Christmas in Ireland
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2012)|
Christmas in Ireland is the largest celebration of the year and lasts from 24 December to 6 January, although 8 December is traditionally viewed as the start of Christmas with many putting up their decorations and Christmas trees, along with doing their Christmas shopping. Irish Christmas traditions are similar to those in most Western countries.
- 1 Greeting in Irish
- 2 Relevance of religion to Christmas
- 3 Christmas spend
- 4 Christmas tree
- 5 Holiday period
- 6 Christmas in the media
- 7 Santa Claus
- 8 Christmas Candle
- 9 Christmas swim
- 10 Christmas dinner
- 11 The Wrenboy Procession
- 12 Little Christmas
- 13 References
Greeting in Irish
The greeting for "Happy Christmas" in Irish is Nollaig Shona Duit (Irish pronunciation: [nʊll-ɡ honˠaː dɪt]) (singular) or Nollaig Shona Daoibh (Irish pronunciation: [nʊll-ɡ honˠaː yiɛɛw]) (plural), the literal translation of this is "Happy Christmas to you". If "Nollaig, Shona, Duit/Daoibh" was literally translated, word for word, into English, it would be "Christmas, happy, to you". The expression of "Happy Christmas" in Irish English is more common in Ireland than the American English expression of "Merry Christmas."
Relevance of religion to Christmas
Ireland is a predominantly Catholic island with small communions of other Christian denominations. As such, Christmas plays an extremely important role in both religious and secular aspects of Irish life. There are huge attendances at religious services for Christmas Day and Christmas Eve, with Midnight Mass a popular choice for Roman Catholics. It is also a time for remembering the dead in Ireland with prayers being offered for deceased at Masses. It is traditional to decorate graves at Christmas with a wreath made of holly and ivy.
In most homes in Ireland the traditional crib, along with the Christmas tree are part of a family's decorations. Family and friends also give each other gifts at Christmas. Some people light candles to signify symbolic hospitality for Mary and Joseph. The candle was a way of saying there was room for Jesus's parents in these homes even if there was none in Bethlehem.
Irish people spend more and more money each year on celebrating Christmas. In 2006, the total amount spent in Ireland to celebrate Christmas was €16 billion, which averages at approximately €4,000 for every single person in the country. In recent years Christmas decorations have appeared in shops in late October side by side with Halloween decorations. In 2009, Christmas radio adverts began on the last week in August. The big traditional Christmas shopping day is the 8 December, which is a Catholic church holiday when people living outside of urban areas, come and do their Christmas shopping in towns and cities.
Christmas trees officially go up on 8 December because according to Christian tradition the immaculate conception was on this date. Trees in towns and cities are erected in central locations every year along with lights.
Almost the entire workforce is finished by lunchtime on Christmas Eve or often a few days beforehand. Christmas Day and St. Stephen's Day are public holidays and many people do not return to work until the next week day after New Year's Day. Many multinational companies and businesses close the day before Christmas Eve and re-open the day after New Year's Day. Shop and public service workers usually return to work the day after St. Stephens day and sometimes on St. Stephens day if the Christmas sales have started.
Christmas in the media
The Late Late Toy Show
The Late Late Toy Showhi is an annual edition of The Late Late Show aired on RTÉ One some weeks before Christmas and dedicated to the showcasing of that year's most popular toys. It is regularly the most watched television programme of the year by Irish audiences, and is broadcast live, meaning anything can and has happened. The show, which consists of an adult-only studio audience dressed in traditional Christmas attire, does not accept advertisements which promote toys for its commercial breaks but, whilst new gadget-type toys regularly break down during the live show, being featured on the programme itself has been said to have a major boost to sales of a product over the following number of weeks in the build-up to the Christmas period. The attire of the presenter, namely a jumper, is also subject to speculation in the media beforehand and afterhand. Advertising in 2009 cost €17,000 for each 30 second slot—this compares to €9,750 for the 2010 UEFA Champions League Final.
On FM104, Santa visits the FM104 PhoneShow on their last broadcast before they go on their holidays (usually the 23rd or 22nd).
"Fairytale of New York" was voted the song most drivers wanted to listen to in the Republic of Ireland in 2009, with "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" topping a similar poll cast in Northern Ireland. The Christmas music of British singer Cliff Richard is most popular with those over the age of 55.
The Irish number one single for Christmas is announced on Christmas Eve every year.
Santa Claus, Daidí na Nollag (lit. Daddy of Christmas) in Irish and traditionally "Father Christmas" in Irish English, is known in Ireland as Santy or Santa. He brings presents to children in Ireland, which are opened on Christmas morning. It is traditional to leave a mince pie and a bottle or a glass of Guinness along with a carrot for Rudolph, although in recent years Guinness has been replaced with milk and mince pies with cookies due to Americanisation. Most big shopping centres and malls have a Santa's grotto setup from late November so that shoppers and visitors with kids can visit Santa and tell him what they want for Christmas.
The placing of a lighted candle in the window of a house on Christmas Eve is still practised. It's primary purpose is to welcome Mary and Joseph.
It is traditional to swim in the sea on Christmas morning. This is often done in aid of charity. The 40 Foot in Sandycove in Dublin is a traditional venue for this where hundreds brave the cold temperatures and jump into the sea.
The traditional Christmas dinner consists of turkey or goose and ham with a selection of vegetables and roast potatoes. In Cork and some surrounding areas, Spiced beef is traditionally eaten as part of the Christmas dinner. Dessert is very rich with a selection of Christmas pudding, (sometimes served with brandy being set alight and poured over it) Christmas cake, yule log and mince pies with equally rich sauces such as brandy butter.
On Christmas Eve fish is traditionally eaten as a form of fasting before Christmas.
The Wrenboy Procession
Wren day is celebrated in various parts of Ireland on St. Stephen's Day (26 December) by dressing up in straw masks and colourful clothing and, accompanied by traditional céilí music bands, parading through towns and villages. Originally, a band of small boys known as Wrenboys hunted down a real wren, until they either caught it, or killed it. Once the bird was dead, the boys would carry it around the town on a pole decorated with ribbons, wreaths, and flowers The live bird is now replaced with a fake one that is hidden.
- "Christmas in Dublin". Christmasindublin.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2003. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- Irish Independent http://www.independent.ie/
|url=missing title (help).
- "Christmas in Ireland". Christmas guide to Ireland. Retrieved 20 November2012.
- "Slane to get tree". Drogheda Independent. 3 December 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
- "Toy Show was top of the box with 2005 viewers". Irish Independent. 5 January 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- "RTE seeks new deal for Late Late Show". The Sunday Business Post. 18 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "'Late Late Toy Show' tops annual ratings". BreakingNews.ie. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- Cunningham, Grainne (2 December 2008). "Pat's 'Toy Show' attracts record 1.2 million viewers". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- "Magical Figures for Ryan's first Late Late Toy Show". RTÉ Press Centre. 30 November 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2009.
- Lorna Nolan and Fiona Dillon (28 November 2009). "Toy boys sh** shocker—Twin lets slip as trousers rip live on Late Late". Evening Herald. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
- Hogan, Louise (2 November 2007). "Children's world is pink and blue, says survey". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- "Gaybo bullied me in chair row: Siubhan". Irish Independent. 27 February 1998. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- O'Brien, Jason (28 November 2006). "Toy Show is just child's play for Pat". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- "Media & Marketing: New rules for fast food ads leave sour taste in producers' mouths". Irish Independent. 30 December 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- Hanafin, Will (14 December 2006). "Party through the pain". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
- Claire Murphy (23 November 2009). "Toy show jumper dilemma for Ryan". Evening Herald. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- Pat Stacey (28 November 2009). "Toy Show's got its mojo back, thanks to Tubridy". Evening Herald. Retrieved 2009-11-28.
- "Toy Show ad cost unchanged at €17,000". The Sunday Business Post. 22 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-27.[dead link]
- "Joe Duffy's Christmas Eve on Grafton Street". RTÉ. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2009.[dead link]
- "U2 hit is still the One to top Dave's Fab 50". Evening Herald. 22 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
- "Christmas FM to air holiday tunes for Dublin". Hot Press. 3 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
- "Christmas FM to be launched by Shakin' Stevens". Evening Herald. 21 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
- Peter Woodman (21 December 2009). "Fairytale of New York tops list of drivers’ Christmas songs". Evening Herald. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
- "Christmas swim". Gorey Guardian. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
- "Christmas swim". The Sligo Champion. 9 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-23.