Christ's College, Cambridge
|Colleges of the University of Cambridge
|Founders||William Byngham (1437);
Lady Margaret Beaufort (1505)
|Named after||Jesus Christ|
|Previously named||God's House (1437–1505)|
|Sister colleges||Wadham College, Oxford
Branford College, Yale
Adams House, Harvard
Pforzheimer House, Harvard
|Location||St Andrew's Street (map)|
|Souvent me Souvient
(Old French, "I often remember")
|Boat Club website|
Christ's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, officially comprising the Master and Fellows of the College as well as about 600 students. The student body divides into roughly 430 undergraduates and 170 postgraduates. The college was founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort in 1505, its charter granted on 1 May, and was the twelfth of the current colleges to be founded in its current form, though it had been previously founded as God's House in 1437.
With a reputation for high academic standards, Christ's College averaged top place in the Tompkins Table from 1980–2000. The College is often noted for producing two of Cambridge's most famous alumni, John Milton and Charles Darwin, who, during the celebrations for the 800th anniversary of the University, were both placed at the foreground as two of the four most iconic individuals in the University's history.
The college grew from God's House, an institution founded in 1437 by William Byngham on land now occupied by King's College Chapel. It received its first royal licence in 1446. It moved to its present site in 1448 when it received its second royal licence. It was renamed Christ's College and received its present charter in 1505 when it was endowed and expanded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of King Henry VII, and her confidant St. John Fisher.
The College Grace is normally said before any dinner held in the Formal Hall of the College. Though the student body rises for the recitation of the Grace, Christ's is one of the only Colleges in Cambridge where the students do not rise when the Fellows enter and leave the Dining Hall. This is said to be the result of a historical conflict between the Students and Fellows at Christ's, who were at opposite sides during the English Civil War.
|Exhiliarator omnium Christe
Sine quo nihil suave, nihil jucundum est:
Per te Dominum nostrum,
|Christ, the gladdener of all,
Without whom nothing is sweet, nothing pleasant:
Through you, our Lord,
The original 15th/16th century college buildings now form part of First Court, including the chapel, Master's Lodge and Great Gate tower. The gate itself is disproportionate: the bottom has been cut off to accommodate a rise in street level, which can also be seen in the steps leading down to the foot of L staircase in the gate tower. The college hall, originally built at the very start of the 16th century was restored in 1875–1879 by George Gilbert Scott, the younger. The lawn of First Court is famously round, and an impressive wisteria sprawls up the front of the master's lodge.
Second Court is fully built up on only three sides, one of which is formed by the 1640s Fellows' Building. The fourth side backs onto the Master's garden.
The Stevenson Building in Third Court was designed by J. J. Stevenson, in the 1880s and was extended in 1905 as part of the College's Quadcentenary. In 1947 Professor Richardson designed the second building, the neo-Georgian Chancellor's Building (W staircase), completed in 1950. Third Court's Memorial Building (Y staircase), a twin of the Chancellor's building was completed in 1953 for £80,000. Third Court is also noted for its display of irises in May and June, a gift to the college in 1946.
The controversial tiered concrete New Court (often dubbed "the Typewriter") was designed in the Modernist style by Sir Denys Lasdun in 1966–70, and was described as "superb" in Lasdun's obituary in the Guardian. Design critic Hugh Pearman comments "Lasdun had big trouble relating to the street at the overhanging rear". It appears very distinctively in aerial photographs, forming part of the northern boundary of the college.
An assortment of neighbouring buildings have been absorbed into the college, of which the most notable is The Todd Building, previously Cambridge's County Hall.
Through an arch in the Fellows' Building is the Fellows' Garden. It includes two mulberry trees, of which the older was planted in 1608, the same year as Milton's birth. Both trees have toppled sideways, the younger tree in the Great Storm of 1987, and are now earthed up round the trunks, but continue to fruit every year.
The Junior Combination Room (JCR), Christ's College Students' Union, is involved in every aspect of student life. Representative of the undergraduate student body, it organises social and welfare events, and negotiates on the students' behalf on important issues. The JCR has a standing committee as well as a common room open for use to all students of the College. The JCR's counterpart, the Middle Combination Room (MCR) represents the graduate students of the College. Christ's MCR is one of the few in Cambridge to run its own bar, specialising in Belgian beers and malt whiskies. The MCR organises regular Graduate Halls, which stand out from standard Formal Hall dinners by their more relaxed atmosphere. A Garden Party is held by both the JCR and the MCR every June in the Fellows' Garden. The Senior Combination Room (SCR) is composed solely of fellows of the College and holds two feasts each year.
Other societies in Christ's include:
- The Marguerites Club, one of the oldest surviving College societies, reformed in 1899 by Gilbert Jessop the then captain of CUCC. It is believed to have originally formed some ten years earlier, but was soon disbanded. Originally the society was confined to captains and secretaries or those with colours in three sports. Nowadays it is known more as a drinking society than a club recognising sporting excellence. The name originated from the club's original blazer, which was navy blue in colour with the Foundress's 'rebus' or badge, signifying her name, embroidered on the pocket.
- Christ's College Boat Club, the oldest college sports club still active, having been founded in 1830. Like other Cambridge Colleges, Christ's has its own boathouse on the banks of the Cam (see photo).
- Christ's College Rugby Football Club, founded in 1875 by Alfred Cort Haddon, who is considered the father of modern anthropology. In the 1960 Varsity Match, eight of the starting Cambridge team were students at Christ's and all of the side's points were scored by Christ's players. The CCRFC is nicknamed "The Brown Rings" after the brown and white hoops featured on the match kit.
- Christ's College Association Football Club, which prides itself on having won the inter-collegiate Cuppers competition more times than any other.
- Christ's Films, which uses the theatre to screen new films weekly.
- Christ's Amateur Dramatic Society
- Christ's College Medical Society.
- Christ's Politics Society.
- Christ's College Music Society, founded 1710.
- Christ's College Chapel Choir.
Christ's, like most other Cambridge Colleges, also hosts a biennial May Ball in the time after undergraduate examinations which is by students commonly known as May Week. A separate society called "Christ's College May Ball Committee" is set up every two years to organise and direct this event. The most recent May Ball was on 19 June 2012 and featured a Rio De Janeiro carnival theme. The previous May Ball, named "L'Esprit Nouveau", was held on 15 June 2010 and featured a 1920s Parisian theme.
Proctors of God's House
Masters of Christ's
See Christ's College by John Peile (1900)
|HRH Prince Ra'ad bin Zeid Al-Hussein||1936||Iraqi Prince|
|HRH Prince Zeid Ra'ad Zeid Al-Hussein||1964||Iraqi Prince|
|William Ames||1576||1633||Reformed Theologian|
|Richard Bancroft||1544||1610||Archbishop of Canterbury, Organiser of James I Bible|
|Jasmine Birtles||1962||British financial and business commentator, television presenter, author and journalist|
|Jagdish Chandra Bose||1858||1937||Indian physicist|
|C. Delisle Burns||1879||1942||Atheist and secularist writer and lecturer|
|Sir Anthony Caro||1924||2013||Sculptor|
|Sacha Baron Cohen||1971||Comedian|
|John Cook||1918||1984||Prolific Anglo-American composer and organist|
|Frederick Cornwallis||1713||1783||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|John Cornwell||1940||British author and journalist|
|John James Cowperthwaite||1916||2006||Credited with policies allowing Hong Kong's economic boom in the 1960s|
|Charles Darwin||1809||1882||British naturalist|
|Patrick Arthur Devlin, Baron Devlin||1905||1992||Jurist, Lord of Appeal in Ordinary|
|Sir Martin Evans||1941||Biochemist, Nobel laureate in medicine|
|Edmund Grindal||1519||1583||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|Alfred Cort Haddon||1855||1940||Father of modern anthropology|
|Yusuf Hamied||1936||Chemist and industrialist|
|John Healey||1960||British politician|
|Matthew Hutton||1693||1758||Archbishop of Canterbury|
|Derry Irvine, Baron Irvine of Lairg||1940||Lord Chancellor|
|David Konstant||1930||Bishop of Leeds|
|Sir John Kotelawala||1897||1980||Prime Minister of Ceylon (Sri Lanka)|
|John Leland||c 1506||1552||Father of English history|
|Tony Lewis||1938||England and Glamorgan cricket captain|
|Richard Luce||1936||Lord Chamberlain|
|Michael Lynch||1965||Founder of Autonomy Systems|
|Allama Mashriqi||1883||1963||Founder of the Khaksar Tehreek|
|David Mellor||1949||British politician|
|Miles Millar||c 1967||Hollywood screenwriter and producer|
|John Milton||1608||1674||English poet|
|Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma||1900||1979||British Admiral of the Fleet and statesman|
|John Oliver||1977||British Political Comedian|
|J. Robert Oppenheimer||1904||1967||American theoretical physicist and 'father of the atomic bomb'|
|Andy Parsons||1967||English comedian and writer|
|William Paley||1743||1805||English theologian and philosopher|
|William Perkins||1558||1602||Leading Puritan Theologian of the Elizabethan Era|
|Sir John Plumb||1911||2001||British historian|
|Thomas Plume||1630||1704||English clergyman, founder of the University's Plumian Chair of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy|
|Roy Porter||1946||2002||British historian|
|Beilby Porteus||1731||1809||Bishop of Chester and Bishop of London, leading reformer and abolitionist|
|Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell||1919||2006||Attorney General for England and Wales|
|Forrest Reid||1875||1948||Cambridge apostle, novelist, literary critic|
|Austin Robinson||1897||1993||British Economist and economic historian|
|Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham||1738||1786||British Foreign Secretary|
|Nicholas Saunderson||1682||1739||British mathematician|
|David Say||1939||2006||British bishop|
|Simon Schama||1945||British historian, author, and television presenter|
|Nicholas Serota||1946||Director of the Tate Gallery|
|Jan Smuts||1870||1950||Prime Minister of South Africa, Field Marshal, and Commonwealth statesman|
|C. P. Snow, Baron Snow||1905||1980||British novelist and philosopher|
|F. Gordon A. Stone||1925||2011||British chemist|
|Szeming Sze||1908||1998||Chinese Diplomat, WHO co-founder|
|Henry Teonge||1620||1690||Naval chaplain and diarist|
|Andrew Turnbull, Baron Turnbull||1945||Cabinet Secretary and Head of the Civil Service|
|Richard Whiteley||1943||2005||British television presenter|
|Rowan Williams||1950||British theologian, Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury|
|Christopher Zeeman||1925||British mathematician|
Christ's College has also produced alumni and fellows in biological sciences that have gone on to become heads of various research institutions. These have included: Hugh Pelham, Director of the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology; Daniel St. Johnston, Chairman of the Gurdon Institute; Jim Smith, Director of the MRC National Institute for Medical Research; Richard Treisman, Director of CRUK London Research Institute; Simon Tavaré, Director of CRUK Cambridge Research Institute and Peter Lachmann, Founding President of The Academy of Medical Sciences.
- "Undergraduate Admissions: Christ's College". University of Cambridge website. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- Christ's top of 20-year table of Cambridge colleges
- http://www.cam.ac.uk/news/quentin-blake-unveils-cambridge-800-panorama, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/universityeducation/4284625/Cambridge-Universitys-800th-birthday-celebrated-with-spectacular-light-show.html, http://www.cambridge-news.co.uk/Cambridge/Universitys-history-writ-large-on-screen.htm
- "College History". Christ's College, Cambridge. Archived from the original on 26 February 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
- Christ's College Magazine, Michaelmas 1953
- Christ's College Magazine no. 228, p 53, 2003
- Architects pay tribute to Denys Lasdun
- The Legacy of Lasdun
- Christ's College Magazine no. 228, p 56, 2003
- Official Christ's College Website; Distinguished Alumni
- Rugby Varsity Match 1960: First Half Highlights.
- Contacts of the LMB
- St. Johnston Group Homepage
- Director's Welcome – NIMR
- Director's Foreword of LRI
- Director's foreword. Christs.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved on 24 August 2013.
- Professor Sir Peter Lachmann at the Academy of Medical Sciences
- Lloyd, A. H. (2010). The Early History of Christ's College, Cambridge: Derived from Contemporary Documents. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 1108008976. (account of the history of God's House, originally published in 1934)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Christ's College, Cambridge.|
- Official Christ's College website
- Christ's JCR website
- Christ's MCR website
- Christ's biennial May Ball
- Exhibition celebrating 400 years since the birth of John Milton
- Cambridge 2000 — Christ's College photographs