Christian Democratic Party (Netherlands)

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Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
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The Christian Democratic Party (in Dutch: Christen-Democratische Partij, CDP) was a Dutch left-wing Christian-democratic political party. The CDP played only a minor role in parliament. It is historically linked to both the Labour Party and the Christian Democratic Appeal.

Party History[edit]

Between 1894 and 1901 Andries Staalman was a member of the House of Representatives for the district of Den Helder. He was a member of the main Reformed party, the Anti Revolutionary Party (ARP).[1] He operated on the left of the ARP and he advocated increased government interference in the economy and the extension of suffrage. In 1901 Staalman was re-elected into the House of Representatives on an Anti-Revolutionary Ticket, but he was dissatisfied by the conservative course of the ARP. Staalman therefore sat as an independent Anti-Revolutionary. He was dissatisfied by the conservative composition and program of the cabinet Abraham Kuyper had formed after the elections and did not support it.

Before the elections 1905 Staalman founded his own party the Christian Democratic Party to enter in the elections. He was unable to win a seat. Between 1909 and 1917 Staalman entered in several other elections. In 1917 Staalman was closely defeated by Pieter Oud for the Den Helder seat. In the 1918 elections, the first election with a system of proportional representation and male universal suffrage the threshold for admission to the House of Representatives was relatively low, one needed more than half of a percentage of the vote to be elected. Consequently the CDP was elected with only 10,000 votes (that is .8% of vote). Staalman played only a minor role in parliament.

In the 1922 elections the restrictions to enter parliament where highered. The CDP was unable to maintain its seat. The CDP also entered in the 1925 elections without result. The party fell apart, some members returned to the Anti Revolutionary Party while others joined the newly founded Christian Democratic Union together with former members of the Christian Social Party and the League of Christian Socialists.

Ideology & Issues[edit]

The CDP was a leftwing christian democratic party. It was a reformist and rejected both class conflict and the privileged position of some classes over others. Unlike the ARP it did not reject cooperation with non-religious parties.

It had a traditional leftwing program, involving the extension of suffrage to all householders, the implementation of mandatory insurance against sickness and invalidity (an early form of the welfare state), progressive taxation and stronger rights for workers.

Representation[edit]

This table shows the election results of the CDP in elections to the House of Representatives, the Senate and the States-Provincial, as well as the party's political leadership: the fractievoorzitter, the chair of the parliamentary party and the lijsttrekker, the party's top candidate in the general election, these posts are normally taken by the party's leader.

Year HoR S SP Lijsttrekker Fractievoorzitter
1918 1 0 0 Andries Staalman Andries Staalman
1919 1 0 2 no elections Andries Staalman
1920 1 0 2 no elections Andries Staalman
1921 1 0 2 no elections Andries Staalman
1922 0 0 2 Andries Staalman none
1923 0 0 1 none none
1924 0 0 1 none none
1925 0 0 1 unknown none
1926 0 0 1 none none

Provincial & municipal government[edit]

The party held several seats in municipal legislatives and in the Noord Holland States-Provincial.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Herman J. Langeveld (1988). Protestants en progressief: de Christelijk-Democratische Unie 1926-1946 (in Dutch). SDU. p. 10. ISBN 978-90-12-06021-9. Retrieved 25 August 2013.