Christ the King

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This article is about the title of Jesus. For other uses, see Christ the King (disambiguation).
Christ the King, a detail from the Ghent Altarpiece by Jan van Eyck.

Christ the King is a title of Jesus based on several passages of Scripture. It is used by most Christians. The Catholic Church and many Protestant denominations, including Anglicans, Presbyterians, Lutherans and Methodists, celebrate the Feast of Christ the King on the Sunday before the first Sunday of Advent, the Sunday that falls between 20 and 26 November, inclusive. Some Traditionalist Catholics, who use pre-1970 versions of the General Roman Calendar, and the Anglican Catholic Church celebrate it instead on the last Sunday of October, the Sunday before All Saints' Day, which is the day that was assigned to the feast when first established in 1925. The title "Christ the King" is also frequently used as a name for churches, schools, seminaries, hospitals and religious institutes.

Origins[edit]

The name is found in various forms in scripture: King (John 18:36-37), King eternal (1 Timothy 1:17), King of Israel (John 1:49, Mt. 27:42, Mark 15:32), King of the Jews by Romans and Magi (Mt. 2:2, Mt. 27:11, cf. John 18:33-37), King of kings (1 Tim 6:15; Rev. 19:16), King of the ages (Book of Revelation 15:3) and Ruler of the kings of the Earth (Rev. 1:5).[1]

Christ's kingship was addressed in the encyclical Quas Primas of Pope Pius XI, published in 1925, which has been called "possibly one of the most misunderstood and ignored encyclicals of all time."[2] The Pontiff's encyclical quotes with approval Cyril of Alexandria, noting that Jesus's kingship was given to him by the Father, and was not obtained by violence: "'Christ,' he says, 'has dominion over all creatures, a dominion not seized by violence nor usurped, but his by essence and by nature.'" Pope Pius XI instituted the feast of Christ the King in 1925 to remind Christians that their allegiance was to their spiritual ruler in heaven as opposed to earthly supremacy. Pope Benedict XVI remarked that Christ's kingship is not based on "human power" but on loving and serving others. [3]

Insigna of the Vendean insurgents who fought against suppression of the Church in the French Revolution. Note the French words 'Dieu Le Roi' beneath the heart-and-cross, meaning 'God (is) the king'.

Schools, churches, and Shrine[edit]

Many Catholic schools and churches have taken this name, as shown here:

  • Cathedral of Christ the King, Lexington Kentucky[4]
  • Christ the King Roman Catholic Church and School, Denver, Colorado[5]
  • Shrine of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, Chicago, Illinois
  • Christ the King Cathedral, Mullingar - First Cathedral in the world to be dedicated to the title name.
  • The Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King, Liverpool
  • Basilica of Christ the King, Reykjavík, Iceland
  • Christ the King Church, Sector 19, Chandigarh, India
  • Christ the King Seminary, Diocese of Buffalo, East Aurora, New York [6]
  • Christ the King Church, Dorgachola, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
  • Christ the King Anglican Church (also known as Christ the King Garrison Church), Tripoli, Libya
  • Christ the King Parish, Mashpee, MA
  • Christ the King Catholic Church, Mdantsane, East London, South Africa
  • Christ the King School, Nashville, TN
  • Christ the King Cathedral, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • Christ the King Catholic Secondary School, Georgetown, Ontario, Canada
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
  • Cathedral of Christ the King, Atlanta, GA[7]
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Little Rock, AR
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Pleasant Hill, CA
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Hollywood, CA
  • Christ the King Catholic Church and School, Richland, WA
  • Christ The King Catholic Primary School, Blackpool, England
  • Christ the King Catholic Secondary School, Nottingham, England
  • Christ the King Catholic High School, Southport, UK
  • Christ the King Catholic School and Church, North Rocks, Australia
  • Christ the King, Dallas, TX
  • Christ the King School, Chicago, IL
  • Christ the King Catholic Church, Kansas City, MO
  • Christ the King Catholic Church, Cedar City, UT
  • Rīgas Kristus Karaļa draudzes baznīca (Riga's Christ the King's parish Church), Riga, Latvia

See also the disambiguation page for more institutions using the name.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]