Entrance between JCPenney and Target
|Address||132 Christiana Mall
Newark, DE 19702
|Opening date||October 16, 1978|
|Developer||The Rubin Company and New Castle Associates|
|Management||General Growth Properties|
|No. of stores and services||150+|
|No. of anchor tenants||5|
|Total retail floor area||1,200,000 square feet (110,000 m2)|
|No. of floors||1|
|Parking||Lighted Lot, 6300 spaces|
Christiana Mall is a super-regional mid-range/upscale shopping mall near Newark, Delaware, United States. The mall is near an exit off Interstate 95 close to the center of the BosWash megalopolis. The mall's anchor stores are Nordstrom, Macy's, JCPenney, Target, and Cabela's. The mall contains more than 150 shops, and is managed by General Growth Properties. It has 1,200,000 square feet of gross leasable area, making it the largest shopping mall in Delaware. The mall has one level of shopping space containing many high-end stores. Because Delaware does not have a sales tax, the mall is not only a popular destination for shoppers from neighboring states New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland but also as far away as New York and Virginia looking to save money.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2012)|
- Macy's, 2 floors, 215,000 square feet
- JCPenney, 2 floors, 158,000 square feet
- Nordstrom, 2 floors, 123,000 square feet, Opened April 8, 2011
- Target, 1 floor, 145,312 square feet, Opened October 10, 2010
- Cabela's, (outparcel) 1 floor, 100,000 square feet, Opened May 1, 2014
- Barnes & Noble, 2 floors, 33,684 square feet, Opened November 18, 2009
- Cinemark Theaters, 1 floor, 50,000 square feet, Opened November 20, 2014
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2012)|
- Bamberger's (converted to Macy's in 1986)
- Strawbridge & Clothier (opened in 1978, closed in 2010; demolished for additional mall space and for Nordstrom)
- John Wanamaker (converted to Hecht's in 1995)
- Hecht's (closed 1997, became Lord & Taylor)
- Lord & Taylor (opened in 1997, closed in 2010; demolished March 2010 for Target)
Christiana Mall was developed in the late 1970s by The Rubin Company and New Castle Associates to compete with the smaller Triangle Mall (later New Castle Square Mall) and Castle Mall (Pencader Plaza) a few miles away. The land that the mall was built on consisted of four family farms. The main building of the mall was the Lynam Farm. The Cabela's site and parts of I-95 was the Morgan family farm. Adjacent retail developments consisted of land from the Clayville and Carroll family farms.
Strawbridge & Clothier was the first store to open in September, 1978. It included a tall clock tower outside and second floor restaurant. At the interior entrance was a tiered cascading water feature that became known as the "Vagina Fountain" for its yonic design. Shortly after, on October 16, 1978, the first phase of the mall opened to the public which included small shops from Strawbridge & Clothier to the Bamberger's court (which is now Macy's). Bamberger's and the wing to and including JCPenney's was constructed in phase 2 which opened in 1979.
Department store changes
The 1990s brought a lot of department store changes for Christiana. In 1995 Hecht's department stores in Washington, DC, a division of the May Department Stores Company of St. Louis, acquired the John Wanamaker chain and renamed the stores Hecht's. A year later, Hecht's also acquired the Strawbridge & Clothier chain, which was historically Wanamaker's main rival (and co-anchor at Christiana Mall). Since the renamed Wanamaker's did not do as well as projected with the Hecht's name, the decision was made to keep the Strawbridge's name, although the Clothier was dropped. The 190,000 square foot former Wanamaker store was then converted to a Lord & Taylor in 1997.
Things calmed down for a decade until Federated Department Stores, which owns Macy's, bought the May department store chain in 2005. That left Federated with three department stores at Christiana Mall: Macy's, Strawbridge's and Lord & Taylor. Federated closed both the Strawbridge's and the underperforming Lord & Taylor in 2006, Mall owner General Growth Properties quickly snapped up the Strawbridge's building for an undisclosed price, but no definite plans were announced for the Lord & Taylor space.
The vacant Lord & Taylor building was demolished to build a one-level Target store. The 145,312 square foot store opened on October 10, 2010.
The vacant Strawbridge's store was demolished in 2008. A 123,000 square foot Nordstrom store was added and additional adjacent high-end retailers to the new wing. The new Nordstrom opened on April 8, 2011. This is Nordstrom's first location in the state of Delaware.
Construction began in the summer of 2013 on the outside of the ring road opposite of Nordstrom on a 100,000 square foot Cabela's store. The new retailer opened in May 2014. Additional construction was completed for a new 12-screen cinema Cinemark Theatre scheduled for opening a week before Thanksgiving 2014.
In March 2003, The Rouse Company made an agreement with Philadelphia-based Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust to acquire 50% stake in Christiana. Rouse received its stake in Christiana and $225 million in cash in exchange PREIT would receive six malls and assume $285 million in mortgage debt. PREIT would also hand over $38 million worth of stock to a partnership controlled by its executives that held the stake in Christiana. The six malls Rouse traded were older properties anchored by such stores as Strawbridge's, Sears and JCPenney. The malls were Cherry Hill Mall, Moorestown Mall, Plymouth Meeting Mall, The Gallery at Market East, Exton Square Mall and Echelon Mall. Rouse's strategy in the trade was to upgrading their assets. By acquiring Christiana, which is one of the top-production malls in the United States, Rouse achieved this mission while shedding properties that better fit into PREIT's portfolio.
On November 12, 2004, the managing partner of Christiana Mall, the Rouse Company, was sold to General Growth Properties (GGP). Since this time, GGP has been the managers and one of the owners of the mall.
The first renovation and expansion of the mall was completed in 1991. It consisted of the triangular Wanamaker's concourses extending from Macy's and JCPenney. Where the two converged was an atrium of full-ceiling skylights and a new fountain, becoming the new center court where the majority of events take place. Now with four anchors, three of them concentrated at the southern end, the mall as a whole took on a bent, cross-like shape.
General Growth Properties purchased the former Lord & Taylor, planning a new concept known as "The Epicenter Collection", an Internet catalog showroom. Those plans were abandoned by December 2008, when the empty anchor was sold to Target Corporation, the building was demolished in March 2010 and Target opened October 10, 2010 . A new food court opened in Spring 2009 in space previously occupied by a movie theater. The original food court was converted to retail space. The 214,000 square feet (19,900 m2) Strawbridge's store was demolished and replaced with additional mall space and a new two-level, 140,000 square feet (13,000 m2) Nordstrom which opened on April 8, 2011.
New retailers that have recently opened at Christiana Mall are Armani Exchange, Barnes & Noble, Tilly's, Oakley, XXI Forever, H&M, Anthropologie, Urban Outfitters, and Coldwater Creek, Lego, White House Black Market, P.S. from Aéropostale.
The Cheesecake Factory opened March 2010. California Pizza Kitchen, & JB Dawson's recently opened while Brio Tuscan Grille, opened in November 2010. An outdoor "avenue style" facing retail space was added to two sides of the center. Additions included new lighting, flooring and a deceiving two-story high entrance adjacent to the food court next to XXI Forever and Barnes & Noble, though the mall interior remains entirely single level. The project moved, updated, or replaced up to 100 of the center's stores. . The redevelopment plans were designed by architecture firm RTKL Associates Inc.
In 2013, work began on development of a 100,000 square foot Cabela's store, a 50,000 square foot 12-screen Cinemark Theatres both as outparcels to the mall. As a part of this exterior development project the mall's ring-road will be widened and additional parking will be added. The I-95 flyover ramps were completed in the fall of 2013 and dedicated by Governor Jack Markell on October 17, 2013.
Exterior development projects will be completed in 2014. Cabela's opened in May and the 12-screen Cinemark Theatre opened in November. In the spring and summer of 2014, Christiana Mall added many new stores to the interior of the mall including: Francesca's, House of Hoops by Foot Locker, Invicta, Kid's Foot Locker, Pink by Victoria's Secret, Van's, Wilsons Leather and Zumiez. In addition to the new stores, many existing stores will remodel in the mall including: babyGap, Express, Gap, GapKids, LoveSac, Sprint, Victoria's Secret and Zales.
Parental Guidance Required Program
The mall has also introduced a Parental Guidance Required Program (PGR) which requires individuals under the age of 18 to be accompanied by a supervising adult aged 21 or older after 5:00 pm. This program, which began during the summer of 2008 and is in effect on Friday and Saturday nights, has largely eliminated youth related problems at the mall. During the program's tenure, mall revenue has increased while instances of criminal activity have fallen dramatically.
- "Christiana Mall Center Information". General Growth Properties. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- Nieves, Evelyn (December 11, 1996). "Tax Phobia Fills a Mall In Delaware". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Rodriguez, Salvador (November 14, 2013). "Why an Apple store in Delaware is No. 1 in iPhone sales". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
- Corrigan, Mark (April 8, 2011). "Nordstrom store draws big crowd on opening day". Cecil Whig. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
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