Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin
Fürstbischof Christian August.jpg
Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin
Spouse(s) Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach
Noble family House of Holstein-Gottorp
Father Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Mother Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark
Born (1673-01-11)11 January 1673
Died 24 April 1726(1726-04-24) (aged 53)

Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp-Eutin (11 January 1673 – 24 April 1726) was a cadet of the reigning ducal House of Holstein-Gottorp who became prince of Eutin, prince-bishop of Lübeck and regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp.

Biography[edit]

He was a younger son of Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark. His elder brother, Frederick IV, succeeded their father as ruler of the duchy, Christian August being given the small fiefdom of Eutin in 1695, whereupon he took the title Duke of Holstein-Eutin.[1] Additionally, he was appointed coadjutor of Lübeck, a Lutheran Imperial state within the Holy Roman Empire, in 1701, and his family managed to have him elected as the bishop on 26 April 1706.[1]

His eldest brother died in 1702, leaving only an underage son, Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, as his heir. From 1702 to 1708 Christian August was co-regent with his widowed sister-in-law, Hedvig Sophia of Sweden, for Charles Frederick, having been first installed as administrator under her authority.[1] Upon her death in 1708, Christian August became sole regent of Holstein-Gottorp, which duchy was severely ravaged by the violence of the Great Northern War.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Christian August married Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach (3 July 1682 – 26 December 1755), on 2 September 1704, with whom he had ten children:[1]

  • Hedwig Sophie Auguste of Holstein-Gottorp (9 October 1705 – 4 October 1764), Abbess of Herford, 1750–1764
  • Charles Augustus of Holstein-Gottorp (26 November 1706 – 31 May 1727)
  • Frederica Amalia of Holstein-Gottorp (12 January 1708 – 19 January 1782), a nun at Quedlinburg
  • Anne of Holstein-Gottorp (3 February 1709 – 2 February 1758), wed Prince Wilhelm of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1701-1771)
  • Adolf Frederick of Eutin (14 May 1710 – 12 April 1771), became crown prince of Sweden in 1743, and then ascended the throne of King of Sweden in 1751.
  • Frederick August of Eutin (20 September 1711 – 6 July 1785), bishop of Lübeck after Adolf Frederick's accession in Sweden, as well as prince of Eutin. In 1773, Frederick August also received a new duchy, Oldenburg, consisting of the counties of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst.
  • Joanna Elisabeth (24 October 1712 – 30 May 1760), wed Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, and mothered Catherine the Great, Empress regnant of Russia.
  • William Christian of Holstein-Gottorp (20 September 1716 – 26 June 1719)
  • Frederick Conrad of Holstein-Gottorp (12 March 1718 – 1719)
  • Georg Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp (16 March 1719 – 7 September 1763)

Christian August was succeeded by his eldest son Charles Augustus, who died before taking up the office, and then by his second son, Adolf Frederick.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Huberty, Michel; Giraud, Alain; Magdelaine, F. et B. (1994). L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome VII Oldenbourg. France: Laballery. pp. 86–87, 111–112. ISBN 2-901138-07-1. 
Christian Augustus
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 11 January 1673 Died: 24 April 1726
Religious titles
Regnal titles
Preceded by
August Frederick
(Lutheran Administrator)
Prince-Bishop of Lübeck
1705–1726
(Lutheran Administrator)
Succeeded by
Charles August
(Lutheran Administrator)