Christian Isobel Johnstone

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Christian Isobel Johnstone (1781–1857) was a prolific journalist and author in Scotland in the nineteenth century.[1][2] She was a significant early feminist and an advocate of other liberal causes in her era.[3]

She was likely the Christian Todd who was born on 12 June 1781 in the Edinburgh parish of St. Cuthbert. She married at the age of sixteen, to an Edinburgh printer named Thomas McCleish; they separated in 1805, and she divorced him in 1814. Christian married John Johnstone, a Dunfermline schoolmaster turned Edinburgh printer, in June 1815.

Christian Isobel Johnstone wrote a number of popular fiction works in three and four volumes, for adults and juvenile readers. Her novel Clan-Albin: A National Tale (1815) was perhaps her best-known work; she also wrote The Saxon and the Gaël (1814), and "her best novel,"[4] Elizabeth de Bruce (1827), among other titles. Johnstone also wrote non-fiction books on a range of subjects, like Scenes of Industry Displayed in the Beehive and the Anthill (1827) and The Lives and Voyages of Drake, Cavendish, and Dampier (1831). These books, like most of Johnstone's volumes, were printed anonymously. Her The Cook and Housewife's Manual (1826) was issued under the pseudonym Margaret Dods. It was only late in her life, as with The Edinburgh Tales (1846), that she was identified by name on her title pages.

She and her second husband started and ran several periodicals – The Schoolmaster, The Edinburgh Weekly Magazine, and others. In 1832, the year of the first Reform Bill, the Johnstones founded Johnstone's Edinburgh Magazine as a voice for the causes they favored. The periodical struggled financially, and in 1834 it was combined with another new journal, Tait's Magazine. (The Johnstones insisted that the cover price of Tait's be cut by more than half, to 1 shilling per copy, to make the magazine available to the widest possible audience.) Isobel Johnstone continued as a major contributor to Tait's, and in effect served as the magazine's editor under publisher William Tait; she was "the first woman to serve as paid editor of a major Victorian periodical...."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dorothy McMillan, "Figuring the Nation: Christian Isobel Johnstone as Novelist and Editor," Études Écossaises, Vol. 9 (2004), pp. 27–41.
  2. ^ Ralph Jessup, "Margaret Oliphant, Christian Isobel Johnstone," in: A History of Scottish Women's Writing, edited by Douglas Gifford and Dorothy McMillan, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1997; pp. 216–231.
  3. ^ Alexis Easley, First Person Anonymous: Women Writers and the Victorian Print Media, 1830–1870, London, Ashgate, 2004.
  4. ^ Ian Duncan, Scott's Shadow: The Novel in Romantic Edinburgh, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 2007; p. 22.
  5. ^ Duncan, p. 298.