|This article is outdated. (May 2013)|
|Resident Evil character|
Chris Redfield in Resident Evil 5
|First game||Resident Evil (1996)|
|Designed by||Isao Ohishi and Jun Takeuchi (RE)|
|Voiced by (English)||Scott McCulloch (RE)
Michael Filipowich (C:V)
Joe Whyte (REmake)
Dave Wittenberg (Pachislot Biohazard)
Roger Craig Smith (RE5, TDC, RER, MvC3, UMvC3, RE6)
|Voiced by (Japanese)||Hiroki Tōchi (Afterlife, MvC3, UMvC3, RER, Project X Zone, RE6)|
|Motion capture||Tetsuya Matsui (REmake)
Reuben Langdon (C:V, RE5, RE6)
|Portrayed by||Charlie (RE live-action cutscenes)
Will Lupardus (viral series)
Wentworth Miller (Afterlife)
Chris debuted as the protagonist of the first Resident Evil video game, along with Jill Valentine, and is one of the two protagonists of the game Resident Evil Code: Veronica, in which he looks for his missing younger sister, Claire, and one of the main characters of Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles. Chris returned as the protagonist of Resident Evil 5, working alongside his new partner Sheva Alomar, and also appears in the latest installment of the game series, Resident Evil: Revelations, as well as in several other games and the film Resident Evil: Afterlife. He is one of the three protagonists of the game Resident Evil 6.
The character received a somewhat mixed (in particular regarding his later redesign) but generally positive critical reception. According to PlayStation Universe, Chris is "as synonymous with the venerable horror series as the zombies and unintentionally hilarious, cheese-tastic dialogue" and along with Jill forms "the nucleus" of the series.
Design and portrayal
|This section requires expansion. (September 2012)|
Hideki Kamiya described Chris as a "blunt, tough-guy type," admitting that he was a fan of this archetype. Resident Evil 5 producer Jun Takeuchi said that the series' fans "would really love" a video game featuring both Chris and Leon S. Kennedy as the protagonists due to their popularity, and it would be "pretty dramatic" if the two characters never met when the series ended. Reuben Langdon did Chris' motion capture for several Resident Evil games. He found Chris "fun to play" based on his look and characterization.
Chris' increased muscle mass in the game was to show that he had trained heavily in order to fight the series' powerful villain Albert Wesker bare-handed. Modeler Yosuke Yamagata added that they "made a new design that retained their signature color — green for Chris, blue for Jill — to carry over the same look from the past. The facial structures are mainly based on the visuals of the GameCube version, and we added various details to these in order to develop a realistic structure." For the sixth main game, Chris has been redesigned slightly, as he now has a slightly disheveled look due to his alcoholism, and has been slimmed down to a much normal musculature along with a slightly shaved head. In 2009, GameTrailers made a video focusing on his evolution throughout the series.
Resident Evil games
|This section requires expansion. (February 2012)|
Chris Redfield debuted in the original Resident Evil as one of the playable protagonists, along with Jill Valentine, partnered with the rookie officer Rebecca Chambers. He is introduced as a former U.S. military pilot hailing from the New York City, and a member of the Raccoon City Police Special Tactics And Rescue Service's (STARS) Alpha team which was sent to investigate the disappearance of Bravo team after their helicopter went missing in a nearby forest. Chris, accompanied by Albert Wesker, Barry Burton and Jill Valentine, soon find themselves trapped in the nearby mansion, which is filled with horrific monsters and deadly traps. Chris's scenario is more challenging than Jill's, as he has a smaller carrying capacity and lacks certain items. He is also not equipped with a lockpick and so he needs to find small desk keys. On the other hand, Chris can take a lot more damage from enemies than Jill. In the end, Chris and his comrades discover how the nightmare began and witness the death of Albert Wesker, who was betraying them all along, and they face and kill a prototype Tyrant released by Wesker. Following the so-called "Mansion Incident", Chris left Raccoon City, embarking on a personal mission against Umbrella.
Chris returns in Resident Evil Code: Veronica, set five months later. As the protagonist of the second half of the game, he attempts to rescue his younger sister, Claire, from the Umbrella Corporation's research facilities on Rockfort Island and in Antarctica. Upon discovering she is now in Antarctica, Chris is briefly confronted by Wesker, seeking revenge on Chris for having destroyed his plans. Eventually, he confronts Alexia Ashford, the creator of the T-Veronica virus. At the end of the game, he fights with Wesker shortly after killing Alexia. He is no match for Wesker, and their fight is cut short due to the imminent destruction of the base. They vow to finish things another time.
Chris was one of the main characters of Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles, in which he reunites with Jill Valentine. Parts of the game are essentially a retelling of Resident Evil. The two of them join a private biohazard containment force and in 2003 embark on a mission to destroy the Umbrella Corporation after hearing rumours of a new BOW being developed, resulting in their successful attack on an Umbrella facility located in Russia's Caucasus region.
Chris is the protagonist in Resident Evil 5, in which he is a founding member of the UN paramilitary group Bio-terrorism Security Assessment Alliance (BSAA). In the game, Chris investigates a terrorist threat in Kijuju, Africa while looking for Jill, who is missing and presumed dead. Accompanying him is his new partner Sheva Alomar. Eventually, they manage to find and free Jill, and to ultimately defeat and destroy Wesker who was planning to release a new virus into the atmosphere, ensuring the end of humanity.
Chris makes an appearance in Resident Evil: The Darkside Chronicles as a playable character in the "Game of Oblivion" scenario's final chapter, a re-imagining of Code: Veronica. He is also available in the Extreme Battle mode featured in the later versions of Resident Evil 2 (the PlayStation 2 DualShock edition and the PC, Dreamcast and GameCube ports), and is one of the eight playable characters in Resident Evil: The Mercenaries 3D.
Chris returns as one of the three protagonists of Resident Evil 6, alongside Leon S. Kennedy, and Jake Muller, the son of Albert Wesker. In the game, Chris was assigned to investigate a bio-terrorist attack in the fictional country of Edonia, but nearly loses all his team members following a BOW attack by an woman identifying herself as Ada Wong. Chris resigns from the BSAA shortly afterwards, and becomes an alcoholic due to depression. He is eventually convinced by another survivor of his ill-fated team, Piers Nivans, to rejoin the BSAA and confront another bio-terrorist attack in the fictional city of Lanshiang, China. Because of his lust for revenge against Ada Wong, he loses almost all his men to the BOW's (except Piers), while one of them is infected by Ada. After chasing down Ada to a warehouse, before he can execute her, Chris is interrupted by Leon who manages to disarm him and tells him that Ada is instead a witness and that a man named Derek C. Simmons is responsible for all the attacks. While Chris tells Leon that he lost all his men because of Ada, Leon tells Chris that he lost "over 70,000 people, including the president, because of Simmons.". Unfortunately, Ada uses this as a distraction and escapes. After being convince by Leon that they both wanted the same thing, Chris decided to let go of his vengeance and deliver Ada to justice.
During the release of the Japanese Sega Saturn version of the original game, Capcom published a promotional sourcebook The True Story Behind Biohazard, containing an original short story titled Biohazard: The Beginning by Hiroyuku Ariga. The story depicts the events prior to the first game and fleshes out his character, describing the deaths of his parents in a car accident and his service in the United States Air Force. Redfield joined the USAF as a teenager, quickly becoming an accomplished pilot as well as a top marksman, but received a dishonourable discharge in the mid-90s for disobeying a direct order. He subsequently became a drifter, until enlisting on Burton’s recommendation in the newly established Raccoon City branch of the STARS.
In the rejected Resident Evil movie script by George A. Romero, Chris is a Native American civilian and ultimately one of the few survivors. Chris does appear in several Resident Evil comic books by WildStorm, Image Comics and Marvel Comics.
Chris appears in the 2010 live-action film Resident Evil: Afterlife, portrayed by Wentworth Miller. In the film, Chris is found trapped in a maximum security cell after his unit's attempt to control the T-virus in Los Angeles goes haywire and the survivors who find him believe him to be a prisoner. He is reunited with his sister Claire, who cannot remember him due to memory damage caused by an Umbrella mind-control device. He, Alice and Claire eventually defeat Albert Wesker and rescue imprisoned survivors being used for Umbrella's experiments.
Outside of the Resident Evil franchise, Chris also appears as a playable character in the crossover fighting games Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Fate of Two Worlds and Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3. The game's first cinematic trailer showed him fighting versus Hulk. He also appears in the crossover tactical role-playing game Project X Zone, for the first time in a non-Capcom game and wore Resident Evil: Revelations outfit.
A double-pack of action figures of Chris and the monster Cerberus was released in 1998 in the Resident Evil Series 1 by Toy Biz. Another action figure from the original game was released in 2002 by Moby Dick. Palisades Toys released two action figures (differing only by their color patterns) of Chris from Code: Veronica in 2002. An action figure of Chris from the original game was released as part of the 2006's Resident Evil Anniversary Series 1 by NECA. An action figure of Chris from Resident Evil 5 was released in 2009 by Hot Toys. A PVC diorama figure of Chris facing the monster Yawn from the original game's remake was released in 2008 in the Bio Hazard Figure Collection Vol.4 by Organic (Beagle). A statuette of Chris from the same game was also released in 2009 by Gaya Entertainment. A sand globe with Sheva and Chris was included among the pre-order bonuses for Resident Evil 5.
Chris Redfield has been well received by critics and fans alike. In 2009, GameZone ranked Chris as fourth on a list of the top five "gaming gods" of the year for his new looks (according to PSU.com, "now a beastly, muscle-bound warrior with biceps the size of water melons"), calling him "one gorgeous hunk" with "a killer body and dreamy good-looks." That same year, Chris and his sister Claire were included in IGN's "Ultimate Zombie Strike Team", Chris for his "long, fruitful career killing zombies" that "proved that Umbrella's fearsome bio-weapons are no match for a lone warrior with guts." Also in 2009, Gameplanet stated that if Chris and Leon S. Kennedy would both appear in the next game it would be "awesome," adding that both are the main protagonists of the series. Chris was also repeatedly compared with Leon by IGN, both of them being regarded as the leading heroes of the series. In 2010, GamesRadar featured his team-up with Sheva in the article about the gaming's "most violent double acts" for their actions in Resident Evil 5. That same year, Joystick Division's James Hawkins ranked Chris as the seventh sexiest video game character, commenting: "Though Chris gets matched up with some of the finest damsels in all of video gaming, he never comes across as sleazy. He shares the workload with his partners and has an unfaltering allegiance with them. That and he has awesomely massive biceps." Hawkins also ranked Chris and Jill as the fifth top duo in video game history, as "the two of them together make a force that cannot be slowed by even the most sophisticated undead forces;" in 2012, Brittany Vincent of Complex ranked them as the 15th "most a**-kicking" game duo.
Among negative criticism, Chris was ranked fifth in IGN's 2009 list of most overrated video game characters, with a suggestion that he should "ditch the 'roids and concentrate on getting the job done", and included in UGO.com's 2010 list of top ten out-of-luck game characters for his failures across the series. His new design in the Resident Evil 5, called by GameSpy to be "a cross between Colin Farrell and Hugh Jackman", in particular became a source of controversy and was often ridiculed. GameSpot gave Chris the special award for "character most likely to fail a performance-enhancing drug test" in the Dubious Honors awards in 2009, adding that "the man is clearly a walking pharmacy." Including him on the list of "ten game heroes who fail at the simple stuff" for his inability to shoot while moving in RE5, GameDaily recommended him "to spend a little more time on the shooting range and a little less time pumping iron in front of a mirror." Joystiq commented that possibly during The Umbrella Chronicles Chris started his "steroid abuse", which was also suggested by IGN. In 2011, BeefJack featured Chris among the five game characters who are supposed to be sexy but turned out awkward, as "he looks like the runner-up in a Popeye lookalike contest." On the other hand, when GamesRadar compared his Code Veronica and RE5 designs while trying to evaluate which would fit better for a zombie apocalypse, they found the latter to give better chances to survive to a zombie attack also judging Chris from the original game as "horribly ill-prepared".
- "Resident Evil (1996) PlayStation credits". MobyGames. 2011-01-15. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Characters - Voice Of Chris Redfield". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Reuben Langdon Interview". residentevilonly.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Justin McElroy, Wentworth Miller to play Chris Redfield in 'Resident Evil: Afterlife', Joystiq, Sep 30th 2009
- Damien Waples, "Chris Redfield," Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles Prima Official Game Guide (Roseville: Prima Games, 2007), 17.
- Jeremy Parish, "CHRIS REDFIELD," Electronic Gaming Monthly 224 (January 2008), 101.
- Berardini, César, Resident Evil 5 Delayed?, Team Xbox, July 18, 2007
- "Celebrating 15 Years of Resident Evil - Spotlight on Chris Redfield - PlayStation Universe". Psu.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Kamiya, Hideki (2009-04-01). "Greetings". PlatinumGames, Inc. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- Mielke, James (2008-07-11). "Resident Evil 5 Developer Interview". 1UP.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- Wesley Yin-Poole (January 14, 2013). "Gamer Chat Weekly Episode 27". URGaming. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Capcom and Udon, The Art of Resident Evil 5, Udon, 2010
- Resident Evil 5: The Complete Official Guide, Collector's Edition (Prima Games, 2009), p.195 (Character Concepts)
- Schedeen, Jesse (2009-03-10). "Chris Redfield Character Evolution". GameTrailers. Retrieved 2010-06-07.
- Woolcott, Adam, Resident Evil PSOne, Gaming Target, May 06, 2002
- Resident Evil: Code Veronica Dreamcast manual, page 4.
- Computer & Video Games 170 (January 1996), page 16.
- Casamassina, Matt. Resident Evil, IGN, April 28, 2002
- "Celebrating 15 Years of Resident Evil - Albert Wesker's Best Bits - PlayStation Universe". Psu.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Damien Waples, "Chris Redfield Profile", Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles Prima Official Game Guide (Roseville: Prima Games, 2007), 129.
- Yoshi Sato, 1UP.com, Chris Redfield Returns in Resident Evil 5 news from 1UP.com, July 18, 2007
- "IGN Video: Resident Evil: The Darkside Chronicles Nintendo Wii Trailer". Wii.ign.com. Retrieved 2010-02-03.
- GameZone. "Play as Chris Redfield in extreme battle mode | Cheat Code | Resident Evil 2 - GC". Xbox.gamezone.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Mission Gameplay: Chris Redfield - Resident Evil Mercenaries 3DS (3DS) - IGN Video". Uk.ign.com. 2011-06-24. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Stuart, Keith (June 16, 2010). "Nintendo 3DS hands-on report". guardian.co.uk (London: Guardian Media Group).
- George, Richard (19 January 2012). "Resident Evil 6: Chris Redfield and Leon Kennedy Playable". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- Cook, Dave (10 April 2012). "Resident Evil 6: 3 Playable Campaigns, Wesker’s Son & The Death Of Tank Controls – What You Need To Know". Now Gamer. Imagine Publishing. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- Lo, Ricky (September 12, 2010). "Presscon Break with Wentworth Miller". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- "Resident Evil Script at IMSDb". Imsdb.com. 1998-10-07. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Chris Redfield comic books". Comicvine.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Brian Crecente (2010-04-20). "Marvel Vs. Capcom 3 Will Be a "Living Comic" With A Deep Story". Kotaku. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
- "Project X Zone - New characters bring the total to 32". Nintendo Gamer. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Action Figures - Tad's Resident Evil Hive[dead link]
- "Resident Evil - Productcatalog". www.gaya-entertainment.de. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Resident Evil 5 receives sand globe pre-order bonus, PSU.com, February 14th, 2009
- Natalie Romano, The Top Five Gaming Gods of 2009, GameZone, 2009[dead link]
- Jesse Schedeen, Ultimate Zombie Strike Team, IGN, September 28, 2009
- Hebert, Aylon (2009-02-27). "Resident Evil 5 (Classics)". Gameplanet. Retrieved 2011-06-15.[dead link]
- Schedeen, Jesse. "Players Wanted: Resident Evil 6 - Stars feature - at IGN". IGN. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
- Schedeen, Jesse (2009-03-13). "Hero Showdown: Redfield vs. Leon S. Kennedy - Stars feature - at IGN". Stars.ign.com. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
- Meikleham, Dave. "Gaming's most violent double acts". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2010-07-06.
- James Hawkins, The Top Ten Sexiest Video Game Characters, Joystick Division, March 18, 2010
- James Hawkins, The Top Ten Duos In Video Game History, Joystick Division, November 4, 2010
- Brittany Vincent, The 25 Most A**-Kicking Video Game Duos, Complex.com, October 1, 2012.
- Schedeen, Jesse. "Top 10 Most Overrated Videogame Characters". IGN. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Elise, Abigail (2010-03-29). "Top 10 Out of Luck Video Game Characters". UGO.com. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- "Chris Redfield Confirmed in RE5". GamesSpy. 2007-07-25. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- "Character Most Likely to Fail a Performance-Enhancing Drug Test - GameSpot's Best Games of 2009". Gamespot.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- "Character Flaws: Ten Game Heroes Who Fail at the Simple Stuff Gallery by GameDaily". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-07-22.
- Sliwinski, Alexander (2009-03-11). "Pinpoint exactly when Resident Evil's Chris Redfield started taking steroids". Joystiq. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- Peter Wellington, List With a Twist: Abnormal beauty, BeefJack.com, March 12, 2011
- Cundy, Matt. "Which Resident Evil hero is best dressed for a zombie apocalypse?". GamesRadar. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- Cundy, Matt. "Which Resident Evil hero is best dressed for a zombie apocalypse?". GamesRadar. p. 2. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chris Redfield.|