Christianity in the 21st century
Christianity in the 21st century is characterized by the pursuit of Church unity and the continued resistance to secularization.
With the election of Pope Benedict XVI, there was decentralized beatifications and reverted a decision of John Paul II regarding papal elections[clarification needed]. In 2007, he set a Church record[clarification needed] by approving the beatification of 498 Spanish Martyrs.
In June 2004, the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I's visit to Rome afforded a meeting with Pope John Paul II, for conversations with the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity and for taking part in the celebration for the feast day in St. Peter's Basilica.
There was the Patriarch's partial participation in the Eucharistic liturgy; full participation in the liturgy of the Word, joint proclamation of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed in Greek, and as the conclusion, the final Blessing imparted by both the Pope and the Patriarch.
The declaration of Ravenna in 2007 re-stated the notion that the bishop of Rome is indeed the protos, although future discussions are to be held on the concrete ecclesiological exercise of papal primacy.
Since the election of Pope Francis in 2013, he has displayed a simpler and less formal approach to the office, choosing to reside in the Vatican guesthouse rather than the papal residence. Following the resignation of Benedict, Francis became the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, and the first from the Southern Hemisphere.
Postmodern Christianity has influenced the emerging church movement. Critics allege, however, that this movement's understanding of faith has led many of its adherents outside the bounds of traditional Christianity.
- History of Christianity
- History of Eastern Orthodox Churches in the 20th century
- History of Protestantism
- History of the Roman Catholic Church#Catholicism today
- History of Christian theology#Postmodern Christianity
- Timeline of Christianity#21st century
- Timeline of Christian missions#2000 to present
- Timeline of the Roman Catholic Church#21st century
- Moto Proprio, De Aliquibus Mutationibus, June 11, 2007
- Bruni, A Gospel of Shame (2002), p. 336
- Report on Catholic-Orthodox Relations
- Vallely, Paul (14 March 2013). "Pope Francis profile: Jorge Mario Bergoglio, a humble man who moved out of a palace into an apartment, cooks his own meals and travels by bus". The Independent. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- Cardinal Walter Kasper Says Pope Francis Will Bring New Life To Vatican II
- Farrell, Joseph P. God, History, & Dialectic: The Theological Foundations of the Two Europes and Their Cultural Consequences. Bound edition 1997. Electronic edition 2008.
- González, Justo L. (1985). The Story of Christianity, Vol. 2: The Reformation to the Present Day. San Francisco: Harper. ISBN 0-06-063316-6.
- Hastings, Adrian (1999). A World History of Christianity. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0-8028-4875-3.
- Latourette, Kenneth Scott (1975). A History of Christianity, Volume 2. San Francisco: Harper. ISBN 0-06-064953-4.
- Nichols, Aidan. Rome and the Eastern Churches: a Study in Schism. 1992
- Shelley, Bruce L. (1996). Church History in Plain Language (2nd edition ed.). ISBN 0-8499-3861-9.
- History of Christianity Reading Room: Extensive online resources for the study of global church history (Tyndale Seminary).
- Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Christianity in History
- Church History in the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
- Historical Christianity, A time line with references to the descendants of the early church.