The Chronicle of Higher Education
September 18, 2009 front page of The Chronicle
|Owner||Corbin Gwaltney |
|Founder||Corbin Gwaltney |
|Publisher||The Chronicle of Higher Education Inc.|
|Editor||Philip W. Semas, President & Editor in Chief|
|Staff writers||175 employees, including 70 full-time writers and editors, as well as 17 foreign correspondents around the world.|
The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty and Student Affairs professionals (staff members and administrators).
The Chronicle, based in Washington, D.C., is the major news service in the United States academic world. It is published every weekday online and appears weekly in print except for every other week in June, July, and August and the last three weeks in December (a total of 42 issues a year). In print, The Chronicle is published in two sections: section A with news and job listings, and section B, The Chronicle Review, a magazine of arts and ideas.
It also publishes The Chronicle of Philanthropy, a newspaper for the nonprofit world; The Chronicle Guide to Grants, an electronic database of corporate and foundation grants; and the Web portal Arts & Letters Daily.
Chronicle grossed $33 million in advertising revenues and $7 million in circulation revenues in 2003.
Corbin Gwaltney was the founder and had been the editor of the alumni magazine of the Johns Hopkins University since 1949. In 1957, he joined in with editors from magazines of several other colleges and universities for an editorial project to investigate issues in higher education in perspective. The meeting occurred on the day the first Sputnik circled the Earth, October 4, 1957, so the "Moonshooter" project was formed as a supplement on higher education for the college magazines. The college magazine editors promised 60 percent of one issue of their magazine to finance the supplement. The first Moonshooter Report was 32 pages long and titled "American Higher Education, 1958". They sold 1.35 million copies to 15 colleges and universities. By the project's third year, circulation was over 3 million for the supplement.
In 1959, Gwaltney left Johns Hopkins Magazine to become the first full-time employee of the newly created "Editorial Projects for Education" (EPE, later renamed "Editorial Projects in Education") starting in an office in his apartment in Baltimore and later moving to an office near the Johns Hopkins campus. He realized that higher education would benefit from a news publication.
He and other board members of EPE met to plan a new publication which would be called "The Chronicle of Higher Education".
Although it was meant for those involved in higher education, one of the founding ideas was that the general public had very little knowledge about what was going on in higher education and the real issues involved. Originally, it didn't accept any advertising and didn't have any staff-written editorial opinions. It was supported by grants from the Carnegie Foundation and the Ford Foundation. Later on in its history, advertising would be accepted, especially for jobs in higher education, and this would allow the newspaper to be financially independent.
By the 1970s, Chronicle was attracting enough advertising to become self-sufficient, and in 1978 the board of EPE agreed to sell the newspaper to its editors. EPE sold Chronicle to the editors for $2,000,000 in cash and $500,000 in services that Chronicle would provide to EPE. Chronicle went from a legal non-profit status to a for-profit company.
This sale shifted the focus of non-profit EPE to K-12 education. Inspired by the model established by Chronicle and with the support of the Carnegie Corporation and other philanthropies, EPE founded Education Week in September 1981.
In 1993, Chronicle was one of the first newspapers to appear on the Internet, as a Gopher service. It released an iPad version in 2011.
Over the years, the paper has been a finalist and winner of many journalism awards. In 2005, two special reports — on diploma mills and plagiarism — were selected as finalists in the reporting category for a National Magazine Award. It has been a finalist for the award in general excellence every year from 2001 to 2005.
In 2007, The Chronicle won an Utne Reader Independent Press Award for political coverage. In its award citation, Utne called The Chronicle Review "a fearless, free-thinking section where academia's best and brightest can take their gloves off and swing with abandon at both sides of the increasingly predictable political divide." The New Republic, The Nation, Reason, and The American Prospect were among the finalists in the category.
- Miller, Lia, "New Web Site for Academics Roils Education Journalism", The New York Times, February 14, 2005
- "About The Chronicle of Higher Education", Chronicle of Higher Education website
- "Education: The Candid Chronicle". Time. May 13, 1974. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- De Pasquale, Sue (April 2000). "A Model of Lively Thought". Johns Hopkins Magazine (Johns Hopkins University). Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Cf. Baldwin, Joyce (2006)
- Cf. Baldwin, Patricia L. (1995)
- "Editorial Projects in Education: Mission and History", Education Week website.
- Cf. AAUP Bulletin, Vol. 52, No. 3 (September, 1966), American Association of University Professors.
- "Chronicle of Higher Education." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 12 Sep. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1586347/Chronicle-of-Higher-Education>.
- Viadero, Debra, Education Week: "A Media Organization With Many Faces", Education Week, September 6, 2006
- "Winners of the 2007 Utne Independent Press Awards". Utne Reader. January/February 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- Baldwin, Joyce, "Chronicling Higher Education for Nearly Forty Years,", Carnegie Results, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Winter, 2006 issue
- Baldwin, Patricia L., Covering the Campus : The History of The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1966-1993, Denton, Texas : University of North Texas Press, 1995. ISBN 0-929398-96-3
- Connell, Christopher; Yarrington, Roger, "Everything You Always Wanted to Know about: The Chronicle of Higher Education", Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, Vol. 15, No. 8 (Nov. - Dec., 1983), pp. 12–24, 27, journal published for the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching by Heldref Publications