Kris Kross

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Kris Kross
Kris Kross.JPG
Kris Kross (Smith on left; Kelly at right) in 1996
Background information
Origin Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Genres Hip hop
Years active 1992–2013
Labels Ruffhouse, Columbia,Judgement Records, RCA
Associated acts Da Brat
Jermaine Dupri
Michael Jackson
Super Cat
Aaliyah
TLC
Past members Chris "Daddy Mac" Smith
Chris "Mac Daddy" Kelly

Kris Kross was an American rap duo of the 1990s, Chris "Mac Daddy" Kelly and Chris "Daddy Mac" Smith. The duo was best known for their hit 1992 song "Jump", which was No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for eight weeks and certified double platinum as a single. Kris Kross was also noted for their fashion style, which consisted of wearing their clothing backwards.

Cover art for Totally Krossed Out, the debut album of Kris Kross. Kelly on the left, Smith on the right.

History[edit]

Atlanta natives Kelly (August 12, 1978–May 1, 2013) and Smith (born January 10, 1979) friendship began as little boys in first grade. [1]

The duo was discovered in 1991 by 19-year-old Jermaine Dupri at an Atlanta shopping mall.[2][3]

Totally Krossed Out[edit]

Along with Dupri, they signed a deal with Ruffhouse Records and recorded their debut album Totally Krossed Out (1992). Entirely produced by Dupri, Totally Krossed Out was released March 31 that year and sold four million copies in the U.S. It included the hit single "Jump", which topped the Billboard Hot 100 for eight weeks, "becoming the first rap song to have achieved so long a run at the top. No other rap song had led the chart for that length of time."[4]

The music videos from the album also experienced major success. The video for "Jump", directed by filmmaker Rich Murray, went to No. 1 on MTV and sold over 100,000 copies as a VHS video single. The video for their follow-up single, "Warm It Up", also directed by Murray, won a Billboard video award for "Best New Artist",[citation needed] and got to No. 14 the same year as “Jump”. Writes The New York Daily News' Jim Farber: "Together, that was enough to propel the duo’s debut, 'Totally Krossed Out,' to multi-platinum status."[4]

Michael Jackson Tour and Additional media projects, 1992–1998[edit]

The duo landed a spot on Michael Jackson's 1992 Dangerous World Tour, as well as a cameo appearance on Jackson's "Jam" music video (1991).[citation needed] Additionally, they made appearances in the music videos for Run-D.M.C.'s "Down with the King" (1993) and TLC's "Hat 2 Da Back" (1992), and they were featured in an episode of A Different World and as the closing musical act on the May 29, 1992 episode of In Living Color.[citation needed]

A video game starring the pair, titled Kris Kross: Make My Video, was released in 1992 on the Sega CD system. It consisted of the player's editing together the group's music videos for a few of their hit songs—using portions of the original music videos, stock footage, and general video animation effects. Players were prompted before each editing session to make sure to have certain footage compiled into the video. The game was released only in the United States to poor sales figures and dismal reviews. It was ranked 18th on Electronic Gaming Monthly's list of the "20 Worst Games of All Time".[5]

Kris Kross made a cameo appearance in Ted Demme's film Who's the Man? (1993), which starred Ed Lover and Doctor Dré of Yo! MTV Raps fame.[citation needed]

Kris Kross recorded the "Rugrats Rap" for Rugrats and for Nickelodeon; it was released as a hit single in 1992 on their debut album release Totally Krossed Out and in 1994 as extras on some Nickelodeon VHS tapes, and was finally released on CD in 1998, on The Best of Nicktoons CD. The "Rugrats Rap" made its official radio airplay debut and is available on the Rugrats Chuckie the Brave VHS, Harriet the Spy VHS, The Best of Nicktoons CD (which is a compilation album of theme songs and other material from several Nicktoons that was released by Nickelodeon and Epic Records in 1998), Rugrats: Decade in Diapers Collectors Edition DVD, and YouTube.[citation needed]

Da Bomb (1993)[edit]

Their second album, Da Bomb (1993), was certified platinum and spawned the hits "Alright" featuring Super Cat, "I'm Real", and "Da Bomb" featuring Da Brat whom Smith discovered. Most of their songs had been directed at rivals Da Youngstas, Illegal, and Another Bad Creation.[citation needed]

Young, Rich & Dangerous[edit]

A third album, Young, Rich & Dangerous, was released in early 1996 and was certified gold. It spawned the two hits "Tonite's tha Night" and "Live and Die for Hip Hop".[citation needed]

Judgement Records, fourth album and first hiatus[edit]

Judgement Records is a record label, started by Joe Nicolo after Ruffhouse Records was dissolved. Kris Kross followed Nicolo to his new label and recorded their fourth album.[6]

School and Studio Years[edit]

Kelly studied engineering, and founded C Connection Records. Smith studied marketing and business management and founded One Life Entertainment, Inc.[citation needed]

Final Show[edit]

Kris Kross last performance was in their hometown at Fox Theatre for So So Def's 20th Anniversary concert in 2013.[7]

Legacy[edit]

Kris Kross was the youngest rap duo to gain success, with gold and platinum albums, at 11 and 12 years old.[citation needed] Kris Kross has been referenced on the albums or songs of Dr. Dre,[8] 2pac, Method Man[9] and many more.

Death of Chris Kelly[edit]

On May 1, 2013, Chris Kelly was found unresponsive in his Atlanta home. Kelly was pronounced dead around 5 p.m. on the south campus of the Atlanta Medical Center; he was 34 years old.[10][11][12] The police report documents his mother's statement that "they had brought Kelly home to recover from his drug use and had done this several times in the past." His uncle told police that Kelly "had an extensive history of drug abuse."[13][14]

On May 2, 2013, Dupri tweeted a "letter to fans," in which he referred to Kelly as "a son I never had." He also praised Kelly as an artist. Numerous other artists and fans publicly acknowledged Kelly's death, some of them citing Kris Kross or Kelly as their inspiration (e.g., Ludacris)[15] or as an entré into the music industry (e.g., Kandi Burruss).[16]

On July 1, 2013, a toxicology report was released that Kelly died from a drug overdose. According to the Fulton County Medical Examiner Office, the toxicology screening shows that Kelly had a mixture of drugs in his system.

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales threshold)
US
[17]
US R&B
[18]
AUS
[19]
AUT
[20]
SWE
[21]
UK
[22]
1992 Totally Krossed Out 1 1 7 33 30 31
1993 Da Bomb
  • Second studio album
  • Release date: August 3, 1993
  • Label: Ruffhouse/Columbia Records
13 2
1996 Young, Rich & Dangerous
  • Third studio album
  • Release date: January 9, 1996
  • Label: Ruffhouse/Columbia Records
15 2
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Remix albums[edit]

Year Album details
1996 Best of Kris Kross Remixed '92 '94 '96
  • First remix album
  • Release date: November 26, 1996
  • Label: Ruffhouse/Columbia Records

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Album details
1998 Gonna Make U Jump
  • First compilation album
  • Release date: April 28, 1998
  • Label: Ruffhouse/Columbia Records

Singles[edit]

Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales threshold)
Album
US
[25]
US Rap
[26]
US R&B
[27]
US Dance
[28]
AUS
[29]
CAN
[30]
SWE
[31]
UK
[22]
1992 "Jump" 1 1 2 13 1 1 2 2 Totally Krossed Out
"Warm It Up" 13 1 3 23 21 4 34 16
"I Missed the Bus" 63 17 29 21 57
"It's a Shame" 11 55 31
1993 "Alright" 19 1 8 40 4 47 Da Bomb
"I'm Real" 84 8 45
1994 "Da Bomb" (with Da Brat) 25 74
1995 "Tonite's tha Night" 12 1 6 23 Young, Rich, & Dangerous
1996 "Live and Die for Hip Hop" 72 11 36
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/kris-kross-chris-smith-mourns-death-of-chris-kelly-20130503#ixzz3Ge3C43VH
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ The Billboard book of number 1 hits – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  4. ^ a b Jim Farber (May 2, 2013). "Chris Kelly dead at 34: Jermaine Dupri calls Kris Kross rapper ‘the son I never had’". New York Daily News. 
  5. ^ "EGM's Crapstravaganza: The 20 Worst Games of All Time". Seanbaby.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  6. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judgement_Records
  7. ^ "Kris Kross Is Back for the '90s Reunion You Didn't Even Know You Wanted—But You Do Now, Jump! Jump!". E! Online. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  8. ^ http://rap.genius.com/Dr-dre-deeez-nuuuts-lyrics#note-85638
  9. ^ http://rap.genius.com/Method-man-bring-the-pain-lyrics#note-77306
  10. ^ Mike Fleeman (05-02-2013). "Chris Kelly Used Cocaine and Heroin Before Death".  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ "OVERDOSE SUSPECTED IN DEATH OF KRIS KROSS RAPPER". Associated Press. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  12. ^ NewsOne Staff (May 1, 2013). "UPDATE: Kris Kross Rapper, Chris ‘Mac Daddy’ Kelly, Dead At 34 From Suspected Drug Overdose [VIDEO]". NewsOne For Black America. 
  13. ^ Mike Fleeman (05-02-2013). "Chris Kelly Used Cocaine and Heroin Before Death". People.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  14. ^ "Chris Kelly". The Daily Telegraph (London). May 12, 2013. 
  15. ^ Bethonie Butler (May 2, 2013). "Chris Kelly of Kris Kross dies: A look at his enduring place in hip-hop". Washington Post. 
  16. ^ Jerry L. Barrow, Senior Editor (May 2, 2013). "Kandi Burruss Remembers Chris "Mac Daddy" Kelly [EXCLUSIVE VIDEO]". The Urban Daily. 
  17. ^ "Kris Kross Album & Song Chart History – Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Kris Kross Album & Song Chart History – R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
  19. ^ "australian-charts.com – Australian charts portal". australian-charts.com. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  20. ^ "austriancharts.at – Austria Top 40". austriancharts.at. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  21. ^ "swedishcharts.com – Swedish charts portal". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b "Chart Stats – Kris Kross". chartstats.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  23. ^ a b "Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA): Gold & Platinum". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  24. ^ a b c "RIAA – Gold & Platinum – September 19, 2010: Kris Kross certified singles". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Kris Kross Album & Song Chart History – Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
  26. ^ "allmusic ((( Kris Kross > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles )))". Allmusic. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Kris Kross Album & Song Chart History – R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Kris Kross Album & Song Chart History – Dance/Club Songs". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
  29. ^ "australian-charts.com – Australian charts portal". australian-charts.com. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  30. ^ Lwin, Nanda (2000). Top 40 Hits: The Essential Chart Guide. Music Data Canada. p. 160. 
  31. ^ "swedishcharts.com – Swedish charts portal". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 
  32. ^ a b c d "RIAA – Gold & Platinum – September 19, 2010: Kris Kross certified singles". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 19, 2010. 

External links[edit]