in Europe and the Middle East from Paris. He was part of a team of reporters that won the 2002 Pulitzer prize for their coverage of global terrorism.
Three of Hedges' most cited articles were based upon the stories of Iraqi defectors who had been furnished to Hedges by the Information Collection Program of the US-funded Iraqi National Congress. The program promoted stories to major media outlets in order to orchestrate US intervention in Iraq in the aftermath of 9/11. Most significant was a November 8, 2001 front page story about two former Iraqi military commanders who claimed to have trained foreign mujahedeen how to hi-jack planes without using guns. Hedges quoted a man he believed to be an Iraqi general as saying, “These Islamic radicals… came from a variety of countries, including Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Algeria, Egypt and Morocco. We were training these people to attack installations important to the United States. ” The two defectors also asserted there was a secret compound in Salman Pak facility where a German scientist was producing biological weapons.
According to Mother Jones, “The impact of the article…was immediate: Op-eds ran in major papers, and the story was taken to a wider audience through cable-TV talk shows. When Condoleezza Rice, then George W. Bush’s national security adviser, was asked about the story at a press briefing, she said, ‘I think it surprises no one that Saddam Hussein is engaged in all kinds of activities that are destabilizing.’” As late as 2006, conservative magazines like The Weekly Standard and The National Review continued to use the story to justify the invasion of Iraq.
It later surfaced that the story was “an elaborate scam.” The defector Hedges quoted, who identified himself as Lt. General Jamal al-Ghurairy, was actually a former sergeant, and the real Ghurairy had never left Iraq. Hedges explained that he had taken the story at the request of Lowell Bergman of Frontline, who wanted the defectors for his show but could not go to Beirut for the interview. The trip had been organized by Ahmed Chalabi, who Hedges himself considered to be unreliable. Hedges took up the story as a favor to Bergman, explaining, “There has to be a level of trust between reporters. We cover each other’s sources when it’s a good story because otherwise everyone would get hold of it.” For further confirmation of the man’s identity, Hedges had relied on the US embassy in Turkey.
Hedges would write two more stories informed by Chalabi-coached defectors that year. The second one, claiming that Iraq still held 80 Kuwaitis captured in the 1991 Gulf War in a secret underground prison, was also found to baseless.
Hedges is a critic of Israel's policies towards Palestinians, and was also an early critic of the Iraq War. In May 2003, Hedges delivered a commencement address at Rockford College in Rockford, Illinois, saying: "We are embarking on an occupation that, if history is any guide, will be as damaging to our souls as it will be to our prestige and power and security."
His newspaper, The New York Times, criticized his statements and issued him a formal reprimand for "public remarks that could undermine public trust in the paper's impartiality." Shortly after the incident, Hedges left The New York Times to become a senior fellow at The Nation Institute, and a columnist at Truthdig, in addition to writing books and teaching inmates at a New Jersey correctional institution.
In his December 29, 2008, column for Truthdig, Hedges stated that "the inability to articulate a viable socialism has been our gravest mistake. It will ensure, if this does not soon change, a ruthless totalitarian capitalism." He elaborated upon this in a 2013 interview with The Real News, claiming that "the left has been destroyed, especially the radical left, quite consciously in the whole name of anti-communism," and that "we have allowed ourselves to embrace an ideology which, at its core, states that all governance is about maximizing corporate profit at the expense of the citizenry. For what do we have structures of government, for what do we have institutions of state, if not to hold up all the citizenry, and especially the most vulnerable?”
On November 3, 2011, Hedges was arrested with others in New York as part of the Occupy Wall Street demonstration, during which Hedges and others staged a "people's hearing" on the investment bank Goldman Sachs and then blocked the entrance to their corporate headquarters. Hedges has appeared on the syndicated Democracy Now! television program.  and George Stroumboulopoulos Tonight. 
In October 2012, Hedges publicly supported Jill Stein, the candidate of the Green Party of the United States, in the 2012 United States presidential election. On April 7, 2013, Hedges delivered the keynote address at the Green Party of New Jersey state convention.
In 2012, after the Obama Administration signed the National Defense Authorization Act, or NDAA, Hedges sued members of the U.S. government claiming that section 1021 of the law unconstitutionally allowed presidential authority for indefinite detention without habeas corpus. He was later joined in the suit, Hedges v. Obama, by activists including Noam Chomsky and Daniel Ellsberg. In May 2012, Judge Katherine B. Forrest of the Southern District of New York ruled that the counter-terrorism provision of the NDAA is unconstitutional. The Obama administration has appealed the decision.
- 2002 : War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning (ISBN 1586480499)
- 2003 : What Every Person Should Know About War (ISBN 1417721049)
- 2005 : Losing Moses on the Freeway: The 10 Commandments in America (ISBN 0743255135)
- 2007 : American Fascists: The Christian Right and the War on America (ISBN 0743284437)
- 2008 : I Don't Believe in Atheists (ISBN 141656795X)
- 2008 : Collateral Damage: America's War Against Iraqi Civilians, with Laila Al-Arian (ISBN 1568583737)
- 2009 : When Atheism Becomes Religion: America's New Fundamentalists , (ISBN 9781416570783)
- 2009 : Empire of Illusion: The End of Literacy and the Triumph of Spectacle (ISBN 9781568584379)
- 2010 : Death of the Liberal Class (ISBN 9781568586441)
- 2010 : The World As It Is: Dispatches on the Myth of Human Progress (ISBN 9781568586403)
- 2012 : Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt, with Joe Sacco (ISBN 9781568586434)
- author bios, Chris Hedges
- Simon & Schuster, "Authors: Chris Hedges"
- Chris Hedges, Columnist. Truthdig
- Ellen Gilbert (February 2, 2013). "CHRIS HEDGES The News Is Not Good". princetonmagazine.com.
- Chris Hedges, Howard A. Doughty (2008). "I Don't Believe in Atheists". collegequarterly.ca.
- "Notable Alumni Humanitarianism and Public Service". loomischaffee.org. May 15, 2013.
- "INTERVIEW: Chris Hedges". pbs.org. January 31, 2003.
- Americans Who Tell the Truth.org "Chris Hedges Biography"
- "Chris Hedges, Columnist". Bios. Truthdig. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
- McCollam, Douglas (July 12, 2004). "Ahmed Chalabi's List of Suckers: Judith Miller is only one of the many reporters from almost every blue-blooded news outfit in America who were played by the Iraqi exile.". Alternet. Retrieved 2013-11-22. "Chris Hedges of The New York Times wrote a page-one piece headlined DEFECTORS CITE IRAQI TRAINING FOR TERRORISM."
- Hedges, Chris (November 8, 2001). "Defectors Cite Iraqi Training for Terrorism". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-11-17.
- Fairweather, Jack (2006-03). "Heroes in Error". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2013-11-17. "How a fake general, a pliant media, and a master manipulator helped lead the United States into war."
- Iraqi Exile Group Fed False Information to News Media - Global Misinformation Campaign was Used to Build Case for War Jonathan S. Landay and Tish Wells, Knight-Ridder, March 16, 2004
- Footage of the speech on YouTube; Rockford College, May 2003
- Hedges, Chris; A Father's Gift, The Dallas Morning News, June 17, 2006, accessed Dec 21, 2010
- The Nation Institute
- David Barsamian, "An Interview with Chris Hedges" The Progressive, August 2011
- Chris Hedges: ‘The Left Has Been Destroyed’. Truthdig, 22 July 2013.
- Chris Hedges Arrested in Front of Goldman Sachs. Truthdig. 3 November 2011.
- Rich Schapiro & Helen Kennedy (November 3, 2011). “More than a dozen Occupy Wall Street protesters arrested outside Goldman Sachs, Reporter/Actvist Chris Hedges among those charged.” New York Daily News. Retrieved on: 2011-11-04.
- RTAmerica on YouTube
- Pierce, Greg (25 May 2003). "Inside Politics". The Washington Times. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
- "Chris Hedges on American Fascists: The Christian Right and the War on America". 2007-02-19.
- "Strombo, Chris Hedges, CBC Television". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- Hedges, Chris. "Why I’m Voting Green". truthdig.com. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- "Green Party to livestream Chris Hedges keynote at NJ GP annual meeting, Sun. 4/9". greenpartywatch.org. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Chris Hedges Strategy for Radical Change at Green Party of New Jersey Convention on YouTube.
- I am Bradley Manning (full HD) on YouTube
- Kuipers, Dean (May 18, 2012). "Federal judge blocks National Defense Authorization Act provision". Los Angeles Times.
- David Seaman (September 13, 2012). "Obama Has Already Appealed The Indefinite Detention Ruling". businessinsider.com.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Chris Hedges|
- Chris Hedges on the Internet archive. Retrieved July 30, 2012
- I Don't Believe in Atheists – An interview by Charly Wilder with Chris Hedges on salon.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012
- Capitalism’s ‘Sacrifice Zones’ Bill Moyers talks with Chris Hedges, and comic-journalist Joe Sacco talking about their collaboration and showing drawings for their book Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt, July 20, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012
- In Depth with Author and Journalist Chris Hedges. C-SPAN. 1 January 2012.
- Chris Hedges at the Internet Movie Database
- Reality Asserts Itself - Chris Hedges. The Real News. 18 July 2013.