Christopher Street

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Christopher Street
Christopher Street shops between Bleecker and Hudson Streets.jpg
Shops between Bleecker and Hudson Streets
Namesake Charles Christopher Amos
Postal code 10014
Location Greenwich Village, Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates 40°44′00″N 74°00′18″W / 40.73333°N 74.00500°W / 40.73333; -74.00500Coordinates: 40°44′00″N 74°00′18″W / 40.73333°N 74.00500°W / 40.73333; -74.00500
West end West Street
East end Sixth Avenue
The Stonewall Inn in 2012
The PATH station
The former United States Appraiser Store, later a U.S. Federal Building, now The Archive, an apartment building on the NRHP and a NYC landmark

Christopher Street is a street in the West Village neighborhood of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is the continuation of 9th Street to the west of its intersection with Sixth Ave.

The Stonewall Inn is located on Christopher Street, and, therefore, the street was at the center of New York State's gay rights movement in the late 1970s. To this day, the inn and the street serve as an international symbol of gay pride.

History[edit]

Christopher Street is, technically, the oldest street in the West Village, as it ran along the south boundary of Admiral Sir Peter Warren's estate, which abutted the old Greenwich Road (now Greenwich Avenue) to the east and extended north to the next landing on the North River, at present-day Gansevoort Street. The street was briefly called Skinner Road after Colonel William Skinner, Sir Peter's son-in-law. The street received its current name in 1799, when the Warren land was acquired by Warren's eventual heir, Charles Christopher Amos. Charles Street remains, but Amos Street is now 10th Street.[1][2]

The road ran past the churchyard wall of the Church of St. Luke in the Fields (built 1820-22; rebuilt after a fire, 1981–85) still standing on its left, down to the ferry landing, commemorated in the block-long Weehawken Street[3] (laid out in 1829), the shortest street in the West Village. At the Hudson River, with its foundation in the river and extending north to 10th Street, Newgate Prison, the first New York State Prison, occupied the site from 1796 to 1829, when the institution was removed to Sing Sing and the City plotted and sold the land.[4]

West Street is on more recently filled land, but the procession of boats that had made the inaugural pass through the Erie Canal stopped at the ferry dock at the foot of Christopher Street, November 4, 1825, where it was met by a delegation from the city; together they proceeded to the Lower Bay, where the cask of water brought from the Great Lakes was ceremoniously emptied into the salt water.[5]

In 1961 Jane Jacobs, resident in the area and author of The Death and Life of Great American Cities published that same year, headed a group that successfully stopped Mayor Robert Wagner's plan to demolish twelve blocks along West Street north of Christopher Street, including the north side of Christopher Street to Hudson Street, and an additional two blocks south of it, slated for "urban renewal".[6]

Christopher Street is the first stop in Manhattan on the 33rd Street branches of the PATH. The PATH identifies Christopher Street station with a large single capital 'C'. The street also hosts a station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line at Christopher Street – Sheridan Square (1 2 trains).

Notable residents[edit]

A duplicate of George Segal's Gay Liberation was placed in Christopher Park in 1992

As a gay icon[edit]

In the 1970s, Christopher Street became the "Main Street" of gay New York. Large numbers of gay men would promenade its length at seemingly all hours. Gay bars and stores selling leather fetish clothing and artistic decorative items flourished at that time. This changed dramatically with the loss of many gay men during the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s. The apparent center of gay life subsequently shifted north of 14th Street to Chelsea. This new area, however, was never as vibrant as the old West Village. While some gay bars remain on Christopher Street, it has largely lost its gay character and is not unlike other quiet thoroughfares in the Village.[citation needed]

Christopher Street is the site of the Stonewall Inn, the bar whose patrons started the 1969 Stonewall riots that are widely seen as the birth of the gay liberation movement. The Christopher Street Liberation Day Committee formed to commemorate the first anniversary of that event, the beginning of the international tradition of a late-June event to celebrate gay pride.[10] The annual gay pride festivals in Berlin, Cologne, and other German cities are known as Christopher Street Day or "CSD". Christopher Street magazine, which began publication in July 1976 was, for many years, one of the most respected gay magazines in the U.S., until it folded in December 1995.[citation needed]

Near Sixth Avenue, Christopher Street intersects with a short, winding street, named by a 150-year-old coincidence, Gay Street.[citation needed]

Since 1992, Christopher Park, located at the intersection of Christopher, Grove, and West 4th Streets, has hosted a duplicate of the sculpture Gay Liberation Monument by George Segal to commemorate the gay rights traditions of the area.[11]

The former Oscar Wilde Bookshop, in an 1830s house at Christopher and Gay Streets

The Oscar Wilde Bookshop located on the corner of Christopher and Gay, was the oldest LGBT bookshop in the world until its closure in 2009.[12]

Anaïs Nin once worked at Lawrence R. Maxwell Books located at 45 Christopher Street.[13]

Around the area[edit]

  • Home to McNulty's Tea and Coffee Company, a purveyor dating back to 1895.[14][15]
  • Current location of Kettle of Fish, a bar that was once located above the famous Gaslight Cafe on Macdougal Street. Since the Beat Generation, it has also become affiliated with Green Bay Packers fans.
  • Adjacent to Sheridan Square is Christopher Park, a .145 acre landmark. The park that contains a bronze statue of Phillip Sheridan and a reproduction of George Segal's Gay Liberation, originally located at Stanford University.
  • The Lucille Lortel Theatre, an off-Broadway playhouse, is located at 121 Christopher Street.
  • At the westernmost tip is the Christopher Street Pier, which was recently renovated and converted into a waterfront park.
  • At the southwest corner of Seventh Avenue and Christopher Street is a triangular mosaic which reads "Property of the Hess Estate Which Has Never Been Dedicated for Public Purpose". David Hess was a property owner whose building was condemned to make room for a subway line in the early 1900s. David Hess kept the 500 square inch piece of land, once the smallest private land possession in New York City, until his death. It was sold by estate for $1,000 in 1938.

In popular culture[edit]

  • "Christopher Street" is both a song and the main location of the musical Wonderful Town.

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Block, Lawrence. "Greenwich Village: Glorying in its differentness; For 300 Years, A World Apart" The New York Times (November 20, 1988). Accessed: October 7, 2007.
  2. ^ "A portion of the West Village was carved from a farm owned by a man named Charles Christopher Amos, and his three names were parceled out among three of the new streets." (Moscow, Henry. The Street Book: An Encyclopedia of Manhattan's Street Names and Their Origins. New York: Hagstrom, 1978. ISBN 0823212750)
  3. ^ Weehawken, New Jersey, lies on the opposite shore.
  4. ^ New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission: Weehawken Street Historic District, May 2, 2006
  5. ^ Frank Bergen Kelley, Edward Hagaman Hall. Historical Guide to the City of New York (City History Club of New York), 1909:75.
  6. ^ Landmarks Preservation Commission: Weehawken Street Historic District, May 2, 2006
  7. ^ Sawyer-Lauðcanno, Christopher. "E.E. Cummings: A Biography", p. 135, Google Books. Accessed October 7, 2007. "On March 2 he moved out of the Brevoort Hotel, where he had been staying, and took up residence at 11 Christopher Street, in the West Village."
  8. ^ Embury, Stuart P. (2006). "Chapter One: The Early Years". The Art and Life of Luigi Lucioni. Embury Publishing Company. pp. 1 -3.
  9. ^ "Dawn Powell, Novelist, Is Dead; Author of Witty, Satirical Books; Middle Class Was the Object of Her Stinging Fiction-13 Books Published", The New York Times, November 16, 1965. "Miss Powell, who had resided in Greenwich Village most of her life, maintained an apartment at 95 Christopher Street, where she did most of her writing in recent years."
  10. ^ Stryker, Susan. "Christopher Street Gay Liberation Day: 1970". PlanetOut. Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  11. ^ "Christopher Park: Gay Liberation". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Oscar Wilde Bookshop". New York magazine. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  13. ^ Recollections of Anaïs Nin, Ohio University Press, 1996, p. 6.
  14. ^ McNulty's official site, accessed 23 July 2008.
  15. ^ Frommer's review of McNulty's Tea & Coffee Company, New York Times web site. Accessed online 23 July 2008.

External links[edit]