Chromium(II) fluoride

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Chromium(II) fluoride
Rutile structure.png
     Cr2+      F
Identifiers
CAS number 10049-10-2
PubChem 66229
ChemSpider 59614
EC number 233-168-0
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula CrF2
Molar mass 89.99 g mol−1
Appearance blue-green iridescent crystals[1]
hygroscopic, turns to Cr2O3 when heated in air[1]
Density 3.79 g/cm3[1]
Melting point 894 °C (1,641 °F; 1,167 K)[1]
Boiling point > 1,300 °C (2,370 °F; 1,570 K)[1]
Solubility in water 76.7 g/100 mL
Structure
Crystal structure monoclinic[1]
Thermochemistry
-8.645 kJ/g (solid)
Hazards
EU classification Harmful Xn Corrosive C
R-phrases R20/21/22, R31, R34
S-phrases S25, S26, S27/28, S36/37/39, S45
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Chromium(II) fluoride is an inorganic compound with the formula CrF2. It exists as a blue-green iridescent solid. Chromium(II) fluoride is sparingly soluble in water, almost insoluble in alcohol, and is soluble in boiling hydrochloric acid, but is not attacked by hot distilled sulfuric acid or nitric acid. Like other chromous compounds, chromium(II) fluoride is oxidized to chromium(III) oxide in air.[2]

Preparation and structure[edit]

The compound is prepared by passing anhydrous hydrogen fluoride over anhydrous chromium(II) chloride. The reaction will proceed at room temperature but is typically heated to 100-200 °C to ensure completion:[3]

CrCl2 + 2 HF → CrF2 + 2 HCl

Like many difluorides, CrF2 adopts a structure like rutile with octahedral molecular geometry about Cr(II) and trigonal geometry at F-. Two of the six Cr-F bonds are long at 2.43 Å, and four are short near 2.00 Å.[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Perry, Dale L. (2011). Handbook of Inorganic Compounds, Second Edition. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-43981462-8. Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  2. ^ Merck Index, 14 ed. entry 2245
  3. ^ Riley, edited by Georg Brauer ; translated by Scripta Technica, Inc. Translation editor Reed F. (1963). Handbook of preparative inorganic chemistry. Volume 1 (2nd ed. ed.). New York, N.Y.: Academic Press. p. 256. ISBN 978-0121266011. 
  4. ^ Jack, K. H.; Maitland, R. "Crystal structures and interatomic bonding of chromous and chromic fluorides" Proceedings of the Chemical Society, London (1957), 232. doi:10.1039/PS9570000217