Christopher Andrewes

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Christopher Howard Andrewes
Christopher Andrewes.jpg
Born (1896-06-07)7 June 1896
Died 31 December 1988(1988-12-31) (aged 92)
Residence England
Nationality British
Scientific career
Fields Virology
Institutions National Institute for Medical Research
Alma mater St Bartholomew's Hospital

Sir Christopher Howard Andrewes Kt FRS (7 June 1896 – 31 December 1988) was a British virologist who discovered the human influenza A virus in 1933.


Andrewes was educated at Highgate School and later studied medicine at St Bartholomew's Hospital.[1]


He served in the Royal Navy as a surgeon during World War One. In 1927 he joined the scientific staff of the National Institute for Medical Research to assist Patrick Laidlaw in developing a vaccine against canine distemper. This led on to research on influenza and the discovery of the causative virus in 1933 and subsequent vaccine development. He was head of NIMR's Division of Bacteriology and Virus Research from 1939 to 1961, during which time he established the Common Cold Research Unit near Salisbury as an NIMR outpost in 1947, and the World Influenza Centre at Mill Hill in 1948, which spawned a worldwide network of collaborating centres.[2][3] Andrewes was Deputy Director of NIMR from 1952–61 and retired in 1967.

Awards and honours[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Andrewes married Kathleen Lamb in 1927 and had three sons, two of whom became general practitioners.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Sir Christopher Howard Andrewes". Munk's Roll. Royal College of Physicians. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Christopher Howard Andrewes". NIMR History. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  3. ^ MRC National Institute for Medical Research. (2014). A century of science for health. MRC National Institute for Medical Research. 
  4. ^ Tyrrell, D. A. J. (1991). "Christopher Howard Andrewes. 7 June 1896-31 December 1987". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 37: 34–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1991.0002.  edit
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 42233. p. 8927. 27 December 1960.

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