|کریستیان امان پور
Amanpour at the 2011 Time 100 gala
12 January 1958 |
|Education||University of Rhode Island|
|Occupation||ABC Global Affairs Anchor (2010–present)
CNN Anchor and Chief International Correspondent (1992–2010, 2011–present)
|Notable credit(s)||Amanpour (CNN International) Anchor (2009–2010, 2012–present)
This Week (ABC) Anchor (2010–2011)
60 Minutes (CBS) Reporter (1996–2005)
Christiane Amanpour, CBE (i/ /; Persian: کریستیان امانپور; born 12 January 1958) is a British-Iranian journalist and television host. Amanpour is the Chief International Correspondent for CNN and host of CNN International's nightly interview program Amanpour. Amanpour is also a Global Affairs Anchor of ABC News.
After completing the larger part of her elementary education in Iran, she was sent by her parents to boarding school in England when she was 11. She attended Holy Cross Convent, an all-girls school located in Chalfont St. Peter, Buckinghamshire, and then, at age 16, New Hall School, in Chelmsford, Essex. Christiane and her family returned to England not long after the Islamic Revolution began. She has stressed that they were not forced to leave the country, but were actually returning to England when Iraq invaded Iran. The family eventually remained in England, finding it difficult to return to Iran.
After her graduation from New Hall, Amanpour moved to the United States to study journalism at the University of Rhode Island. During her time there, she worked in the news department at WBRU-FM in Providence, Rhode Island. She also worked for NBC affiliate WJAR in Providence, Rhode Island, as an electronic graphics designer. In 1983, Amanpour graduated from the university summa cum laude with a B.A. degree in journalism.
In 1983, she was hired by CNN on the foreign desk in Atlanta, Georgia, as an entry-level desk assistant. During her early years as a correspondent, Amanpour was given her first major assignment covering the Iran-Iraq War, which led to her being transferred in 1986 to Eastern Europe to report on the fall of European communism. In 1989, she was assigned to work in Frankfurt, Germany, where she reported on the democratic revolutions sweeping Eastern Europe at the time. Through this position, she was able to move up in the company and by 1990 served as a correspondent for CNN's New York bureau.
Following Iraq's occupation of Kuwait in 1990, Amanpour's reports of the Persian Gulf War brought her wide notice while also taking the network to a new level of news coverage. Thereafter, she reported from the Bosnian war and other conflict zones. Because of her emotional delivery from Sarajevo during the Siege of Sarajevo, viewers and critics questioned her professional objectivity, claiming that many of her reports were unjustified and favoured the Bosnian Muslims, to which she replied, "There are some situations one simply cannot be neutral about, because when you are neutral you are an accomplice. Objectivity doesn't mean treating all sides equally. It means giving each side a hearing." Amanpour gained a reputation for being fearless during the Gulf and Bosnian wars and for reporting from conflict areas.
From 1992 to 2010, Amanpour was CNN's chief international correspondent as well as the anchor of Amanpour, a daily CNN interview program that aired 2009–2010. Amanpour has reported on major crises from many of the world's hotspots, including Iraq, Afghanistan, the Palestinian territories, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Somalia, Rwanda, and the Balkans and from the United States during Hurricane Katrina. She has secured exclusive interviews with world leaders from the Middle East to Europe to Africa and beyond, including Iranian Presidents Mohammad Khatami and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, as well as the presidents of Afghanistan, Sudan, and Syria, among others. After 9/11, she was the first international correspondent to interview British Prime Minister Tony Blair, French President Jacques Chirac, and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf.
From 1996 to 2005, she was contracted by 60 Minutes creator Don Hewitt to file four to five in-depth international news reports a year as a special contributor. These reports garnered her a Peabody Award in 1998 (she had earlier been awarded one in 1993). Hewitt's successor Jeff Fager was not a fan of her work and terminated her contract.
She has had many memorable moments in her television career, one of them in a live telephone interview with Yasser Arafat during the siege on his compound in March 2002, in which Arafat gave tough responses: "Are you asking me why am I under complete siege? You're a wonderful journalist. You have to respect your profession." and “You have to be accurately when you are speaking with General Yasser Arafat. Be quiet!”, and finished by hanging up on her.
Bosnian War reporting
On 22 December 1992, during the Bosnian War, Amanpour was reporting from Kiseljak, not far from Sarajevo. Kiseljak was in Croat hands, undamaged, and ostensibly well supplied with necessities. Amanpour reported that, "While people in Sarajevo are dying from starvation, the Serbs are living [in Kiseljak] in plenty", a report that was subsequently criticized by some analysts as spreading "misinformation" and "beautiful lies".
On 9 October 1994, Stephen Kinzer of The New York Times criticized Amanpour's coverage, in general, of the Bosnian War. Kinzer quoted a colleague’s description of Amanpour as she reported on a terrorist bombing in the Markale marketplace of the Bosnian city of Sarajevo:
[Christiane Amanpour] was sitting in Belgrade when that marketplace massacre happened, and she went on the air to say that the Serbs had probably done it. There was no way she could have known that. She was assuming an omniscience which no journalist has.
In January 2004, prosecutors in the trial against Stanislav Galić, a Serb general in the siege of Sarajevo, introduced into evidence a report including the testimony of ammunition expert Berko Zečević. Working with two colleagues, Zečević's investigation revealed a total of six possible locations from which the shell in the first Markale massacre could have been fired, of which five were under VRS and one under ARBiH control. The ARBiH site in question was visible to UNPROFOR observers at the time, who reported that no shell was fired from that position. Zečević further reported that certain components of the projectile could only have been produced in one of two places, both of which were under the control of the Army of Republika Srpska. The court would eventually find Galić guilty of all the five shellings prosecutors had charged him with, including Markale's.
Amanpour has responded to the criticism leveled on her reporting from the war in the former Yugoslavia for "lack of neutrality", stating:
Some people accused me of being pro-Muslim in Bosnia, but I realised that our job is to give all sides an equal hearing, but in cases of genocide you can't just be neutral. You can't just say, "Well, this little boy was shot in the head and killed in besieged Sarajevo and that guy over there did it, but maybe he was upset because he had an argument with his wife." No, there is no equality there, and we had to tell the truth.
However, the international courts of the ICTY and the ICJ have repeatedly ruled that in the Bosnian War of 1992–1995, only the Srebrenica Massacre of July 1995 constitutes genocide. To quote the ICTY Chamber from June 2012: "The evidence, even if taken at its' highest, does not reach the level from which a reasonable trier of fact could conclude that genocide occurred in the municipalities [in question] of Bosnia and Herzegovina".
On 18 March 2010, Amanpour announced she would leave CNN for ABC News, where she would anchor This Week. She said, "I'm thrilled to be joining the incredible team at ABC News. Being asked to anchor This Week in the superb tradition started by David Brinkley is a tremendous and rare honor, and I look forward to discussing the great domestic and international issues of the day. I leave CNN with the utmost respect, love, and admiration for the company and everyone who works here. This has been my family and shared endeavor for the past 27 years, and I am forever grateful and proud of all that we have accomplished." She hosted her first broadcast on 1 August 2010.
During her first two months as host, the ratings for This Week reached their lowest point since 2003. On 28 February 2011, she interviewed Muammar Gaddafi and his sons Saif al-Islam and Al-Saadi Gaddafi.
On 13 December 2011, ABC announced Amanpour would be leaving her post as anchor of ABC News' This Week on 8 January 2012, and returning to CNN International, where she had previously worked for 27 years, and maintaining a reporting role at ABC News.
Return to CNN
A day later on 14 December 2011, in statements by ABC and CNN, it was announced that, in a "unique arrangement", Amanpour would begin hosting a program on CNN International in 2012, while continuing at ABC News as a global affairs anchor.
It was later revealed that in the spring of 2012, CNN International would refresh its lineup, putting the interview show Amanpour back on air. On-air promotions said she would return to CNN International on April 16. Her 30-minute New York-recorded show—to be screened twice an evening—would mean that the US parent network's Piers Morgan Tonight interview show would be "bumped" out of its 9:00 p.m. (Central European Time) slot to midnight (CET).
On September 9, 2013 the show and staff were moved to the CNN International London, England office and is now currently being produced and broadcast from London.
Amanpour is married to James Rubin, a former Assistant Secretary of State and spokesman for the State Department during the Clinton administration and currently an informal adviser to former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and President of the United States Barack Obama. Their son, Darius John Rubin, was born in 2000. Having previously lived in London, but moved back to New York City in 2010, in May 2013, Rubin announced that the family would return to London to work on several projects.
Amanpour shared a house on the East Side of Providence with John F. Kennedy, Jr. and some of his friends while he was attending Brown University and she was attending the University of Rhode Island.
Amanpour is the niece in-law of General Nader Jahanbani, who commanded the Imperial Iranian Air Force for nearly 20 years until he was executed by Islamic Revolutionaries in 1979, as well as his younger brother Khosrow, who was married to Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi. Amanpour's uncle, Captain Nasrollah Amanpour, was married to Khosrow and Nader's younger sister.
Screen and media appearances
Amanpour appeared in the Gilmore Girls as herself in the television series finale. Throughout the series, Amanpour was an inspiration to aspiring journalist Rory Gilmore. In July 2009 she appeared in a Harper's Bazaar magazine article entitled "Christiane Amanpour Gets a High-Fashion Makeover".
- On June 20, 2009, Amanpour was a guest host for Larry King Live, broadcast live from the CNN studio in London. She interviewed her husband James Rubin about the turmoil in Iran. She told the viewers: "Quick disclaimer, that Mr. Rubin is also my husband."
Awards and recognition
- 1992: Livingston Award for Young Journalists
- 1993: George Polk Award for Television Reporting
- 1993: George Foster Peabody awards
- 1994: Woman of the Year, New York Chapter of "Women in Cable"
- 1994: Courage in Journalism Award, International Women's Media Foundation
- 1996: George Polk Award for Television Reporting
- 1997: Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree, Emory University
- 1997: Nymphe d’Honneur at the Monte Carlo Television Festival
- 1998: George Foster Peabody awards
- 2002: Edward R. Murrow Award for Distinguished Achievement in Broadcast Journalism
- 2002: Goldsmith Career Award for Excellence in Journalism, at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government
- 2005: International Emmy, International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences
- 2006: Honorary citizen, city of Sarajevo
- 2006: Honorary doctorate degree from the University of Michigan for her contributions to journalism
- 2007: CBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours
- 2007: Persian Woman of the Year
- 2008 The Fourth Estate Award (National Press Club)
- 2010 Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 2010: Honorary doctorate of humane letters degree, Northwestern University
- 2010: Honorary doctorate from Georgia State University for her contributions to journalism
- 2010: Honorary member of the graduating class of 2010 of Harvard College
- 2011: Walter Cronkite Award for Excellence in Journalism from Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication
- 2012: Honorary doctorate of humane letters, Amherst College
- 2012: Honorary doctorate of humane letters, University of Southern California
- Director on the board of the Committee to Protect Journalists
- Fellow, Society of Professional Journalists
- Nine Emmy news/documentary awards
- Major role in two DuPont awards given to CNN
- Major role in a Golden CableACE award given to CNN
- Honorary Board Member of the Daniel Pearl Foundation
- Sigma Delta Chi Award (SDX) for her reports from Goma, Zaire
- Forbes named her one of "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women"
- WorldFest-Houston International Film Festival Gold Award
- POP Award, by "Cable Positive"
- Honorary degree presented by Smith College
- "Christiane Amanpour's Biography". ABC News. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
- ABC News video: "Back to the Beginning: Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity" retrieved August 10, 2013 | Minute 6:06 | "My mother is a Christian from England and my father a Muslim from Iran. I married a Jewish American."
- The Lesley Stahl Interview: Christiane Amanpour, at the Height of the Iranian Election Crisis
- "CPJ Board of Directors". Committee to Protect Journalists.
- Deborah White. "Profile of Christiane Amanpour, CNN Chief International Correspondent". Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- "Christiane Amanpour, CNN International Chief Correspondent". White.
- "Five Years Later, the Gulf War Story Is Still Being Told". New York Times. 1996-05-12.
- "The Wooing Of Amanpour". Newsweek. 20 May 1996. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Israeli Troops Surround Arafat Compound". CNN. March 29, 2002. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
- Guskova: Who is spreading disinformation, who is telling all the lies
- (2007-10-04). "Amanpour's Troubling Journalism" by Steven Stotsky, CAMERA, 4 October 2004
- Prosecutor v. Stanislav Galić, International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of Former Yugoslavia since 1991, United Nations.
- "What we do is really tough" by Julie Ferry, The Guardian (London), 15 August 2007
- Irwin, Rachel (29 June 2012). "Karadzic Acquitted of One Genocide Count". TRI (Institute for War and Peace Reporting) (748).
- "Christiane Amanpour to join ABC News". CNN. 18 March 2010. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Krakauer, Steve (27 September 2010). "This Weak: Christiane Amanpour Leads ABC To Worst Ratings Since 2003". Mediaite. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- "'This Week' Transcript: Saif al-Islam and Saadi Gadhafi". This Week. February 27, 2011.
- Amanpour, Christiane (February 28, 2011). "'My People Love Me': Moammar Gadhafi Denies Demonstrations Against Him Anywhere in Libya". ABC News.
- Stephanopoulos back to replace Amanpour at ABC’s ‘This Week,’ will remain host of ‘GMA’
- "Amanpour to return to CNN" CNN, December 14, 2011
- Fung, Katherine (2012-02-01). "'Amanpour': Christiane Amanpour's CNN International Show Launching In Spring". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-02-01.
- "Christiane Amanpour Bumps Piers Morgan on CNN International", The Hollywood Reporter, 2 February 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Board of Directors". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Board of Directors". Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- IWMF website
- "AMANPOUR'S HUSBAND RESIGNS AS PORT AUTHORITY HEAD". AP. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- "Transcript from the July 15, 2001 program of Larry King Weekend". CNN. July 15, 2001.
- Davis, Diane (July 16, 2009). "Christiane Amanpour Gets a High-Fashion Makeover". StyleList.
- "Previous Polk Award Winners". Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- IWMF website http://www.iwmf.org/article.aspx?id=589&c=cijwinner
- "George Foster Peabody Award Winners". Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- "Christiane Amanpour to Receive Goldsmith Career Award Ceremony to Highlight 10th Anniversary Celebration". 2002-03-08. Archived from the original on 2007-12-18. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- The London Gazette: . 15 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Christiane Amanpour.|
- Amanpour.com official website
- Christiane Amanpour on Twitter
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Christiane Amanpour at the Internet Movie Database
- Works by or about Christiane Amanpour in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Christiane Amanpour collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Christiane Amanpour: career in pictures, The Guardian
- 2000 Murrow Awards Ceremony Speech, 2000
- Christiane Amanpour's Interview on NPR, December 3, 2008
- Christiane Amanpour, at the Height of the Iranian Election Crisis—Interview by Lesley Stahl, June 23, 2009
- Christiane Amanpour's Class Day speech at Harvard University, May 26, 2010
- Christiane Amanpour Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America