Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions (1970–79)

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This is a chronology of activities by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) from 1970 to 1979. For actions after this period see Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions.

1970[edit]

  • 26 June: Three Provisional IRA volunteers and two young girls were killed when an IRA bomb prematurely exploded in a house in Creggan, Derry.[1]
  • 27 June: Rioting erupted in parts of north, west and east Belfast following Orange Order marches past Catholic areas. IRA volunteers used firearms to defend the Short Strand and Ardoyne from attack by loyalist gunmen and rioters. Five loyalists and one nationalist were shot dead. See Battle of St Matthew's.[2]
  • 3–5 July: Falls Curfew: A British Army raid in the Falls district of Belfast developed into a riot between soldiers and residents and then gun battles between soldiers and the 'Official' IRA. The Provisional IRA also attacked troops with improvised grenades. The British Army sealed-off the area, imposed a 36-hour curfew and raided hundreds of homes under the cover of CS gas. Four civilians were killed by British soldiers and more than 60 wounded.[3]
  • 11 August: Two Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers were killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb attached to an abandoned car near Crossmaglen, South Armagh. The bomb contained 20 lb (9.1 kg) of gelignite and exploded when one of the officers attempted to open one of the car's doors.[4][5][6]
  • 4 September: An IRA volunteer was killed when a bomb he was planting at an electricity transformer in Belfast exploded prematurely.[4]
  • 16 November: The IRA shot dead two alleged criminals in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast.[4] The men were alleged to have been involved in protection rackets, fencing stolen goods, minor racketeering, moneylending, burglary and robbery.[7]

1971[edit]

  • January 1971: Following months of clashes between British soldiers and nationalists in Ballymurphy, the British Army held secret talks with the IRA. It was agreed that, in parts of West Belfast, the IRA would be responsible for policing and there would be no activity by the British Army or RUC.[8][9]
  • 3 February 1971: Under pressure from the Unionist government, the British Army began a series of raids in nationalist areas of West and North Belfast. This sparked clashes between nationalists and British soldiers, and between nationalists and loyalists. Eight soldiers and a number of civilians were wounded.[10] The IRA saw the raids as a breach of the policing agreement, and violence continued for the next few nights.[8]
  • 6 February 1971: The British Army shot dead an IRA staff officer, James Saunders, during violence in North Belfast. The British Army claimed soldiers removing barricades in the Oldpark district came under gun and bomb attack, and that a British marksman shot dead a man holding a pistol. In nearby Ardoyne, soldiers shot dead a Catholic civilian, whom they claimed was armed, after an armoured personnel carrier was attacked.[11]
  • 6 February 1971: During clashes between nationalists and British soldiers in the New Lodge district, the IRA opened fire on a group of soldiers, killing Gunner Robert Curtis. He was the first British soldier killed in Ireland since the 1920s. The next day, James Chichester-Clark, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, declared on television that "Northern Ireland is at war with the Irish Republican Army Provisionals". An IRA volunteer was shot dead in a shootout with the British Army in the Bone area of Belfast and the British Army shot dead a Catholic civilian. Eight British soldiers and five civilians were also injured in various gun battles around Belfast.[12][13]
  • 8 February 1971: During clashes in the Ardoyne area of Belfast, two British Army scout vehicles came under sniper fire and had a bomb thrown at them. A soldier was shot in the head and died on 15 February.[14][15]
  • 9 February 1971: At the funeral of James Saunders, IRA volunteers fired a three-volley salute over his coffin. The funeral cortege was forced to make a detour when 300 loyalists blocked the Oldpark Road and stoned mourners. There were also scuffles with police.[16] There was controversy after a British soldier was filmed saluting the coffin as it passed his armoured car.[17]
  • 9 February 1971: Five men were killed when their landrover was blown up by an IRA landmine at Brougher Mountain transmitting station, County Tyrone. They were on their way to inspect a transmitter: two of the dead were BBC engineers, the other three were construction workers. The landmine was intended for a British Army patrol that usually inspected the transmitters.[18][19]
  • 26 February 1971: Two RUC officers attached to the Special Patrol Group were killed in a gun battle with the IRA in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[18][20]
  • 8 March 1971: A PIRA volunteer was shot dead by the Official IRA in the Lower Falls area of Belfast. This was part of an ongoing dispute between the PIRA and the OIRA.[14] In response the PIRA shot and seriously injured a member of the OIRA.[21]
  • 9 March 1971: The IRA kidnapped three off-duty Scottish soldiers in Belfast and brought them to a mountain road outside the city, lined them up, and shot each of them in the head. They were the first off-duty soldiers to be killed in the conflict.[22][23]
  • 21 April 1971: The Royal Navy survey launch Stork, attached to HMS Hecate, was towed to open seas and sunk by an IRA unit in Baltimore, Republic of Ireland.[24]
  • 15 May 1971: IRA volunteer Billy Reid was killed during a gun battle between the IRA and the British Army on Academy Street, Belfast. Two British soldiers were wounded in the incident.[14][25]
  • 25 May 1971: A bomb was thrown into Springfield Road British Army/RUC base in Belfast, killing army Sergeant Michael Willetts as he shielded civilians from the blast with his body. He was posthumously awarded the George Cross. Seven RUC officers, two British soldiers and 18 civilians were injured.[14][26]
  • 27 June 1971: The first reported and recorded IRA operations in Tyrone that involved the use of firearms occurred within a short space of time in the east and west of the county. In the first operation a number of shots were fired from a passing commandeered car at a British Army sentry on duty at Pomeroy RUC barracks. This attack occurred at around 1:30am. Shortly afterwards a British Army mobile patrol was ambushed near Victoria Bridge. No hits were reported in either incident.[27]
  • 12 July 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper at a British observation post on Northumberland Street in Belfast. The IRA claimed his death was in retaliation for the killings of two civilians in Derry by the British Army the previous week.[14][28]
  • 14 July 1971: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA ambush on a mobile-patrol in the Andersonstown area of Belfast. Three IRA gunmen using automatic weapons fired at least 35 shots at the patrol.[14][29]
  • 8 August 1971: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack while on foot patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast. The IRA said he was shot in retaliation for the shooting dead of a civilian by the British Army the day before on the Springfield Road.[14][30]
  • 9 August 1971: 343 suspects were detained as internment was introduced. In the following two days 17 people were killed in gun battles between the IRA and British Army. The IRA killed one British soldier and one UDR soldier while the British Army shot dead one IRA volunteer and 14 civilians. Between 1971 and 1975, 1,981 people were interned; 1,874 were Catholic/republican, while only 107 were Protestant/loyalist.[18]
  • 9 August 1971: A UDR soldier was killed in a joint Provisional and Official IRA ambush in Clady, County Tyrone.[31]
  • 10 August 1971: Norman Watson, a Protestant, was killed in crossfire between the IRA and soldiers in Armagh.
  • 11 August 1971: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army while carrying out a bomb attack on their patrol in the Andersonstown area of Belfast.[14]
  • 16 August 1971: The commander of the Provisionals' Belfast Brigade, Joe Cahill, gave a press conference claiming only 30 IRA volunteers had been interned.[18][32]
  • 18 August 1971: An IRA volunteer was shot dead during a gun battle between the IRA and the British Army in the Creggan area of Derry City.[14]
  • 23 August 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper on Flax Street in the Ardoyne area of Belfast. The soldier was shot in the head as he exited a British armoured vehicle.[14][33] Another British soldier from the same regiment was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Ardoyne during a gun attack on an observation post. He had been shot in the mouth. The Daily Express published a picture of the dead soldier, George Crozier, on its front page the next day.[34]
  • 25 August 1971: A civilian was killed when the IRA bombed the NIES office on Malone Road in Belfast. An inadequate warning was given.[14]
  • 29 August 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper near Crossmaglen, County Armagh. The soldier was travelling in a British patrol consisting of two armoured vehicles when they accidentally crossed the border into County Monaghan. When attempting to turn back angry locals blocked their way and set one of the vehicles on fire. After eventually managing to get back across the border the patrol had to stop to change a damaged wheel. While this was happening a six-man unit from the IRA's Monaghan Brigade arrived on the scene and took up sniping positions in nearby fields. One soldier was killed after being shot in the neck and another injured when he was struck in the shoulder.[14][35]
  • 31 August 1971: A British soldier was killed when he was shot by an IRA sniper in Stockmans Lane in the Andersonstown area of Belfast. A single shot was fired by a sniper which passed through the shoulder strap of another soldier's flak-jacket before hitting the other soldier in the head.[14][36]
  • 3 September 1971: A UDR soldier was shot dead when an IRA unit attacked Kinawley British Army base in County Fermanagh.[14][36]
  • 9 September 1971: A British Army bomb-disposal expert was killed attempting to defuse an IRA bomb in Drumankelly, County Antrim.[14]
  • 14 September 1971: A British soldier was shot dead during an IRA attack on a British Army mobile patrol in Edendork, County Tyrone.[14]
  • 15 September 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in the grounds of Victoria Hospital in Belfast.[14]
  • 17 September 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[14]
  • 18 September 1971: An RUC officer was shot dead in an IRA gun attack on his foot patrol in Strabane, County Tyrone.[14]
  • 23 September 1971: A patrol boat belonging to the Northern Ireland Fishery Conservancy Board was bombed and wrecked by an IRA unit at Derrynver, Lough Neagh.[37]
  • 1 October 1971: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun-attack on a British Army foot patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[14]
  • 2 October 1971: An IRA volunteer died after the bomb he was transporting exploded accidentally outside Lisburn.[14]
  • 11 October 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA while on foot-patrol on the Letterkenny Road in Derry.[14]
  • 15 October 1971: Two RUC officers were shot dead when an IRA unit attacked their patrol car on the Woodvale Road in Belfast.[14]
  • 16 October 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA during riots in the Bogside area of Derry.[14]
  • 17 October 1971: Two British soldiers were killed when their armoured mobile patrol was caught in an IRA sniper ambush in Belfast.[14]
  • 23 October 1971: Two unarmed female IRA volunteers were shot dead by the British Army in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[14]
  • 24 October 1971: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by undercover RUC officers during a bomb attack in Donegall Place, Belfast.[14]
  • 27 October 1971: Two British soldiers were killed when the IRA bombed Rosemount British Army base in Derry.[14]
  • 27 October 1971: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol near Toome, County Antrim.[14]
  • 27 October 1971: A British soldier was killed when a British Army armoured personnel carrier struck an IRA landmine in Kinawley, County Fermanagh.[14]
  • 29 October 1971: An RUC officer was killed when the IRA bombed the RUC base on Antrim Road in Belfast.[14]
  • 30 October 1971: A British soldier was killed when the IRA bombed a British Army Observation Post on the corner of Cupar Street in Belfast.[14]
  • 31 October 1971: A British soldier was killed in an IRA sniper attack on his patrol in Stockmans Lane, Belfast.[14]
  • 1 November 1971: Two RUC officers were shot dead by an IRA unit while investigating a robbery at Avoca Shopping Centre in Belfast.[14]
  • 2 November 1971: Three civilians were killed when the IRA bombed the Ormeau Road RUC base. The three were drinking in the Red Lion bar which is next door to the base.[14]
  • 4 November 1971: A British soldier was killed in an IRA sniper attack on Henry Taggart British Army base in Ballymurphy, Belfast.[14]
  • 7 November 1971: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA drive-by attack in Lurgan, County Armagh.[14]
  • 9 November 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper on Foyle Road in Derry City.[14]
  • 11 November 1971: Two RUC officers were shot dead by the IRA in Belfast. They had left the base to go into a shop on the street behind it when they were ambushed by an IRA unit.[14]
  • 18 November 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA while guarding a bus depot in the Short Strand area of Belfast.[14]
  • 24 November 1971: A civilian was killed in the crossfire during an IRA attack on a British Army base in Strabane.[14]
  • 24 November 1971: A British Army bomb disposal expert was killed attempting to defuse a car-bomb in Lurgan, County Armagh.[14]
  • 27 November 1971: Two Customs Officials were killed when IRA snipers attacked Killeen Customs Post near Newry. The soldiers guarding the post were the intended targets.[14]
  • 27 November 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot patrol in the Falls Road area of Belfast.[14]
  • 29 November 1971: An off-duty British soldier was shot dead by the IRA near Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[14]
  • 6 December 1971: A civilian was killed in an IRA bomb attack in Belfast. The bomb destroyed a business premises. The damage resulted in one of the walls collapsing in on top of the building next door, crushing a civilian.[14]
  • 7 December 1971: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Curlagh, County Tyrone.[14]
  • 8 December 1971: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA gun attacks in Belfast.[14]
  • 10 December 1971: A UDR soldier and an ex-soldier were killed when their car was attacked by an IRA unit near Clady, Strabane.[14]
  • 11 December 1971: A bomb attack on a furniture shop on the Shankill Road in Belfast killed four Protestant civilians, including two children.[14] No organisation claimed responsibility, but there was speculation that it may have been planted by the IRA in retaliation for the McGurk's Bar bombing of 4 December.[38]
  • 16 December 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[14]
  • 18 December 1971: Three IRA volunteers died in Magherafelt, County Londonderry, when the bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely.[18]
  • 21 December 1971: A Catholic publican was killed when he picked up and attempted to remove a bomb that had been planted in his pub on Lisburn Road, Belfast. Although Catholic-owned pubs were usually targeted by loyalists, the Sutton database lists the IRA as responsible.[14]
  • 21 December 1971: An unarmed IRA volunteer was summarily executed after being captured by the British Army in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[14]
  • 29 December 1971: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun attack on a foot patrol in the Brandywell area of Derry City.[14]
  • 31 December 1971: An IRA volunteer was killed when a bomb he was assembling exploded accidentally in Santry, Dublin.[14]

1972[edit]

January[edit]

  • 5 January 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[39]
  • 7 January 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed in a gun-battle with British troops in the Falls area of Belfast.[39]
  • 12 January 1972: An off-duty RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA unit in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[39]
  • 13 January 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while driving a van through Newtownabbey, County Antrim.[39]
  • 17 January: Seven IRA volunteers, jailed in the prison ship HMS Maidstone, made good their escape through a porthole on the side away from the dock. They swam to the dockside and hijacked a bus which they drove to the Markets area.[40] The escapees later held a press conference.[41]
  • 18 January 1972: A Catholic civilian was shot dead, apparently by the IRA, after he came forward as a witness to the IRA hijacking of a bus in The Mount area of Belfast.[39]
  • 21 January 1972: A British soldier was killed when he stepped on an IRA landmine near Keady, County Armagh.[39]
  • 26 January 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed when a bomb he was planting at an RUC base in Castlewellan, County Down, exploded accidentally.[39]
  • 27 January 1972: An IRA unit which included Martin Meehan fought a 4-hour gun battle with a British Army detachment at Dungooley in south County Armagh. The British Army alone fired over 4,500 rounds while the IRA returned fire with assault rifles and an anti-tank gun. There were no casualties in the battle with the exception of a pig which was caught in the crossfire. 8 IRA volunteers were arrested south of the border but were eventually acquitted.[42]
  • 27 January 1972: Two RUC officers were killed when their patrol vehicle was hit by IRA gunfire in the Creggan area of Derry.[39]
  • 28 January 1972: An off-duty RUC officer was shot dead in an IRA gun attack at a garage in the Oldpark area of Belfast.[39]
  • 30 January 1972: A British soldier died four months after being injured in an IRA sniper attack in the Bogside area of Derry.[39]

February[edit]

  • 1 February 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[39]
  • 2 February 1972: A bomb exploded at the Catholic-owned Imperial Bar in Stewartstown, County Tyrone. The pub was officially closed in mourning for those who died on Bloody Sunday, but some customers had gone in through the back door for a drink. One Catholic civilian was killed. There was initial newspaper speculation that the IRA had bombed the bar because it had not closed fully, and the Sutton database lists the IRA as responsible.[39] However, it is generally believed that loyalists were responsible for the attack, which fits the pattern of loyalist attacks in the county.[43]
  • 5 February 1972: Two IRA volunteers were killed when a bomb they were transporting exploded accidentally on a barge in Lough Neagh.[39]
  • 10 February 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed in a gun battle with the RUC in Newtownabbey, County Antrim.[39]
  • 10 February 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA landmine attack on their Armoured Personnel Carrier in Cullyhanna, County Armagh.[39]
  • 13 February 1972: An off-duty British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Newtownbutler, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 16 February 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA gun attacks in Derry and at the Moira roundabout in County Down.[39]
  • 21 February 1972: Four IRA volunteers died in Belfast when a bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely.[39]
  • 29 February 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Lurgan, County Armagh.[39]

March[edit]

  • 1 March 1972: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA at his home in Garrisson, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 2 March 1972: An RUC officer was shot dead in an IRA ambush in Newry.[39]
  • 3 March 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper team on Manor Street in Belfast.[39]
  • 4 March 1972: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the RUC during a bomb attack on a factory in Boucher Street, Belfast.[39]
  • 4 March 1972: A bomb exploded at the Abercorn Restaurant in Belfast without any warning. Two civilians were killed and over 100 people injured. The IRA were blamed, but denied responsibility.[39][44]
  • 8 March 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead at his workplace by the IRA in Middletown, County Armagh.[39]
  • 9 March 1972: Three IRA volunteers were killed when a bomb they were assembling exploded accidentally in a house in Clonard, Belfast.[39]
  • 14 March 1972: Two IRA volunteers were shot dead by the British Army in Dove Gardens, Derry City.[39]
  • 14 March 1972: A two-man IRA unit armed with sub-machine guns ambushed a joint British Army/RUC patrol on Brackaville Road outside Coalisland. Over 50 shots were fired by the unit. The RUC officer who was driving the police patrol vehicle was killed.[45]
  • 14 March 1972: After the end of a three-day cease fire, an IRA bomb caused widespread damage in the main street of Lisburn. Three soldiers and an RUC officer were wounded.[46]
  • 15 March 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack in Belfast. An RUC officer was killed in an IRA gun attack in Coalisland, County Tyrone.[39]
  • 20 March 1972: Two RUC officers, a British soldier and four civilians were killed when the IRA detonated a carbomb on Donegall Street in Belfast. The warning had been inadequate.[39]
  • 20 March 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper on William Street in Derry.[39]
  • 23 March 1972: The IRA detonated two car bombs in Main Street, Bangor.[47]
  • 25 March 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed when two IRA units engaged each other in error on the Springfield Road in Belfast.[39]
  • 28 March 1972: The IRA carried out a car-bomb attack on Limavady RUC base in County Londonderry. Two civilians who were driving past at the time were killed in the explosion.[39]
  • 29 March 1972: A British soldier was killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack on Wellington Street in Belfast.[39]
  • 30 March 1972: A civilian was killed in the crossfire of a gun-battle between the IRA and the British Army in the Andersonstown area of Belfast.[39]

April[edit]

  • 7 April 1972: Three IRA volunteers died when a bomb they were assembling exploded accidentally in a garage in the Greencastle area of Belfast.[39]
  • 8 April 1972: A British soldier was killed in an IRA sniper attack on his patrol on the Springfield Road in Belfast.[39]
  • 13 April 1972: The IRA detonated a car-bomb on the Main Street of Ballymoney, County Antrim. Despite a warning to evacuate the area, one civilian was killed.[39]
  • 17 April 1972: A British Army officer and three soldiers were shot and wounded by an IRA unit at Divis Flats, Belfast. A nine-year-old boy was also injured.[48]
  • 19 April 1972: A UDR soldier was killed after being kidnapped by the IRA near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[39]
  • 25 April 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun-attack on a British Army Permanent Vehicle Checkpoint on the Donegall Road in Belfast.[39]
  • 29 April 1972: A civilian was killed in the crossfire between an IRA unit and the British Army outside Oldpark British Army base in Belfast.[39]

May[edit]

  • 10 May 1972: An IRA bomb set a fire that destroyed the Belfast Co-operative store.[39]
  • 11 May 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[39]
  • 13 May 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed in a gun-battle with the British Army on William Street in Derry.[39]
  • 13 May 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in a gun-battle with the IRA in Ballymurphy, Belfast.[39]
  • 17 May 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack while repairing a damaged perimeter fence at Crossmaglen British Army base in County Armagh.[39]
  • 18 May 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper on Flax Street in Belfast.[39]
  • 20 May 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[39]
  • 23 May 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast.[39]
  • 26 May 1972: The IRA detonated a car-bomb on Oxford Street in Belfast. A civilian was killed in the explosion.[39]
  • 28 May 1972: Four IRA volunteers, along with four civilians, were killed when a bomb they were preparing exploded accidentally in the Short Strand area of Belfast.[39]
  • 30 May 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA sniper and bomb attacks in Belfast.[39]

June[edit]

  • 2 June 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA landmine attack on their foot-patrol in Rosslea, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 6 June 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA sniper attacks in Belfast.[39]
  • 8 June 1972: A member of the Garda Síochána was killed when he set off an IRA booby-trap bomb. He had strayed a few yards across the border into Legkelly, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 8 June 1972: A UDR soldier was killed by an IRA sniper on the Buncrana Road in Derry.[39]
  • 9 June 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA unit after leaving his workplace in Finaghy, Belfast.[39]
  • 11 June 1972: Colonel Gaddafi announced that he had supplied arms to "revolutionaries" in Ireland. There were shooting incidents across Belfast and Northern Ireland, including a gun battle between Loyalist and Republican paramilitaries in the Oldpark area of Belfast. Three civilians and a British soldier were killed.[39]
  • 12 June 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA during a gun-battle in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[49]
  • 18 June 1972: Three British soldiers were killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack. The bomb had been left in a derelict house in Bleary, County Armagh.[39][50]
  • 19 June 1972: An associate of the OIRA was shot dead by the IRA during a dispute in the Cracked Cup Social Club in Belfast.[39]
  • 19 June 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Ardoyne, Belfast.[39]
  • 21 June 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on guard duty at a British base in Derry.[39]
  • 24 June 1972: Three British soldiers were killed by an IRA land mine attack near Dungiven, County Londonderry.[39]
  • 26 June 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on mobile-patrol in the Short Strand area of Belfast.[39]
  • 26 June–8 July 1972: IRA ceasefire and talks with British government.[51]
  • 27 June 1972: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA after attempting to drive though one of their vehicle checkpoints.[39]

July[edit]

  • 7 July 1972: A civilian was shot dead after crashing his car into an IRA roadblock.[39]
  • 9 July 1972: A UDA member was shot dead by the IRA in the Markets area of Belfast.[39]
  • 11 July 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun attack in Derry.[39]
  • 13 July 1972: Four British soldiers and an IRA volunteer were killed in various gun-battles across Belfast. The British Army also killed two# armed men.[39]
  • 14 July 1972: An IRA volunteer was shot dead in a gun battle with the British Army. Also killed in the violence were three British soldiers, an OIRA volunteer and a civilian.[39]
  • 15 July 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA attacks in Belfast and Armagh.[39]
  • 16 July 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA landmine attack on their armoured vehicle in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. In Belfast an RUC officer was killed in an IRA gun attack on his patrol car. A member of the IRA Youth Section was killed by a rubber bullet fired by security forces in Strabane, County Tyrone.[39]
  • 18 July 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper at the British Army base in Ballymurphy, Belfast. The IRA also shot dead a civilian who attempted to stop a bomb attack on a building in Belfast.[49]
  • 20 July 1972: A civilian was shot dead attempting to stop an IRA bomb attack on his business premises.[39]
  • 21 July 1972: On "Bloody Friday" 22 bombs in Belfast killed two British soldiers, a UDA member and six civilians and injured 130 others.[52] The IRA officially apologised for this set of attacks in 2002.[53] An IRA volunteer was killed in a gun battle with British troops in the Markets area of Belfast.
  • 23 July 1972: A UDR soldier was kidnapped and shot dead by the IRA in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[39]
  • 24 July 1972: A Chinese restaurant was destroyed by an IRA bomb in the Dockside area of Derry. As British troops arrived on the scene they were ambushed by a sniper. One civilian was wounded in the crossfire.[54]
  • 24 July 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Ballymurphy, Belfast.[39]
  • 26 July 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA attack on a British foot-patrol in the Unity Flats, Belfast.[39]
  • 28 July 1972: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by a British sniper while sitting in a car outside the "Starry Plough Bar" in Belfast.[39]
  • 31 July 1972: Three car bombs exploded in the Claudy bombings, killing nine people on Claudy High Street near Derry. The IRA have always denied involvement, but they are believed to have been responsible.[55] In Operation Motorman, the biggest British military operation since the Suez crisis, the army used 12,000 soldiers supported by tanks and bulldozers to dismantle barricades and take IRA held "no go areas" in Belfast and Derry.[39]

August[edit]

  • 3 August 1972: An IRA volunteer and a British soldier were killed in separate attacks in Belfast and Tyrone.[39]
  • 4 August 1972: A British soldier was killed by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol in the Andersonstown area of Belfast.[39]
  • 7 August 1972: Four British soldiers were killed in three separate IRA attacks across Northern Ireland.[39]
  • 9 August 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed when a bomb exploded accidentally in a garage in Newry.[39]
  • 11 August 1972: Two IRA volunteers died when the vanbomb they were transporting exploded prematurely in the Lower Falls, Belfast.[39]
  • 14 August 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack at Casement Park British Army base in Belfast. A civilian was also killed in the crossfire between an IRA unit and a British patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[39]
  • 17 August 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in a sniper attack just off the Grosvenor Road in Belfast.[39]
  • 18 August 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA sniper attacks in Belfast.[39]
  • 22 August 1972: The IRA shot dead a member of the Loyalist Association of Workers on Turin Street in Belfast.[39]
  • 22 August 1972: A bomb prematurely exploded at a customs post in Newry, killing nine people, including three IRA volunteers.[39]
  • 23 August 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack in the Andersonstown area of Belfast.[39]
  • 24 August 1972: A British soldier was killed in an IRA landmine attack on a British mobile-patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[39]
  • 25 August 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in the Shantallow area of Derry.[39]
  • 26 August 1972: Two UDR soldiers were killed in an IRA remote controlled bomb attack in Cherrymount, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 26 August 1972: Two IRA volunteers died in a premature bomb explosion in Downpatrick, County Down.[39]
  • 27 August 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Creggan Heights, Derry.[39]
  • 28 August 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack on Beechmount Avenue in Belfast.[39] A civilian was also killed when he triggered a booby-trap bomb near his farm in County Fermanagh. It was reported that the bomb had been intended for soldiers who were patrolling the area following reports of gunfire.[56]
  • 30 August 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA gun and bomb attacks in Belfast.[39]

September[edit]

  • 10 September 1972: Three British soldiers were killed in an IRA landmine attack on a British Armoured Personnel Carrier near Dungannon, County Tyrone.[39]
  • 15 September 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack in the Bogside area of Derry.[49]
  • 17 September 1972: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army during a riot in the Creggan area of Derry.[39]
  • 18 September 1972: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun attack while on foot-patrol in the Lecky Road area of Derry.[39]
  • 20 September 1972: A British soldier was killed in a gun battle with the IRA on Springhill Avenue in Ballymurphy, Belfast.[39]
  • 21 September 1972: A UDR soldier and his wife were killed in an IRA gun attack on their home in Derrylin, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 22 September 1972: A British soldier was killed in an IRA sniper attack in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[39]
  • 27 September 1972: A British soldier was killed in an IRA gun attack in Derry. A civilian, who was a member of the Orange Order,[57] was killed in an IRA gun attack at the corner of Ligoniel Road and Mill Avenue, Belfast.[39]
  • 29 September 1972: An IRA volunteer and a British soldier were killed in a gun-battle in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[39]
  • 30 September 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[39]

October[edit]

  • 2 October 1972: An undercover British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in the Twinbrook area of Belfast.[39]
  • 2 October 1972: The IRA kidnapped and killed four alleged informers.[39]
  • 6 October 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed during an IRA attack on a British Army base in the Lower Falls, Belfast.[39]
  • 10 October 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA outside his home in Newry.[39]
  • 10 October 1972: Three IRA volunteers died when a bomb they were assembling exploded in a house in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[39]
  • 13 October 1972: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA while driving a car along Castle Street in Belfast.[39]
  • 18 October 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on a British mobile-patrol in the Falls Road area of Belfast.[39]
  • 22 October 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA on his farm in Derrydoon, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 22 October 1972: Two barges were bombed and sunk by the IRA at Lough Neagh with a loss of £80,000.[58]
  • 24 October 1972: Two British soldiers were killed in separate IRA sniper and bomb attacks in Belfast and Armagh.[39]
  • 28 October 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol on Bishop Street in Derry.[39]
  • 31 October 1971: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[39]

November[edit]

  • 8 November 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA while driving his car through Lurgan, County Armagh.[39]
  • 10 November 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA while manning a vehicle checkpoint in the Oldpark area of Belfast.[39]
  • 13 November 1972: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army while driving his car along La Salle Drive in Belfast.[39]
  • 14 November 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA as he stood guarding homes which were being raided by the British Army in the Unity Flats complex in Belfast.[39]
  • 16 November 1972: An RUC officer was killed by an under-car booby trap bomb which detonated as he drove through Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 20 November 1972: Two British soldiers were killed by a booby-trap bomb hidden in an abandoned house in Cullyhanna, County Armagh.[39]
  • 22 November 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA at his home near Maghera, County Londonderry.[39]
  • 28 November 1972: The IRA fired 15 rockets at ten security posts throughout Northern Ireland.[59] An RUC officer was killed in a rocket attack on Belleek RUC base, County Fermanagh. This is the first recorded use of an RPG-7 by the IRA.[60] Two IRA volunteers were killed in a premature bomb explosion in the Bogside area of Derry. A British Army bomb disposal expert was killed attempting to defuse an IRA bomb in the Strand Road area of Derry.[39]
  • 29 November 1972: Another three rockets hit British Army posts in Northern Ireland.[61]

December[edit]

  • 5 December 1972: The IRA fired 15 rockets and mortars at security posts throughout Northern Ireland.[62] An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA outside a post office in Killeter, County Tyrone.[39]
  • 6 December 1972: Eleven British soldiers were hurt when their APC was hit by a rocket in the Lower Falls district of Belfast. One of them lost an arm. Another three soldiers were hurt in a gun attack on their APC in the Ballymurphy district of Belfast.[63]
  • 7 December 1972: Mother of ten, Jean McConville, was kidnapped and killed by the IRA, allegedly for informing the British Army of IRA activities, although her family contend that she was killed for comforting a wounded British soldier.[64] The IRA denied any involvement in the killing until the 1990s, when it acknowledged its action and helped to locate the body.[65]
  • 8 December 1972: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA while on mobile patrol in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast.[39]
  • 10 December 1972: A British soldier was killed by a booby-trapped rocket launcher which had been planted by the IRA at Fort Monagh British Army base in the Turf Lodge area of Belfast.[39]
  • 13 December 1972: An off-duty RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA outside the Chester Park Hotel in Belfast.[39]
  • 16 December 1972: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by loyalists at his butchers shop in Derrylin, County Fermanagh.[39]
  • 18 December 1972: Ulster Unionist Party Councillor William Johnston was kidnapped and shot dead by the IRA in Armagh town. He was also a member of the Police Authority.[39]
  • 20 December 1972: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Claudy, County Londonderry.[39]
  • 24 December 1972: A British soldier was killed after being shot by an IRA sniper on Lecky Road in Derry.[39]
  • 27 December 1972: An IRA volunteer was killed by the British Army while carrying out a gun attack on their patrol in Strabane, County Tyrone.[39]
  • 29 December 1972: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army while out walking in Ballyarnet, County Londonderry.[39]

1973[edit]

  • 1 January 1973: A rocket hit Springfield Road RUC base in Belfast, injuring two people. The following night, another rocket was fired at Beragh RUC base, County Tyrone. It missed the target and hit an unoccupied house nearby.[66]
  • 4 January 1973: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA outside his home in Straidarran, County Londonderry.[67]
  • 5 January 1973: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA outside a filling station in Belfast. He had been mistaken for an off-duty British soldier.[67]
  • 14 January 1973: Three members of the RUC were killed in separate IRA bomb attacks in Cappagh and Derry City.[67]
  • 16 January 1973: An off-duty UDR soldier was kidnapped and shot dead by the IRA in Belfast. his body was dumped in an abandoned car.[67]
  • 18 January 1973: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army during an attempted robbery in the grounds of the Royal Victoria Hospital in Belfast.[67]
  • 25 January 1973: A judge was shot dead by the IRA on the Falls Road in Belfast.[67]
  • 26 January 1973: A UDR landrover was hit by an IRA grenade and gunfire near Whitecross, County Armagh. Three soldiers were hurt. Another soldier was badly wounded by a sniper while patrolling in Lurgan, County Armagh.[68]
  • 30 January 1973: A UDA member was kidnapped and shot dead by the IRA near Rodney Parade in Belfast. It was alleged that the UDA member had been involved in the killing of a 15 year old Catholic boy the day before.[67]
  • 1 February 1973: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack while he was manning a vehicle checkpoint in Strabane, County Tyrone.[67]
  • 2 February 1973: A UDA member was killed in an IRA drive-by gun attack on the Oldpark Road in Belfast.[67]
  • 4 February 1973: An IRA volunteer, along with three civilians, were shot dead by British Army snipers in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[67]
  • 6 February 1973: A British soldier was killed in an IRA rocket attack on a British Army Armoured Personnel carrier in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[67]
  • 7 February 1973: A UDA member was kidnapped by the IRA and later found shot dead in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[67]
  • 8 February 1973: An RUC officer was killed by an IRA sniper as he sat in a stationary patrol car in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[67]
  • 10 February 1973: Two IRA volunteers were killed when a bomb they were assembling exploded prematurely near Strangford, County Down.[67]
  • 14 February 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while patrolling the Divis Flats complex in west Belfast.[67]
  • 20 February 1973: Two British soldiers were killed when their mobile-patrol was ambushed by IRA snipers in Cupar Street, Belfast.[67]
  • 21 February 1973: A British soldier was killed in an IRA gun attack on Fort Pegasus British Army base in the Whiterock area of Belfast.[67]
  • 25 February 1973: A nine-year-old child was killed after he triggered an IRA booby trap bomb which had been planted at the rear of his house.[67]
  • 27 February 1973: Two RUC officers were killed when their patrol was ambushed by an IRA sniper in Aghagallon, County Antrim.[67]
  • 28 February 1973: A British soldier was killed in an IRA gun attack on a patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[67]
  • 3 March 1973: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Mullennan, County Londonderry.[67]
  • 4 March 1973: A British soldier was killed when the IRA carried out a gun attack on a British Army unit which was raiding homes in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[67]
  • 6 March 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while patrolling the Ballymurphy area of Belfast. Another British soldier was wounded by an IRA booby-trap bomb planted in a derelict house near Forkill, County Armagh. He died on 8 March 1973.[67]
  • 8 March 1973: The Provisional IRA conducted its first operation in England, planting four car bombs in London. Two bombs exploded, killing one person and injuring 265 others. Ten members of the IRA team, including Gerry Kelly, Dolours Price and Marian Price, were arrested at Heathrow Airport trying to leave the country.[69][70]
  • 8 March 1973: During the Border-Poll a number of polling stations came under IRA attack with a British soldier being shot dead by the IRA at a station in the Lower Falls.[67][71]
  • 13 March 1973: A British soldier was killed by an IRA booby trap bomb while on patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[67]
  • 16 March 1973: A UDR soldier was kidnapped by the IRA and shot dead on the New Lodge Road in Belfast.[67]
  • 17 March 1973: A British soldier was killed in an IRA landmine attack on his armoured patrol near Dungannon, County Tyrone.[67]
  • 23 March 1973: Three British soldiers were killed by the IRA after being lured to a house on Antrim Road in Belfast. All three were shot dead.[67]
  • 26 March 1973: The IRA fired four rockets at British and RUC targets. One was fired at a British Saracen APC near the border, one at an RUC landrover near the border and another at a British patrol in Belfast.[72]
  • 27 March 1973: A British soldier was killed in an IRA landmine attack on a British mobile patrol in Ballygawley, County Tyrone.[67]
  • 29 March 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot patrol in Andersonstown, Belfast.[67]
  • 1 April 1973: A rocket was fired at Caledon RUC base, County Tyrone. It exploded against the perimeter fence and caused little damage.[73]
  • 7 April 1973: Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA landmine attack on a British armoured patrol near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[67]
  • 9 April 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot patrol in Lurgan, County Armagh.[67]
  • 11 April 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA while on foot-patrol in the Bogside area of Derry City.[67]
  • 12 April 1973: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army in the Lower Falls area of Belfast.[67]
  • 17 April 1973: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by a British Army sniper while standing talking with a number of men in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[67]
  • 20 April 1973: A British soldier was shot by an IRA sniper in the New Lodge, Belfast. A British post was hit by a rocket and then raked with gunfire in Ballymurphy, Belfast. The British returned fire but there were no casualties.[74]
  • 28 April 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Shantallow, Derry City.[67]
  • 29 April 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on mobile-patrol in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[67]
  • 3 May 1973: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot patrol on the Foyle Road in Derry City.[67]
  • 5 May 1973: Three British soldiers were killed in an IRA landmine attack on their foot patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[67]
  • 10 May 1973: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Aughnacloy, County Tyrone. In Fermanagh, an IRA volunteer Anthony Ahern was killed when a landmine he was preparing near Rosslea exploded.[67]
  • 13 May 1973: Two British soldiers were killed when the IRA detonated a remote-controlled bomb as their foot patrol passed on the Donegall Road in Belfast. In Tyrone, an IRA volunteer was killed as he attempted to smash his car through a British Army UDR checkpoint near Coagh.[67]
  • 14 May 1973: A civilian was killed when he triggered an IRA booby-trap bomb hidden in a derelict cottage on Moy Road in Portadown, County Armagh. The bomb was intended for the security forces.[67]
  • 17 May 1973: A booby trap bomb in Omagh, County Tyrone killed four off-duty British soldiers. A fifth soldier died of his injuries on 3 June.[75]
  • 18 May 1973: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army while carrying out a sniper attack on a British patrol.[67]
  • 24 May 1973: Two British soldiers were killed in an IRA remote-controlled bomb attack as they searched houses in Cullaville, County Armagh.[67]
  • 26 May 1973: A civilian was killed during an IRA sniper attack on a British Army foot patrol on Finaghy Road North, Belfast.[67]
  • 5 June 1973: The IRA shot dead a patrolling RUC officer on Belmore Street in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.[67]
  • 5 June 1973: A civilian was found shot dead near Clogher, County Tyrone. The IRA said he was killed for being an informer.[67]
  • 12 June 1973: Six civilians were killed by an IRA car bomb on Railway Road in Coleraine, County Londonderry. The warning given by the IRA had been inadequate.[67]
  • 21 June 1973: A British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in an empty building on Lecky Road, Derry.[67]
  • 21 June 1973: A British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in an empty building in Strabane.[67]
  • 25 June 1973: Three IRA volunteers were killed when the bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely in their car on Gortin Road near Omagh, County Tyrone.[67]
  • 26 June 1973: The IRA shot dead a civilian who worked for the British Army as he left Bligh's Lane British Army Base, Derry.[67]
  • 1 July 1973: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier at Bull Ring, Belfast.[67]
  • 4 July 1973: A British base in Derry was hit by two rockets and raked with gunfire. Another rocket exploded against the fence of a British base in Belfast, hurting two people. Two British patrols were ambushed elsewhere in Belfast and two people were hurt in the crossfire.[76][77]
  • 10 July 1973: The IRA shot dead a former UDR soldier outside Tully's Bar in Belleek, County Armagh.[67]
  • 11 July 1973: A rocket was fired at a British post guarding a gasworks in Derry. It hit an anti-rocket screen and there were no casualties. The IRA claimed responsibility.[78]
  • 17 July 1973: Two British soldiers were killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in an electricity junction box at Divis Flats, Belfast.[67]
  • 18 July 1973: A patrolling British soldier was wounded by an IRA landmine near Clogher, County Tyrone. He died on 22 July 1973.[67]
  • 20 July 1973: A patrolling British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in Middletown, County Armagh.[67]
  • 20 July 1973: The IRA shot dead an off-duty UDR soldier outside his home in Ballintemple, County Armagh.[67] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 21 July 1973: Two IRA volunteers were killed when the bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely in their car in Newcastle, County Down.[67]
  • 3 August 1973: IRA members shot dead a civilian who was delivering wages to the British Leyland factory on Cashel Road, Dublin. They were carrying-out an armed robbery.[67]
  • 11 August 1973: An IRA volunteer died when the bomb he was transporting exploded prematurely in a car at Kilclean, County Donegal.[67]
  • 11 August 1973: An IRA assault team consisting of over 20 volunteers surrounded Crossmaglen RUC barracks. The barracks was hit with rockets, mortars and machine gun fire. The RUC fired a large number of shots at the unit. There were no serious injuries on either side.[80]
  • 13 August 1973: The IRA shot dead an off-duty RUC Reservist at his workplace on Cathedral Road, Armagh town.[67]
  • 16 August 1973: Two IRA volunteers were killed when a mortar prematurely exploded during an attack on Pomeroy British Army/RUC base, County Tyrone.[67] The IRA attacked the base for about an hour with machine-guns, a dozen mortars and three rockets.[81]
  • 18 August 1973: Two IRA firebombs exploded at Harrods Department store in London causing slight damage.[70]
  • 20 August 1973: Book bombs were sent to a number of places in London including the Old Bailey and the Union Jack Club. Ten incendiary devices were also defused in Londons West End.[70]
  • 22 August 1973: An IRA book bomb exploded at the Conservative Party Central Office in London.[70]
  • 23 August 1973: The IRA accidentally shot dead a civilian as she drove her car at Tullyvallan, County Armagh. The sniper had mistaken her car for that of a UDR soldier.[67]
  • 23 August 1973: A book bombs was sent to the Lieutenant General of the Ministry of Defence in London but was defused. An IRA bomb in a tube station in London was also defused.[70]
  • 24 August 1973: A civilian was found shot dead in a car on Buncrana Road, Derry. The IRA said it killed him for being an informer.[67]
  • 24 August 1973: One person was injured when an IRA letterbomb exploded at the London Stock Exchange.[70]
  • 25 August 1973: One person was injured when an IRA letterbomb exploded at the Bank of England in London. An IRA bomb was also defused in Oxford Street.[70]
  • 25 August 1973: The IRA shot an undercover British soldier outside Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast. He died on 18 September 1973.[67]
  • 27 August 1973: The IRA destroyed The Royal Bastion monument to British Governor Walker in Derry with a large bomb.[82][83]
  • 28 August 1973: The IRA shot dead a UDR soldier in the Culdee area of Armagh town.[67]
  • 29 August 1973: Two IRA bombs exploded in Solihull Shopping Centre in England. A building society was extensively damaged.[70]
  • 30 August 1973: A British Army officer was killed while trying to defuse an IRA bomb at Tullyhommon Post Office, County Fermanagh.[67]
  • 23 August 1973: Two IRA volunteers were hurt in a premature explosion in a house on Elaine Street, Belfast. One died on 30 August and the other died on 1 September 1973.[67]
  • 30 August 1973: A shoe shop in London was destroyed by an IRA firebomb and a bomb was defused at Baker Street tube station.[70]
  • 31 August 1973: One IRA volunteer was killed and another wounded in a shootout with the British Army on Ballymurphy Road, Belfast. The other died on 22 September 1973.[67]
  • 31 August 1973: Three vehicles were damaged when an IRA bomb exploded on Old Quebec Street in London.[70]
  • 5 September 1973: A civilian was killed when he triggered a booby-trap bomb by driving his tractor into a field near Belcoo, County Fermanagh. It is believed it was planted by the IRA and intended for the security forces. The RUC had just removed a dummy bomb at the scene.[84]
  • 7 September 1973: The IRA shot dead an off-duty UDR soldier near Belcoo, County Fermanagh.[67]
  • 8 September 1973: An IRA bomb exploded at the ticket office in Victoria Station, London, injuring five people.[70]
  • 10 Septepmber 1973: The IRA detonated bombs at two train stations in London. Injuring 13 people.[70]
  • 12 September 1973: Two Police officers were injured when an IRA bomb exploded at the offices of the Royal Naval Association in London. A woman collapsed and died during an evacuation following a hoax bomb alert at Euston Station in London.[70]
  • 17 September 1973: A British Army bomb disposal expert was wounded attempting to defuse an IRA bomb which had been planted in Birmingham, England. He died on 23 September 1973. Another IRA bomb was discovered at a Household Cavalry camp in Surrey.[85]
  • 20 September 1973: Five people were injured when an IRA bomb exploded at the Headquarters of the Duke of York in London.[85]
  • 22 September 1973: A civilian was found shot dead on Foyle Road, Derry. The IRA claimed it killed him for being an informer.[67]
  • 2 October 1973: An IRA incendiary bomb caused extensive damage to a department store in Colchester, Essex. Another IRA firebomb damaged Heathrow airport.[85]
  • 3 October 1973: A British soldier was killed by a booby-trap bomb in a parcel left at Bligh's Lane British Army Base, Derry.[67]
  • 3 October 1973: The IRA shot dead a former UDR soldier in Lurgan, County Armagh.[67] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 4 October 1973: Four people were injured when an IRA bomb exploded at a British Army careers office in London.[85]
  • 16 October 1973: The IRA shot dead a patrolling RUC officer on Antrim Road, Belfast.[67]
  • 28 October 1973: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[67]
  • 28 October 1973: The IRA shot dead an off-duty RUC officer near Lifford, County Donegal.[67]
  • 31 October 1973: Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape. Three IRA volunteers escaped from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin after a hijacked helicopter landed in the exercise yard. One of the escapees was former IRA Chief of Staff Seamus Twomey.[75]
  • 6 November 1973: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier in Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[67]
  • 13 November 1973: A civilian was found shot dead near the Floral Hall on Antrim Road, Belfast. The IRA said it killed him because he was an informer.[67]
  • 14 November 1973: A civilian was killed during an IRA sniper attack on a British Army observation post on Moira Street, Belfast.[67]
  • 14 November 1973: A civilian was killed during an IRA sniper attack on a British Army patrol on Lecky Road, Derry.[67]
  • 15 November 1973: The RUC shot dead an IRA volunteer during a gun attack on Keady British Army/RUC base, County Armagh.[67]
  • 24 November 1973: A patrolling British soldier was killed by an IRA landmine near Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[67]
  • 24 November 1973: The British Army shot dead a Fianna member during a bomb attack on a British Army patrol at Divis Flats, Belfast.[67]
  • 25 November 1973: The IRA shot dead two patrolling British soldiers at Rossville Flats, Derry.[67] Six rockets and heavy gunfire hit Belleek RUC base, County Fermanagh. The attack came from the other side of the border.[86]
  • 27 November 1973: The British Army shot dead an IRA volunteer as he tried to hijack a car in Coalisland, County Tyrone.[67]
  • 1 December 1973: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling RUC officer on Edward Street, Lurgan, County Armagh.[67]
  • 3 December 1973: The British Army shot dead an IRA volunteer at Central Drive, Derry. The IRA unit was attempting to ambush a British patrol.[67]
  • 10 December 1973: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier on Leeson Street, Belfast.[67]
  • 11 December 1973: An RUC officer was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb attached to his car at his home in Newcastle, County Down.[67] Another under-car bomb blew-off an RUC officer's leg in Downpatrick, County Down. Belcoo RUC base in County Fermanagh was attacked with rockets and machine-guns, wounding one officer.[87]
  • 15 December 1973: The IRA shot dead a former RUC officer at Derrynoose near Keady, County Armagh.[67]
  • 15 December 1973: An IRA volunteer died when the bomb he was carrying exploded pematurely as he walked across Clady bridge Strabane.[67]
  • 17 December 1973: One person was injured when an IRA letterbomb exploded at Collier House in London.[85]
  • 18 December 1973: The IRA carried out a series of attacks in London. IN one attack two police officers were injured in an explosion in Ronan Way. 52 People were injured when a bomb exploded at Horseferry House and six people were injured when a bomb exploded at a Postal sorting office.[85]
  • 19 December 1973: One person was injured when an IRA letterbomb exploded at a postal sorting office in London.[85]
  • 20 December 1973: The IRA accidentally shot dead a civilian on Atlantic Avenue, Belfast. An RUC Reservist was the intended target.[67]
  • 23 December 1973: The IRA carried out a series of bombings in London. Bombs exploded at Kensington police station, Hammersmith offices, George Wimpey and outside the White Lion pub.[85]
  • 24 December 1973: The Provisional IRA left two packages which exploded almost simultaneously in the late evening on Christmas Eve. One was in the doorway of the North Star public house South Hampstead, which exploded injuring six people, and the other exploded on the upstairs verandah of the nearby Swiss Cottage Tavern where an unspecified number of people were injured.[70]
  • 24 December 1973: Three IRA volunteers were killed when their bomb prematurely exploded in Clarke's Bar on Monaghan Street, Newry.[67]
  • 26 December 1973: One person was injured when an IRA bomb exploded at Stage Door public house in London.[85]
  • 31 December 1973: An IRA sniper shot dead a British soldier who was traveling in an APC on Beechmount Avenue, Belfast.[67]

1974[edit]

  • 1 January 1974: A civilian was shot dead during an IRA sniper attack attack on a British Army patrol on McClure Street, Belfast.[88]
  • 17 January 1974: The IRA shot dead an off-duty UDR soldier near his home at Trillick, County Fermanagh.[88]
  • 20 January 1974: A UDR soldier was found shot dead in a field near Aughnacloy, County Tyrone. He had been shot by the IRA.[88]
  • 21 January 1974: A British soldier was killed by an IRA remote-controlled bomb hidden in an electricity distribution box on Lone Moor Road, Derry. It was detonated when a British foot-patrol passed.[88]
  • 23 January 1974: An IRA unit which included Rose Dugdale and Eddie Gallagher hijacked a helicopter and used it to drop bombs on Strabane RUC station. One of the bombs landed on the grounds of the station, but failed to explode.[89]
  • 25 January 1974: A British soldier was killed by an IRA landmine as he and his patrol searched a field near Ballyronan, County Londonderry.
  • 26 January 1974: The IRA shot dead a patrolling RUC officer on Antrim Road in Newtownabbey, County Antrim.[88]
  • 29 January 1974: An IRA sniper fired at a bus carrying Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel at Shimna Parade in Newcastle, County Down. The RAF personnel returned fire, killing a civilian.[88]
  • 29 January 1974: The IRA shot dead a patrolling RUC officer on Dungiven Road in Derry.[88]
  • 4 February 1974: Twelve people were killed in the M62 Coach Bombing, when a bomb exploded on a coach as it was travelling along the M62 motorway at Birkenshaw. The dead included nine soldiers, and two young children.[90]
  • 18 February 1974: A British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb while on foot-patrol at Moybane, County Armagh.[88]
  • 23 February 1974: A large gun battle between the IRA and the British army occurred near Strabane, County Tyrone. The engagement also involved mortar rounds fired by the IRA. Some 25 Traveller caravans were trapped between the warring factions, and one of the vehicles was destroyed by a mortar bomb.[91]
  • 24 February 1974: A civilian was found shot dead at Rathlin Drive in Derry. He was killed by the IRA as it believed he was an informer.[88]
  • 2 March 1974: The IRA shot dead a patrolling RUC officer on Donegall Street, Belfast.[88]
  • 3 March 1974: An IRA landmine exploded and killed an UDR soldier at Donaghmore, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 10 March 1974: Two civilians were killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb hidden in a car at Dromintee, County Armagh. It was meant for a British foot-patrol.[88]
  • 12 March 1974: A Fine Gael senator, Billy Fox, was kidnapped by the IRA and later found shot dead near Clones, County Monaghan.[92]
  • 13 March 1974: The IRA shot dead a British soldier at a checkpoint on Chapel Lane, Belfast.[88]
  • 15 March 1974: Two IRA volunteers were killed when their landmine prematurely exploded on Aughnacloy Road in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 15 March 1974: A civilian was killed by an IRA lorry bomb on Queen Street in Magherafelt, County Londonderry. The warning sent by the IRA had been inadequate.[88]
  • 16 March 1974: IRA snipers shot dead two patrolling British soldiers at Moybane, County Armagh.[88]
  • 17 March 1974: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling RUC officer in Craigavon, County Armagh.[88]
  • 17 March 1974: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier on Foyle Road, Derry.[88]
  • 19 March 1974: An off-duty RUC officer was killed by an under-car booby-trap bomb at his home on Glenkeen Avenue in Greenisland, County Antrim.[88]
  • 21 March 1974: An IRA sniper shot a patrolling British soldier on Antrim Road, Belfast. He died on 28 March.[88]
  • 23 March 1974: The IRA shot dead a former British soldier as he sat in his car in Mountfield, County Tyrone. He had recently retired.[88]
  • 26 March 1974: A civilian was killed by an IRA car bomb on Springfield Road, Belfast. He had been driving past at the time.[88]
  • 1 April 1974: It was reported that "small arms fire, mortar bombs and possibly rockets were used" in an attack on a British base in Derry. Two British soldiers were hurt.[93]
  • 9 April 1974: The IRA shot dead a British commanding officer at his home near Otterburn Training Area in Northumberland, England.[88]
  • 10 April 1974: The IRA shot dead a former UDR soldier at his workplace in Derrylin, County Fermanagh.[88]
  • 11 April 1974: A patrolling British soldier was killed by an IRA landmine near Lisnaskea, County Fermanagh.[88]
  • 11 April 1974: A patrolling UDR soldier was killed by a remote controlled bomb in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 14 April 1974: The IRA shot dead an undercover British soldier who was watching a republican commemoration parade at Meenan Square, Derry.[88]
  • 16 April 1974: An IRA sniper shot dead an RUC officer outside Newtownhamilton RUC base, County Armagh.[88]
  • 18 April 1974: A civilian was killed when he triggered a booby-trap bomb near Loup, County Londonderry. It exploded about 8 ft from his tractor as he drove past Saltersland church hall. There had been a small explosion there earlier in the day. It is believed both bombs were planted by the IRA and that the second bomb was for security forces investigating the first.[94]
  • 20 April 1974: A civilian was found shot dead by the side of Upper Springfield Road, Belfast. The IRA shot him because it believed he was an informer.[88]
  • 22 April 1974: A civilian who worked for the British Army was found shot dead in his car at Silverbridge, County Armagh.[88]
  • 1 May 1974: A British outpost came under IRA attack at Crossmaglen, County Armagh. It was hit by three rockets and a 15-minute gun-battle followed. No injuries were reported.[95]
  • 2 May 1974: Up to 40 members from the Provisional IRA East Tyrone Brigade attacked a British army/UDR base at the Deanery in Clogher, County Tyrone with machine gun and RPG fire resulting the death of one female UDR soldier.[96]
  • 10 May 1974: The IRA shot dead two patrolling RUC officers on Finaghy Road North, Belfast.[88]
  • 13 May 1974: Two IRA volunteers were killed when their bomb prematurely exploded at a petrol station at Donnydeade, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 31 May 1974: A former Royal Navy serviceman was killed by a booby-trap bomb left in a bin at his home on Strabane Old Road, Derry. He worked for the Department of Environment at Ebrington Barracks in Derry. It is believed to have been planted by the IRA.[97]
  • 5 June 1974: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier on Irish Street in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 17 June 1974: A bomb exploded at the Houses of Parliament in London, causing extensive damage and injuring 11 people.[98]
  • 18 June 1974: A patrolling RUC officer was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in an entry off Market Street, Lurgan, County Armagh.[88]
  • 22 June 1974: An RUC officer was shot dead from a passing car driven by IRA volunteers in Belfast.[88]
  • 22 June 1974: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier on New Lodge Road, Belfast.[88]
  • 24 June 1974: Two IRA volunteers died when the bomb they were planting in Derry exploded prematurely.[88]
  • 29 June 1974: An IRA sniper shot a patrolling British soldier on Whiterock Road, Belfast. He died on 4 July.[88]
  • 2 July 1974: A patrolling British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in a derelict house near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[88]
  • 12 July 1974: The IRA shot dead a UDA member at Tiger's Bay, Belfast.[88]
  • 17 July 1974: The IRA bombed the Tower of London. One civilian was killed.[88]
  • 20 July 1974: A former British soldier was found shot dead in a derelict house on Arundel Street, Belfast.[88]
  • 23 July 1974: A UDR soldier is killed by an IRA car bomb on Bridge Street, Garvagh, County Londonerry.[88]
  • 30 July 1974: The IRA devastated the commercial centre of Bangor town, County Down, in an overnight firebomb attack.[99]
  • 30 July 1974: An IRA sniper shot dead a patrolling British soldier on Hillman Street, Belfast.[88]
  • 13 August 1974: Two Royal Marines were killed when the IRA detonated a remote-controlled bomb in their observation post at Drummuckavall, County Armagh.[88]
  • 23 August 1974: The IRA shot dead an undercover RUC officer in Diamond Bar on George Street, Omagh, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 23 August 1974: The IRA shot dead a former UDR soldier at Cabragh, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 26 August 1974: A patrolling British soldier was killed by an IRA sniper in Craigavon, County Armagh.[88]
  • 27 August 1974: An IRA volunteer died when his bomb prematurely exploded in a house on Barcroft Park, Newry.[88]
  • 7 September 1974: A civilian was shot dead during an IRA sniper attack on a British patrol in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 8 September 1974: A Catholic man died three weeks after being shot on Newington Street, Belfast. A piece of cardboard was found nearby that had written on it: "this is the penalty for a sexual assault on a child of seven years old at the Waterworks". After the shooting a caller rang the Irish News and said it had been a "punishment shooting" carried out by the IRA.[100]
  • 16 September 1974: The IRA shot dead a judge and a Martin McBirney, a magistrate, in Belfast. The judge was shot dead at his home in Beechlands and the magistrate was shot dead at his home on Belmont Road.[88]
  • 22 September 1974: The IRA shot dead a former prison officer at his home on Hillmount Gardens, Belfast.[88]
  • 29 September 1974: Twenty-three mortar bombs were launched by the IRA at a British Army facility in Crossmaglen. The facility was also hit by automatic fire. The attack was to be combined with an air strike that was eventually called off.[101]
  • 29 September 1974: An aerial bombing was attempted on the British Army base at Crossmaglen by two IRA members who hijacked a three-seat Cessna plane from a flying club at Dundalk, while another two IRA men remained on the ground to prevent the members of the club from raising the alarm. The IRA unit loaded the aircraft with four cylinder bombs and forced the pilot to fly over the border. The attack failed after the hijackers became lost, and one of them launched a bomb five miles away from the intended target before flying back to the Republic. The dropping of the bomb was witnessed by British soldiers manning a border outpost. The Cessna eventually made a safe landing in a field near Ravensdale, County Louth. The strike was intended to support the mortar attack on the same compound.[101][102]
  • 5 October 1974: A civilian was killed during an IRA sniper attack on an RUC patrol at Greenhaw Road, Derry.[88]
  • 5 October 1974: Guildford pub bombing - four British soldiers and a civilian were killed and 182 were hurt when the IRA bombed a pub frequented by off-duty soldiers. Four people, dubbed the "Guildford Four", would be convicted for the bombing and imprisoned for life. Fifteen years later Lord Lane of the Court of Appeal would overturn their convictions noting "the investigating officers must have lied". Some had spent the entire 15 years in prison, years after the IRA volunteers who carried out the attacks came forward. No police officer was ever charged.
  • 8 October 1974: An RUC officer was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb on West Street in Stewartstown, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 21 October 1974: The IRA kidnapped and shot dead a British Territorial Army soldier in Belfast. His body was found in a derelict house.[88]
  • 23 October 1974: A British soldier died three weeks after being shot by an IRA sniper on Racecourse Road, Derry.[88]
  • 28 October 1974; The IRA detonated a van bomb outside the British Army base at Ballykinlar in County Down, killing two soldiers.[88]
  • 30 October 1974: An IRA volunteer died when his bomb prematurely exploded at a garage on Strand Road, Derry.[88]
  • 6 November 1974: An IRA sniper shot dead two patrolling British soldiers in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[88]
  • 7 November 1974: Two British soldiers were killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb at an electricity substation near Stewartstown, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 7 November 1974: An off-duty British soldier and a civilian were killed when a bomb was thrown through the window of the Kings Head pub in Woolwich, England. Twenty-eight people were injured. Two British soldiers were killed by a bomb near Stewartstown, County Tyrone.[88]
  • 12 November 1974: Two civilians who worked for the British Army were found shot dead by the side of Sheriffs Road near Derry.[88]
  • 14 November 1974: An IRA volunteer died after the bomb he was planting outside a telephone exchange in Coventry exploded prematurely.[88]
  • 15 November 1974: A patrolling British soldier was killed by an IRA sniper in Townsend Street Strabane.[88]
  • 16 November 1974: A patrolling UDR soldier was killed by an IRA sniper in Newry.[88]
  • 20 November 1974: An RUC officer was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in Craigavon, County Armagh.[88]
  • 21 November 1974: The Birmingham pub bombings kill 19 people. The "Birmingham Six" would be tried for this and convicted. Many years later, after new evidence of police fabrication and suppression of evidence, their convictions would be quashed and they would be released. The IRA has never claimed responsibility.
  • 2 December 1974: A British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb in a field near Derrylin, County Fermanagh.[88]
  • 2 December 1974: An IRA volunteer was wounded when her bomb prematurely exploded in a house on Crawford Square, Derry. She died on 7 December.[88]
  • 7 December 1974: An IRA volunteer died when his bomb prematurely exploded in a house on Bridge Street, Derry.[88]
  • 14 December 1974: IRA snipers shot dead a British soldier and an RUC officer at Killeavy, County Armagh.[88]
  • 17 December 1974: An IRA bomb exploded at Tottenham Court Road, London, killing a passer-by.[88]
  • 21 December 1974: A bomb was defused in Harrods department store in Knightsbridge, London. A second bomb was defused in the King's Arms public house in Warminster, Wiltshire.[88]
  • 22 December 1974: The IRA leadership declared a temporary ceasefire, pending talks with British government officials. Shortly before the ceasefire came into effect, the IRA bombed the London home of the Conservative Party leader and former Prime Minister Edward Heath.[103]

1975[edit]

  • 10 January 1975: The British Army shot dead unarmed IRA volunteer John Francis Green in a shed in Castleblaney in County Monaghan. The incident is notable as British troops crossed the border to kill an unarmed IRA man at his home.[104][105]
  • 20 January 1975: IRA volunteer Kevin Coen was shot dead by the British Army in Fermanagh.[104]
  • 21 January 1975: Two IRA volunteers driving along Victoria Street, Belfast were killed when the bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely. There were also a series of bomb attacks across Belfast.[106]
  • 24 January 1975: A British soldier was killed in an IRA bomb attack on Colinward Street, Belfast.[104]
  • 31 January 1975: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[104]
  • 8 February 1975: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol in the village of Mullan, County Fermanagh.[104]
  • 10 February 1975: The IRA leadership declare a truce. The ceasefire was to last officially until 23 January 1976, however it was not respected by all IRA units and violence continues throughout the year.
  • 27 February 1975: Off-duty police officer Stephen Tibble was shot dead as he joined in the chase of a suspect on his motorbike in Barons Court, London. The suspect had been spotted by a detective coming out of a house which was later discovered to be an IRA bomb factory.[107]
  • 17 March 1975: An unarmed IRA volunteer was shot dead by the Irish Army while attempting to escape from Portlaoise Prison, County Laois.[104]
  • 24 March 1975: A post office official was shot dead when he arrived at the scene of a robbery at the post office in Silverbridge, County Armagh. It is alleged that the IRA was responsible and that the gunmen thought he was an RUC officer.[108]
  • 25 April 1975: A UDA member was shot dead as he walked along Bachelor's Walk in Portadown, County Armagh. Gunmen, thought to be IRA volunteers, pulled-up alongside him in a car and opened fire. Although the Sutton Database lists him as a civilian, Lost Lives lists him as a "high-ranking local UDA member".[109]
  • 2 May 1975: A UDA member was shot dead by the IRA at Ardoyne Bus Depot in Belfast.[104]
  • 10 May 1975: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot-patrol on Waterloo Road in Derry.[104]
  • 18 May 1975: An IRA volunteer was stabbed to death in a lane by the UVF in a lane outside Rathfriland, County Down.[104]
  • 31 May 1975: The IRA kidnapped and shot dead one of their own members from Belfast who they alleged was an informer. His body was returned to his family by the IRA in 1999.[104]
  • 3 June 1975: A UDR soldier and two civilians were found shot dead in a car in Killeen, County Armagh. The IRA are believed to have been responsible.[104] The UDR soldier was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 4 June 1975: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by British soldiers outside the British Army barracks in Bessbrook, County Armagh.[104]
  • 10 June 1975: A UVF member was shot dead by the IRA in a shop on the Crumlin Road in Belfast.[104]
  • 7 July 1975: An RUC officer was killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack in Lurgan, County Armagh.[104]
  • 12 July 1975: A UDA member was found shot dead on Old Templepatrick Road at Ballyutoag, County Antrim. He was a doorman at a UDA club. It is believed the IRA was responsible. Although the Sutton Database lists him as a civilian, Lost Lives lists him as UDA member.[110]
  • 17 July 1975: The IRA killed four British soldiers in a remote controlled bomb attack near Forkill, County Armagh.[111]
  • 2 August 1975: The IRA shot dead a former UDR soldier near his home in Moy, County Tyrone.[104] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 13 August 1975: Four Protestant civilians and a member of the UVF were killed in a gun and bomb attack on the Bayardo Bar in Belfast.[106]
  • 13 August 1975: The IRA kidnapped and shot dead a former RUC officer in County Armagh. His body was found near Newtownhamilton on 15 August 1975.[104] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 15 August 1975: The IRA shot dead a Protestant civilian at Camrick Bar on Market Street, Armagh town. He was a close friend of Harris Boyle, one of the UVF men killed the month before in the Miami Showband massacre. He and Boyle were often seen together. The IRA said it killed him because of an alleged association with Captain Robert Nairac and claimed it was in possession of his diary, which had been stolen in Portadown.[112]
  • 27 August 1975: A bomb exploded without warning at the Caterham Arms public house in Caterham, Surrey, England. Ten off-duty British soldiers and 23 civilians were injured.[106]
  • 28 August 1975: Seven people were injured when a bomb exploded in Oxford Street, London. A telephone warning was issued to The Sun newspaper five minutes before the explosion.[113]
  • 29 August 1975: A British Army bomb-disposal expert attached to the police was killed attempting to defuse an IRA bomb which had been left in a shoe shop on Kensington Church Street, Kensington, London.[104][114]
  • 30 August 1975: The IRA shot dead a UDR soldier near Whitecross, County Armagh.[104]
  • 31 August 1975: The IRA shot dead a UDR soldier on his farm near Keady, County Armagh.[104] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 5 September 1975: Two people are killed and 63 injured when an IRA bomb exploded in the lobby of the Hilton hotel in London.[115]
  • 8 September 1975: A UDA member was shot dead by the IRA in the Markets area of Belfast.[104]
  • 3 October 1975: A bomb exploded at a shop on Albertbridge Road in Belfast, which was owned by Red Hand Commandos leader John McKeague. A Catholic civilian was hurt and died of her injuries on 6 October 1975. It is believed that the IRA was responsible.[104][116]
  • 6 October 1975: An RUC officer was killed in an IRA bomb attack near Limavady, in County Londonderry.[104]
  • 9 October 1975: A British soldier was killed in an IRA landmine attack on a British Armoured Patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[104]
  • 9 October 1975: A civilian was killed when an IRA bomb exploded outside Green Park tube station in London, England.[104]
  • 10 October 1975: A UDA member was shot dead in his home by an IRA unit on the Ormeau Road in Belfast.[104]
  • 14 October 1975: An RUC officer was killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack in Portadown, County Armagh.[104]
  • 29 October 1975: The IRA shot dead an Official IRA (OIRA) volunteer, in McKenna's Bar in the Markets area of Belfast. Between 29 October 1975 and 12 November 1975, 11 people were to die in the continuing feud between the two wings of the IRA. Most of those killed were members of the 'official' republican movement.[104]
  • 31 October 1975: The IRA shot dead an OIRA volunteer in the Short Strand area of Belfast.[104]
  • 31 October 1975: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the OIRA in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[104]
  • 3 November 1975: The IRA shot dead a Republican Clubs member in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast. Part of the ongoing IRA/OIRA feud.[104]
  • 3 November 1975: A 33 year old lawyer was injured by a car bomb in Connaught Square, London W2.[113]
  • 6 November 1975: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[104]
  • 9 November 1975: The IRA shot dead an OIRA volunteer in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[104]
  • 10 November 1975: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper outside Gough British Army Base at Carramoyle, County Armagh.[104]
  • 11 November 1975: The IRA shot dead an OIRA volunteer, A Republican Clubs member and his relative in separate attacks in Belfast. Part of the ongoing IRA/OIRA feud.[104]
  • 12 November 1975: A civilian was killed when an IRA unit threw a bomb into Scott's Restaurant on Mount Street, in the upper-class Mayfair area of London.[104]
  • 16 November 1975: An RUC officer was killed in an IRA landmine attack on a patrol in Sixmilecross in County Tyrone.[104]
  • 18 November 1975: Two civilians were killed when an IRA unit threw a bomb into Walton's Restaurant on Walton Street, in the Chelsea area of London.[104]
  • 21 November 1975: A British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb when he picked up a rifle which was left in an abandoned car in Forkill, County Armagh.[104]
  • 22 November 1975: Three British soldiers were killed in a gun battle when an IRA unit attacked their undercover observation post at Drummuckavall, County Armagh. See Drummuckavall ambush.[104]
  • 25 November 1975: Two RUC officers were killed when their patrol was caught in an IRA sniper ambush in Pomeroy, County Tyrone. In a separate incident a British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in the Fountain area of Derry City.[104]
  • 27 November 1975: The IRA killed businessman and TV personality Ross McWhirter, who with his brother Norris McWhirter, had offered reward money to anyone who would inform on the IRA.[117]
  • 1 December 1975: Two IRA volunteers died when killed when the bomb they were transporting exploded accidentally on King Street in Belfast.[104]
  • 6 December 1975: Two IRA volunteers died when the landmine they were setting exploded accidentally in Killeen, County Armagh.[104]
  • 6–12 December 1975: Four IRA volunteers held two people hostage in the Balcombe Street Siege.[118]
  • 18 December 1975: The IRA killed two British soldiers in a bomb attack in Derry. It was later established that the soldiers had been lured out of the sangar by children who offered them sweets. While they were distracted the IRA lowered a bomb onto the roof of their sangar which exploded a few minutes later.[99]

1976[edit]

  • 13 January 1976: Two IRA volunteers, along with two civilians, were killed when the bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely in North Street, Belfast.[119]
  • 17 January 1976: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun attack on a British checkpoint in Derry City.[119]
  • 17 January 1976: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in the Andersonstown area of Belfast. The IRA claimed he was an informer.[119]
  • 22 January 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Claudy, County Londonderry.[119]
  • 22 January 1976: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in Dungannon, County Tyrone. The IRA claimed he was an informer.[119]
  • 23 January 1976: The IRA ceasefire was officially called off.[120]
  • 30 January 1976: A civilian was killed when an IRA carbomb exploded outside Klondyke Bar, a pub frequented by loyalist paramilitaries in the Sandy Row area of Belfast.[119]
  • 6 February 1976: Two RUC officers were shot dead in an IRA gun attack on their patrol in the Cliftonville area of Belfast.[119]
  • 7 February 1976: Two civilians were killed when they triggered an IRA booby-trap bomb, which had been placed in a crashed car in Cookstown, County Tyrone. The bomb was intended for members of the security forces.[119]
  • 12 February 1976: IRA volunteer Frank Stagg (34) died on his 62nd day of hungerstrike in Wakefield Prisonin England.[119]
  • 12 February 1976: An RUC Officer was shot dead in an IRA gun-attack on a foot-patrol in Claudy, County Londonderry.[119]
  • 13 February 1976: An IRA volunteer died in a premature explosion in the Falls Road area of Belfast.[119] Three mortars hit Fort Monagh British Army base in West Belfast. There were no casualties.[121]
  • 15 February 1976: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army while escaping from a gun attack on the Ballygomartin Road in Belfast.[119]
  • 22 February 1976: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA during an attempted hijacking of her car near Killeen, County Armagh.[119]
  • 26 February 1976: Joseph McCullough, a UDR soldier, was stabbed to death by an IRA unit while arriving to his farm in Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[119] IRA member Anthony McCooey, later convicted for taking part in the killing, claimed that another IRA man slit the soldier throat with a bayonet.[122] McCullough was also a member of the Orange Order.[79] In 1998, author Toby Harnden interviewed a Real IRA member which told him that McCullough was targeted because he supplied the Loyalist with arms and was also involved in the Dublin and Monaghan bombings of 1974.[122]
  • 27 February 1976: A UVF member was shot dead by the IRA in a drive-by shooting in the Donegall Pass area of Belfast.[119]
  • 27 February 1976: A civilian was wounded when he triggered an IRA booby-trap bomb in a derelict house on Landseer Street, Belfast. The man was an electricity meter-reader and accidentally triggered the anti-handling device on a bomb hidden in the meterbox. It is believed a British foot-patrol was the intended target. The man died on 28 February.[119]
  • 7 March 1976: The IRA launched six mortar rounds into Belfast International Airport, injuring an RUC member and damaging cars in a parking area and the arrival lounge door.[123]
  • 10 March 1976: Former UDA spokesman Sammy Smyth was shot dead by the IRA on Alliance Avenue in Belfast.[119]
  • 13 March 1976: An ex-British soldier was shot dead on Alliance Avenue in Belfast.[119]
  • 15 March 1976: A Tube-train driver was shot dead by the IRA shortly after a bomb exploded prematurley on his train.[119]
  • 18 March 1976: The IRA attacked a British base in the Creggan area of Derry with nine mortars and sniper fire.[124]
  • 30 March 1976: A British soldier was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb left near an Orange Order hall at Ballygargan, County Armagh.[119]
  • 31 March 1976: Three British soldiers were killed when their patrol-vehicle detonated an IRA landmine near Belleeks, County Armagh.[119]
  • 1 April 1976: A UDR soldier was killed in an IRA gun attack in Castledawson, County Londonderry.[119]
  • 2 April 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Maghera, County Londonderry.[119]
  • 5 April 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA at his home near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[119] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 5 April 1976: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the RUC shortly after carrying out a bomb attack on the Conway Hotel in Dunmurry, County Antrim.[119]
  • 6 April 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack on a British mobile-patrol near Middletown, County Armagh.[119]
  • 7 April 1976: Three civilians were killed when IRA firebombs exploded in their Drapery shop at The Square in Dromore, County Down.[119] They lived above the shop. The owner was a member of the Royal Black Perceptory.[125]
  • 15 April 1976: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army shortly after having been arrested near Forkill, County Armagh.[119]
  • 16 April 1976: Two civilians were killed when a bomb exploded inside their workplace on Servia Street, Belfast.[119] Although no group claimed responsibility it was reported that the blast was likely caused by "an IRA bomb stored on the premises".[126]
  • 19 April 1976: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA in Dunmurry, County Antrim.[119]
  • 22 April 1976: An RUC Officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol in Coalisland, County Tyrone.[119]
  • 29 April 1976: A UDR soldier and a civilian were killed in an IRA gun-attack in Dunamony, County Tyrone.[119]
  • 15 May 1976: Three RUC officers were killed in an IRA landmine attack on their patrol in Belcoo, Fermanagh. Another RUC officer was killed in a sniper attack in Warrenpoint, County Down.[119]
  • 16 May 1976: The IRA shot dead an RUC officer outside his home in Derryfubble, County Tyrone. Two civilians were shot dead as they stood outside a social club on Alliance Road, Belfast.[119]
  • 17 May 1976: An IRA volunteer was killed when British soldiers opened fire on a bus in the Strand Road, Derry.[119]
  • 21 May 1976: A civilian was killed when a bomb exploded on a train near Moira, County Down. A warning was given but the bomb detonated before the area could be evacuated.[119]
  • 22 May 1976: An RUC officer was shot dead in an IRA gun attack in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[119]
  • 2 June 1976: Two RUC officers were shot dead in separate IRA attacks in Derry and Belfast.[119]
  • 2 June 1976: A UDA member was shot dead at his home on the Shankill Road in Belfast by an IRA unit.[119]
  • 11 June 1976: Four British bases in Belfast were attacked with mortars and gunfire within minutes of each other. Several British soldiers were hurt and an IRA volunteer was shot.[127]
  • 19 June 1976: A UDA member was shot dead at his home in Dunmurry, County Antrim.[119]
  • 28 June 1976: A British soldier was killed when the landing zone of his helicopter-borne patrol was the subject of an IRA landmine attack near Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[119][128]
  • 30 June 1976: A British soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun-attack on the Springfield Road in Belfast.[119]
  • 30 June 1976: An IRA volunteer was killed during an attack on a British patrol when a grenade he was handling exploded prematurely.[119]
  • 1 July 1976: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in the Finaghy area of Belfast. The IRA claimed he was an informer.[119]
  • 3 July 1976: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while manning a checkpoint on Butcher Street in Derry.[119]
  • 6 July 1976: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in Hannahstown, Belfast. The IRA claimed he was an informer.[119]
  • 7 July 1976: Two senior RUC officers were seriously injured after an IRA double agent led them to an arms dump outside Portadown. When the officers picked up one of the weapons it triggered a booby trap which detonated. One of the officers lost an arm, a leg and an eye in the explosion.[129]
  • 17 July 1976: Two IRA volunteers died when the bomb they were transporting exploded accidentally near Castlederg, Tyrone.[119]
  • 18 July 1976: A civilian was killed by a booby-trap bomb planted in the laneway of his home at Drumgole, County Fermanagh. It is thought that the bomb was planted by the IRA and was meant for two close relatives who were RUC reserve officers.[130]
  • 21 July 1976: An IRA landmine killed Christopher Ewart-Biggs, the newly appointed British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, and his secretary Judith Cook.[131] A British soldier was also killed in a bomb attack in Derry City.
  • 30 July 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Moneymore, County Londonderry.[119]
  • 31 July 1976: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper on Church Street in Lurgan.[119]
  • 8 August 1976: A British soldier was killed by an IRA bomb hidden in a booby-trapped bicycle in Crossmaglen.[119]
  • 10 August 1976: An IRA volunteer was killed when he was shot while escaping from a British Army patrol. After being shot his car went out of control, crashing and killing three children.[119]
  • 11 August 1976: A civilian was killed during an IRA gun attack on a British observation post at Meenan Square, Derry.[119]
  • 19 August 1976: There was a gun attack on the home of the Grand Master of the Orange Order at West Circular Crescent, Belfast. His son was shot and died of his wounds on 26 August 1976. The attack was blamed on the IRA. The Grand Master, a frequent critic of the IRA, was thought to have been the target.[132]
  • 26 August 1976: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA unit in the Andersonstown area of Belfast.[119]
  • 1 September 1976: A British Army post in Crossmaglen was hit by 10 mortars. It caused extensive damage and some British soldiers were hurt.[133]
  • 14 September 1976: The blanket protest began when IRA prisoner Kieran Nugent refused to wear prison clothing, in protest at the loss of Special Category Status.[120]
  • 18 September 1976: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA unit while directing traffic in Portadown.[119]
  • 1 October 1976: A Protestant man died one month after being shot at his relative's house on Copperfield Street, Belfast. The Sutton Database claims he was a civilian who was shot by the IRA.[119] However, Lost Lives claims he was a former British soldier. It also notes that a man was imprisoned for his murder but that there was no charge of IRA membership.[134]
  • 8 October 1976: An RUC officer and a Prison Officer were killed in IRA gun attacks in Derry.[119]
  • 9 October 1976: A civilian was killed when IRA firebombs exploded in a shop on Bridge Street, Ballymena.[119]
  • 13 October 1976: The IRA shot dead a UVF member outside his home in Annaghmore, County Armagh. IRA volunteers opened fire on his car as he arrived home. Although the Sutton Database lists him as a civilian, Lost Lives lists him as a UVF member and notes that he had received a two-year suspended sentence for handling ammunition which he was said to have bought from a UDR soldier. His son was wounded in the attack and died on 25 October 1976.[135]
  • 16 October 1976: Garda Michael Clerkin was killed in a booby-trap bomb attack in Mountmellick, near Portlaoise in County Laois.
  • 16 October 1976: Three IRA volunteers died when a bomb they were transporting exploded accidentally at Belfast Gas Works.[119]
  • 24 October 1976: Two British soldiers were killed when an IRA sniper team ambushed a British patrol in Ardoyne, Belfast.[119]
  • 26 October 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead at his workplace on Eglish Street, Armagh town.[119]
  • 28 October 1976: A UDR soldier was killed in an IRA gun-attack in Pomeroy, County Tyrone.[119]
  • 2 November 1976: An Undercover RUC Officer was shot dead by the IRA on the Falls Road in Belfast.[119]
  • 7 November 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA outside his home on Abercorn Road, Derry.[119]
  • 9 November 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead in an IRA gun-attack in Desertmartin, County Londonderry.[119]
  • 11 November 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA outside his home in Kilrea, County Londonderry.[119]
  • 11 November 1976: A former IRA quartermaster was shot dead inside a social club on Saul Street, Belfast. He allegedly gave information to the RUC under interrogation and was then ordered to leave the district. It was reported he was shot for repeatedly returning to the district.[136]
  • 15 November 1976: A UDR soldier was killed in an IRA sniper attack on a British foot-patrol in Lurgan.[119]
  • 18 November 1976: A UDR soldier was shot dead in an IRA attack in Altnagelvin, Derry.[119]
  • 27 November 1976: In Lurgan, a civilian accidentally triggered an IRA booby-trap bomb attached to a derelict house on Mary Street that had been used as a British Army observation post. In Derry, a civilian accidentally triggered an IRA booby-trap bomb left in an entry off Lecky Road.[119] The IRA admitted planting the Derry bomb, which was also intended for the security forces. Apologising, the IRA statement said that when it was clear the bomb plan had failed they had contacted the British Army and a local priest. Soldiers and the priest had then warned people to stay away.[137]
  • 1 December 1976: An IRA rocket hit a British APC in Belfast. No injuries were reported.[138]
  • 3 December 1976: An RUC Officer was shot dead by the IRA in Dungannon.[119]
  • 11 December 1976: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol in the Bogside area of Derry.[119]
  • 15 December 1976: An RUC Officer was shot dead by an IRA unit while manning a security barrier in Portadown.[119]

1977[edit]

  • 1 January 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Crossmaglen. The IRA also carried out a carbomb attack at Harmin Park, Newtownabbey. A civilian was killed after an inadequate warning was given.[139]
  • 9 January 1977. A British soldier was killed in an IRA booby trap bomb attack on his patrol near Newtownbutler, County Fermanagh.[140]
  • 11 January 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper at a security barrier in the Oldpark area of Belfast.[140]
  • 14 January 1977: An RUC officer was killed in an IRA bomb attack in Innishrush, County Londonderry.
  • 16 January 1977: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by undercover British soldiers near Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[140]
  • 19 January 1977: A number of IRA booby trap bombs targeted security force members.[139]
  • 27 January 1977: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA unit on the Strand Road in Derry.[140]
  • 29 January 1977: Seven IRA bombs explode in Londons West End. Warnings are given and there are no casualties.[139]
  • 2 February 1977: Jeffery Agate (59), then Managing Director of the American Du Pont factory in Derry was shot dead by members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) outside his home at Talbot Park, Derry. This killing marked the beginning of a series of attacks on businessmen. There were further killings on 2 March 1977 and 14 March 1977.
  • 4 February 1977: An IRA bomb factory is discovered by police in Liverpool, England.[139]
  • 5 February 1977: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol in Gilford, County Down.[140]
  • 12 February 1977: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA unit in Cloughmills, County Antrim.[140]
  • 23 February 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA unit in the Waterside area of Derry City.[140]
  • 24 February 1977: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA unit while manning a security barrier in Lurgan, County Armagh.[140]
  • 26 February 1977: A Judge was shot dead by the IRA in Newry.[140]
  • 27 February 1977: An ex-British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[140]
  • 2 March 1977: A senior English businessman was shot dead by the IRA in Belfast.[140]
  • 4 March 1977: A senior Judge was shot dead by the IRA in Coalisland, Tyrone.[140]
  • 9 March 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA on his farm near Caledon, Tyrone.[140]
  • 10 March 1977: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA during a bomb attack on a business on York Street, Belfast.[140]
  • 13 March 1977: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol in Lisnaskea, County Fermanagh.[140]
  • 14 March 1977: A senior English businessman was shot dead when his car was ambushed by an IRA unit in Belfast.[140]
  • 15 March 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA unit in Bellaghy, County Londonderry.[140]
  • 25 March 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA unit in Coalisland, County Tyrone.[140]
  • 28 March 1977: A civilian was shot dead by an IRA unit in Crosskeys, County Antrim. Her son, an RUC officer, was the intended target.[140]
  • 4 April 1977: A British soldier was killed in an IRA landmine attack on an Armoured Personnel Carrier near Belleek, County Fermanagh.[140]
  • 6 April 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead while driving a vehicle in the Northland Road area of Derry City.[140]
  • 8 April 1977: Two RUC officers were shot dead in an IRA ambush in Moneymore, County Londonderry.[140]
  • 9 April 1977: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in Hannahstown, near Belfast. The IRA claimed he was a British informer.[140]
  • 10 April 1977: The relative of an OIRA volunteer was shot dead by the IRA in the Turf Lodge area of Belfast. This was part of an ongoing feud.[140]
  • 15 April 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in the City Cemetery in Dery City.[140]
  • 17 April 1977: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by a British Army sniper on Flax Street in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[140]
  • 23 April 1977: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the British Army while in a car park in the Stewardstown area of Belfast.[140]
  • 29 April 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA outside his home in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[140]
  • 3 May 1977: A civilian was found shot dead in a field off Glen Road, Belfast. He was shot by the IRA as it is believed he was an informer.[140]
  • 5 May 1977: An ex-British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in the Andersonstown area of Belfast.[140]
  • 12 May 1977:A Judge was shot dead by the IRA in Rosslea, County Fermanagh.[140]
  • 14 May 1977: Undercover British Army and SAS operative Captain Robert Nairac was captured by the IRA in south County Armagh. He was shot dead. His body has never been found.[140]
  • 20 May 1977: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead while driving a school bus in near Benburb, County Tyrone.[140]
  • 21 May 1977: An ex-RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA in the Lisburn Road area of Belfast.[140]
  • 30 May 1977: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in College Square, Belfast. He was mistaken for an off-duty member of the British Army.[140]
  • 2 June 1977: Three members of a Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) mobile patrol were shot dead by Irish Republican Army (IRA) snipers near Ardboe, County Tyrone. Part of ongoing attacks on Police and Army.[140]
  • 8 June 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA after leaving the Victoria Hospital on the Falls Road, Belfast.[140]
  • 22 June 1977: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA in a drive-by attack outside the Crumlin Road Prison in Belfast.[140]
  • 29 June 1977: Two British soldiers were killed when their patrol was ambushed by IRA snipers outside North Howards Street British Army base in Belfast.[140]
  • 6 July 1977: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA while sitting in a stationary patrol vehicle in Aughnacloy, County Tyrone.[140]
  • 22 July 1977: A Prison Officer was shot dead in Ballymoney, County Antrim.[140]
  • 27 July 1977: The IRA shot dead a UDR soldier at his home on Woodvale Avenue, Belfast.[140]
  • 27 July 1977: The IRA shot dead a Republican Clubs (political wing of OIRA) member at Alexander House, Belfast. Part of a republican feud.[140]
  • 27 July 1977: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by the OIRA as he drove along Divismore Crescent, Ballymurphy. Part of a republican feud.[140]
  • 9 August 1977: Fianna Éireann (IRA youth wing) volunteer Paul McWilliams was shot dead by a British Army sniper in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast.[140]
  • 9 August 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper outside Henry Taggart British Army base in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast.[140]
  • 10 August 1977: The IRA planted a small bomb in the grounds of the New University of Ulster, which Queen Elizabeth II was visiting. The bomb exploded shortly after the Queen had left. There were no injuries.[139]
  • 12 August 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on patrol in the Turf Lodge area of Belfast.[140]
  • 22 August 1977: A civilian was kidnapped from his home near Crossmaglen by the IRA and shot dead. The IRA claimed he was a British informer.[140]
  • 28 August 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on foot patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[140]
  • 31 August 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while on a British Army mobile patrol in the Antrim Road area of Belfast.[140]
  • 7 September 1977: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in a bar in Dublin. The IRA claimed he was an informer.[140]
  • 8 September 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in the Finaghy area of Belfast.[140]
  • 13 September 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while driving a vehicle in Gortin, County Tyrone.[140]
  • 25 September 1977: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Brantry, County Tyrone.[140]
  • 7 October 1977: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA in the Wellington Park area of Belfast.[140]
  • 8 October 1977: A female UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Tynan, County Armagh.[140]
  • 12 October 1977: The IRA shot dead a civilian near Ballygawley, County Tyrone. The victim was mistaken for an off-duty UDR soldier.[140]
  • 18 October 1977: An ex-RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA near Keady, County Armagh.[140]
  • 19 October 1977: The IRA shot dead a civilian at his home on Ainsworth Pass, Belfast. The motive for the killing remains unclear.[140]
  • 2 November 1977: A UDR soldier was killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack in Magherafelt, County Londonderry.
  • 11 November 1977: The IRA detonated a car bomb on King Street, Belfast. A warning was given to evacuate the area although one civilian was killed.[140]
  • 15 November 1977: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA while visiting his mother in Andersonstown, Belfast.[140]
  • 3 December 1977: Seamus Twomey, a former Chief of Staff of the IRA was arrested in Dublin.[139]
  • 14 December 1977: An Undercover British soldier was shot dead in an IRA ambush in the Turf Lodge area of Belfast.[140]
  • 21 December 1977: Five hotels across Northern Ireland were damaged when IRA firebombs exploded in them.[139]
  • 22 December 1977: The IRA announced a Christmas ceasefire.

1978[edit]

  • 12 January 1978: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Newry.[141]
  • 13 January 1978: The IRA seriously damaged the Guildhall in Derry in a bomb attack. There were no injuries.[141]
  • 23 January 1978: A number of British soldiers were wounded and had to be airlifted to hospital following an IRA mortar attack on Forkill British Army/RUC base in County Armagh. The mortars were fired from a flatbed truck and hit the sleeping quarters. Afterward, three RUC officers were hurt by a booby-trap bomb planted in the truck.[142][143]
  • 30 January 1978: A supermarket employee was shot and wounded during a robbery of the premises in Killygordon, County Donegal. The man died of his injuries five days later.[141]
  • 4 February 1978: A civilian was accidentally shot dead during an IRA attack on an RUC foot patrol on Shore Road, Belfast.[141]
  • 7 February 1978: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA near Pomeroy, County Tyrone.[141]
  • 8 February 1978: A UDR soldier and his 10-year-old daughter were killed in an under-car booby-trap bomb attack outside their home in Maghera, County Londonderry.[141]
  • 17 February 1978: Eleven Protestant civilians and an RUC officer were killed and 23 badly injured in the La Mon Restaurant Bombing, at Gransha near Belfast.[141]
  • 17 February 1978: A British Lieutenant Colonel was killed and two other soldiers injured when the Gazelle helicopter he was travelling in was attacked by an IRA unit. The helicopter crashed while taking evasive manoeuvers during the engagement.[141][144]
  • 26 February 1978: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by an undercover British Army unit at an arms-dump in Ardboe, County Tyrone.[141]
  • 28 February 1978: An RUC officer was shot dead in an IRA sniper attack in the Rosemount area of Derry City.[141]
  • 1 March 1978: A British soldier was killed in an IRA machine-gun attack on British Army patrol on the Cliftonpark Avenue in Belfast.[141]
  • 3 March 1978: The IRA launched a gun attack on a British Army checkpoint on Donegall Street, Belfast. A civilian who helped the British Army to search people was shot dead.[141]
  • 4 March 1978: A British soldier was killed in a booby-trap bomb attack in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. The soldier was killed while attempting to remove an Irish flag from a telegraph poll. The flag was wired to a landmine below the poll and exploded when it was removed.[141]
  • 17 March 1978: An IRA unit and an SAS unit became embroiled in a gun battle in a field near Maghera, County Londonderry. One British soldier was killed in the battle. Prominent IRA member Francis Hughes was wounded and arrested after the shoot out.[141]
  • 14 April 1978: A UDR soldier was shot dead while driving a school bus near Pomeroy, County Tyrone.[141]
  • 15 April 1978: An RUC officer was killed in a booby-trap bomb attack outside his home near Armoy, County Antrim.[141]
  • 22 April 1978: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA at his home in Lisburn.[141]
  • 25 May 1978: Two civilians were kidnapped by the IRA in Belfast and later killed and secretly buried. Their remains were found in 1999 in County Monaghan.[141] It was revealed that the two had been executed for robbing an IRA-run bar. They had also admitted stealing IRA weapons for use in robberies, but had apparently handed back the weapons and any money they gained from robberies.[145]
  • 3 June 1978: An alleged criminal was shot dead by the IRA near Jonesborough, County Armagh.[141]
  • 10 June 1978: An IRA volunteer was shot dead by undercover British soldiers while hijacking a car in the Bogside area of Derry City.[141]
  • 16 June 1978: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA in the Foyle Street area of Derry.[141]
  • 17 June 1978: An IRA unit ambushed an RUC vehicle near Camlogh, County Armagh. One RUC officer was killed outright and another was captured. The IRA gave back the body of the second officer on 9 July. A post-mortem revealed that he had in fact died of his wounds soon after the ambush.[99] The second officer was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 20 June 1978: Three IRA volunteers and a passing UVF member were shot dead by undercover British soldiers during an attempted bombing at a Post Office depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast.[141]
  • 25 June 1978: A UDR soldier was shot dead by during a bomb and sniper ambush of a British military convoy near Belcoo, County Fermanagh.[141]
  • 4 July 1978: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA outside Castlederg RUC barracks in County Tyrone.[141]
  • 12 July 1978: A British soldier was killed in an IRA radio-controlled booby-trap bomb attack while on foot-patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[141]
  • 19 July 1978: A British soldier was killed in an IRA remote-controlled bomb attack in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[141]
  • 2 August 1978: An RUC officer was shot dead in an IRA drive-by shooting while on foot-patrol in Ballymena, County Antrim.[141]
  • 8 August 1978: A civilian was wounded when a bomb exploded near her home on Forfar Street, Belfast. It is thought that it was planted by the IRA and meant for a British Army patrol. She died of her wounds on 27 September 1978.[146]
  • 11 August 1978: An undercover British soldier was shot dead in an IRA ambush on the Letterkenny Road in Derry.[141]
  • 17 August 1978: A British soldier was killed in an IRA carbomb attack on a British patrol in Forkill, County Armagh.[141]
  • 19 August 1978: Two ex-British soldiers were killed in IRA gun attacks in Belfast and Keady.[141]
  • 5 September 1978: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Newry.[141]
  • 11 September 1978: The IRA shot dead an off-duty RUC officer in Loughmacrory, County Tyrone.[141]
  • 21 September 1978: The IRA carried out a large bomb attack against Eglington airfield. The Terminal building, two hangars and four planes were destroyed in the attack. There were no injuries.[141]
  • 28 September 1978: The IRA launched a gun attack on a British Army foot-patrol on Waterloo Place, Derry. A civilian who helped the British Army to search people was shot dead.[141]
  • 29 September 1978: The IRA fired shots at the car of an RUC officer in Newry. A civilian who was travelling in the car was accidentally shot dead.[141]
  • 6 October 1978: A UDR soldier was shot dead while at a cattlemart in Newry.[141]
  • 12 October 1978: A civilian was killed when the IRA bombed a train at Belfast Central station. A bomb warning was given but there was not enough time to carry out a full evacuation.[141]
  • 12 November 1978: A British soldier was killed when an IRA booby trap bomb detonated as a British patrol passed by in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[141]
  • 14 November 1978: The IRA launched a large-scale bombing offensive in towns across Northern Ireland. Serious damage was caused to the centres of Castlederg, Enniskillen, Armagh, Belfast and Cookstown. There were 37 injuries in the attacks although warnings were issued.[141]
  • 16 November 1978: A firefighter was killed when an IRA grenade exploded in a house which had been set alight in a bomb attack in the Andersonstown area of Belfast.[141]
  • 24 November 1978: An IRA volunteer was shot dead in an undercover British Army ambush in Maureen Avenue in Derry.
  • 26 November 1978: The Deputy-Governor of Long Kesh Prison was assassinated by the IRA outside his home in Belfast.[141]
  • 27 November 1978: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA near Durham Street, Belfast.[141]
  • 30 November 1978: The IRA carried out 14 bomb attacks in towns and villages across Northern Ireland. The IRA also issued a statement saying it was preparing for a "long-war".[141]
  • 1 December 1978: The IRA carried out 11 bomb attacks on towns across Northern Ireland. There were no injuries.[141]
  • 14 December 1978: A Prison Officer who worked at Crumlin Road Jail was shot dead by the IRA while leaving the prison.[141]
  • 17 December 1978: The IRA carried out bomb attacks on cities in England including Bristol, Coventry, Liverpool, Manchester and Southampton.[141]
  • 19 December 1978: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while guarding other soldiers who were raiding a house in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[141]
  • 21 December 1978: A four man IRA unit ambushed a British patrol near St. Patricks church in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. The IRA unit fired a large number of shots from three Armalites and one AK-47. Three British soldiers were killed in the ambush. The British Army unit returned fire but the IRA unit made their escape in a van which had been fitted with armour-plating.[147]

1979[edit]

  • 5 January 1979: Two IRA volunteers were killed in Ardoyne, Belfast, when the bomb they were transporting in a car exploded prematurely.[148]
  • 4 February 1979: Former prison officer Patrick MacKin (60), and his wife Violet (58), were shot dead by the IRA at their home in Oldpark Road, Belfast. This was part of an escalating campaign against prison officers, co-inciding with the Dirty protest and Blanket protest in the Maze prison.[148]
  • 14 February 1979: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper on the Abercorn road in Derry.[148]
  • 19 March 1979: An IRA unit launched a mortar attack on Newtownhamilton British army base. One British soldier was killed.[148]
  • 22 March 1979: Richard Sykes, then British Ambassador to the Netherlands, and his Dutch valet, Krel Straub, were killed in a gun attack in Den Haag, Netherlands. The IRA also carried out 24 bomb attacks across Northern Ireland.[148]
  • 5 April 1979: Two British soldiers were killed when IRA snipers attacked Andersonstown British Army barracks in Belfast.[148]
  • 11 April 1979: Two British soldiers were killed when IRA snipers ambushed their armoured mobile patrol in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast.[148]
  • 13 April 1979: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Tynan, County Armagh.[148] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 16 April 1979: An IRA unit shot dead a Prison Officer in Clogher, County Tyrone.[148]
  • 17 April 1979: Four RUC officers were killed when the IRA exploded an estimated 1,000 pound van bomb at Bessbrook, County Armagh, believed to be the largest bomb used by the IRA up to that point.[148] Three of the officers were also a member of the Orange Order.[79]
  • 19 April 1979: A prion officer was killed and three others seriously injured in an IRA gun and bomb attack outside Armagh Prison. The injured officers claimed IRA volunteers later showed up at the hospital dressed as doctors to "finish them off" but ran off after one of the officers noticed them and started screaming.[149] In Belfast a British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper.[148]
  • 25 April 1979: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper while driving a lorry in County Tyrone.[148]
  • 29 April 1979: A UDR soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Edendork, Tyrone.[148]
  • 6 May 1979: Two undercover British soldiers were shot dead by an IRA unit in Lisnaskea, County Fermanagh. The IRA unit ambushed their car.[148]
  • 9 May 1979: A British soldier was killed in an IRA bomb attack on his foot-patrol in the Turf Lodge area of Belfast.[148]
  • 19 May 1979: An ex-UDR man was shot dead by the IRA while delivering bread to a shop in Garrison, County Fermanagh (www.operationbanner.com)
  • 20 May 1979: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA outside of a church in Derry.[148]
  • 3 June 1979: Two RUC officers were killed when the IRA detonated a bomb underneath their patrol vehicle near Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[148]
  • 6 June 1979: A UDR soldier was shot dead in an IRA attack on a British Army base on the Malone Road in Belfast.[148]
  • 9 June 1979: During a gun battle between the IRA and the British Army, an IRA volunteer was shot dead.[148]
  • 19 June 1979: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Omagh, County Tyrone.[148]
  • 22 June 1979: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA near Coagh, County Tyrone.[148]
  • 24 June 1979: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA while at his home in Markethill, County Armagh.[148]
  • 8 July 1979: A British soldier was killed in an IRA bomb attack on his foot patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[148]
  • 15 July 1979: A Catholic civilian was shot dead in the car-park of Falls Bowling Club on Andersonstown Road, Belfast. The Sutton Database claims that he was shot by the IRA.[148] However, Lost Lives claims that the IRA denied responsibility and says that there is no obvious motive.[150]
  • 17 July 1979: An IRA unit launched a bomb attack on a British Army patrol in Roslea, County Fermanagh. A civilian who was in the area was killed by shrapnel.[148]
  • 2 August 1979: Two British soldiers were killed by the IRA in a landmine attack at Cathedral Road, Armagh town. In Belfast an RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper[148]
  • 7 August 1979: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA during a raid on a bank in Tramore, County Waterford.[148]
  • 27 August 1979: An IRA bomb killed Earl Mountbatten of Burma at Mullaghmore, County Sligo the British Queen's first cousin, as well as The Dowager Baroness Brabourne, Mountbatten's elder daughter's mother-in-law (aged 83), The Hon. Nicholas Knatchbull, Mountbatten's elder daughter's fourth son (aged 14) and Paul Maxwell, a 15 year old Protestant youth from County Fermanagh who was working as a crew member. On the same day, the IRA launched the Warrenpoint ambush, which resulted in the death of 18 British soldiers at Narrow Water Castle, near Warrenpoint, County Down. As a British convoy passed, the IRA unit detonated a roadside bomb, killing six soldiers. IRA sniper fire then drove the soldiers to cover behind a nearby gatehouse, where a second bomb was detonated and killed a further twelve.[148]
  • 28 August 1979: Four British soldiers are wounded when the IRA detonates a bomb under a bandstand in Brussels, Belgium, as British Army musicians prepare to perform.[151]
  • 14 September 1979: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA off the Crumlin Road in Belfast.[148]
  • 19 September 1979: Another Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA outside the Crumlin Road Prison in Belfast.[148]
  • 8 October 1979: An undercover British soldier was shot dead when his car was ambushed by an IRA unit on the Falls Road, Belfast.[148]
  • 12 October 1979: The IRA shot dead a solicitor as he left Andersonstown British Army/RUC base in Belfast.[152]
  • 15 October 1979: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Roslea, County Fermanagh.[148]
  • 19 October 1979: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Fintona, County Tyrone.[148]
  • 28 October 1979: A British soldier and an RUC officer were killed when an IRA unit launched a heavy machine gun attack on Springfield Road Barracks, Belfast,[148]
  • 29 October 1979: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Dungannon, County Tyrone.[148]
  • 5 November 1979: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA outside the Crumlin Road Prison, in Belfast.[148]
  • 13 November 1979: A British Beaver reconnaissance aircraft was hit six times by an IRA unit which had mounted a roadblock in south County Armagh.[153] In Crossmaglen a British soldier was killed in an IRA booby-trap bomb attack.[154]
  • 23 November 1979: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA while at his home in Glengormley, County Antrim.[148]
  • 3 December 1979: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA at his home in Belfast.[148]
  • 16 December 1979: A landmine bomb killed four British soldiers near Dungannon, County Tyrone. Another soldier was killed by a booby-trap bomb planted in a concealed observation post in a derelict house at Forkill, County Armagh. A former member of the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), James Fowler, was shot dead by the IRA in Omagh, County Tyrone.[148]
  • 17 December 1979: A Prison Officer was shot dead by the IRA off the Crumlin Road in Belfast.[148]
  • 22 December 1979: An off-duty RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while travelling in his car in County Monaghan.[148]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1970". CAIN. 
  2. ^ Taylor, Peter (1997). Provos The IRA & Sinn Féin. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 74–77. ISBN 0-7475-3818-2. 
  3. ^ Taylor, pp. 78-83.
  4. ^ a b c "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". Cain.ulst.ac.uk. 8 July 1970. 
  5. ^ "What now for the Fighting Men from Crossmaglen? The Post 03-07-2005". Archives.tcm.ie. 3 July 2005. 
  6. ^ McKittrick, David; Seamus Kelters; Brian Feeney; Chris Thronton (2000). Lost Lives. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 1-84018-227-X. 
  7. ^ McKittrick, pp. 58–59
  8. ^ a b Reed, David. Ireland: The Key to the British Revolution. Larkin Publications, 1984. pp.158-159
  9. ^ Moloney, Ed. A Secret History of the IRA. Penguin, 2007.
  10. ^ McKittrick, p.62
  11. ^ McKittrick, p.63
  12. ^ Taylor, pp. 89-91.
  13. ^ McKittrick, pp.64-66
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc Malcolm Sutton. "An Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland". CAIN. 
  15. ^ McKittrick, p.67
  16. ^ McKittrick, p.63
  17. ^ Winchester, Simon. Northern Ireland in Crisis: Reporting the Ulster Troubles. Holmes & Meier, 1974. p.127
  18. ^ a b c d e "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1971". CAIN. 
  19. ^ McKittrick, pp.66-67
  20. ^ McKittrick, pp. 67–68
  21. ^ McKittrick, pp. 69–70
  22. ^ Taylor, p. 91.
  23. ^ McKittrick, pp.70–72
  24. ^ "Parliamentary debate, 28 April 1971". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  25. ^ McKittrick, pp.72–73
  26. ^ "George Cross awarded to Sergeant Michael Willetts, 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, 1971". National Army Museum. 
  27. ^ Magee, Gerard (2011). Tyrone's Struggle for Irish Freedom. Tyrone Sinn Féin Commemoration Committee and Gerard Magee. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-9569610-0-6. 
  28. ^ McKittrick, pp.77
  29. ^ McKittrick, pp.77–78
  30. ^ McKittrick, pp.79
  31. ^ Hanley & Millar, B & S (2009). The Lost Revolution: The story of the Official IRA and the Workers Party. Ireland: Penguin Ireland. p. 166. ISBN 978-1-84488-120-8. 
  32. ^ Taylor, pp. 93-94.
  33. ^ McKittrick, p.93
  34. ^ McKittrick, pp.93–94
  35. ^ McKittrick, pp.95–96
  36. ^ a b McKittrick, p.96
  37. ^ Evening News 23 September 1971
  38. ^ McKittrick, p.129
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1972". CAIN. 
  40. ^ "British troops search fior IRA ship escapees" Associated Press, 18 January 1972
  41. ^ Hamill, Desmond (1985). Pig in the Middle - The Army in Northern Ireland, 1969-1984. Methuen London Ltd., p. 95. ISBN 0413508005
  42. ^ Bandit Country by Toby Harnden Coronet Books, 2010, ISBN 0-340-71737-8 p.74
  43. ^ McKittrick, p.150
  44. ^ Taylor, p. 131.
  45. ^ Sheehy, p. 58
  46. ^ Spokane Daily Chronicle Associated Press, 14 March 1972
  47. ^ Sheehy, p.20
  48. ^ Beaver County Times United Press International report, 18 April 1972
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