|Member of Parliament
19 October 2005
8 August 1963
|Political party||Progress Party|
|Spouse(s)||Ingvil Smines Tybring-Gjedde (since 2009)|
|Alma mater||Loyola University Chicago
University of Denver
NATO Defense College
|Religion||Church of Norway|
Christian Tybring-Gjedde (born 8 August 1963) is a Norwegian politician for the Progress Party. He is currently a Member of Parliament having first been elected in 2005, and reelected in 2009 and in 2013. He was the leader of the Progress Party's Oslo chapter from 2010 to 2014.
Tybring-Gjedde identifies himself as a classical liberal, particularly on economical issues, advocating limited government intervention, reducing public spending and has called for large scale tax reduction. More conservative and outspoken on social and cultural issues, Tybring-Gjedde has stoked controversy on several occasions. He believes immigration policy to be the most important political issue facing Norwegian society.
Early life and education
Tybring-Gjedde was born 8 August 1963 in Oslo to wholesaler and businessman Harald Tybring-Gjedde (born 1930) and mother Irene Mathilde Falch (born 1930). He was raised in Sandvika in the affluent Bærum municipality near Oslo's west-end. He attended primary school at Jong Elementary school from 1970 to 1976, and upper secondary school at Kristelig Gymnasium from 1976 to 1982.
From 1984 to 1988 he studied at Loyola University Chicago, USA, where he achieved a bachelor degree in political science. From 1988 to 1990 he studied at the University of Denver, Colorado, achieving a master degree in international studies. From 1996 to 1997 he attended the NATO Defense College in Rome. From 1993 to 2005 he was employed in the Norwegian Ministry of Defence which included three years with the Norwegian delegation to NATO in Brussels.
Tybring-Gjedde has been a member of the Progress Party since 1979 when he was attending secondary school. He was elected his local borough council at Vinderen in 1993. At the 2003 local elections he was first elected to the Oslo city council, he held this one term until 2005 when he was swept into parliament and has since 2005 been a Member of Parliament from Oslo.
- Standing Committee on Finance and Economic Affairs (2005-2013)
- Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence (2013-)
Although not vocal on foreign policy, Tybring-Gjedde is a member of the pro-Israel group Friends of Israel in the Parliament of Norway. He has opposed calls to follow Sweden's move in 2014 of recognising Palestine prior to an agreement has been reached between the two parties in the conflict.
Tybring-Gjedde is opposed to Norwegian membership of the European Union, and in 2005 stated that his most important issues was to work for more "active economic policies" and a "more active and realistic immigration and integration policy".
He has proposed for Norway to challenge the European Economic Area and the Schengen Agreement, and potentially consider other forms of cooperation. In order to control Norway's borders more tightly, he has called for reconsidering Norway's ratification of the United Nations Refugee Convention and article 44, believing its establishing in 1951 to have been designed for an entirely different time than the modern migrant situation.
Tybring-Gjedde has said that immigration to Norway should be "dramatically reduced", especially from Muslim countries. He has also proposed a 24 year old age limit for bringing in spouses from abroad for family reunion, and to generally just give temporary residence permits to asylum seekers. He also proposed to withdraw residence permits for asylum seekers that go on vacation back to the countries they said they had fled from. He has compared the hijab to the Ku Klux Klan dress, and has said that Norway should take a tough stand against the Islamisation happening "before our eyes".
He gained publicity when he co-authored an op-ed in Aftenposten titled "Dream from Disneyland", where he strongly criticized what he described as the Labour Party-led immigration policy. The feature said that the immigration was threatening to "tear Norway apart", and that the Labour Party had stabbed the Norwegian culture in the back. In his speech at the 2011 Progress Party National Convention, he devoted much time to attacking the conditions he described that ethnic Norwegians were living under in the multicultural suburb of Grorud Valley in Oslo. The Labour Party's youth organisaion AUF filed charges of racism against Tybring-Gjedde for the speech, but the police eventually dropped the charges as "no criminal offense".
Tybring-Gjedde is currently married to his second wife Ingvil Smines, who was also his childhood sweetheart from their time at Kristelig Gymnasium. They re-acquainted after his election to parliament in 2005 and got married in Rome in 2009. They have four children combined with previous marriages.
He is currently estranged from his parents after a dispute over his divorce from his first wife. He is reported to have forfeited millions of NOK from the family business due to this. According to him, he is financially cut off from his original inheritance, although his father refuted this in 2013.
Tybring-Gjedde has related about becoming sick due to hostility towards him in the media and receiving death threats, requiring police protection at times. Diagnosed with stress syndrome, he has experienced epileptic seizures and episodes of amnesia.
- "Christian Tybring-Gjedde (Oslo Frp)". TV 2 (in Norwegian). 16 August 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- "Christian Tybring-Gjedde", Dagen, 17.11.2014
- NTB (6 November 2012). "Frp vil ha skattekutt på 50-100 milliarder kroner". Aftenposten.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- Ramnefjell, Geir. "Den siste kulturkriger". Dagbladet.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Tybring-Gjedde, Christian (1963-)". Stortinget.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- Jenssen, Grethe Kielland (29 June 2009). "- Vekk med særbehandlingen". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- Andersen, Mads A.; Johnsrud, Ingar; Grøttum, Eva-Therese; Glomnes, Lars M. (14 May 2011). "Støre slakter Frp-utspill: - Grenser til det hatske". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian) (Gardermoen). Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Mauno, Hanne (3 March 2010). "– Hijab er som Ku Klux Klan". Dagsavisen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- "Frp-politiker sammenligner hijab med Ku Klux Klan". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). 3 March 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- Andersen, Kent; Tybring-Gjedde, Christian (26 August 2010). "Drøm fra Disneyland". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- "Sier han representerer flertallet". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 27 August 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- Bakke Håndlykken, Tora (27 August 2010). "Tybring-Gjedde: - Jeg representerer flertallet". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). Retrieved 27 August 2010.
- Johnsrud, Ingar; Andersen, Mads A. (13 May 2011). "Frp-topp: - Innvandrergutter blir hissigere enn norske". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian) (Gardermoen). Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Lepperød, Trond (2 February 2013). "- Vi kan ikke kle opp konene våre på den måten". Nettavisen. Retrieved 2 February 2013.