Christian Democrats (Denmark)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2008)|
|Headquarters||Allégade 24, 1.
|Youth wing||Young Christian Democrats|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|European Parliament group||No MEPs|
|Politics of Denmark
The Christian Democrats (Danish: Kristendemokraterne) are a political party in Denmark. The party was founded in 1970 to oppose the liberalization of restrictions on pornography and the legalization of abortion. It was known as the Christian People's Party (Kristeligt Folkeparti) from April 1970 to 2003. Originally, the party was not considered part of the European Christian democratic tradition, and it was better known as a religious conservative party.
Since its inception, the party has enjoyed an intermittent presence in the Parliament of Denmark, rarely winning much more than the two percent minimum required to gain seats under Denmark's proportional representation system, and frequently falling below the threshold, as happened most recently in the 2007 and 2011 parliamentary elections. Despite its small size, the party has served in a number of coalition governments. From 1982 to 1988, it was in coalition with the Liberal Partyl and Conservative People's Party; from 1993 to 1994, it served in government with the Social Democrats, the Social Liberals and the Centre Democrats.
From 2002 to 2005, the party was led by Marianne Karlsmose. The name of the party was changed to the Christian Democrats in 2003. In October 2005, the party elected Bodil Kornbek  as its new chairman. Her attempt to introduce a more secular centre-left profile had some success in the beginning, but in the 2007 and 2011 parliamentary elections, the party received no seats. In October 2008, Kornbek was replaced by Bjarne Hartung Kirkegaard, who represents its more rightist and religious wing.
In 2010, the Christian Democrats regained parliamentary representation when the former Conservative People's Party member Per Ørum Jørgensen joined the party. Since he was not formerly known for having expressed particularly religion-based opinions, these events once more softened the religious character of the party.
On 30 June 2011, it was announced that the Christian Democrats had started cooperating with the grassroot party Fælleslisten, a single-issue party fighting for decentralization, especially in health policy, with some success in regional and local elections. This means that candidates from the two parties will appear on a joint list at the next Danish parliamentary election. The Christian Democrats had themselves taken a somewhat regionalist stance at a moment when Fælleslisten had surged in opinion polls.
In September 2012, Per Ørum Jørgensen resigned and subsequently left the party altogether in order to form a new party called Democratic Party. A new chairman, Egon Jakobsen, was appointed ad interim. On 27 October 2012, the former deputy chairman Stig Grenov was be elected as new chairman.
- Jacob Christensen: 1970 - 1973
- Jens Møller: 1973 - 1979
- Flemming Kofod-Svendsen: 1979 - 1990
- Jann Sjursen: 1990 - 2002
- Marianne Karlsmose: 2002 - 2005
- Bodil Kornbek: 2005 - 2008
- Bjarne Hartung Kirkegaard: 2008 - 2011
- Per Ørum Jørgensen: 2011 - 2012
- Egon Jakobsen: 2012 (a.i.)
- Stig Grenov: From 2012
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- Åsa Bengtsson; Kasper Hansen; Ólafur Þ Harõarson; Hanne Marthe Narud, Henrik Oscarsson (15 November 2013). The Nordic Voter: Myths of Exceptionalism. ECPR Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-1-907301-50-6.
- André Krouwel (1 December 2012). Party Transformations in European Democracies. SUNY Press. p. 298. ISBN 978-1-4384-4481-9.
- Cook, Chris; Francis, Mary (1979). The first European elections: A handbook and guide. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 0-333-26575-0.
- The Christian Democratic Party - Official site in English
- Kristendemokraterne - Official site in Danish
- Cura. Christian Democratic Magazine - In Danish