Christoph Gottfried Bardili

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Christoph Gottfried Bardili (18 May 1761 – 5 June 1808) was a German philosopher and cousin of Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. He was critical of Kantian idealism and proposed his own system of philosophy known as logical (or rational) realism.

Life[edit]

Bardili was born on 18 May 1761 in Blaubeuren in the Duchy of Württemberg. In 1786 he became a Repentant at the Stift, a Protestant theological college in Tübingen. In 1790 he became a professor of philosophy at the Karlsschule in Stuttgart. After the closing of the Karlschule in 1794, he became a professor of philosophy at the Stuttgart Gymnasium Illustre where he taught until his death on June 5, 1808.

He dissented strongly from the Kantian distinction between matter and form of thought, and urged that philosophy should consider only thought in itself, pure thought, the ground or possibility of being.

The fundamental principle of thought is, according to him, the law of identity; logical thinking is real thinking. The matter upon which thought operated is in itself indefinite and is rendered definite through the action of thought. Bardili worked out his idea in a one-sided manner. He held that thought has in itself no power of development, and ultimately reduced it to arithmetical computation.[1]

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition:

His system has had little influence in Germany; K. L. Reinhold alone expounded it against the attack of Fichte and Schelling. Yet in some respects his ideas opened the way for the later speculations of Schelling and Hegel.[2]

Works[edit]

  • Observationes physicae, praesertim meteorologicae (1780).
  • Ueber die Entstehung und Beschaffenheit des ausserordentlichen Nebels in unseren Gegenden im Sommer 1783 (1783).
  • Epochen der vorzüglichsten philosophischen Begriffe (1788). 2 volumes.
    • Volume 1. Epochen der Ideen von einem Geist, von Gott und der menschlichen Seele.
  • Giebt es für die wichtigsten Lehren der theoretischen sowohl als der praktischen Philosophie (1791).
  • Sophylus oder Sittlichkeit und Natur als Fundamente der Weltweisheit (1794).
  • Allgemeine praktische Philosophie (1795).
  • Ueber den Ursprung des Begriffs von der Willensfreiheit (1796).
  • Ueber die [Gesetze] der Ideenassoziation (1796).
  • Briefe über den Ursprung der Metaphysik überhaupt (1798). Kiel
  • Grundriss der ersten Logik (1800).
  • Philosophische Elementarlehre (1802–1806). 2 volumes.
  • Beiträge zur Beurtheilung des gegenwärtigen Zustandes der Vernunftlehre (1803).
  • Briefwechsel über das Wesen der Philosophie und das Unwesen der Speculation (1804). Google

External links[edit]

  • (German) Biography in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie Vol. 2, pp. 55–56 by Josef Hanslmeier.

References[edit]

  1. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bardili, Christoph Gottfried". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  This cites:
    • C. L. Michelet, Geschichte der letzten Systeme.
    • J. E. Erdmann, Versuch einer Geschichte d. neu. Phil. Bd. iii. pt. i.
    • Bardilis und Reinholds Briefwechsel.
  2. ^ Chisholm 1911.