Chromium (web browser)
|Developer(s)||The Chromium Project|
|Stable release||none (n/a) [±]|
|Preview release||29.0.1506.1 (May 13, 2013[±])|
|Written in||primarily C and C++|
OS X (10.6 and later)
Windows (XP SP2 and later)
Android (4.0 and later)
28.0 MB (Linux x86-32)
30.8 MB (Linux x86-64)
27.7 MB (OS X)
21.9 MB (Windows)
16 MB (Android)
|License||BSD license, MIT License, LGPL, MS-PL and MPL/GPL/LGPL tri-licensed code, plus unlicensed files.|
The Chromium Project takes its name from the element chromium, the metal from which chrome plating is made. Google's intention, as expressed in the developer documentation, was that Chromium would be the name of the open source project and that the final product name would be Chrome. However, other developers have taken the Chromium code and released versions under the Chromium name. These are listed under community builds.
One of the major aims of the project is for Chrome to be a tabbed window manager, or shell for the web, as opposed to it being a traditional browser application. The application is designed to have a minimalist user interface. The developers state that it "should feel lightweight (cognitively and physically) and fast".
Differences from Google Chrome 
Chromium is the name given to the open source project and the browser source code released and maintained by the Chromium Project. It is possible to download the source code and build it manually on many platforms. To create Chrome from Chromium, Google takes this source code and adds:
- Integrated Flash Player
- Built-in PDF viewer
- Built-in print preview and print system
- The Google name and a different logo
- An auto-update system called GoogleUpdate
- An opt-in option for users to send Google their usage statistics and crash reports
- RLZ tracking when Chrome is downloaded as part of marketing promotions and distribution partnerships. This transmits information in encoded form to Google, including when and from where Chrome has been downloaded. In June 2010, Google confirmed that the RLZ tracking token is not present in versions of Chrome downloaded from the Google website directly or in any version of Chromium. The RLZ source code was also made open source at the same time so that developers can confirm what it is and how it works.
By default, Chromium only supports Vorbis, Theora and WebM codecs for the HTML5 audio and video tags. Google Chrome supports these as well as AAC and MP3. On 11 January 2011, the Chrome Product manager, Mike Jazayeri, announced that Chrome will no longer support the H.264 video format for its HTML5 player. As of January 2013, however, Chrome still supports H.264. Certain Linux distributions may add support for other codecs to their customized versions of Chromium.
The Google-authored portion of Chromium is released under the BSD license, with other parts being subject to a variety of different open-source licenses, including the MIT License, the LGPL, the Ms-PL and an MPL/GPL/LGPL tri-license.
Because Chromium is the open source project that results in releases of Google Chrome, the history of the two is intertwined. Chromium is a project, with all releases developmental, with Chrome being the official stable release.
Google Chrome was first introduced in September 2008 and along with its release the Chromium source code was also made available allowing builds to be constructed from it. The initial code release included builds for Windows and OS X, as well as Linux, although the latter was at a very early stage of development and lacked complete functionality. Chromium 1.0 was released in December 2008 and with it Chrome was removed from beta status for Windows only.
Upon its first release in September 2008 Chromium was criticised for storing saved passwords in a manner so that any casual user of a computer can easily read them from the GUI. Users have filed many bug reports and feature requests asking for a master password option to access stored passwords, but Chromium developers have consistently insisted that this provides no real security against knowledgeable hackers. Users have argued that it would protect against co-workers or family members borrowing a computer and seeing the stored passwords in clear text. In December 2009 Chromium developer P. Kasting stated: "A master password was issue 1397. That issue is closed. We will not implement a master password. Not now, not ever. Arguing for it won't make it happen. 'A bunch of people would like it' won't make it happen. Our design decisions are not democratic. You cannot always have what you want."
In January 2009 the first development versions of Chromium 2.0 were made available, featuring a bookmark manager and support for non-standard CSS features, including gradients, reflections and masks.
In May 2009 the first alpha Linux version of Chromium was made available. In reviewing that alpha version Ryan Paul said that it was "still missing features and [has] lots of rendering bugs, but it is clearly moving in the right direction." The first developer releases for Chrome on the Linux and OS X platforms were made available in June 2009, although they were in a very early stage and lacked Adobe Flash, privacy settings, the ability to set the default search provider and even printing at that point. In July 2009 Chromium incorporated native theming for Linux, using the GTK+ toolkit to allow it fit into the GNOME desktop environment.
Chromium 18.104.22.168 was the first Chromium 4.0 version and appeared on 22 September 2009 with Chrome 4.0 publicly released in December 2009. Both brought support for extensions, plus synchronization of bookmarks along with Chrome beta versions for OS X and Linux. The all-platform market penetration of Chrome/Chromium 4.0 combined was at 6.73% by the end of April 2010.
Chromium 5.0 was released on 26 January 2010 with 5.0.306.0 as the initial version. Google Chrome 5.0 followed on 25 May 2010 and provided stable (non-beta) releases for all platforms. At that time the web magazine, OMG! Ubuntu!, reported that Chrome/Chromium usage was at 36.53% for Linux browsers, compared to 55.52% for Firefox and 2.82% for Opera.
Chromium 6.0 was introduced in May 2010 with the first release version 6.0.397.0. In July 2010 Chromium 6 daily builds introduced new features focusing on user interface minimalism, including a unified single page and tools menu, no home button by default (although user configurable), no "go button", a combined "reload/stop" button, bookmark bar deactivated by default, an integrated PDF reader, WebM/VP8 support for use with HTML5 video and a smarter URL bar. Chrome 6 was released in both a stable and beta version on 2 September 2010 as version 6.0.472.53. The switch to 6.0 brought security fixes, a slightly updated user interface, improvements to form autofilling, synchronizing of both extensions and autofill data, along with increased speed and stability.
7 October 2010 marked the release of Chromium 8.0, seven and a half weeks after that of Chromium 7. The initial release in this series was version 8.0.549.0. The development of Chromium 8.0 focused on improved integration into the Google Chrome OS and improved cloud features. These include background web applications, host remoting (allowing users centrally to control features and settings on other computers) and cloud printing. On 12 January 2011 versions of Chrome and Chromium prior to version 8.0.552.237 were identified by US-CERT as "contain[ing] multiple memory corruption vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities include a stack corruption vulnerability in the PDF renderer component, two memory corruption vulnerabilities in the Vorbis decoder and a video frame size error resulting in a bad memory access...By convincing a user to view a specially crafted HTML document, PDF file, or video file, an attacker can cause the application to crash or possibly execute arbitrary code." This vulnerability was publicized after Chrome version 8.0.552.237 was released fixing these problems, to alert users to upgrade versions as soon as possible.
Chromium 9.0 was released on 23 October 2010, just 16 days after Chromium 8.0, with 9.0.562.0 as the initial version. The new version introduced an infobar refresh feature with the aim of preventing website spoofing attacks. Reviewer Wolfgang Gruener noted that the first builds of Chrome 9 have now doubled in size between Chrome 3 and Chrome 9 to a compressed download of 28.2 MB, calling it "notably more bloated". Gruener also criticized the seemingly arbitrary numbering breaks between major versions, saying, "even by more progressive standards, the version numbering may be a bit excessive. By the end of this year, Google will have gone through seven or eight different browser versions. Some may doubt the benefit of that strategy."  Chromium 9 introduced two new test features in November 2010 intended to load web pages more quickly, "pre-rendering" and "false start", plus sandboxing for Adobe Flash. Stable releases of Chrome and Chromium were version 9.0.597.84 and included features such as Instant Search which allows the URL bar to act through Google Instant when Google is the default search. Other features included GPU/hardware acceleration, default 3D graphics though WebGL and access to the Chrome Web Store on the New Tab page.
Chromium 10.0 was released on 3 December 2010, with 10.0.601.0 as the initial version. It introduced 18 new features, including "Instant Type" searching as well as "GPU accelerated compositing". Development of "Webpage pre-rendering" was reduced to an inactive while selectable "snap start" was introduced.
In February 2011, Google’s Jeff Chang announced to Chromium developers that there would be further large-scale interface changes. These may include eliminating the "Omnibox" URL bar and combining the current two line layout which has tabs on one line and navigation buttons, menu and URL bar on a second line into one single line, thus freeing up more screen space for content. Chang indicated that this would result in URLs not always being visible to the user, that navigation controls and menus may lose their context and that the resulting single line could be quite crowded. Other proposed changes include being able to log into multiple accounts in different windows and improved URL suggestions from the user's history. By the middle of 2011, after some experimentation, the developers decided that eliminating the URL bar was too risky and shelved the idea.
Chromium 12.0 was released on 11 March 2011, with 12.0.700.0 as the first version. Initial changes in the first versions of Chromium 12 included
In March 2011 Google announced directions for the project for the year, including a plan for seven new major versions, planning to end the year with Chrome 17 out. Development priorities will focus on reducing the browser's size, integrating web applications and plug-ins, cloud capabilities and touch interface. The size is a concern to developers, who have noted that Chrome 1 was 9.0 MB in Windows download size, compared to Chrome 10 for Windows at 26.2 MB, as a result they have created a "bloat taskforce". Larger download sizes are a problem for a number of reasons, as Chrome Developer Ian Fette explained: "1. We do distribution deals with Chrome, where we bundle Chrome with other products. These get difficult when our binary grows. 2. We see increased download failures / install dropoffs as the binary grows, especially in countries with poor bandwidth like India. India also happens to be a very good market for Chrome (we have good market share there and growing), so that's also very problematic."
With the release of Chromium 12.0.742.0 on 19 April 2011 the interface incorporated many changes, the most significant since Chromium 6 was released. A multi-profile button was introduced allowing users to log into multiple Google and other accounts in the same browser instance. The new tab page was also redesigned and separated into four horizontally scrollable screens, providing access to most visited pages, Google apps, plus two identified pages. The page reload button was also redesigned along with minor changes to the URL bar. The first stable version of Chrome and Chromium 12 released was 12.0.742.91 which brought malware detection and support for hardware-accelerated 3D CSS transforms.
Chromium 13.0 was released on 26 April 2011, with 13.0.748.0 as the initial version. Early versions of Chromium 13 included a menu button to enable users to switch between multiple Google profiles, multi-selection of tabs and an improved omnibox engine. This version also included several minor GUI changes, including a slightly lightened menu bar. By early May 2011 the results of Google's attempts to reduce the file size of Chromium were already being noted. Much of the early work in this area concentrated on shrinking the size of WebKit, by removing Wireless Markup Language (WML), the Image Resizer, datagrids and the Android build system. The largest Chromium nightly build was 35.3 MB on 15 April 2011, but this was reduced to 29.9 MB by 20 April 2011. Later builds of Chromium and Chrome in mid-May 2011 introduced the optional "compact navigation view", aimed at mobile device users. This view combined the tab and URL/menu bars into one bar, by making the URL bar hide when not in use, thus saving 30 pixels of vertical space.
Chromium 14.0 was released on 2 June 2011, with 14.0.783.0 as the initial version. This initial version included
about:flags testing support for preload instant search, permitting the user to preload the default search engine used in instant search and GPU-acceleration on all pages. Default changes includes 2D-accelerated canvas and the task manager incorporated a frames-per-second counter. There was also support for the Page Visibility API. By the time development of Chromium 14 had been completed and Chrome 14 stable released this version also incorporated Mac OS X Lion scrollbar compatibility and "presentation mode". It also had support for the new Web Audio API and Google Native Client (NaCl) which permits native code supplied by third parties as platform-neutral binaries to be securely executed within the browser itself.
Chromium 15.0 was released on 28 July 2011, with 15.0.837.0 as the initial version. Work in this version included integrating the profiles and synchronization features, including moving synchronization into the main menu and introducing a profile manager. Synchronization data will be encrypted by default. Chromium 15 also expands webpage pre-rendering. Dan Bailey of Conceivably Tech stated about this version and the development of it, "it is obvious that Google is plugging along and is fine-tuning its browser...Chrome isn’t surrendering its perception of the most advanced browser today anytime soon." As development wound up in early September 2011 Chromium 15 also gained a "self-crashing" feature that crashes the browser if a close command is not completed in 25 seconds, smooth scrolling when using the space bar, automatic pre- and auto-logins to Google's own web pages, task bar logos to show different profiles, greatly enhanced synchronization customization, including optional search engine synchronization and improvements to the prerendering process.
Chromium 16.0 was released on 10 September 2011, with 16.0.877.0 as the initial version. Early in the development of version 16 an experimental Offscreen Tabs Module was incorporated which allows simultaneous user interaction with multiple web pages. This version for OS X included a move to Google's Skia 2D graphics library in place of Apple’s core graphics as previously used. This aligned Chromium for OS X with the Windows and Linux versions.
Chromium 17.0 was released on 19 October 2011, with the initial release version 17.0.913.0. This version introduced HTTP pipelining as a test feature to increase web page load speed, starting with build 106364. Development on Chromium 17 near the end of November 2011 included the Gamepad API, specifically intended to allow game inputs from joysticks and other gaming-oriented pointing devices. Other work included being able to move profile icons directly to the desktop in Windows.
Chromium 18.0 was released on 7 December 2011, with the initial release version 18.0.964.0 Nightly builds of Chromium 18 showed that this cycle included work on menu organization. In January 2012 the builds reworked the Options menu to eliminate the Basics, Personal Stuff and Under the Hood pages and unite them into one menu named options. The new menu simplifies selections and hides privacy and proxy settings as well as security certificate management. Additional features included omnibox suggestion visualization.
Chromium 19.0 was released on 2 February 2012, with the initial release version 19.0.1028.0. Support for Android was added. Chromium 19 development lead to the release of Chrome 19.0.1084.46 on 15 May 2012, which incorporated many bug fixes along with a tab synchronization feature that allowed users to have the same tabs open on Chrome on different devices through "signing into Chrome".
Chromium 20.0 was released on 29 March 2012, with the initial release version 20.0.1086.0. This development cycle resulted in the release of Google Chrome 20.0.1132.43 on 26 June 2012, which was predominately a bug-fix update with few new features.
Chromium 23.0 was released on 9 August 2012, with the initial release version 23.0.1231.0. This development cycle resulted in the release of Chrome 23.0.1271.64 on 6 November 2012, which incorporated easier website permissions, plus GPU accelerated video decoding for Windows.
Chromium 24.0 was released on 20 September 2012, with the initial release version 24.0.1272.0. This development cycle resulted in the release of Chrome 24.0.1312.52 on 10 January 2013, which incorporated support for MathML which allows mathematical equations to be displayed, HTML 5 datalists for date and time, as well as a large number of security and bug fixes. This release marked a total of a 26% increase in page loading speed achieved in the releases over the previous 12 months.
Chromium 26.0 was released on 20 December 2012, with the initial release version 26.0.1366.0. This development cycle resulted in the release of Chrome 26.0.1410.43 on 26 March 2013. This release incorporated new "Ask Google for suggestions" spell checking feature improvements, which includes grammar and homonym checking, desktop shortcuts for multiple users on Windows and asynchronous DNS resolver improvements for Mac OS-X and Linux.
The first new release for 2013 was Chromium 27.0, which first came out on 14 February 2013, as 27.0.1412.0. This development cycle resulted in the release of Chrome 27.0.1453.93 on 21 May 2013. This version incorporated a page loading speed improvement of an average of 5%, the chrome.syncFileSystem API as well as improved prediction ranking and Omnibox predictions and improved spelling correction.
Chromium 29.0 was released on 9 May 2013, with the initial release version 29.0.1502.0.
Chromium is officially ported to run on Android (4.0 and later), Chrome OS, Linux, OS X (Intel only) and Windows. As of 2012, 32-bit and 64-bit Linux builds are possible, with only 32-bit builds possible for OS X and Windows.
Chromium is available for Windows, OS X and Linux 32-bit directly.
Nightly Binaries 
- Windows - Automated nightly builds for Windows 
- OS X - Automated nightly builds for OS X 
- Linux - Automated nightly builds for Linux and variants 
Community builds 
Most BSD and Linux variants offer Chromium in their software repositories. There are community 32 and 64-bit builds for BSD. It has also been compiled by third party developers for use with Microsoft Windows and OS X. These include:
- Arch Linux has a package in the official repository.
- Debian – Chromium is available.
- Fedora – unofficial repository.
- FreeBSD – packages have been available since late 2009 and a port has been available from the FreeBSD ports system since late 2010.
- Gentoo Linux has had a package in the official repository since September 2009.
- Joli OS uses a rebranded version of Chromium for Linux called Nickel. Produced by Jolicloud as its default browser since Jolicloud 1.0, it is now open-sourced. New versions are delivered as updates through Joli OS' own integrated update system.
- Lubuntu – Chromium is the default browser with new versions delivered as updates through the Ubuntu update manager system.
- OS X – FreeSMUG provides a Chromium version which auto-updates since they added the Sparkle update framework to it.
- Nokia's Maemo 5 mobile operating system – A proof-of-concept version of Chromium with an unmodified user interface was released on 11 April 2010.
- MeeGo uses Chromium in its netbook version.
- OpenBSD has had a port and associated package since late 2009. Packages are available for the i386 and amd64 platforms.
- openSUSE has Chromium available in its repositories.
- PartedMagic – offered Chromium as the default web browser, but later reverted to Firefox.
- Puppy Linux – offers Chromium, starting with Chromium 5.0.342 on Lucid Puppy 5.0.0, based on the Ubuntu application repository.
- Ubuntu started offering Chromium through the Ubuntu Software Center with Ubuntu 10.04 LTS as part of the 'universe' repository. The initial version available in April 2010 was 5.0.342.9, with new versions delivered as updates.
Other browsers based on Chromium 
- Advanced Chrome is a Windows patched version that adds a missing 'Open' button to the download dialog along with other download shelf and printing improvements. Development appears to be active with version 26 being released on 10 February 2013
- CodeWeavers CrossOver Chromium is an unofficial bundle of a Wine derivative and Chromium Developer Build 21 for Linux and OS X, first released on 15 September 2008 by CodeWeavers as part of their CrossOver project.
- Comodo Dragon is a rebranded version of Chromium for 32-bit Windows 7, Vista and XP produced by the Comodo Group which includes improved security and privacy features.
- CoolNovo, called ChromePlus prior to January 2012, is a Chromium-based browser for Windows and Linux. It adds features such as mouse gestures, link dragging and IE tabs.
- Flock was a browser that specialized in providing social networking and had Web 2.0 facilities built into its user interface. It was based on Chromium starting with version 3.0. Flock was discontinued in April 2011.
- SRWare Iron is a freeware release of Chromium for Windows, OS X and Linux. It disables some configurable Chromium features that could share information with third parties.
- RockMelt is a release of Chromium for Windows Mobile and iOS under a commercial proprietary licence. It integrates heavily with features from Facebook and Twitter.
- Sleipnir 3 for Windows is a Chromium derivative browser from Japan. One of its main features is linking to Web apps (Facebook, Twitter, Dropbox, etc.) and smartphone apps (Google Map, etc.)
- Torch browser is a browser based on Chromium for Windows. It specializes in media downloading and has built-in media features, including a torrent engine, video grabber and sharing button.
- Yandex browser is a browser created by the Russian software company Yandex for the Windows and OS X operating systems. The browser integrates Yandex services, which include a search engine, a machine translation service and cloud storage.
See also 
- "Chromium (Google Chrome)". Ohloh.net. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
- "Pass the Ubuntu license check script". 19 November 2009.
- Chromium Project (13 September 2008). "Chromium Developer Documentation". Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- Google (September 2008). "Welcome to Chromium".
- "Coding Style (Chromium Developer Documentation)". Chromium Developer Documentation. dev.chromium.org. 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "User Experience (Chromium Developer Documentation)". Chromium Developer Documentation. dev.chromium.org. 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "Google Chrome, Chromium and Google". blog.chromium.org/. The Chromium Blog. 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- ChromiumBrowserVsGoogleChrome, Differences between Google Chrome and Linux distro Chromium, Chromium Wiki
- Bringing improved support for Adobe Flash Player to Google Chrome
- "Issue 50852 – chromium – No support for inline PDF in chromium". chromium issue tracker. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Google (June 2010). "In The Open, For RLZ". Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- HTML Video Codec Support in Chrome
- "Differences between Google Chrome and Linux distro Chromium". code.google.com/. Google Code. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09=01.
- "Home (Chromium Developer Documentation)". Chromium Developer Documentation. dev.chromium.org. 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- "Chromium Terms and Conditions". Google Code. 2 September 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
- Paul, Ryan (September 2008). "Google unveils Chrome source code and Linux port". Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Paul, Ryan (December 2008). "Google releases Chrome 1.0". Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Chromium Project (March 2011). "Issue 1397: Master password is missing". Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Chromium Project (March 2011). "Issue 812: Profile/login support". Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Paul, Ryan (January 2009). "Hands on: Google leaps forward with Chrome 2.0 dev. preview". Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Paul, Ryan (May 2009). "Hands on: Google Chromium browser alpha for Linux". Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Paul, Ryan (June 2009). "Google releases Chrome preview for Mac OS X and Linux". Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Paul, Ryan (July 2009). "Google Chromium gains native theming support on Linux". Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Smith, Mike and Karen Grunberg (June 2009). "Danger: Mac and Linux builds available". Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Chromium Project (March 2012). "Index of /releases". Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Chromium Project (May 2009). "Log of /releases/22.214.171.124". Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Chromium Project (September 2010). "Log of /releases/126.96.36.199". Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Paul, Ryan (January 2010). "Hands on: Extensions give Chrome a lift as version 4 arrives". Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Alexithymia, Joey-Elijah (May 2009). "Just How Popular Is Chrome/ium on Linux? Answer: Very". Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Mark Larson (8 December 2009). "Beta Update: Linux, Mac, and Windows". Google. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "Google Chrome for the holidays: Mac, Linux and extensions in beta".
- Chromium Project (January 2010). "Log of /releases/5.0.306.0". Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Paul, Ryan (May 2009). "Chrome 5 released, browser exits beta for Mac and Linux". Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- Brian Rakowski (25 May 2010). "A new Chrome stable release: Welcome, Mac and Linux!". Google. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- Stade, Evan and Elliot Glaysher (May 2010). "Google Chrome for Linux goes stable". Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- Alexithymia, Joey-Elijah (July 2010). "Chromium's Unified Menu Comes to Dauily Builds". Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (July 2010). "Overview: Chrome 6, The Naked Browser". Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- Google (September 2010). "Stable and Beta Channel Updates". Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- Nakano, Chelsi (August 2010). "Chromium 7 Has Arrived and It's Not that Awesome". Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (August 2010). "First Look: Google Increases Graphics Performance With Chrome 7". Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (October 2010). "A Preview Of Chrome 8: Clouds Ahead". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- US-CERT (January 2011). "Vulnerability Note VU#258423 – Google Chrome multiple vulnerabilities". Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (October 2010). "Chrome 9 Surfaces". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Bakke, Kurt (November 2010). "Google’s Next Big Browser Play: Prerendering and False Start?". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Schuh, Justin and Carlos Pizano (December 2010). "Rolling out a sandbox for Adobe Flash Player". Chromium Blog. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (February 2011). "Chrome 9 and 11: Instant Search, More Speed". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (December 2010). "Chrome 10 Reanimates Instant Search as Instant Type". Retrieved 5 December 2010.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (February 2011). "Google May Kill Chrome URL Bar". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (August 2011). "Google Shelves Hidden Location Bar". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (March 2011). "Google Chrome 12 Surfaces". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (March 2011). "Google Upgrades Chrome URL Bar". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (March 2011). "Google Chrome in 2011: The Biggest Loser?". Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Shankland, Stephen (March 2011). "Google working to reverse Chrome bloat". Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (April 2011). "Google Preps Huge UI Update For Chrome". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Paul, Ryan (June 2011). "Chrome 12 arrives with security, rendering improvements". Ars Technica. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (April 2011). "Google Launches Chrome 11 and Chromium 13". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (May 2011). "Google Trims Fat From Chrome". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- Paul, Ryan (May 2011). "Chrome 13 introduces experimental hidden nav bar option". Ars Technica. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (May 2011). "Google Is Serious: You Can Kill Chrome’s URL Bar". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (June 2011). "No More Updates For Firefox 4, Chromium 14 Released". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- Paul, Ryan (September 2011). "Chrome 14 arrives with improved Lion support and NaCl". Ars Technica. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (July 2011). "Preview Chrome 15: Why Google Has The Edge". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (September 2011). "Chrome Gets A Suicide Feature". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (September 2011). "3D Web Browsing Sneaks Into Google Chrome". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Bailey, Dan (September 2011). "Google To Switch Chromium For Mac Graphics to Skia". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Bailey, Daniel (October 2011). "Google Introduces HTTP Pipelining In Chrome 17". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (28 November 2011). "Chrome First To Get Much Anticipated Gamepad API". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- Gruener, Wolfgang (6 January 2012). "Google Tweaks Chrome’s Interface, Adds Prediction Details". Conceivably Tech. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
- Laforge, Anthony (15 May 2012). "Stable Channel Update". Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- Mathias, Raz (15 May 2012). "Keeping tabs on your tabs". Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- Paul, Ryan (16 May 2012). "Hands-on with the new tab synchronization feature in Chrome 19". Ars Technica. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- "Chromium Log for version 20.0.1086.0". Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Google (26 June 2012). "Chrome Release Notes". Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- Grunberg, Karen (31 July 2012). "Stable Channel Release". Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Paul, Ryan (31 July 2012). "Chrome 21 launches with webcam API and retina Mac support". Ars Technica. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- Google (25 September 2012). "Stable Channel Update". Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- Google (6 November 2012). "Stable Channel Release and Beta Channel Update". Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Govindan, Dharani (10 January 2013). "Stable Channel Update". Chrome Releases. Blogger. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- Hewitt, Ed (10 January 2013). "Google Chrome hits 24". OMG Chrome. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
- Kersey, Jason (21 February 2013). "Stable Channel Update". Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- Govindan, Dharani (26 February 2013). "Stable Channel Update". Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "Chrome Releases: Stable Channel Release". Googlechromereleases.blogspot.ca. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
- Google. "For Developers — The Chromium Projects". Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Google. "64-bit Support — The Chromium Projects". Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Chromium - Get a fast, free web browser". Getchromium.org. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- "Download Chromium". Download-chromium.appspot.com. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "Index of /' + path + '". Commondatastorage.googleapis.com. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "Index of /' + path + '". Commondatastorage.googleapis.com. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "Index of /' + path + '". Commondatastorage.googleapis.com. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- Arch Linux (2010). "chromium 5.0.342.9-1". Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- Debian Chromium Maintainers. "Debian PTS – chromium-browser". Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- chromium.hybridsource.org (June 2010). "Chromium Development on FreeBSD". Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- www.freebsd.org (June 2010). "New FreeBSD port: www/chromium Chromium web browser port". Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- "www-client/chromium ChangeLog". Retrieved 9 October 2011.
- "Rebranded chromium-browser as nickel-browser". Retrieved 16 November 2012.
- Lubuntu Project (June 2010). "Lubuntu 10.04 is now available for download". Retrieved 23 August 2010.
- Chromium OS X stable FreeSMUG build. Retrieved 29 January 2012
- Apocalypso (April 2010). "Google’s Chrome Port For N900 Available For Download – How To & Brief Test". Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- Wang, Ning (September 2010). "MeeGo v1.0.3 Core Update". Retrieved 30 October 2010.
- OpenBSD Project (December 2011). "ports/www/chromium/". Retrieved 5 December 2011.
- openSUSE (December 2012). "Package Chromium in the project openSUSE Factory in the Open Build Service". Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- DistroWatch (October 2010). "Parted Magic". Retrieved 26 October 2010.
- Puppy Linux Community (May 2010). "Quickpet, a new feature for Lucid Puppy 5". Retrieved 11 June 2010.
- UbuntuUpdates.org (June 2010). "Chromium-browser". Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Google Chrome Fork". Browser.taokaizen.com. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
- "Fire Drills and Proving a Point". CodeWeavers. 15 September 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
- "CrossOver Chromium". Retrieved 18 September 2008.
- Comodo Group (2010). "Comodo Dragon Internet Browser". Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- CoolNovo retrieved 6 February 2012
- Iedtke, Michael (16 June 2010). "Flock Browser Gets Faster, Friendlier With Upgrade". ABC. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- Sneddon, Joey (April 2011). "End of the line for Flock social browser". OMG Ubuntu. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- SRWare (undated). "SRWare Iron: The Browser of the future". Retrieved 11 June 2010.
- Rockmelt (2010). "RockMelt browser builds in social tools". Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Sleipnir (2012). "Sleipnir 3 Web Browser for Windows / Mac - Web browsing that links easily with smartphones". Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- Serea, Razvan Mihai Asmanow (2012). "Torch Browser: Fast web browser, BitTorrent client and video downloader".
- "Yandex Browser".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chromium (web browser)|