Christ Church, Chatburn

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Christ Church, Chatburn
Christ Church, Chatburn, from the southwest
Christ Church, Chatburn is located in the Borough of Ribble Valley
Christ Church, Chatburn
Christ Church, Chatburn
Location in the Borough of Ribble Valley
Coordinates: 53°53′39″N 2°21′06″W / 53.8941°N 2.3516°W / 53.8941; -2.3516
OS grid reference SD 769,442
Location Chatburn, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Christ Church, Chatburn
History
Founded 22 June 1837
Founder(s) Dixon Robinson
Dedication Jesus Christ
Consecrated 18 September 1838
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 27 April 1984
Architect(s) Edmund Sharpe
Frederick Robinson
Architectural type Church
Style Romanesque revival
Groundbreaking 1837
Completed 1883
Administration
Parish Christ Church, Chatburn
Deanery Whalley
Archdeaconry Blackburn
Diocese Blackburn
Province York
Clergy
Priest(s) Canon Rodney Nicholson
Assistant priest Revd Anne Hardacre
Laity
Churchwarden(s) D. W. Ascroft
Mrs E. M. Douglas
Parish administrator H. E. Boden

Christ Church, Chatburn, is in the village of Chatburn, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Whalley, the archdeaconry of Blackburn and the diocese of Blackburn.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[2]

History[edit]

Construction of the church began in 1837, the architect being Edmund Sharpe of Lancaster.[3] It was one of Sharpe's first commissions and one of his early churches in Romanesque style.[4] The church was founded by Dixon Robinson, steward of the Honour of Clitheroe[3] who, together with his older brother William, partly paid for it.[5] The foundation stone was laid on 22 June 1837. Under the stone a bottle was placed containing coins, medals, and a copy of the Blackburn Standard.[6] An article in the Blackburn Standard suggested that Christ Church was the first to be commenced during the reign of Queen Victoria.[7][a] The estimated cost of the church was £950 (£70,000 as of 2014),[8] towards which the Incorporated Church Building Society contributed a grant of £250. It provided seating for 364 people.[7] The church was consecrated on 18 September 1838 by the Bishop of Chester.[6]

On 3 May 1854 the spire was struck by lightning, damaging both the spire and the tower. In 1881 it was decided to enlarge the church, and the architect Frederick Josias Robinson, son of Dixon Robinson who was practising in Derby, was commissioned to design and supervise this. The nave was widened by the addition of north and south aisles, and the chancel by the addition of a north transept, acting as an organ chamber, and a south transept, used as a choir vestry.[6] This was carried out in 1882–83.[3] The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner remarks on the uniform architectural style used by the two architects, writing "all is so entirely of a piece".[9]

Architecture[edit]

The original parts of Christ Church are constructed in limestone with sandstone dressings and it has a slate roof; the spire is in sandstone.[2] The expansion of 1882–83 is in Runcorn red sandstone, with dressings in Bath stone.[6] The tower has three stages; the lowest stage has two blank arches on each side and two round-headed windows on the west front. There are similar windows on each side of both upper stages, and in the top stage are clock faces. The plan of the church consists of a west tower with a spire, a nave with north and south aisles and a south porch, and a chancel with a semicircular apse. Internally, at the west end is a gallery.[2] The two-manual organ was made by Brindley & Foster of Sheffield in 1890.[10]

External features[edit]

The churchyard contains the war graves of three soldiers of World War I, and a soldier and airman of World War II.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Queen Victoria succeeded to the throne on 20 June.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christ Church, Chatburn, Church of England, retrieved 25 March 2010 
  2. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Christ Church, Chatburn (1163617)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 8 July 2013 
  3. ^ a b c Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 209, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 
  4. ^ Price, James (1998), Sharpe, Paley and Austin: A Lancaster Architectural Practice 1836–1942, Lancaster: Centre for North-West Regional Studies, pp. 41, 67, ISBN 1-86220-054-8 
  5. ^ Peart Robinson of Lancashire, Turtle Bunbury, retrieved 2 January 2012 
  6. ^ a b c d Hughes, John M. (2010), Edmund Sharpe: Man of Lancaster, John M. Hughes, pp. 122, 125 
  7. ^ a b c Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, p. 210, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8 
  8. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  9. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002) [1969], North Lancashire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 93, ISBN 0-300-09617-8 
  10. ^ Lancashire, Chatburn, Christ Church, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 25 March 2010 
  11. ^ CHATBURN (CHRIST CHURCH) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 13 February 2013