Chris Morris (satirist)
Chris Morris in 2010
|Birth name||Christopher J Morris|
15 June 1962 |
|Medium||Radio, television, print|
|Genres||Black humour, satire|
2011 Four Lions
|British Comedy Awards|
|Best TV Comedy Newcomer
1994 The Day Today
Christopher Morris (born 15 June 1962) is an English satirist, writer, director, actor, voice actor, and producer, known for his black humour, surrealism, and controversial subject matter. He has been hailed for his "uncompromising, moralistic drive" by the British Film Institute. His tendency to avoid the media spotlight has seen him become one of the more enigmatic figures in British comedy.
In the early 1990s, Morris teamed up with his radio producer, Armando Iannucci, to create On The Hour, a satire of news programmes. This was expanded into a television spin off, The Day Today, which launched the career of Steve Coogan, and has since been hailed as one of the most important satirical shows of the 1990s. Morris further developed the satirical news format with Brass Eye, which lampooned celebrities whilst focusing on themes such as crime and drugs. For many, the apotheosis of Morris's career was a Brass Eye special, which dealt with the moral panic surrounding paedophilia. It quickly became one of the most complained about programmes in British television history, leading the Daily Mail to describe him as "the most loathed man on TV".
Meanwhile, Morris's postmodern sketch and ambient music radio show Blue Jam helped him to gain a cult following. He went on to win a BAFTA for Best Short Film after expanding a Blue Jam sketch into My Wrongs 8245–8249 & 117, which starred Paddy Considine. This was followed by Nathan Barley, a sitcom written in collaboration with a then little-known Charlie Brooker that satirised hipsters, and although a ratings bomb, found success upon its DVD release. Morris followed this by joining the cast of the Graham Linehan sitcom The IT Crowd, his first project in which he did not have writing or producing input.
In 2010, Morris directed his first feature-length film, Four Lions, which satirised Islamic terrorism through a group of inept British Pakistanis. Reception of the film was largely positive, earning Morris his second BAFTA, for "Outstanding Debut". Since 2012, he has directed four episodes of Iannucci's political comedy Veep.
Morris was born in Colchester, Essex, to father Michael Morris, a GP, and mother Rosemary Parrington and grew up in a Victorian farmhouse in the village Buckden, Huntingdonshire, which he describes as "very dull".
He has two younger brothers, including theatre director Tom Morris. From an early age he was a prankster, and also had a passion for radio. From the age of 10 he was educated at Stonyhurst College, an independent Jesuit boarding school in Lancashire. He went to study zoology at the University of Bristol, where he gained a 2:1.
On graduating, Morris pursued a career as a musician in various bands, for which he played the bass guitar. He then went to work for Radio West, a local radio station in Bristol. He then took up a news traineeship with BBC Radio Cambridgeshire, where he took advantage of access to editing and recording equipment to create elaborate spoofs and parodies. He also spent time in early 1987 hosting a 2–4pm afternoon show and finally ended up presenting Saturday morning show I.T..
In July 1987, he moved on to BBC Radio Bristol to present his own show "No Known Cure", broadcast on Saturday and Sunday mornings. The show was surreal and satirical, with odd interviews conducted with unsuspecting members of the public. He was fired from Bristol in 1990 after "talking over the news bulletins and making silly noises". In 1988 he also joined, from its launch, Greater London Radio (GLR). He presented The Chris Morris Show on GLR until 1993, when one show got suspended after a sketch was broadcast involving a child "outing" celebrities.
In 1991, Morris joined Armando Iannucci's spoof news project On the Hour. Broadcast on BBC Radio 4, it saw him work alongside Iannucci, Steve Coogan, Stewart Lee, Richard Herring and Rebecca Front. In 1994, Morris began a weekly evening show, the Chris Morris Music Show, on BBC Radio 1 alongside Peter Baynham and 'man with a mobile phone' Paul Garner. In the shows, Morris perfected the spoof interview style that would become a central component of his Brass Eye programme. In the same year, Morris teamed up with Peter Cook, as Sir Arthur Streeb-Greebling, in a series of improvised conversations for BBC Radio 3, entitled Why Bother?.
Move into television and film
In 1994, a BBC 2 television series based on On the Hour was broadcast under the name The Day Today. The Day Today made a star of Morris, and marked the television debut of Steve Coogan's Alan Partridge character. The programme ended on a high after just one series, with Morris winning the 1994 British Comedy Award for Best Newcomer for his lead role as the Paxmanesque news anchor.
In 1997, the black humour which had featured in On the Hour and The Day Today became more prominent in Brass Eye, another spoof current affairs television documentary, shown on Channel 4. Brass Eye became known for tricking celebrities and politicians into throwing support behind public awareness campaigns for made-up issues that were often absurd or surreal (such as a drug called cake and an elephant with its trunk stuck up its anus).
From 1997 to 1999 Morris created Blue Jam for BBC Radio 1, a surreal taboo-breaking radio show set to an ambient soundtrack. In 2000 this was followed by Jam, a television reworking. Morris released a 'remix' version of this, entitled Jaaaaam.
In 2001, a reprise of Brass Eye on the moral panic that surrounds paedophilia led to a record-breaking number of complaints – it still remains the third highest on UK television after Celebrity Big Brother 2007 and Jerry Springer: The Opera – as well as heated discussion in the press. Many complainants, some of whom later admitted to not having seen the programme (notably Beverley Hughes, a government minister), felt the satire was directed at the victims of paedophilia, which Morris denies. Channel 4 defended the show, insisting the target was the media and its hysterical treatment of paedophilia, and not victims of crime.
In 2002, Morris ventured into film, directing the short My Wrongs#8245–8249 & 117, adapted from a Blue Jam monologue about a man led astray by a sinister talking dog. It was the first film project of Warp Films, a branch of Warp Records. In 2002 this won the BAFTA for best short film. In 2005 Morris worked on a sitcom entitled Nathan Barley, based on the character created by Charlie Brooker for his website TVGoHome. Co-written by Brooker and Morris, the series was broadcast on Channel 4 in early 2005.
Morris was a cast member in The IT Crowd, a Channel 4 sitcom which focused on the information technology department of the fictional company Reynholm Industries. The series was written and directed by Graham Linehan (writer of Father Ted and Black Books, with whom Morris collaborated on The Day Today, Brass Eye and Jam) and produced by Ash Atalla (The Office). Morris played Denholm Reynholm, the eccentric managing director of the company. This marked the first time Morris has acted in a substantial role in a project which he has not developed himself. Morris's character appeared to leave the series during episode two of the second series. His character made a brief return in the first episode of the third series.
In November 2007, Morris wrote an article for The Observer in response to Ronan Bennett's article published six days earlier in The Guardian. Bennett's article, "Shame on us", accused the novelist Martin Amis of racism. Morris's response, "The absurd world of Martin Amis", was also highly critical of Amis; although he did not accede to Bennett's accusation of racism, Morris likened Amis to the Muslim cleric Abu Hamza (who was jailed for inciting racial hatred in 2006), suggesting that both men employ "mock erudition, vitriol and decontextualised quotes from the Qu'ran" to incite hatred.
Morris served as script editor for the 2009 series Stewart Lee's Comedy Vehicle, working with former colleagues Stewart Lee, Kevin Eldon and Armando Iannucci. He maintained this role for the second (2011) and third series (2014).
Morris completed his debut feature film Four Lions in late 2009, a satire based on a group of Islamist terrorists in Sheffield. It premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2010 and was short-listed for the festival's World Cinema Narrative prize. The film (working title Boilerhouse) was picked up by Film Four. Morris told The Sunday Times that the film sought to do for Islamic terrorism what Dad's Army, the classic BBC comedy, did for the Nazis by showing them as "scary but also ridiculous".
In 2012, Morris directed the seventh and penultimate episode of the first season of Veep, an Armando Iannucci-devised American version of The Thick of It. In 2013, he returned to direct two episodes for the second season of Veep, and a further episode for season three in 2014.
In 2013, Morris appeared briefly in Richard Ayoade's The Double, a black comedy film based on the Fyodor Dostoyevsky novella of the same name. Morris had previously worked with Ayoade on Nathan Barley and The IT Crowd.
In February 2014, Morris made a surprise appearance at the beginning of a Stewart Lee live show, introducing the comedian with fictional anecdotes about their work together. The following month, Morris appeared in the third series of Stewart Lee's Comedy Vehicle as a "hostile interrogator", a role previously occupied by Armando Iannucci.
Morris often co-writes and performs incidental music for his television shows, notably with Jam and the 'extended remix' version, Jaaaaam. In the early 1990s Morris contributed a Pixies parody track entitled "Motherbanger" to a flexi-disc given away with an edition of Select music magazine. Morris supplied sketches for British band Saint Etienne's 1993 single "You're in a Bad Way" (the sketch 'Spongbake' appears at the end of the 4th track on the CD single). In 2000, he collaborated by mail with Amon Tobin to create the track "Bad Sex", which was released as a B-side on the Tobin single "Slowly". British band Stereolab's song "Nothing to Do with Me" from their 2001 album Sound-Dust featured various lines from Chris Morris sketches as lyrics.
In 2003, Morris was listed in The Observer as one of the 50 funniest acts in British comedy. In 2005, Channel 4 aired a show called The Comedian's Comedian in which foremost writers and performers of comedy ranked their 50 favourite acts. Morris was at number eleven. Morris won the BAFTA for outstanding debut with his film Four Lions. Adeel Akhtar and Nigel Lindsay collected the award in his absence. Lindsay stated that Morris had sent him a text message before they collected the award reading, 'Doused in petrol, Zippo at the ready'. In June 2012 Morris was placed at number 16 in the Top 100 People in UK Comedy.
In 2010, a biography, Disgusting Bliss: The Brass Eye of Chris Morris, was published. Written by Lucian Randall, the book depicted Morris as "brilliant but uncompromising", and a "frantic-minded perfectionist".
Morris lives in Brixton, with his wife, actress turned literary agent Jo Unwin. The pair met in 1984 at the Edinburgh Festival, when he was playing bass guitar for the Cambridge Footlights Revue and she was in a comedy troupe called the Millies. They have two sons, Charles and Frederick, both of whom were born in Lambeth. Until the release of Four Lions he gave very few interviews and little had been published about Morris's personal life. Since 2009 he has made numerous media appearances to promote and support the film, both in the UK and USA, at one point appearing as a guest on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.
- Various works at BBC Radio Cambridgeshire (1986–1987) (presenter)
- No Known Cure (July 1987 – March 1990, BBC Radio Bristol) (presenter)
- Chris Morris (1988–1993, BBC GLR) (presenter)
- Up Yer News (1990, BSB)
- The Chris Morris Christmas Show (25 December 1990, BBC Radio 1)
- On The Hour (1991–1992, BBC Radio 4) (co-writer, performer)
- It's Only TV (September 1992, LWT) (unbroadcast pilot)
- Why Bother? (1994, BBC Radio 3) (performer, editor)
- The Day Today (1994, BBC 2) (co-writer, performer)
- The Chris Morris Music Show (1994, BBC Radio 1) (presenter)
- Brass Eye (1997, Channel 4) (writer, performer)
- I'm Alan Partridge (1997, BBC 2) (performer, one episode)
- Blue Jam (1997–1999, BBC Radio 1) (writer, director, performer, editor)
- Big Train (1999, BBC 2) various sketches. (additional director, voice actor (one sketch))
- Second Class Male/Time To Go (1999, newspaper column for The Observer)
- Jam/Jaaaaam (2000, Channel 4) (main writer, director, performer)
- Brass Eye Special (2001, Channel 4) (writer, performer)
- The Smokehammer (2002, website)
- Absolute Atrocity Special (2002, newspaper pullout for The Observer)
- Bushwhacked (2002)
- My Wrongs#8245–8249 & 117 (2002, short film) (writer, director, voice of Rothko)
- Nathan Barley (2005, Channel 4) (writer, director, performer [cameo, voice only])
- The IT Crowd (2006–2008, Channel 4) (performer)
- Stewart Lee's Comedy Vehicle (2009, 2011, BBC 2) (script editor)
- Four Lions (2010, film) (writer, director, performer [cameo, voice only])
- Veep (2012, television series) (director, performer [cameo, voice only], one episode)
- Veep (2013, television series) (director, two episodes)
- The Double (2013 film) (performer)
- Stewart Lee's Comedy Vehicle (2014, BBC 2) (script editor, performer)
- Veep (2014, television series) (director, one episode)
- "BAFTA: Film Nominations 2002". Retrieved 23 June 2008.
- "Awards database". Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- "British Comedy Awards: 1994 winners". Retrieved 23 June 2008.
- "Morris, Christopher (1963– )". British Film Institute. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- Elizabeth Day (4 April 2010). "Disgusting Bliss by Lucian Randall | Book review". The Observer (London: Guardian). Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- The Guardian (London) 21 February 2003 Review: CHRIS MORRIS: THE MOVIE: The last time he was in the news, it was for the 'paedophile special' of his TV series Brass Eye. Now he's made a film – just 15 minutes long – which is tipped to win a Bafta on Sunday. In a rare interview, Britain's greatest contemporary satirist talks to Xan Brooks about making the film, celebrities and why he won't be tackling the war on terror BYLINE: Xan Brooks
- "findmypast.co.uk". search.findmypast.co.uk. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Rahim, Sameer (15 April 2010). "Disgusting Bliss: the Brass Eye of Chris Morris by Lucian Randall: review". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Randall, L. (2010). Disgusting Bliss: The Brass Eye of Chris Morris. Simon & Schuster UK. ISBN 9780857200907. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- If It Bleeds It Leads 6 June 1994 – By Simon Price – From The Melody Maker
- Profile: Chris Morris, BBC Radio 4
- "Chris Morris: Brass Neck". BBC News. 27 July 2001. Retrieved 23 June 2008. "The son of two Cambridgeshire GPs, Chris Morris was educated at Stonyhurst College"
- Ferguson, Euan (22 July 2001). "The Observer Profile: Chris Morris". The Observer (London). Retrieved 23 June 2008.
- Andy Beckett (21 August 1994). "Prank master: Chris Morris's announcement of the death of Michael Heseltine on Radio 1 was just one among many notorious japes. His satire is big with the media, but how popul". London: Independent.co.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Morris, the man with a mission to cause offence. – Daily Mail (London)
- "Chris Morris / Artists / PBJ – THE exclusive UK-based talent agency. Clients include the best performers, presenters, writers, composers, directors and producers". Pbjmgt.co.uk. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- Hanks, Robert (20 April 2000). "The Last Tempation of Chris". The Independent.
- "UK | Chris Morris: Brass Neck". BBC News. 27 July 2001. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- McSmith, Andy (31 July 2001). "Minister in Brass Eye protest has not even seen it". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- Morris, Chris (25 November 2007). "The absurd world of Martin Amis". London: The Observer. Retrieved 22 June 2008. "Last week Amis was called a racist. I saw him speak at the ICA last month. Was his negativity about Islam technically racist? I don't know. What I can tell you is that Martin Amis is the new Abu Hamza. [...] Like Hamza, Amis could only make his nonsense stand up with mock erudition, vitriol and decontextualised quotes from the Koran."
- "Set shot from Chris Morris' Four Lions". Bleeding Cool.com. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
- "2010 SUNDANCE FILM FESTIVAL ANNOUNCES FILMS IN COMPETITION | Sundance Festival 2010". Festival.sundance.org. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- Roberts, Geneviève (6 January 2009). "Wannabe suicide bombers beware: Chris Morris movie gets go-ahead". The Independent (London). Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- Brooks, Richard (13 January 2008). "Satirist turns terrorists into Dad's Army". London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- Veep: Season 1, Episode 7 Full Disclosure (3 Jun. 2012), Internet Movie Database, retrieved 23 May 2012
- Chortle. "Chris Morris, live on stage". Chortle. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- Lee, Stewart. "'The material is cooking with gas". Chortle. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
- "Chris Morris – Mother Banger (Pixies Parody)".
- "Amon Tobin (feat Chris Morris at Discogs". Discogs.com. 21 May 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Stereolab's 'Jam' Session". NME. 21 June 2001. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "The A-Z of laughter (part two)". London: The Observer. 7 December 2003. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- "Cook voted 'comedians' comedian'". BBC News. 2 January 2005. Retrieved 23 June 2008. "Modern TV satirist Chris Morris was in 11th, followed by Tony Hancock, Bill Hicks, Peter Sellers and Steve Martin."
- "King's Speech reigns over Bafta awards". BBC News. 14 February 2011.
- Brown, Mark (14 February 2011). "Baftas 2011: The King's Speech sweeps the board". The Guardian (London).
- Clark, Tim (22 June 2012). "The Top 100 most influential people in comedy: 20 – 1". Such Small Portions. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- Day, Elizabeth (4 June 2010). "Disgusting Bliss by Lucian Randall". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- Maher, Kevin (3 April 2012). "The return of the most hated man in Britain". The Times.
- "Cern podcast: Chris Morris visits the Large Hadron Collider". London: The Guardian. 30 June 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2009.