Christian County, Illinois

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Christian County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Christian County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Named for Christian County, Kentucky
Seat Taylorville
Largest city Taylorville
Area
 • Total 716 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Land 709 sq mi (1,836 km2)
 • Water 6.3 sq mi (16 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 34,800
 • Density 49/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 13th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Christian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,800.[1] Its county seat is Taylorville.[2]

Christian Count comprises the Taylorville, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Christian County was formed February 15, 1839 out of Sangamon, Montgomery and Shelby Counties. It was named for Christian County, Kentucky.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 709 square miles (1,840 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Taylorville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.8
 
32
16
 
 
1.8
 
39
21
 
 
3
 
50
31
 
 
3.5
 
63
41
 
 
3.8
 
74
52
 
 
3.7
 
83
61
 
 
3.7
 
86
65
 
 
2.8
 
85
63
 
 
2.8
 
79
54
 
 
2.3
 
67
42
 
 
3.6
 
51
33
 
 
2.4
 
38
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Taylorville have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.78 inches (45 mm) in January to 3.77 inches (96 mm) in May.[5]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Christian County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,878
1850 3,203 70.6%
1860 10,492 227.6%
1870 20,363 94.1%
1880 28,227 38.6%
1890 30,531 8.2%
1900 32,790 7.4%
1910 34,594 5.5%
1920 38,458 11.2%
1930 37,538 −2.4%
1940 38,564 2.7%
1950 38,816 0.7%
1960 37,207 −4.1%
1970 35,948 −3.4%
1980 36,446 1.4%
1990 34,418 −5.6%
2000 35,372 2.8%
2010 34,800 −1.6%
Est. 2013 34,298 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census of 2000, there were 35,372 people, 13,921 households, and 9,480 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 14,992 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.34% White, 2.14% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.7% were of German, 20.5% American, 11.9% English, 10.6% Irish and 6.9% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.1% spoke English and 1.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 13,921 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.90% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,561, and the median income for a family was $43,342. Males had a median income of $32,344 versus $22,522 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,937. About 6.50% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Christian County, Illinois

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated[edit]

Townships[edit]

Christian County is divided into these seventeen townships:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Adams, James N. (compiler) (1989), Keller, William E., ed., Illinois Place Names, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, p. 575, ISBN 0-912226-24-2 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Taylorville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 

Coordinates: 39°33′N 89°17′W / 39.55°N 89.28°W / 39.55; -89.28