Christ Church, Chatburn
|Christ Church, Chatburn|
Christ Church, Chatburn, from the southwest
|OS grid reference||SD 769,442|
|Website||Christ Church, Chatburn|
|Founded||22 June 1837|
|Consecrated||18 September 1838|
|Heritage designation||Grade II|
|Designated||27 April 1984|
|Parish||Christ Church, Chatburn|
|Priest(s)||Canon Rodney Nicholson|
|Assistant priest||Revd Anne Hardacre|
|Churchwarden(s)||D. W. Ascroft
Mrs E. M. Douglas
|Parish administrator||H. E. Boden|
Christ Church is in the village of Chatburn, Lancashire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Whalley, the archdeaconry of Blackburn and the diocese of Blackburn. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.
Construction of the church began in 1837, the architect being Edmund Sharpe of Lancaster. It was one of Sharpe's first commissions and one of his early churches in Romanesque style. The church was founded by Dixon Robinson, steward of the Honour of Clitheroe who, together with his older brother William, partly paid for it. The foundation stone was laid on 22 June 1837. Under the stone a bottle was placed containing coins, medals, and a copy of the Blackburn Standard. An article in the Blackburn Standard suggested that Christ Church was the first to be commenced during the reign of Queen Victoria.[a] The estimated cost of the church was £950 (£80,000 in 2015), towards which the Incorporated Church Building Society contributed a grant of £250. It provided seating for 364 people. The church was consecrated on 18 September 1838 by the Bishop of Chester.
On 3 May 1854 the spire was struck by lightning, damaging both the spire and the tower. In 1881 it was decided to enlarge the church, and the architect Frederick Josias Robinson, son of Dixon Robinson who was practising in Derby, was commissioned to design and supervise this. The nave was widened by the addition of north and south aisles, and the chancel by the addition of a north transept, acting as an organ chamber, and a south transept, used as a choir vestry. This was carried out in 1882–83. The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner remarks on the uniform architectural style used by the two architects, writing "all is so entirely of a piece".
The original parts of Christ Church are constructed in limestone with sandstone dressings and it has a slate roof; the spire is in sandstone. The expansion of 1882–83 is in Runcorn red sandstone, with dressings in Bath stone. The tower has three stages; the lowest stage has two blank arches on each side and two round-headed windows on the west front. There are similar windows on each side of both upper stages, and in the top stage are clock faces. The plan of the church consists of a west tower with a spire, a nave with north and south aisles and a south porch, and a chancel with a semicircular apse. Internally, at the west end is a gallery. The two-manual organ was made by Brindley & Foster of Sheffield in 1890.
- Queen Victoria succeeded to the throne on 20 June.
- Christ Church, Chatburn, Church of England, retrieved 25 March 2010
- Historic England, "Christ Church, Chatburn (1163617)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 8 July 2013
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) , Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 209, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9
- Price, James (1998), Sharpe, Paley and Austin: A Lancaster Architectural Practice 1836–1942, Lancaster: Centre for North-West Regional Studies, pp. 41, 67, ISBN 1-86220-054-8
- Peart Robinson of Lancashire, Turtle Bunbury, retrieved 2 January 2012
- Hughes, John M. (2010), Edmund Sharpe: Man of Lancaster, John M. Hughes, pp. 122, 125
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, p. 210, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2015), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002) , North Lancashire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 93, ISBN 0-300-09617-8
- Lancashire, Chatburn, Christ Church, British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 25 March 2010
- CHATBURN (CHRIST CHURCH) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 13 February 2013