Christopher Clayton

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This article is about the Royal Navy officer. For Sir Christopher Clayton, industrialist and politician, see Christopher Clayton (businessman).
Christopher Hugh Trevor Clayton
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1972-2007
Rank Rear Admiral
Commands held HMS Chatham (1995)
Commodore Naval Aviation (2000)
HMS Ocean (2003)
Battles/wars Falklands War
2003 invasion of Iraq
Awards Mention in Dispatches

Rear Admiral Christopher Hugh Trevor Clayton is a former Royal Navy officer who served as a Lynx helicopter pilot during the Falklands War. He went on to become a senior naval officer, commanding ships during the Hong Kong handover ceremony and 2003 invasion of Iraq and later serving high-level positions in NATO.

Early career and Falklands War[edit]

Clayton joined the Royal Navy as an aviator. He was appointed as an acting sub-lieutenant on 29 February 1972 and after flying training was then commissioned as a sub-lieutenant on 29 November 1973.[1] After being promoted to lieutenant on 16 October 1974,[2][3] Clayton was selected for a Full Career Commission in 1980,[citation needed] transferring to the General List.

On 2 April 1982, the disputed British overseas territory of the Falkland Islands was invaded by neighbouring Argentina.[4] The United Kingdom, nearly 8,000 miles (13,000 km) away, assembled and dispatched a naval task force of 28,000 troops to recapture the islands.[4][5] The conflict ended that June with the surrender of the Argentine forces; the battles fought on land, at sea, and in the air had cost the lives of some 900 British and Argentine servicemen.[4]

Clayton served on HMS Cardiff, piloting their HAS.3 Lynx helicopter, serial no. 335 or "IVOR", as part of 815 Naval Air Squadron. Cardiff arrived at the islands late in the conflict on 26 May.[6] Cardiff’s primary role was to form part of the anti-aircraft warfare picket, using her anti-air Sea Dart missiles to protect British ships and attempting to ambush Argentine re-supply aircraft. She was also required to fire at enemy positions with her 4.5-inch gun.[7]

Clayton piloting Cardiff's Lynx helicopter

On 13 June, around midday, Clayton was performing the routine forenoon clearance search of the area south of the Falkland Sound.[8] Two Argentine Daggers of Gaucho flight[nb 1] spotted Clayton's Lynx and jettisoned their external fuel tanks in preparation to engage.[nb 2] They began strafing the helicopter with their cannons, but Clayton evaded the attacks and managed to escape. The Daggers returned home empty-handed, their original mission had been to attack British positions on Mount Longdon with retarded bombs.[9] After the initial Argentine surrender, Clayton flew the OC of 40 Commando, Lt Col Malcolm Hunt, to Port Howard to accept the surrender of the Argentine garrison stationed there. In recognition of his service during the war, Clayton was awarded a Mention in Dispatches.[11]

Commands[edit]

Clayton was promoted to commander on 31 December 1988,[12] then to a captain on 31 December 1995.[13] Clayton commanded the Type 22 frigate HMS Chatham during the 1997 Hong Kong handover ceremony. Hong Kong had been a British colony since 1841, but Britain's lease was due to finish and control was to be handed to the People's Republic of China. Chatham's role was to act as guardship for the royal yacht HMY Britannia,[14] Clayton said of the experience; "There is no sense of withdrawal, this is very much one professional armed forces handing over the protection and sovereignty of Hong Kong to another, the People's Liberation Army. So I look on it as a classic military evolution and one which we hope to do with some style, orderly and professionally."[15]

He became the first officer to hold the post of "Commodore Naval Aviation" (COMNA), he was based at Northwood Headquarters during this time.[16] The post was created in 2000 to command the newly formed Joint Force Harrier. In 1998, the UK's recently elected labour government reassessed the country's defence needs and published their findings in a policy document titled the Strategic Defence Review.[17] One of its key initiatives was a call for the amalgamation of both Royal Navy and RAF Harriers into one force.[18] This would create a closer harmonization of common operating procedures and maintenance practice.[19]

Clayton commanded the helicopter carrier HMS Ocean during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Ocean was the UK's lead amphibious landing ship, providing sea-based logistics to the Royal Marine's 3 Commando Brigade and acting as a launch pad for their attack on the Al-Faw Peninsula.[20] Her helicopters also played a role in securing the city of Basra.[21] When interviewed about the experience Clayton said; "There's a sense of pride in a job really well done. [Ocean] played a major role in the operations out there. But also we have to remember that we're the lucky ones coming back. Not everyone has. There are many we have to think about, including one of our ship's company who was killed in action, Marine Chris Maddison. Our thoughts will be about him and with his family."[21]

Later career[edit]

Clayton became a rear admiral on 30 August 2004 and took a post at NATO's headquarters in Brussels. His role was as an assistant director, in charge of the Intelligence Division of NATO's International Military Staff.[22][23] The Intelligence Division provides day-to-day strategic intelligence support to the Secretary General; it has no intelligence gathering capacity of its own and therefore relies on input from alliance members. On this basis it could be described as a "central coordinating body" for the collation, assessment and dissemination of intelligence within NATO Headquarters.[24] He retired on 29 December 2007.[25]

Over the course of his naval career, he attended the Advanced Command and Staff Course and the Higher Command and Staff Course.[23]

External images
Clayton in 2006 (far right)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gaucho flight originally consisted of three Daggers, Lt Aguirre's aircraft had to remain at the Rio Gallegas airbase due to a brake failure.[9]
  2. ^ A common practice to reduce drag and weight in combat situations.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46138. p. 14082. 1973-11-26. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46318. p. 6864. 1974-06-11. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 48229. p. 8994. 1980-06-23. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  4. ^ a b c "Key facts: The Falklands War, Introduction". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 September 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2008. 
  5. ^ "Key facts: The Falklands War, Task Force". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 September 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2007. 
  6. ^ "Report of Proceedings". HMS Cardiff—The 1982 Ship's Company. Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  7. ^ "2 June 1982". Navy News. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  8. ^ "13th June 1982". www.navynews.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  9. ^ a b "13 de Junio" (in Spanish). Argentine Air Force. Retrieved 2008-04-13. 
  10. ^ "Chapter 1 of BMGR INRMP" (PDF). www.luke.af.mil. March 2006. p. XXV (25). Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49134. p. 12. 1982-10-08. Retrieved 2008-04-18.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51609. p. 325. 9 January 1989. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 54265. p. 59. 29 December 1995. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  14. ^ "HMS Chatham". www.navynews.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  15. ^ "UK Royal Navy warship takes up position in HK - Turkish Daily News Jun 03, 1997". turkishdailynews.com.tr. Retrieved 2008-08-26. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Admiral takes over as Harrier supremo". www.navynews.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  17. ^ "Ministry of Defence: Strategic Defence Review". www.mod.uk. Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  18. ^ "RAF Cottesmore - About Us". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  19. ^ "Strategic Defence Review" (PDF). www.mod.uk. July 1998. p. 119. Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  20. ^ "HMS Ocean in line for major refit". www.mod.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-27. 
  21. ^ a b "HMS Ocean due home". news.bbc.co.uk. 2003-05-27. Retrieved 2010-01-27. 
  22. ^ "Senior appointments 2005" (PDF). Royal Navy. p. 33. Archived from the original on 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2006-10-07. 
  23. ^ a b "The Navy list 2006" (PDF). Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  24. ^ "NATO Handbook: Military Organisation and Structures". www.nato.int. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  25. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 58620. p. 2915. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-20.