Christianity in Assam

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The church at Tezpur

Christianity is a minority religion in Assam, a state of India in the north-eastern region.

Two Portuguese Jesuit missionaries, Cabral and Cacella - the first Christian Missionaries to set foot in Assam - reached Hajo and Guwahati on September 26, 1626. They were en route to Tibet from Hooghly. Nathan Brown along with Oliver Cutter's family came down to Assam in 1836 from Burma as Christian missionaries. They carried a printing machine with them and first arrived in Sadiya, eastern most part of Assam. They started schools in Assamese and Khaamti languages and authored text books. They also started the translation of 'New Testament' to Assamese. But in 1839, due to Khamti rebellions, Brown along with Cutter left for Jaipur, India. They kept publishing in Assamese from there. The complete translation of 'New Testament' was first published in 1848 as 'Amaar Traankorta Jisu Christor Natun Niyom'. In 1854, he published 'Christor Biworon and Xhubho Bartaa'. He also translated a few prayers to Assamese. Brown started the translated of Bible he was finally completed in 1903 with other missionaries efforts.[citation needed]

Oliver Thomas Cutter was born in United States in 1811. He started his journey towards east in 1831 along with his wife Harriet Cutter. He first landed in Burma (Myanmar) and from there he crossed Patkai to reach Assam in 1836 along with Nathan Brown's family. He together with Browns started a prinitng press in Sadiya. They started to print books in Assamese, Khamti and Singfou language from there. They also started school and authored some text books for the schools. But due to Singfou[clarification needed] rebellions, they were forced to leave Assam and go back to Jaipur. But they kept on publishing books from Jaipur. After few years, Cutter's family came back to Assam and this time settled down in Sibsagar. Miles Bronson came to Assam with friend Jacob Thomas in 1836. He first started his works in Sadiya, Jaipur and Naamsang. He started interacting with Naga tribes and first compiled 'East Naga' Thesaurus. According to historian Mccangie, no European after or before Bronson could get so close to Nagas. But he soon felt ill working with Nagas, so he finally came down to Nagaon via Sibsagar. In Assam, Bronson started working in both Christianism and local education. During the period from 1848 to 1851 and 1867 to 1871, he took vacation from his works and went back to New York. Miles Bronson was the main leader of the movement against government enforcing Bengali language as the official language in courts, school in Assam. In 1867, using Jaduram baruah's scripting, he published the first Assamese and English dictionary. The dictionary contained around 14 thousands words and published from Baptist Missionary Press, Sibsagar. This dictionary was another strong step in support of Assamese language. Bronson also started the translation of Bible to Assamese. Nidhiram, the first Assamese convert, was baptised by Bronson on June 13, 1841.[citation needed]

Khasi and Garo are notable ethnic groups with a large Christian population. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Himalayan States has an Assam diocese since 2003, which used to be the Assam Church.[1] Among the large Bengali population of Assam, there are few Christians. [2] Numerous Assam BJP members quit the party due to anti-Christian stance. [3]


A Christian convert from Hinduism was killed in 2007.[4] There were Anti-Christian bomb blasts in Guwahati in 2008.[5]

List of denominations[edit]

Sources[6] [7][8][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Regional Updates - Gospel for Asia". Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  3. ^ " - 50,000 quit Assam BJP for anti-Christian stance". 2001-01-01. Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  4. ^ Gheddo, Piero (2007-07-27). "INDIA Anti-Christian violence up, Christian convert killed in Assam - Asia News". Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  5. ^ "India Christian Council Condemns Terror Blasts". 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  6. ^ World Christian Encyclopedia , Second edition, 2001 Volume 1, p. 368-371
  7. ^ "EACI". Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^