Christine of Saxony

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Christina of Saxony
Landgravine of Hesse
ChristenSachsenHessen.jpg
Spouse Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
Issue Agnes
Anna
William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Philipp Ludwig
Barbara
Louis IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg
Elisabeth
Philip II, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
Christine
George I, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
House House of Wettin
House of Hesse
Father George, Duke of Saxony
Mother Barbara Jagiellon
Born (1505-12-25)25 December 1505
Dresden
Died 15 April 1549(1549-04-15) (aged 43)
Kassel

Christine of Saxony (25 December 1505 – 15 April 1549) was a German noble, landgravine of Hesse. She was the regent of Hesse in 1547-1549.

She was the daughter of George, Duke of Saxony "the Bearded", Duke of Saxony and Barbara Jagiellon. Her paternal grandparents were Albert, Duke of Saxony and Sidonie of Bohemia. Her maternal grandparents were Casimir IV Jagiellon, king of Poland and Elisabeth of Austria.

On 11 December 1523 in Kassel, she married Landgrave Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, called "the Magnanimous". They had 10 children. The marriage was arranged to forge an alliance between Hesse and Saxony and was unhappy; Philip claimed to be disgusted by her and only shared her bed by duty.

Whilst married to Christine, Philip practised bigamy and had another nine children with his other (morganatic) wife, Margarethe von der Saale; in 1540, Christine gave her consent to her husband's bigamy with his lover because of her view upon him as her sovereign. Saale, however, was never seen at court. During Philip's absence and captivity in 1547-49, Christine was regent jointly with her son.

Children with Philip of Hesse[edit]

  1. Agnes (31 May 1527 – 4 November 1555), married:
    1. in Marburg on 9 January 1541 to Maurice, Elector of Saxony;
    2. in Weimar on 26 May 1555 to John Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha.
  2. Anna (26 October 1529 – 10 July 1591), married on 24 February 1544 to Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken.
  3. William IV of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) (24 June 1532 – 25 August 1592).
  4. Philipp Ludwig, died young in 1535.
  5. Barbara of Hesse (8 April 1536 – 8 June 1597), married:
    1. in Reichenweier on 10 September 1555 to Duke George I of Württemberg-Mömpelgard;
    2. in Kassel on 11 November 1568 to Count Daniel of Waldeck.
  6. Louis IV of Hesse-Marburg (27 May 1537 – 9 October 1604).
  7. Elisabeth (13 February 1539 – 14 March 1582), married on 8 July 1560 to Louis VI, Elector Palatine.
  8. Philip II of Hesse-Rheinfels (22 April 1541 – 20 November 1583).
  9. Christine (29 June 1543 – 13 May 1604), married in Gottorp on 17 December 1564 to Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
  10. Georg I of Hesse-Darmstadt, "the Pious" (10 September 1547 – 7 February 1596).

Ancestry[edit]

Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
Christine of Saxony
Born: 25 December 1505 Died: 15 April 1549
German royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
as Landgravine of Upper and Lower Hesse
Landgravine of Hesse
11 December 1523 – 15 April 1549
Vacant
Title next held by
Sabina of Württemberg
in Hesse-Kassel
Vacant
Title next held by
Hedwig of Württemberg
in Hesse-Marburg
Vacant
Title next held by
Anna Elisabeth of Palatinate-Simmern
in Hesse-Rheinfels
Vacant
Title next held by
Magdalene of Lippe
in Hesse-Darmstadt