Christopher Raymond Perry Rodgers

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Christopher Raymond Perry Rodgers
Christopher R. P. Rodgers.jpg
C.R.P. Rodgers, photographed by Mathew Brady
Born (1819-11-04)November 4, 1819
Brooklyn, New York
Died January 8, 1892(1892-01-08) (aged 72)
Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1833–1881
Rank USN Rear Admiral rank insignia.jpg Rear Admiral
Commands held
Battles/wars Second Seminole War
Mexican–American War
American Civil War
Relations

Rear Admiral Christopher Raymond Perry Rodgers (4 November 1819 – 8 January 1892) was an officer in the United States Navy. He served in the Mexican-American War, the American Civil War, as Superintendent of the Naval Academy, and Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Squadron.

Biography[edit]

Background[edit]

Rodgers was born in Brooklyn, New York, into a naval family. His father, George Washington Rodgers, was a Navy captain, who had commanded the brig Firefly during the War of 1812,[1][2] and was the brother of Rear Admiral John Rodgers. They were the sons of Commodore John Rodgers. Through his mother, Anna Maria Perry, his maternal grandfather was Captain Christopher Raymond Perry, and his uncles were the Commodores Oliver Hazard and Matthew Calbraith Perry. His family background all but ensured that both C.R.P. Rodgers and his younger brother George Washington Rodgers, Jr., would join the Navy.[3]

Early career[edit]

Rodgers was appointed midshipman on 5 October 1833,[4] serving aboard the frigate Brandywine in the Pacific Squadron in 1834-35, then in the sloop Vincennes on the same station in 1836. He was stationed at the New York Navy Yard from 1837, receiving promotion to passed midshipman on 8 July that year.[5]

In 1839-40 Rodgers served aboard the schooner Flirt on the coast of Florida, taking part in operations during the Second Seminole War, and also briefly commanded the 2-gun schooner Phoenix.[5]

Rodgers joined the Africa Squadron, serving aboard the sloop Saratoga in 1842-43.[5] He then served on the frigate Cumberland, flagship of the Mediterranean Squadron,[3] in 1844-45, and received promotion to lieutenant on 4 September 1844.[5]

After being attached to the Coast Survey in 1846, Rodgers was assigned to the Home Squadron in 1847 in order to serve in the Mexican–American War.[5] Rodgers participated in the Siege of Veracruz in March 1847, and in the capture of Tabasco and Tuxpan by his uncle Commodore Matthew C. Perry.[3]

After the war Rodgers returned to the Coast Survey for three years, before serving aboard the screw sloop Congress on the Brazil Station in 1850-51. This was followed by duty as Flag Lieutenant aboard the Constitution with the Africa Squadron in 1852-55.[5] He then spent another two years with the Coast Survey (1856–58), before serving on the screw frigate Wabash, flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet, in 1858-59.[3]

Civil war[edit]

Rodgers was appointed Commandant of Midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy in 1859,[5] serving there until after the start of the Civil War in 1861, and overseeing its relocation to Newport, Rhode Island, for the duration of the war.[3] He was succeeded in the post by his brother George Washington Rodgers. He then served in Samuel F. Du Pont's South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, in command of the flagship Wabash, and distinguishing himself at the Battle of Port Royal,[3] receiving promotion to commander directly afterwards, on 15 November 1861.[4] Rodgers also saw action at the capture of Fort Pulaski in April 1862, before serving as captain of the flagship, the broadside ironclad New Ironsides at Charleston in 1863. Admiral Du Pont noted, "No language could overstate his services to his country and to myself."[3][6] In March 1864 he recommissioned the screw sloop Iroquois, on an independent assignment to capture Confederate ships, which took him to the Mediterranean, and around South America and across the Pacific to Singapore in pursuit of the commerce raider CSS Shenandoah.[7]

Post-war career[edit]

Rodgers was promoted to captain on 25 July 1866,[4] and in 1867-68 commanded the screw frigate Franklin,[3] flagship of Admiral David Farragut in the European Squadron.[8] Promoted to commodore on 28 August 1870,[4] he then served as Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks[3] from 1871-74.[9] Achieving flag rank as a rear admiral on 14 June 1874,[4] Rodgers served as Superintendent of the Naval Academy from September 1874 until July 1878,[10] before a two-year tour as Commander of the Pacific Squadron,[3] returning to the Naval Academy to serve as Superintendent for a second time from June to November 1881.[10] Rodgers was put onto the Retired List on 14 November 1881.[4]

Rear Admiral Rodgers died in Washington, D.C.[3] on 8 January 1892,[4] and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Rodgers married Julia Slidell, and had two sons follow him into Navy service, Raymond Perry Rodgers (1849-1925),[11] and Thomas Slidell Rodgers (1858–1931), both of whom achieved the rank of Rear Admiral.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rodgers Family Papers, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania". www2.hsp.org. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "USS Firefly". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Rodgers Family Collection". history.navy.mil. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "US Navy Officer: 1775-1900 (R)". history.navy.mil. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Hamersly, Lewis Randolph (1870). "The records of living officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps: with a history of naval operations during the rebellion of 1861-5, and a list of the ships and officers participating in the great battles". archive.org. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "Ships of the United States Navy and their sponsors". archive.org. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "USS Iroquois". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "USS Franklin". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Bureau of Yards and Docks - Lists of Commanding Officers and Senior Officials of the US Navy". history.navy.mil. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "Superintendents of the U.S. Naval Academy". usna.com. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "Raymond Perry Rodgers, Rear Admiral, United States Navy". arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Thomas Slidell Rodgers, Rear Admiral, United States Navy". arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
Academic offices
Preceded by
John L. Worden
Superintendent of United States Naval Academy
1874-1878
Succeeded by
Foxhall A. Parker
Preceded by
George B. Balch
Superintendent of United States Naval Academy
1881
Succeeded by
Francis Munroe Ramsay