Chronology of Pakistan's rocket tests

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The Suparco's spaceflight missions and tests were the unmanned space missions of the Space Research Commission (SUPARCO) that was aimed for developing high-altitude rockets and space booster for the development of the country's space programme. The exploration programme provides opportunities for physics, atmospheric physics and astrophysics, investigations from Upper atmosphere. Since its inception, over ~200 unmanned space missions were launched by Suparco from 1961 till its partial termination in 1972.

Originally, it has been a SUPARCO programme and is still active as of current. The space mission programme has taken over by various aerospace authorities, institutions, including many international collaborations, in the country. Since late 1980s, most of the tests have been involved in the research and development, followed by the physical testings of the ballistic missile have also been conducted and mentioned. Notable spaceflights of the launchers have included Rehbar-I, Shaheen-I/Shaheen-II, various Ghauri-II space boosters and missiles.

Spaceflight by year[edit]

Rocket launch Launch Date Mission Institutional authority Launch Site Outcomes Derivatives
Rehbar-I June 7, 1962; 14:45 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Nike-Cajun
Rehbar-II June 11, 1962; 14:50 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Nike-Cajun
Rehbar-3 March 18, 1964; 14:50 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Judi-Dart
Rehbar-4 January 12, 1966; 12:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehbar-5 January 26, 1966; 12:18 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehbar-6 February 16, 1966; 04:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehbar-7 January 26, 1966; 12:18 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehbar-15 May 3, 1967; 14:29 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Centaure
Shahpar-1 May 5, 1967; 14:29 GMT Test Mission SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Dragon
Rehbar-16 May 7, 1967; 14:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Centaure
Rehbar-17 March 23, 1968; 19:04 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Centaure
Shahpar-2 March 29, 1968; 19:20 GMT Test Mission SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Dragon
Rehbar-18 April 3, 1968; 05:38 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Centaure
Rehbar-19 February 9, 1969; 13:46 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Failure Centaure
Rehbar-20 February 13, 1969; 13:48 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Failure Centaure
Rehnuma-1 March 31, 1969; 14:18 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Partial Success Centaure
Rehnuma-2 June 16, 1969; 14:34 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-3 July 20, 1969; 14:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-4 July 30, 1969; 14:45 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-5 August 15, 1969; 14:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-6 September 10, 1969; 14:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-7 October 22, 1969; 13:50 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-8 November 19, 1969; 13:10 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-9 November 20, 1969; 13:50 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-10 December 17, 1969; 13:10 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehnuma-11 December 31, 1969; 13:50 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Judi-Dart 1 January 14, 1970; 13:00 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Judi-Dart 1 January 14, 1970; 15:15 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Judi-Dart 1 January 14, 1970; 14:00 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Judi-Dart 1 February 11, 1970; 13:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Judi-Dart 2 March 11, 1970; 14:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Judi-Dart 2 March 11, 1970; 14:30 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Rehbar 21 March 27, 1970; 00:00 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Nike-Cajun
Rehbar 22 March 28, 1970; 15:45 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Nike-Cajun
Judi-Dart 2 March 28, 1970; 00:00 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi-Dart
Judi-Dart 1 April 15, 1970; 14:45 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi Dart
Judi-Dart 1 April 15, 1970; 13:45 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi Dart
Judi-Dart 1 June 17, 1970; 14:50 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi Dart
Judi-Dart 1 July 15, 1970; 15:05 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi Dart
Judi-Dart 1 October 21, 1970; 15:45 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi Dart
Judi-Dart 1 November 25, 1970; 13:14 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 2; Success Judi Dart
Judi-Dart 1 December 30, 1970; 14:50 GMT Aeronomy SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Judi Dart
Rehbar-23 April 7, 1972; 14:20 GMT Ionosphere Mission SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Centaure
Rehbar-24 April 8, 1972; 14:18 GMT Ionosphere Mission SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Centaure
Shahpar-3 April 28, 1972; 00:18 GMT Test Mission SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Level 1; Success Centaure

Spacecraft by year[edit]

Spacecraft name Launch date Launch site Launch vehicle Mission Operated organization Results
Badr-I July 16, 1990; 00:40 GMT Xichang SLC, China Long March CZ-2E Dig Com SUPARCO Success
Badr-B December 10, 2001, 17:19 UT Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Zenit-2 Comsats SUPARCO Success

Recent testings and launch[edit]

Launch Vehicle Launch date Mission Institutional authority Launch site Results
Hatf-I October 20, 1989; 00:00 GMT Test Mission: war heads and missile parload SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Success
Ghauri-I April 6, 1998; 04:30 GMT Test Mission: war heads and Missile payload KRL Tilla Terminal Test Success
Shaheen-I January 15, 1999; 02:30 GMT Test Mission: war heads and Missile payload PAEC Sonmiani Terminal Partial Failure
Ghauri-II April 14, 1999; 05:35 GMT Test Mission: war heads and Missile payload KRL Tilla Terminal Test Success
Shaheen-I April 15, 1999; 04:58 GMT Test Mission: war heads and Missile payload PAEC Sonmiani Terminal Success
Ghauri-III November 19, 2000; 00:00 GMT Test Mission: first operational test KRL Tilla Terminal Test Ground Failure
Ghauri-II May 25, 2002 04:30 GMT Test Mission: war heads and Missile payload KRL Tilla Terminal Test Success
Shaheen-I October 24, 2002; 02:30 GMT Test Mission: war heads and Missile payload PAEC Jinnah Naval Test Range Success
Shaheen-I October 8, 2002 Test Mission: war heads and Missile payload PAEC Sonmiani Terminal Success
Shaheen-III March 9, 2004 Test Mission: first operational test; first maiden test SUPARCO Tilla Terminal Test Partial Success
Ghauri-I May 29, 2004 Operational test KRL Tilla Termial Test Success
Ghauri-I June 4, 2004 Operational range test KRL Tilla Terminal Test Success
Ghauri-I October 12, 2004 Operational war-test KRL Tilla Terminal Test Success
Shaheen-II March 19, 2005 Test Mission; maiden flight test NDC Sonmiani Termial Success
Ghauri-II November 16, 2006 Test Mission; launch test operation KRL Tilla Terminal Test Success
Shaheen-I November 29, 2006 Field operational test PAEC Sonmiani Terminal Success
Shaheen-II February 23, 2007 Test mission; launch test NDC Sonmiani Terminal Success
Abdali-I March 3, 2007 First test mission; engine testing SUPARCO Sonmiani Terminal Success
Ra'ad August 25, 2007 Test Mission: Operational test PAF Jinnal Naval Test Range Success
Shaheen-I January 25, 2008 Routine Test mission PAEC Sonmiani Terminal Success
Shaheen-II April 19, 2008 Field Operational Test NDC Sonmiani Terminal Success
Shaheen- April 21, 2008 Operational and capability testing NDC JJinnah Naval Test Range Success
Hatf-XI April 19, 2011 Test Mission and field operational test NDC Tilla Terminal Test Success

December 10, 2001[edit]

Date Time Launch Site Launch Complex Launch Pad Launch Vehicle Model LV Configuration
2001 December 10 (See Badr-B table below) 17:18 GMT Baikonur LC45 LC45/1 Zenit-2 Zenit-2 Zenit-2 19L (1381573091)

Badr-B

  • Badr B was Pakistan's second satellite. Built in collaboration with the English company SIL, it had a mass of 70 kg and carried an Earth imager.
Mass Class Type Spacecraft Manufacturer Agency Perigee Apogee Inclination COSPAR USAF Sat Cat References Level
70 kg (154 lb) Surveillance Military Badr-B SUPARCO (Pakistan) and Rosaviakosmos (Russia) SUPARCO 996 km (618 mi) 1,015 km (630 mi) 99.70 deg 2001-056C 27003 4, 296, 552, 554 1

May 25, 2002 - November 16, 2006[edit]

Date Time Launch Site Launch Vehicle LV Configuration Agency Apogee References Level
2002 May 25 04:30 GMT Tilla Ghauri Ghauri Ghauri II Test mission: Pakistan (KRL) 150 km (90 mi) 1823 1
2002 October 4 02:30 GMT Sonmiani Shaheen 1 Test mission: Pakistan (PAEC) 100 km (60 mi) 1823 1.
2002 October 8 Sonmiani Shaheen 1 Test mission: Pakistan (PAEC) 100 km (60 mi) 1823 1.
2004 March 9 Tilla Shaheen 3 Hatf 6 Shaheen 3 test 554 1
2004 May 29 Tilla Ghauri Ghauri test: Pakistan (KRL) 150 km (90 mi) 1823 1
2004 June 4 Tilla Ghauri Test mission: Pakistan (KRL) 150 km (90 mi) 1823 1
2004 October 12 Tilla Ghauri Ghauri test: Pakistan (KRL) 150 km (90 mi) 1823 1.
2005 March 19 Tilla Shaheen 2 Hatf 6 Shaheen 2 test 1
2006 November 16 Tilla Ghauri Ghauri test launch 1

References[edit]

External links[edit]