June 11, 1939 |
Los Angeles, California, USA
|Spouse(s)||Harvey Medlinsky (1966–1968)
David Koontz (1976–1982)
Christina Crawford (born June 11, 1939) is an American writer and actress, best known as the author of Mommie Dearest, an autobiographical account of alleged child abuse by her adoptive mother, Hollywood actress Joan Crawford.
Early life and education
According to Christina Crawford's personal interview with Joy Behar, Larry King, her father, supposedly in the Navy, was married to another woman while her mother was unmarried. Christina Crawford was purchased (aka: adopted) from a baby broker in the state of Nevada; because Joan Crawford was formerly denied an adoption by Social Services for being an unfit candidate in California in 1940. Subsequent documentation showed that the adoption was handled by Georgia Tann through Tann's infamous Tennessee Children's Home Society. Christina was one of five children purchased (aka: adopted) by Joan Crawford. Furthermore, Christina Crawford maintains that Joan Crawford did not have a positive relationship with her own mother or with her brother, this reason as well as being on her second divorce, along with the notion that single women were deemed to be unfit mothers in the state of California during that time.
Christina Crawford has stated that her childhood was affected by her adopted mother's alcoholism and violent menstrual mood swings. At the age of ten she was sent to Chadwick School, in Palos Verdes, California, where many other celebrity children were in attendance. However, she was removed from Chadwick by her mother because of alleged "misbehavior" with several of the male students. Joan Crawford then placed her in a Catholic boarding school, Flintridge Sacred Heart Academy in La Cañada (now the City of La Cañada Flintridge), California, and curtailed Christina's outside contact until her graduation. After graduating from Flintridge, Crawford moved from California to Pittsburgh  to attend Carnegie Mellon School of Drama and then to New York City where she studied at the Neighborhood Playhouse in Manhattan. After 7 years, she gained a B.A. from UCLA.
Christina met Harvey Medlinsky, a Broadway stage manager, while attending acting school. They were married briefly. She met her second husband, film producer David Koontz, while she worked in public relations for Getty Oil.
Crawford appeared in summer stock theatre, including a production of Splendor in the Grass. She also acted in a number of Off-Broadway productions, including In Color on Sundays (1958). She also appeared in At Chrismastime (1959) and Dark of the Moon (1959) at the Fred Miller Theater in Milwaukee, and The Moon Is Blue (1960).
In 1960, Crawford accepted a role in the film Force of Impulse, which was released in 1961. Also in 1961, Crawford appeared in a small role in Wild in the Country, a film starring Elvis Presley. That year, she made a guest appearance on Dean Miller's NBC celebrity interview program Here's Hollywood, promoting the films.
In 1962, she appeared in the play The Complaisant Lover. She played five character parts in Ben Hecht's controversial play Winkelberg; that same year, she appeared on the CBS courtroom drama The Verdict is Yours. In October 1965 she appeared in Neil Simon's Barefoot in the Park, with Myrna Loy, a friend of her mother. She also had a role in Faces, a 1968 film directed by John Cassavetes and starring John Marley and Gena Rowlands.
Christina played "Joan Borman Kane" on the soap opera The Secret Storm in New York from 1968 until 1969. When she went on sick leave in October 1968, Joan Crawford, then over 60 years old, asked for the role of the 24-year-old character. She did this without mentioning it to her daughter and appeared in four episodes. Viewers increased 40% during this replacement time, and Christina, already feeling betrayed, also felt embarrassed due to her mother's seemingly intoxicated performance. Eventually let go from the series, Christina believed her mother's interference had contributed to her departure. The producers, however, claimed that the character and her storyline had simply run its course.
Career after mother's death
After Joan Crawford died in 1977, Christina and her brother Christopher discovered that their mother had disinherited them from her $2M estate, her will citing "reasons which are well-known to them". In November 1977 Christina and her brother sued to invalidate their mother's will, which she signed on Oct. 18, 1976. Cathy LaLonde (another Crawford daughter) and her husband, Jerome, the complaint charged, "took deliberate advantage of decedent's seclusion and weakened and distorted mental and physical condition to insinuate themselves" into Miss Crawford's favor. In 1978, Crawford's controversial book Mommie Dearest was released. It accused her mother of being an abusive and manipulative narcissistic parent since she purchased (aka: adopted) her children to become famous instead of a responsible humane mother; and it made child abuse a prominent issue at a time when it was just beginning to become widely acknowledged as a public American problem. In 1981, a movie version of the same title was released, starring Faye Dunaway as Joan Crawford and Diana Scarwid as Christina.
Christina has published subsequent books, including Survivor. For seven years she served as a member of Los Angeles' Inter-Agency Council on Abuse and Neglect Associates, during which time she campaigned for the reform of laws regarding child abuse. After a near-fatal stroke in 1981, Crawford spent five years in rehabilitation before moving to the Northwest. She ran a bed and breakfast called "Seven Springs Farms" in Tensed, Idaho, between 1994 and 1999. She formed Seven Springs Press in 1998 to publish the 20th anniversary edition of Mommie Dearest in paperback from the original manuscript. This included material, omitted from the first printing, about the years following her graduation from high school. Christina Crawford continues in the capacity of company publisher. In 1999 Crawford began working as a "special events planner" at the Coeur d'Alene Casino in Idaho. On November 22, 2009, she was appointed county commissioner in Benewah County, Idaho by Governor Butch Otter, though she lost her bid for election in November 2010. In 2011 Crawford founded the non-profit Benewah Human Rights Coalition and served as the organization's first president.
- Mommie Dearest (1978) ISBN 0-9663369-0-9
- Black Widow: A Novel (1981) ISBN 0-425-05625-2
- Survivor (1988) ISBN 0-515-10299-7
- No Safe Place|No Safe Place: The Legacy of Family Violence (1994) ISBN 0-88268-184-2
- Daughters Of The Inquisition|Daughters Of The Inquisition: Medieval Madness: Origin and Aftermath (2003) ISBN 0-9663369-1-7
- "Her Own Private Idaho". People Weekly. August 8, 1994.
- Kilgallen, Dorothy (1958-06-23). "Dorothy Kilgallen's Voice of Broadway". Salt Lake Tribune (Salt Lake City (UT)). p. 15.
- Parsons, Louella (1959-11-06). "Louella Parsons in Hollywood". The Milwaukee Sentinel (Milwaukee (WI)). pp. 2, section 2.
- "On Summer Stages in the County". Biddeford Journal (Biddeford (ME)). 1960-07-21. p. 3.
- "Reisbergs' Daughter Signed for Film Role". Kittanning Simpson Leader-Times (Kittanning (PA)). 1960-03-02. p. 1.
- Independent Press-Telegram (Pasadena (CA)). 1961-04-09. p. 10. Missing or empty
- Penton, Edgar (1962-04-22). "Cover Story: The Verdict is Yours". Appleton Post-Crescent (Appleton (WI)). p. 2.
- Joan Crawford Takes Daughter's Soap Opera Role
- IMDb - Christina Crawford (filmography)
- "Joan Crawford's Last Will and Testament".
- LOS ANGELES TIMES, November 19, 1977
- "Otter names ‘Mommie Dearest’ author to Benewah County Commission". December 10, 2009. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- "Benewah Voters Boot Crawford". November 4, 2010. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- "Benewah coalition promotes tolerance". May 4, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.