|CAS number||, (nonahydrate)|
|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||238.011 g/mol (anhydrous)
400.21 g/mol (nonahydrate)
|Appearance||Blue-violet crystals (anhydrous)
Purple crystals (nonahydrate)
|Density||1.85 g/cm3 (nonahydrate)|
60.06 °C, 333 K, 140 °F (nonahydrate)
> 100 °C (212 °F) (decomp.)
|Solubility in water||81 g/100 mL (20 °C)|
|EU Index||Not listed|
|Flash point||Non flammable|
|LD50||3250 mg/kg (rat, oral, nonahydrate)|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Chromium(III) nitrate describes several inorganic compounds consisting of chromium, nitrate and varying amounts of water. Most common is the dark violet hydrated solid, but an anhydrous green form is also known. Chromium(III) nitrate compounds are of a limited importance commercially, finding some applications in the dyeing industry. It is common in academic laboratories for the synthesis of chromium coordination complexes.
The relatively complicated formula - [Cr(H2O)6](NO3)3•3H2O - highlights the complicated structure of this material. The chromium centers are bound to six water ligands, and the remaining volume of the solid is occupied by three nitrate anions and three molecules of water of crystallization. Such complicated formulas typify hydrated metal salts.
Properties and preparation
The anhydrous salt forms green crystals and very soluble in water. At 100 °C it decomposes. The red-violet hydrate is highly soluble in water. Chromium nitrate is used in the production of alkali metal-free catalysts and in pickling.
- Gerd Anger, Jost Halstenberg, Klaus Hochgeschwender, Christoph Scherhag, Ulrich Korallus, Herbert Knopf, Peter Schmidt, Manfred Ohlinger, "Chromium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005.