The Orlams at that time were in constant conflict with the Herero over land and cattle but did not have the support of the European traders in Otjimbingwe, particularly Karl Johan Andersson and Frederick Green. They considered that the war was bad for trade, and helped organising and leading the Herero army. Consequently the Herero were better equipped and gradually took over military dominance.
Christian Afrikaner died in an attack on Maharero's settlement at Otjimbingwe in 1863. This incident marked the beginning of the erosion of power of the Orlam Afrikaners.