Chrissie Hynde

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Chrissie Hynde
Chrissie Hynde 2013.jpg
Chrissie Hynde in April 2013
Background information
Birth name Christine Ellen Hynde
Born (1951-09-07) September 7, 1951 (age 63)
Akron, Ohio, United States
Genres Rock, new wave, punk rock
Occupation(s) Singer, songwriter, musician
Instruments Guitar, harmonica, drums, piano, vocals
Years active 1975–present
Labels Sire, WEA, Rhino
Associated acts The Pretenders, JP, Chrissie & the Fairground Boys, Johnny Moped, The Moors Murderers, Tube & Berger, UB40
Notable instruments
Fender Telecaster

Christine Ellen "Chrissie" Hynde (born September 7, 1951[1]) is an American singer, songwriter, and musician best known as the lead singer of the rock band The Pretenders. She has been the only constant member of the band throughout its history. She has also released a number of collaborations with other musicians – two of which reached No.1 in the UK Charts.

Early life[edit]

Hynde was born in Akron, Ohio, the daughter of a part-time secretary and a Yellow Pages manager. She graduated from Firestone High School in Akron, but stated that "I was never too interested in high school. I mean, I never went to a dance, I never went out on a date, I never went steady. It became pretty awful for me. Except, of course, I could go see bands, and that was the kick. I used to go to Cleveland just to see any band. So I was in love a lot of the time, but mostly with guys in bands that I had never met. For me, knowing that Brian Jones was out there, and later that Iggy Pop was out there, made it kind of hard for me to get too interested in the guys that were around me. I had, uh, bigger things in mind."[2]

Early career[edit]

Hynde was for some time interested in hippie counterculture, Eastern mysticism, and vegetarianism.[3] While attending Kent State University's Art School for three years, she joined a band called Sat. Sun. Mat., which included Mark Mothersbaugh, later of Devo.[4]

Hynde also developed an interest in the UK music magazine NME. She eventually saved enough money to move from Ohio to London in 1973. With her art background, Hynde landed a job in an architectural firm but left after eight months. It was then that she met rock journalist Nick Kent (with whom she became involved) and landed a writing position at NME.[5] However, this proved not to last and Hynde later found herself working at Malcolm McLaren and Vivienne Westwood's then-little-known clothing store, SEX.[6] At one point she tried to convince Johnny Rotten and then Sid Vicious (of The Sex Pistols, who were managed by McLaren) to marry her, just in order for her to get a work permit.[7] Hynde then attempted to start a band in France before her return to Cleveland in 1975.[8]

Hynde went back to France in 1976 to try to form a band, but it did not work out. She left Kent for Michael Fradji Memmi, bass player of The Frenchies, which she joined.[4] For one show at the Olympia Theatre when their singer had left, she took the lead singer duties.[citation needed] She found her way back to London in the midst of the early punk movement. In late 1976, Hynde responded to an advertisement in Melody Maker for band members and attended an audition for the band that would become 999. Jon Moss (who would later be in Culture Club) and Tony James of Generation X also auditioned.[9] Later, Hynde tried to start a group with Mick Jones from The Clash.[4]

After the band failed to take flight, Malcolm McLaren placed her as a guitarist in Masters of the Backside, but she was asked to leave the group just as it became The Damned. After a brief spell in the band Johnny Moped, Mick Jones invited Hynde to join his band on their initial tour of Britain.[4] Hynde recollected of that period: "It was great, but my heart was breaking. I wanted to be in a band so bad. And to go to all the gigs, to see it so close up, to be living in it and not to have a band was devastating to me. When I left, I said, 'Thanks a lot for lettin' me come along,' and I went back and went weeping on the underground throughout London. All the people I knew in town, they were all in bands. And there I was, like the real loser, you know? Really the loser."[2][10]

Hynde also spent a short time with The Moors Murderers in 1978. Named after a pair of child-killers, the band consisted of future Visage front man Steve Strange on vocals, Vince Ely on drums, and Mark Ryan (a.k.a. The Kid) and Hynde on guitar. The band's name alone was enough to start controversy and she soon distanced herself from the group, as noted in NME. Hynde said, "I'm not in the group, I only rehearsed with them". She stated that "Steve Strange and Soo Catwoman had the idea for the group, and asked me to help them out on guitar, which I did, even though I was getting my own group together and still am."[11]

Pretenders[edit]

Pete Farndon, the original bass player of the Pretenders

Late 1970s[edit]

In 1978, Hynde made a demo tape and gave it to Dave Hill, owner of the label Real Records.[12] Hill stepped in to manage her career, and began by paying off the back rent owed on her rehearsal room in Covent Garden, London.[citation needed] Hill also advised Hynde to take her time and get a band together. In the spring of 1978, Hynde met Pete Farndon (bass guitar, vocals), and they selected a band consisting of James Honeyman-Scott (guitar, vocals, keyboards), and Martin Chambers (drums, vocals, percussion), and put the name Pretenders on the group, inspired by the Sam Cooke version of the Platters' 1955 R&B song "The Great Pretender".[13]

They recorded a demo tape (including "Precious", "The Wait" and a Kinks cover, "Stop Your Sobbing"), handed it to Hynde's friend Nick Lowe, produced a single ("Stop Your Sobbing"/"The Wait") and performed their first gigs in a club in Paris. The single was released in January 1979 and hit the Top 30 in UK. Later that spring (1979), the Pretenders recorded their eponymous first album and hit the charts in UK and US with the song "Brass in Pocket".[14]

1980s–1990s[edit]

The Pretenders playing at a club in London, UK in 1981

The band released an EP album, titled Extended Play, then Pretenders II later in the summer. "Talk of the Town" and "Message of Love" were on both. The Pretenders lineup would change repeatedly over the next decade. Honeyman-Scott died of heart failure in June 1982, just days after Farndon had been fired from the band. Martin Chambers left the band in the mid-1980s. Amidst the ever changing lineup, Hynde endured as the sole original Pretender until Chambers' return in the mid-1990s. Hynde was the only stable member of the band during this period.[15]

Other musical projects[edit]

Hynde, along with Curved Air's Sonja Kristina, sang backing vocals on Mick Farren's Vampires Stole My Lunch Money 1978 album and also on Hurt by Chris Spedding. She also sang backing on a track, Nite Klub, on the Specials eponymous album.[16] Hynde sang a duet with INXS on their album Full Moon, Dirty Hearts in 1993. Hynde appears on the title track of the album.[17] Hynde sang the vocals on the track "State of Independence Part II" on a Moodswings album named Moodfood, which was played during the closing credits on the soundtrack of Single White Female.[18] Hynde also recorded a cover of Morrissey's "Everyday is Like Sunday",[19] for The Pretenders album "Pirate Radio" as well as providing backing vocals on Morrissey's single "My Love Life" in 1991 and again on b-side "Shame Is The Name" in 2009.[20]

Hynde recorded a duet with Frank Sinatra on Sinatra's 1994 album Duets II. They performed the song "Luck Be a Lady". In 1995, Hynde made an acting appearance (and performed "Angel of the Morning" on acoustic guitar) on the US television comedy Friends on the episode "The One with the Baby on the Bus".[21] Also, in 1995, Hynde sang a cover of "Love Can Build a Bridge" with Cher and Neneh Cherry.[22] Eric Clapton appeared on the track, supplying the lead guitar solo that is featured in the song's instrumental bridge. In 1997, the EMI publishing company issued a cease and desist request to Rush Limbaugh, who for years was using an edited instrumental version of Hynde's song "My City Was Gone" for the broadcast's opening theme. When the request came to Hynde's attention during a radio interview, she said her parents loved and listened to Rush and she did not mind its use. They agreed to a usage payment which she donates to PETA.[23][24]

Hynde's most popular non-Pretenders collaboration with another artist, chartwise, was her 1985 collaboration with UB40 on a cover of Sonny and Cher's "I Got You Babe." The track topped the UK singles chart[25] and went as high as No. 28 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the U.S.[26]

Hynde performing in 2008

In 1999, Hynde played guitar and sang vocals with Sheryl Crow on the song "If It Makes You Happy" during a concert in Central Park. Hynde is mentioned prominently in the lyrics of the Terence Trent D'Arby song "Penelope Please".[27] In 1998, Hynde sang a duet with her friend Emmylou Harris, "She", accompanied by The Pretenders on the Gram Parsons tribute album, Return of the Grievous Angel: A Tribute to Gram Parsons. Hynde had previously reviewed Gram and Emmylou's debut country rock classic, "GP." The version merges Emmylou's country rock and Chrissie's reggae tinged new wave effectively.[original research?] Hynde also recorded a song called "Cry (If You Don't Mind)" with the Spanish band Jarabe de Palo for their album Un metro cuadrado - 1m².[28] She supplied the voice for the clouded leopard in the movie Rugrats Go Wild (2003) in which she sang a duet with Bruce Willis.[29]

In 2004, Hynde moved to São Paulo, Brazil, for a couple of months in order to play with Brazilian musician Moreno Veloso[30] in an informal tour that lasted until December 2004.[citation needed] She bought a flat in the Copan Building in São Paulo city. She was also the vocalist on Tube & Berger's 2004 No. 1 Hot Dance Airplay track "Straight Ahead".[31] The track gave Hynde a No. 1 track on the Billboard charts.[32] Likewise in 2005, Hynde duetted with Ringo Starr on a song entitled "Don't Hang Up" which can be heard on Starr's album Choose Love.[33] Also in 2005, Hynde collaborated with Incubus on a song called "Neither Of Us Can See". The song is on the soundtrack album for Stealth.[34]

Chrissie Hynde and her band, the Pretenders, were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, in 2005 – the Museum's 20th anniversary year, as well as year of the 50th anniversary of the birth of Rock and Roll. Irish band U2 was also among the inductees that year.[35] The ceremony was held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.[36]

On October 17, 2008, she was an opening act for fellow Akron-area musicians Devo at a special benefit concert at the Akron Civic Theater for then-presidential candidate Barack Obama. The Black Keys, another Akron-based band, and the then up-and-coming solo artist, Rachel Roberts, performed prior to her.[37]

Hynde features as guest vocalist on Ray Davies' 2009 Christmas single Postcard From London[38] and Morrissey's Years of Refusal the same year.[39]

Chrissie Hynde and Welsh singer J.P. Jones have formed a band called "J.P., Chrissie and the Fairground Boys". They released their debut album, Fidelity, on August 24, 2010.[40] Several stops on the tour were recorded and sold on USB flash drives.[41]

On February 5, 2011, Hynde and the Pretenders performed live on CMT Crossroads with Faith Hill and her band, including songs from both catalogs.[42]

Along with John Cale and Nick Cave, Hynde played on BBC for the Songwriter's Circle program on July 9, 1999. The concert took place at the Subterania Club in London, UK and was released on DVD.[43] She also later joined Cave in 2010 for a rendition of Screamin' Jay Hawkins' famous song "I Put a Spell on You" as a benefit for the Haiti disasters. The song and music video featured performances by Mick Jones, Glen Matlock, Shane MacGowan, and Bobby Gillespie among others.[44]

Hynde released a new album, "Stockholm", on June 10, 2014. The album featured contributions from Neil Young and John McEnroe.[45]

Artistry[edit]

Hynde has a contralto vocal range.[46]

Influence[edit]

"I saw her play in Central Park [when the Pretenders played in August 1980]," Madonna recalled. "She was amazing: the only woman I'd seen in performance where I thought, Yeah, she's got balls, she's awesome! . . . It gave me courage, inspiration, to see a woman with that kind of confidence in a man's world."[47]

Personal life[edit]

The VegiTerranean restaurant and bar and bakery at 21 Furnace St., Akron, Ohio

Hynde had a daughter in 1983 with Ray Davies of the Kinks.[48] She then married Jim Kerr, lead singer of the band Simple Minds, and had another daughter. They lived in South Queensferry.[48] They later divorced, and Hynde married artist Lucho Brieva in 1997.[48][49] They separated in 2002.[50]

She follows Vaishnavism, a branch of Hinduism and travels to India once every year to further her studies.[51]

Hynde lives in London, England, and also has an apartment in the Northside Lofts in her hometown of Akron.[52]

She was listed as one of the 50 best-dressed over 50s by The Guardian in March 2013.[53]

Hynde's daughter Natalie was arrested in 2013 following a protest against the felling of trees in Combe Haven in East Sussex to make way for a road.[54]

Hynde is a vegetarian and animal rights activist. She is a supporter of PETA[55] and the animal rights group Viva!.[56] She also appeared in anti-fur trade organisation Respect for Animals' commercial 'Fur and Against' in 2002, alongside Jude Law, Paul McCartney and others.

Restaurant venture[edit]

Hynde opened The VegiTerranean, a vegan restaurant in Akron, Ohio,[57] in November 2007. The restaurant served fusion Italian–Mediterranean food[58] by head chef James Scot Jones. Prior to the restaurant's opening, on September 15, 2007, Hynde performed three songs at the restaurant with an acoustic guitarist, Adam Seymour, a former lead guitarist of the Pretenders. The restaurant was voted among the top five vegan restaurants in the U.S. It closed on October 2, 2011, owing to the economic climate, according to Hynde.[59]

Discography[edit]

The Pretenders[edit]

Solo albums[edit]

Guest appearances[edit]

Release date Single UK Chart position[60]
September 1984 "Pride (In The Name Of Love)" (with U2) 1
July 1985 "I Got You Babe" (with UB40) 1
June 1988 "Breakfast in Bed" (with UB40) 6
September 1991 "Spiritual High (State of Independence)" (with Moodswings) 66
January 1993 "Spiritual High (State of Independence) (Remix)" (with Moodswings) 47
March 1995 "Love Can Build a Bridge" (with Cher, Neneh Cherry and Eric Clapton) 1
May 2000 "Kid 2000" (with Hybrid) 32
January 2004 "Straight Ahead" (with Tube & Berger) 29

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Happy 60th Birthday, Chrissie Hynde!". Starpulse.com. September 7, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Loder, K. "Pretenders", p. 13. Rolling Stone, 29 May 1980.
  3. ^ Cornwell, Jane (2010-08-21). "Chrissie Hynde and the Pretenders: Present tense". The Australian. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  4. ^ a b c d Williams, Mark (2014-05-28). "Chrissie Hynde: 'Malcolm McLaren wanted me to dress up like a guy'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  5. ^ Price, Simon (2014-06-10). "Talker Of The Town: Chrissie Hynde Interviewed By Simon Price". The Quietus. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  6. ^ Shepherd, Fiona (2014-04-28). "Chrissie Hynde grabs attention with debut solo LP". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  7. ^ Lydon, John (2008). Rotten: No Irish, No Blacks, No Dogs. Macmillan. p. 138. 
  8. ^ Light, Alan (2008-10-03). "Her City's Not Gone, and Neither Is She". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  9. ^ "999 - A history Part 1". Punk77.co.uk. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  10. ^ Hynde states this in The Pretenders Greatest Hits DVD documentary extra "No Turn Left Unstoned".
  11. ^ Letters page, NME, 21 January 1978.
  12. ^ Lifton, Dave (2015-01-19). "35 Years Ago: The Pretenders Roar to Life with Their Self-Titled Debut". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  13. ^ White, Timothy (October 14, 1995). "Pretenders' Hynde Appreciates the 'View'". Billboard. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  14. ^ Shedden, Iain (2015-05-31). "http://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/review/chrissie-hynde-the-real-pretender/story-fn9n8gph-1226936114228". The Australian. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  15. ^ Allen, Craig (2013-06-08). "Meet the Pretenders [PHOTOS, VIDEOS]". WKXW. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  16. ^ "The Specials". The Specials. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  17. ^ Kot, Greg (1993-11-25). "Sassy Aussies". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  18. ^ "Single White Female". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
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  20. ^ Herzog, Kenny (2014-02-25). "20 Great Unheralded Morrissey Songs". Vulture.com. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  21. ^ "Friends". TV Guide. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  22. ^ Duke, Simon (2015-02-16). "BBC 6 Music Festival Newcastle: Sage Hall One act profiles - Neneh Cherry, The Charlatans and more". Chronicle Live. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  23. ^ "Really Randoms: Chrissie Hynde, Ricky Martin, Jimmy Page". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 4, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Origins of the EIB Theme Song". The Rush Limbaugh Show. May 13, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  25. ^ McCormick, Ken (2014-10-24). "Pretenders star Chrissie Hynde to play Bristol - tickets on sale now". Bristol Post. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
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  27. ^ Soto, Alfred (2005-08-16). "Terence Trent D'Arby - Symphony Or Damn". Stylus Magazine. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  28. ^ Moran, Paul (2012-10-11). "Crossing borders: Spain's Jarabe de Palo". Creative Loafing. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  29. ^ Phares, Heather. "Original Soundtrack: Rugrats Go Wild". Allmusic. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  30. ^ Masters, Tim (2009-06-01). "Pretenders' rockabilly return". BBC News. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  31. ^ "Chrissie Hynde - Straight to the point". New Zealand Herald. 2004-01-31. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  32. ^ "Tube & Berger". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  33. ^ "Ringo Starr Thrills Fans in Bryant Park". ABC News. 2005-06-17. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  34. ^ "Incubus Tracks To Lead 'Stealth' Soundtrack". Billboard.com. 2005-05-18. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  35. ^ "2005 Induction Ceremony | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum". Rockhall.com. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  36. ^ Hinckley, David (March 15, 2005). "That's Hall Folks!. Rockers Roll In For 20th Induction Ceremony". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  37. ^ Abram, Malcolm X (October 17, 2008). "Devo's benefit concert whips up vote". Ohio. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  38. ^ Davies, Ray (2009-12-11). "Observations: Ray Davies' ode to icons of London". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  39. ^ D'Addario, Daniel (2013-10-18). "The ultimate Morrissey memoir playlist". Salon.com. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  40. ^ "Chrissie Hynde's tell-all album". CNN. September 3, 2010. 
  41. ^ "JP, Chrissie & The Fairground Boys". Jpchrissie.com. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  42. ^ Graff, Gary (2011-02-03). "Faith Hill, Chrissie Hynde Ready for 'Chaotic' Super Bowl Weekend". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  43. ^ "BBC Press Office". BBC. 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  44. ^ Cooke, Jennifer (2010-05-29). "Shane MacGowan and Friends - "I Put a Spell on You" (video)". PopMatters. Retrieved 2015-03-16. 
  45. ^ Mansfield, Brian (March 24, 2014). "Pretenders' Chrissie Hynde to release 'Stockholm'". USA Today. 
  46. ^ "The 10 Best Pretenders Songs". Stereogum. December 14, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  47. ^ Q, #99, December 1994. Madonna interview by Paul Du Noyer
  48. ^ a b c "Chrissie Hynde Marries Colombian Artist". Lewiston Morning Tribune. July 18, 1997. Retrieved July 13, 2011. 
  49. ^ "The Great Pretender; She's back on the chain gang, but Jim Kerr's ex is now more of a parent than a punk rocker". Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Homegrown Heroes". Cleveland.com. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved July 13, 2011. 
  51. ^ Holy Cow: The Hare Krishna Contribution to Vegetarianism & Animal Rights. 
  52. ^ Ohio.com[dead link]
  53. ^ Cartner-Morley, Jess; Mirren, Helen; Huffington, Arianna; Amos, Valerie (March 28, 2013). "The 50 best-dressed over 50s". The Guardian (London). 
  54. ^ "Chrissie Hynde and Ray Davies' Daughter Natalie in Court over Dangerous Protest". International Business Times. February 12, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 
  55. ^ "Kentucky Fried Cruelty :: Celebrity Support :: Chrissie Hynde". Kfccruelty.com. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Vegetarians International Voice for Animals - Star Supporters". Viva!. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  57. ^ "Default Parallels Plesk Panel Page". Thevegiterranean.com. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  58. ^ "VegiTerranean NOW Open". Groovyvegetarian.com. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  59. ^ "Chrissie Hynde's VegiTerranean restaurant closes". Cantonrep.com. October 3, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011. 
  60. ^ Official Charts Company. "UK Chart details". Retrieved December 16, 2013. 

External links[edit]