Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions (1990–99)

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This is a chronology of activities by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), from 1990 to 1999. For actions before and after this period see Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions.

1990[edit]

  • 2 January 1990: Loyalist militant Harry Dickey, a member of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and Ulster Democratic Party, was killed by an IRA booby trap bomb attached to his car in east Belfast.[1][2]
  • 2 January 1990: An IRA unit threw a bomb at an Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base on Stewartstown Road, Belfast.[3]
  • 3 January 1990: A British soldier was injured in an IRA car bomb attack in Magherafelt, County Londonderry.[3]
  • 9 January 1990: A soldier of the British Army's Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) was shot dead by the IRA on the Main Street of Castlederg, County Tyrone. In a follow up operation, two RUC officers were injured by a bomb left by the IRA unit. The soldier was also a member of the Orange Order.[2][4]
  • 16 January 1990: An IRA bomb was defused at the British Army's Headquarters in Aldershot, England.[5]
  • 20 January 1990: The IRA carried out a mortar attack on the RUC/British Army base at Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[6]
  • 22 January 1990: An RUC inspector was shot dead by an IRA unit in Kilburn Park, Armagh town. Up to 30 rounds were fired through his kitchen door hitting him five times in the head, neck and body.[4][7]
  • 28 January 1990: A civilian was killed when he was hit by debris when an IRA bomb exploded on Derry's walls during a Bloody Sunday march. The security forces described his death as a "freak accident" as he was a quarter of a mile from the bomb, which was targeting security forces.[8] The young man was a member of Republican Youth and a supporter of Sinn Féin and the IRA. He is commemorated at a march in his hometown of Strabane each year. The march is organised by Sinn Féin.[9]
  • 11 February 1990: Three British soldiers were injured when their Gazelle helicopter was forced out of the sky after being hit by machine-gun fire from an IRA unit. The incident occurred near Clogher, County Tyrone.[10] See 1990 British Army Gazelle shootdown.
  • 20 February 1990: The IRA bombed a British military recruitment office in Leicester, England. Two people were injured.[5]
  • 20 February 1990: A van and a car driven by an IRA unit carrying light machine guns were spotted by a British Wessex helicopter near Newtownhamilton, south Armagh. The IRA unit split up in several vehicles, but one of the cars was pinpointed by the aircraft, and three IRA volunteers were arrested by a party of three soldiers and two RUC officers after landing from their helicopter in Silverbridge. Afterwards, a crowd of 40 civilians attacked the security forces, allowing the escape of the three suspects. A number of automatic weapons were confiscated in the aftermath, among them two light machine guns.[11]
  • 25 February 1990: The IRA bombed a British Army recruitment office in Halifax, England.[5]
  • 8 March 1990: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA at Tullynure, near Dungannon, County Tyrone. He was driving a lorry for a building firm which was contracted to the British Army. A three-man IRA unit attacked the lorry with a grenade and fired over 30 shots into the cab.[4][12]
  • 16 March 1990: First use of the Barret M82 sniper rifle in Northern Ireland by the South Armagh sniper teams. A British soldier suffered only minor head injures when a bullet pierced his helmet on Сastleblaney Road, County Armagh.[13][14]
  • 24 March 1990: There was a gun battle between an IRA unit and undercover British forces at the village of Cappagh, County Tyrone, when a civilian-type vehicle driven by an undercover agent was fired on by IRA volunteers without warning, according to Archie Hamilton, then Secretary of State for Defence.[15] Republican newspaper An Phoblacht claims that a Special Air Service (SAS) ambush was thwarted and at least two undercover soldiers were killed.[16] Hamilton states that there were no casualties.
  • 25 March 1990: A 1,000 lb IRA van bomb exploded in front of the RUC base in Ballymena, County Antrim. Another RUC base was bombed in County Tyrone.[17]
  • 28 March 1990: An off-duty RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA unit at his home on Newry Road in Armagh town. He was killed when a burst of shots were fired through his kitchen window.[18][19]
  • 2 April 1990: An IRA bomb was defused by a controlled explosion outside Fort George British Army base in Derry.[20]
  • 9 April 1990: Four UDR soldiers were killed when the IRA detonated a landmine under their patrol vehicle in Downpatrick, County Down. The landmine contained over 1,000 lb (450 kg) of explosive and was so powerful that the vehicle was blown into a nearby field.[4][21]
  • 16 April 1990: The IRA shot dead IPLO volunteer Eoin Morley in Newry. He was dragged from his girlfriend's house and shot twice in the back. The IRA initially claimed he was an informer but later apologised for the killing claiming they had received false information.[22]
  • 27 April 1990: A contractor to the British Army was killed by the IRA when he triggered a booby-trap bomb attached to his car in Kilkeel, County Down.[4][23]
  • 28 April 1990: Several mortar shells were fired by the IRA at a military checkpoint in Strabane, County Tyrone.[24]
  • 28 April 1990: A British soldier was shot and wounded in the leg when his patrol was ambushed by an IRA unit firing a heavy machine gun near Cullyhanna, County Armagh.[6]
  • 2 May 1990: A bomb exploded under a landrover in Lisburn Territorial Army base, injuring a civilian employee. An RUC base in Derry was hit by a mortar, although no injuries were reported.[25]
  • 5 May 1990: A British soldier was shot dead when an IRA unit launched an attack on a British Army foot patrol near Cullyhanna, County Armagh. The patrol had become suspicious of a derelict building after seeing smoke coming from the chimney on a hot day. As they approached they came under heavy machine gun fire and one soldier was shot in the head. A total of 188 bullets were fired by the IRA unit. The patrol were air-lifted to safety. See Operation Conservation.[4][26]
  • 16 May 1990: The IRA detonated a bomb under a military minubus in London, killing Sgt Charles Chapman, and injuring four other soldiers.[4][27]
  • 27 May 1990: Two Australian tourists, Nick Spanos and Stephen Melrose, were shot dead in the Netherlands, having been mistaken for off-duty British soldiers from a base across the German border.[4] The IRA said it "deeply regretted the tragedy".[26]
  • 1 June 1990: A British soldier was killed and two others wounded when they were shot at close range by an IRA unit while waiting for a train at Lichfield railway station in Staffordshire, England.[4][28]
  • 2 June 1990: A British Royal Artillery officer was shot dead by the IRA in Dortmund in West Germany. He was one of the most senior soldiers killed in the conflict - having the rank of Major. In a subsequent car chase a West German police officer was injured when the IRA unit fired on the pursuing officers.[4][29]
  • 6 June 1990: An RUC officer and his wife were killed when an IRA booby trap bomb exploded underneath their car on the Ballygomartin Road in Belfast. A civilian was slightly injured when the car struck her.[30]
  • 9 June 1990: The IRA bombed the headquarters of the British Army's Honourable Artillery Company in central London. Nineteen people at the barracks were injured.[5]
  • 14 June 1990: A large IRA bomb badly damaged a building inside a British Army base at Hanover, West Germany.[31]
  • 25 June 1990: A bomb exploded at the Carlton Club in London, injuring 20 people.[27]
  • 28 June 1990: A British soldier was wounded when the IRA opened fire on a military patrol in the main street of Pomeroy, County Tyrone.[32]
  • 30 June 1990: Two RUC officers were shot dead in an IRA ambush on Castle Street, Belfast. Both officers were shot at close range in the back of the head in front of dozens of shoppers.[4][33]
  • 2 July 1990: Ten people were hurt when an IRA rocket hit an RUC base in Belfast.[34]
  • 20 July 1990: Following a telephoned warning, an IRA bomb exploded inside the London Stock Exchange. It blew a hole in the side of the building, but there were no injuries.[35]
  • 24 July 1990: Three RUC officers and one civilian were killed when an IRA unit ambushed a joint RUC and British Army patrol on Killylea Road in Armagh town.[4] The patrol car was hit by a landmine, which blew it off the road and into a hedge. The officers were also members of the Orange Order.[36] The IRA and Martin McGuinness of Sinn Féin apologised for the death of the civilian, a Catholic nun.[37]
  • 26 July 1990: The IRA shot dead bomb-maker Patrick Gerard Flood after discovering he was an RUC informer, following a series of botched bomb attacks and the capture of a number of IRA men in Derry.[38] His body was found near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[39]
  • 30 July 1990 Ian Gow MP was assassinated by the IRA when a booby trap bomb exploded under his car at his home in East Sussex, England. The IRA said they killed him because of his role in British policy decisions in Northern Ireland.[4][40]
  • 13 August 1990: The IRA planted a bomb at the Berkshire home of British Army General Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley. The device was defused.[41]
  • 18 August 1990: A builder was killed by a booby-trap bomb on a building site in Castlederg, County Tyrone. The IRA said it carried out the attack because the building firm worked for the security forces.[42]
  • 4 September 1990: The IRA tested a new type of bomb in County Fermanagh. An 8,000 lb (3,600 kg) bomb was loaded onto an unmanned tractor and trailer near Roslea and driven by remote control towards a British Army outpost. The attack failed when the massive bomb caused the tractor to overturn but the remotely delivered bomb would later be used in successful attacks on British Army installations in County Armagh, such as the attack on Cloghoge checkpoint.[43]
  • 5 September 1990: Several RUC officers were injured when the IRA detonated a van bomb at Loughgall RUC base in County Armagh. A local church and a school were also damaged.[44][45]
  • 6 September 1990: The IRA planted two bombs inside the Royal Navy's Royal Fleet Auxiliary ship the RFA Fort Victoria (A387). One of the bombs was defused, but the other bomb went off. The blast caused extensive damage to the engine room, resulting in severe flooding. Because of the bombing and other construction problems, the ship was put out of action for three years.
  • 10 September 1990: The IRA bombed a British Army and Navy recruiting office in Derby, England.[5]
  • 16 September 1990: An RUC detective was kidnapped and later shot dead by the IRA in County Armagh. A van in which he and five prison officers were travelling was stopped at an IRA checkpoint. Three prison officers managed to escape, but the RUC detective and two prison officers were bundled into the back of waiting cars. The two prison officers were released, but the RUC officer was shot in the back of the head and his body dumped near Belleeks.[4][46]
  • 17 September 1990 A British Army sergeant was shot and injured by the IRA outside an army recruiting office in Finchley, London.[5]
  • 18 September 1990: The IRA attempted to kill Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry at his Staffordshire home. Terry had been a prime target since his days as Governor of Gibraltar, where he signed the documents allowing the SAS to operate against IRA volunteers in 1988. The revenge attack took place at 9 pm at the Main Road house. The gunman opened fire through a window, hitting him at least nine times and injuring his wife, Lady Betty Terry, near the eye. The couple's daughter, Liz, was found suffering from shock. Terry's face had to be rebuilt as the shots shattered his face, and two high-velocity bullets lodged a fraction of an inch from his brain.[27][47]
  • 20 September 1990: A British soldier was hit and wounded during a heavy machine gun attack on an army patrol at Drumalt, south County Armagh.[6]
  • 23 September 1990: An off-duty UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA at Oxford Island, County Armagh. He was sitting in his car when he was shot 13 times.[4][48]
  • 26 September 1990: A British Army helicopter was fired at while landing at Newtownhamilton British Army base, County Armagh. One soldier was wounded.[6]
  • 27 September 1990: An IRA bomb was defused at the Royal Over-Seas League building in central London.[49]
  • 9 October 1990: IRA volunteers Martin McCaughey and Dessie Grew were killed by the SAS near Loughgall, County Armagh. They were alleged to have been unarmed at the time.[4][50][51]
  • 13 October 1990: The IRA attacked an RUC/British Army patrol at a security barrier in Belfast. A lone IRA volunteer armed with a Browning Hi-Power pistol approached an RUC vehicle at the barrier and fired a number of shots through the window. The pistol which was used had been captured from Michael Stone during his attack on a funeral two years earlier. Two RUC officers were wounded and one died of his wounds two days later.[4][52]
  • 20 October 1990: A former UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Strabane. An IRA unit rammed his car on the Melmount Road. Three IRA volunteers then left their car and began shooting into the man's car with rifles and handguns.[53]
  • 23 October 1990: A UVF member was shot dead by the IRA on the Falls Road, Belfast. Two men approached his car on either side. As one distracted him from the passenger side another leaned through the window and shot him in the head. The IRA initially claimed he was a UFF member although it later emerged he was a member of the UVF.[4][54]
  • 24 October 1990: In a proxy bomb attack, the IRA forced a British Army civilian employee to deliver a bomb to a British Army checkpoint at Buncrana Road, on the County Donegal border. The bomb detonated, killing the employee and five British soldiers. As the bomb exploded an IRA unit opened fire from across the border. Over 25 houses in a neaby estate were damaged by the bomb.[4][55][56][57]
  • 24 October 1990: A British soldier was killed in an IRA proxy-bomb attack at a permanent vehicle check point in Killeen, County Armagh.[4][58]
  • 24 October 1990: An attempted IRA proxy-bomb attack against a British Army base in Omagh failed when the bomb did not fully explode.[59]
  • 2 November 1990: A UDR soldier was killed by the IRA when he triggered a booby trap bomb attached to a car in Cookstown, County Tyrone. A 19-year-old nurse had left a car rigged with explosives in his Cookstown garage and asked him to work on it. When he put the car in gear it exploded. The soldier was also a member of the Orange Order.[4][60]
  • 10 November 1990: Two RUC officers (one Special Branch detective and one constable), a former UDR soldier and a civilian were shot dead by the IRA while they were out shooting wildfowl at Castor Bay, County Armagh. The RUC officer and the civilian were both members of the Orange Order.[4][61]
  • 1 December 1990: A former UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Derry. The IRA's Derry Brigade said he was killed because he worked for a building firm which was contracted to the British Army and not because he was a former British soldier. His wife was injured in the shooting, the IRA described her injury as "regrettable". The former soldier had been a member of the Royal Black Institution and the Royal British Legion.[62]
  • 3 December 1990: A civilian was shot dead at his mobile home on Crew Road in Maghera, County Londonderry. The IRA admitted responsibility and said it believed the man was member of the security forces. It later "profoundly apologised" and said that its volunteers had been acting on "erroneous information".[62]
  • 5 December 1990: An IRA bomb caused serious damage on the Belfast-Dublin railway near Jonesborough, County Armagh.[63]
  • 20 December 1990: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Waringstown, County Down. The officer was shot eight times by a sniper who was waiting in a nearby field. As the officer approached in his car the gunman opened fire.[4][62]
  • 26 December 1990: An RUC patrol manning a checkpoint exchanged fire with an IRA unit at Annaghmartin, County Fermanagh.[64]

1991[edit]

  • 1 January 1991: A gunfight erupted between an IRA unit and British soldiers at a border Army checkpoint at Aughnacloy, County Tyrone.[65]
  • 5 January 1991: A factory and six shops in Belfast were destroyed by incendiary devices planted by the IRA.[66]
  • 8 January 1991: An IRA culvert bomb injured three soldiers and a civilian and caused extensive damage to nearby houses on Dundalk road, Newtownhamilton, County Armagh.[67]
  • 21 January 1991: A former RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA in Brookeborough, County Fermanagh.[68]
  • 24 January 1991: An IRA unit threw an explosive device at a British Army base in Staffordshire, England. At least one shot was also fired.[49]
  • 28 January 1991: The IRA bombed a furniture store at Belfast.[69]
  • 30 January 1991: After an IRA car bomb attack, a dairy firm in Armagh town agreed not to supply the British Army or the RUC.[70]
  • 3 February 1991: The IRA launched another "proxy bomb" attack on a British Army Ulster Defense Regiment base in Magherafelt, County Londonderry. The bomb caused major damage to the base and nearby houses, but the driver escaped before it exploded.[71][72]
  • 7 February 1991: The IRA launched a mortar attack on members of the British Cabinet and the Prime Minister, John Major in a Cabinet session at Number 10 Downing Street at the height of a huge security clampdown amid the Gulf War.[73]
  • 14 February 1991: One UDR soldier was seriously wounded and another escaped injury when two San Valentine's card bombs exploded in Killen and Castlederg, County Tyrone.[74]
  • 15 February 1991: The IRA attempted to shoot down one British RAF helicopter that was extracting men from the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment after a border patrol from St Angelo Barracks, Trory, County Fermanagh. More than 360 rounds were fired from across the border.[75]
  • 18 February 1991: A bomb exploded at Victoria Station, one man was killed and 38 people injured. A bomb also exploded at Paddington Station delaying upwards of 500,000 commuters, but there were no injuries.[27][76] Police confirmed that the IRA had given a 45 minute warning to clear the stations.[77]
  • 24 February 1991: An IRA unit launched a mortar and machine gun assault on a British Army outpost in Silverbridge, County Armagh. A 15-minute gun battle erupted right after the first attack.[78]
  • 25 February 1991: An IRA bomb exploded on a railway line in St. Albans, England.[49]
  • 1 March 1991: Two UDR soldiers were killed in an IRA ambush on Killylea Road in Armagh town. One of the UDR soldiers was an Englishman, who died instantly. The other soldier died on 4 March. This was the first recorded use of the IRA's Mark-12 horizontal-mortar bomb.[79][80] See Mullacreevie ambush
  • 2 March 1991: The IRA carried out a machine gun attack on a helicopter. The shooting was filmed by a Dublin television crew outside Crossmaglen Health Center, County Armagh. There was no reaction from the British security although the main RUC/Army base was just 50 yards away.[81][82]
  • 3 March 1991: IRA volunteers John Quinn (23), Dwayne O'Donnell (17) Malcolm Nugent (20) and one civilian were killed by the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) during a gun attack on Boyle's Bar in Cappagh, County Tyrone. The volunteers arrived in a car as a UVF gang was about to attack the pub. The UVF fired at the car (killing the volunteers) then fired through the window of the pub (killing the civilian).[83] Local republicans wondered how the loyalist unit was able to get away through a heavily patrolled area.[84]
  • 13 March 1991: A British Army checkpoint at Gortmullan, County Fermanagh, was fired on by the IRA. There was another attack on the same spot on 20 April.[85]
  • 20 March 1991: An employee of the firm Locksley Engineering was shot in the arm by IRA members in Belfast, as part of its campaign against companies which supplied security forces. After the shooting, Locksley Engineering announced that they would no longer work for the RUC or the British Army.[86]
  • 22 March 1991: A female RUC civilian employee was shot and seriously wounded by IRA members outside the RUC headquarters in Derry. Her husband, an RUC officer, had been killed by the IRA in 1987, and the attack stirred widespread condemnation.[86]
  • 23 March 1991: A UDR soldier was shot and wounded by the IRA in Trillick, County Tyrone.[86]
  • 25 March 1991: There was a rocket attack on an RUC mobile patrol in Newry, County Down. Two RUC officers were injured.[86]
  • 5 April 1991: A number of incendiary devices were planted by the IRA in the Arndale Shopping centre in Manchester, England. They were discovered and defused.[49]
  • 6 April 1991: An RUC officer was killed when he triggered a booby-trap bomb attached to his car by the IRA in Ballycastle, County Antrim. The explosion caused the car to burst into flames and roll down a hill where it hit another vehicle which also burst into flames.[80][87]
  • 9 April 1991: A Protestant civilian was shot dead by the IRA at his mobile home on Aughaveagh Road in Coagh, County Tyrone. A witness said that when the men entered the house they asked him if his name was Derek, when he replied "yes" one of the gunmen responded by saying "Bye bye, Derek" and shot him a number of times. The IRA claimed the man was a member of the UVF, although his family denied this.[88]
  • 10 April 1991: IRA volunteer Colm Marks was shot dead by the RUC while he was preparing a mortar bomb in Downpatrick, County Down. Another Volunteer escaped the ambush.[80][88]
  • 13 April 1991: The IRA shot dead a man outside his parents' home in Killen, County Tyrone. The dead man had been listed as a UVF member in Garda Síochána files that the IRA had obtained. The documents stated that the man was wanted in connection with firebomb attacks on premises in Ballybofey, Letterkenny and Castlefin in 1987. The attacks had been claimed by the UFF.[89]
  • 13 April 1991: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA at his shop in Lisburn. An IRA gunman entered the shop and shot him at point blank range.[80][89]
  • 20 April 1991: The British Army checkpoint at Gortmullan, County Fermanagh, was fired on by the IRA for the second time in a month.[85] Members of the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment returned fire with a .50 heavy machine gun, the first time that such a weapon was used by the British Army in the Troubles.[75]
  • 28 April 1991: The IRA fired a Mark-12 mortar at the RUC base in Carrickmore, County Tyrone.[90]
  • 1 May 1991: An RUC sergeant was killed after his patrol vehicle was hit by an IRA rocket in Beechmount, Belfast. Two other officers were badly injured.[80][91]
  • 13 May 1991: A former RUC officer was killed when an IRA booby-trap bomb exploded underneath his car as he drove along The Mall in Armagh town.[92] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[36]
  • 17 May 1991: An RUC officer was killed in an IRA bomb attack in Lisbellaw, County Fermanagh.[80][93]
  • 12 May 1991: A man was shot dead by the IRA in east Belfast. The victim owned a fruit and vegetable firm and had been supplying the security forces. He had been warned four times previously to cease supplying them.[93]
  • 25 May 1991: A British soldier was killed when the IRA fired a grenade into North Howard Street British Army Base, west Belfast. Another soldier lost both of his legs in the attack.[80][94] The IRA claimed that they used a new type of grenade.[95]
  • 26 May 1991: Two RUC officers were injured when an IRA bomb exploded in a Protestant housing area at Cookstown, County Tyrone; 130 houses were damaged.[96]
  • 27 May 1991: An RUC officer was shot dead in an IRA ambush in Lower Crescent, Belfast. IRA volunteers ambushed the patrol at close range with handguns. The dead RUC officer was shot 5 times. A nearby UDR patrol returned fire but the IRA unit escaped.[80][94]
  • 31 May 1991: Glenanne barracks bombing: Three UDR soldiers were killed and up to 40 injured when the IRA detonated a lorry-bomb packed with 2,500 lb (1,100 kg) of explosives outside Glenanne British Army Base in County Armagh. The bomb was so large that it could be heard in County Dublin, over 60 km away. A 60-metre-deep crater was left by the blast, and most of the cows and other animals in surrounding farms were killed.[80][97] The soldiers were also members of the Orange Order.[36]
  • 2 June 1991: A female civil servant was critically injured outside her house in County Antrim by a booby-trap planted under her car. The IRA later apologised, calling the attack 'a mistake'.[98]
  • 3 June 1991: IRA volunteers Lawrence McNally (38), Peter Ryan (37) and Tony Doris (21) were killed in an ambush by an SAS unit at Coagh, County Tyrone. The British Army stated that the IRA volunteers had been intercepted on their way to an attack. Over 200 rounds were fired at the car.[99][100]
  • 17 June 1991: A UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Duncrue, Belfast. An IRA unit ambushed his car using an AKM rifle and a .357 Magnum handgun. The soldier was hit 7 times in the neck and body.[80][101]
  • 19 June 1991: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA while off-duty in Strandtown, Belfast. British informer Martin McGartland (later shot and badly wounded by the IRA) alleged that he drove the getaway car.[80][102]
  • 26 June 1991: Two bombs exploded outside the Queen Street RUC station in Belfast, injuring 20 people. Two suspected IRA members were arrested in the aftermath.[103]
  • 28 June 1991: An IRA bomb was defused at a theatre in Middlesex, England.[49]
  • 29 June 1991: Ulster Democratic Party member and UDA/UFF commander Cecil McKnight was shot dead by the IRA in the Waterside area of Derry City. The IRA claimed he had been involved in the assassination of Sinn Féin Councillor Eddie Fullerton. The IRA unit were pursued by the RUC after the shooting but escaped after they opened fire on an RUC patrol car.[80][102]
  • 30 June 1991: An IRA bomb was disabled by a controlled explosion at a Royal Navy and Royal Air Force recruiting office in Preston, England.[49]
  • 19 July 1991: The IRA fired a Surface-to-air missile at a RAF Wessex helicopter at Kinawley in County Fermanagh. The missile failed to lock onto the helicopter and exploded on the ground.[104]
  • 19 July 1991: The IRA shot dead a civilian who they claimed was an informer for the Garda Síochána in Dundalk.[105]
  • 5 August 1991: A former UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA while driving his car along Altmore Road, Cappagh, County Tyrone.[80] The IRA said he was a member of the UVF.[106]
  • 8 August 1991: British informer Martin McGartland was kidnapped by the IRA in Belfast. He was being interrogated in a flat when he managed to escape by jumping out of a third floor window.[107]
  • 9 August 1991: Ulster Democratic Party member and UDA/UFF member Gary Lynch was shot dead by the IRA in Lisahally, County Londonderry. Lynch had been a pall bearer at the funeral of senior UDP and UDA/UFF member Cecil McKnight who was shot dead by the IRA two months earlier.[80][108]
  • 15 August 1991: A civilian was killed and a number of British soldiers wounded when the IRA launched a grenade at a British Army foot patrol in the Falls area of Belfast.[80]
  • 15 August 1991: A former UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA at a farm in Sion Mills, County Tyrone.[80]
  • 17 August 1991: A British soldier was killed when the IRA detonated a 300 lb (140 kg) landmine as a British Army Patrol passed near Cullyhanna, County Armagh.[80][109]
  • 22 August 1991: The IRA carried out a bombing against the RUC base at Kilrea, County Londonderry using a 200 lb device.[110]
  • 28 August 1991: A 1,000 lb explosive device planted by the IRA in Markethill, County Armagh, destroyed an RUC base and damaged in different degree all the buildings of the village, some of them beyond repair. A great deal of livestock was killed.[111]
  • 29 August 1991: Three IRA incendiary devices were defused in a London underground depot near Hammersmith.[49]
  • 3 September 1991: An attempted proxy-bombing in County Armagh failed when the truck slid off the road into a ditch.[97]
  • 10 September 1991: A UVF member was shot dead by the IRA in the Village area of Belfast. A two man IRA unit entered the house and the victim jumped from his bedroom window to escape but the IRA shot him from the window. One of the members then ran downstairs and him again as he lay wounded. In total he was shot 8 times. The suggestion that he was a UVF member was denied by his family although the man had a tattoo with the letters "UVF" on his arm and a number of UVF emblems in his bedroom.[80][112]
  • 17 September 1991: An RUC officer was killed and several British soldiers wounded when the IRA carried out a horizontal mortar attack against a joint patrol in Swatragh, County Londonderry.[80][113]
  • 19 September 1991: A British Army contractor was shot dead at his workplace in Duncrue, Belfast. A two man IRA team, who were not wearing any masks, walked into his office and shot him twice in the chest and once in the head.[80][114]
  • 2 November 1991: Two British soldiers were killed when the IRA detonated a bomb at Musgrave Park British Army base in Belfast. A two storey building in the base was destroyed by the blast.[80][115]
  • 6 November 1991: The IRA fired a horizontal mortar at a four-vehicle UDR patrol in Bellaghy, County Londonderry. The mortar hit the last vehicle in the patrol, killing a UDR soldier and wounding another.[80][116]
  • 13 November 1991: The IRA shot dead a UDA member and a civilian at their home on Lecale Street, Belfast. Two IRA volunteers armed with an AK-47 assault rifle and a 9mm pistol opened fire, hitting the UDA man at least nine times and the other man six times. The IRA claimed that both men were UDA members although only one of their names appears on a UDA "roll of honour". In a separate attack two civilians were killed when the IRA attacked their home on Upper Crumlin Road, Belfast. The building was previously owned by a UVF member and it is suspected he was the intended target.[80][117]
  • 15 November 1991: IRA volunteers Patricia Black (18) and Frank Ryan (26) were killed in St Albans when their bomb detonated prematurely. A civilian was also injured.[27][80][118]
  • 24 November 1991: One UVF member and one UDA member were killed and eight others injured when the IRA managed to plant a bomb in the dining hall used by loyalist prisoners in the Crumlin Road Prison, Belfast.[80][119]
  • 27 November 1991: A UDR soldier was kidnapped, shot dead by the IRA while off-duty in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[80][120]
  • 1 December 1991: Four IRA devices exploded in separate retail premises on the Tottenham Court Road, London. There were no injuries.[49]
  • 2 December 1991: An IRA incendiary device ignited in a Littlewoods store on Oxford Street, London.[49]
  • 4 December 1991: A car bomb in Belfast caused widespread destruction on the Grand Opera House and left 16 people injured.[121]
  • 7 December 1991: A large number of explosive devices were found in shops and businesses in Blackpool, England.[49]
  • 8 December 1991: Seven incendiary devices exploded in the Manchester Arndale in England. There were no injuries.[122]
  • 12 December 1991: An IRA truck-bomb wrecked the RUC station in Craigavon, County Armagh, injuring more than 60 people.[123] Another IRA device exploded on the grounds of a vacated Territorial Army base near Derry.[124]
  • 14 December 1991: Four IRA explosive devices were discovered in Brent Cross shopping centre, London.[122]
  • 15 December 1991: An IRA incendiary device partially exploded in the National Gallery in London.[122]
  • 16 December 1991: The IRA detonated a bomb on a railway line near Clapham Junction in England.[122]
  • 23 December 1991: Three IRA firebombs exploded at separate underground railway stations in London. There were no injuries although an estimated 50,000 commuters were affected and the cost the city around $90 million.[122][125]

1992[edit]

A Sniper at work sign, near Crossmaglen, warns British troops of the presence of the South Armagh Sniper.
  • 1 January 1992: There was a gun battle between British troops and an IRA unit at Pomeroy, County Tyrone.[126]
  • 10 January 1992: A small device explodes in Whitehall Place, London following a telephoned warning. No injuries.[27]
  • 13 January 1992: An IRA booby-trap bomb killed a civilian in Coalisland, County Tyrone. The man was killed by a bomb that had been attached to his car by a magnet. It was a case of mistaken identity; the IRA had received information that he was working as a labourer on a British Army barracks (he was a joiner by trade) but this turned out to be untrue. The IRA extended sympathy to the dead man's family.[127]
  • 17 January 1992: An IRA landmine blew up a minibus at Teebane near Cookstown, County Tyrone. It killed eight men who were working as building contractors for the British Army in Omagh. Another six contractors were badly injured. One of the dead was also a British soldier of the Royal Irish Rangers regiment.[128][129][130]
  • 27 January 1992: A civilian was injured when an IRA bomb exploded at the bottom of Rockdale Street in Belfast.[131]
  • 30 January 1992: An IRA firebomb was defused at Elephant and Castle, London.[122]
  • 31 January 1992: An IRA van bomb blew up in downtown Dungannon, County Tyrone, causing three wounded and substantial damaged[132] both on the city center and the security base.[133]
  • 2 February 1992: The IRA detonated a car-bomb on Botanic Avenue, Belfast. The explosion caused widespread damage.[134]
  • 3 February 1992: A civilian was shot dead by the IRA in Dungannon, County Tyrone. Two men followed him to a supermarket and opened fire with AK-47 assault rifles, hitting him 32 times. The IRA claimed the man was a member of the UVF. The RUC refused to comment on the claim.[135]
  • 5 February 1992: Joseph MacManus, an IRA volunteer from Sligo Town, County Sligo was killed near the border at Mulleek, near Belleek, County Fermanagh during a gun battle following the attempted ambush of a UDR soldier. A UDR soldier was badly wounded in the attack.[128][136]
  • 7 February 1992: An IRA firebomb was discovered at Neasden, London.[122]
  • 11 February 1992: An IRA bomb was defused on Parliament Street, Exeter.[122]
  • 15 February 1992: The IRA detonated a 450 lb (200 kg) bomb on Adelaide Street, Belfast. The bomb caused millions of pounds worth of damage.[134]
  • 16 February 1992: IRA volunteers Kevin Barry O'Donnell (21), Sean O'Farrell (23), Peter Clancy (19) and Daniel Patrick Vincent (20) were ambushed and killed by the SAS in Clonoe, County Tyrone. The IRA unit had just attacked Coalisland RUC base using a DShK heavy machine gun mounted on the back of a stolen lorry. The men were ambushed in a graveyard following the attack by undercover British soldiers. Two other IRA volunteers were wounded during the ambush but managed to escape.[128][137] A British soldier was also injured during the incident.[138]
  • 28 February 1992: The IRA detonated a bomb at London Bridge railway station injuring 29 people.[27]
  • 29 February 1992: An IRA bomb exploded at the Crown Prosecution Service building in London injuring two people.[139]
  • 1 March 1992: A small IRA bomb was defused at White Hart Lane BR station in London.[122]
  • 5 March 1992: A 1,000 lb IRA bomb exploded in the center of Lurgan, County Armagh, causing extensive damage to commercial properties.[140]
  • 5 March 1992: A British soldier was injured by an IRA bomb near Augher, County Tyrone.[141][142]
  • 9 March 1992: The IRA destroyed a service station on the Ballygawley/Dungannon road, County Tyrone, on the basis that they were supplying British forces.[143][144]
  • 10 March 1992: A small IRA bomb exploded near Wandsworth Common railway station in London. There were no injuries.[122]
  • 15 March 1992: An IRA unit fired more than 1,000 rounds at two helicopters from across the border near Roslea, County Fermanagh.[145]
  • 24 March 1992: The IRA detonated a massive car-bomb containing over 1,100 lb (500 kg) of explosive in Pakenham Street, Belfast. The bomb caused severe damage to the RUC base and nearby business premises[146]
  • 27 March 1992: A female RUC officer was killed when an IRA unit hit her patrol vehicle with a horizontal mortar in Newry, County Down. Another Police Constable lost both his legs in the attack.[128][147]
  • 6 April 1992: A small IRA bomb exploded near Piccadilly Circus in London. There were no injuries.[122]
  • 10 April 1992: The IRA detonated a large truck-bomb at 30 St Mary Axe in the City of London. Despite a warning to evacuate the area, three civilians were killed and 91 injured. Many buildings were heavily damaged, including the Baltic Exchange.[27][148]
  • 11 April 1992: A large IRA car-bomb exploded at Staples Corner in London causing serious damage to buildings and nearby roads.[149]
  • 11 April 1992: An IRA bomb partially exploded in a shop in Pomeroy, County Tyrone.[150]
  • 13 April 1992: A 500 lb (230 kg) IRA car-bomb was defused outside Castlereagh RUC base.[134]
  • 18 April 1992: An employee of the British Army was shot dead by the IRA at his home on Nialls Crescent in Armagh town. At least 18 shots were fired at him through the front door from a high velocity weapon.[151]
  • 1 May 1992: A British soldier was killed when the IRA used a specially designed unmanned railway bogie to deliver a bomb to a British Army permanent vehicle checkpoint at Cloghoge, County Armagh.[128] See Attack on Cloghoge checkpoint.
  • 5 May 1992: A Mark-12 mortar, fired by an IRA unit, overshot Rosemount RUC station in County Londonderry and damaged several houses nearby.[152]
  • 8 May 1992: A 1,000 lb IRA car bomb exploded outside the RUC station in Fivemiletown, County Tyrone, injuring 10 civilians and causing substantial damage to civilian properties nearby[153] and structural damage to the security base itself.[154]
  • 9 May 1992: A number of incendiary devices exploded at the Metro Centre in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, causing some damage.[149]
  • 9 May 1992: An IRA bomb exploded accidentally in Mullaghbawn, County Armagh, injuring the IRA volunteer who was assembling it.[155]
  • 12 May 1992: A British Army paratrooper lost both legs after an IRA bomb attack near Cappagh, County Tyrone. The incident triggered a series of clashes between British soldiers and local people in the town of Coalisland, which lasted until 17 May, when an army machine gun was stolen. Unionist officials accused Sinn Féin of being the instigators of the riots.[156] At least three civilians and two soldiers were injured.[157][158]
  • 2 June 1992: An IRA unit carried out a mortar attack on a British Army checkpoint at Mullan Bridge, Kinawley, County Fermanagh.[159]
  • 7 June 1992: A British Police officer, Glenn Goodman, was shot dead after he stopped the car of an IRA volunteer on the A64 at Tadcaster, North Yorkshire, England. Another officer was shot and badly wounded.[128][160] IRA volunteers Paul Magee and Michael O'Brien were caught four days later. Paul Magee was charged and found guilt for the murder,[161] while O'Brien was found guilty of attempted murder.[162][163] On the same day an IRA bomb exploded at the Royal Festival Hall in London.[149]
  • 10 June 1992: A small IRA bomb exploded in Wilcox Place, London.[149]
  • 15 June 1992: An IRA bomb exploded in a hijacked minicab in St. Albans.[149]
  • 21 June 1992: An IRA semtex blast bomb was thrown to an RUC patrol during a festival in Benburb, County Tyrone.[164]
  • 22 June 1992: A British army patrol was fired upon and near missed by an IRA sniper in the town of Cookstown, County Tyrone.[165]
  • 25 June 1992: An IRA briefcase-bomb exploded under a car in Coleman Street, London. A police officer had to be treated for shock.[149]
  • 27 June 1992: An IRA bomb injured 21 people in the center of Belfast.[166]
  • 30 July 1992: Two incendiary devices exploded in Milton Keynes causing minimal damage.[149]
  • 2 August 1992: A British soldier was injured in a gun battle with the IRA in Pomeroy, County Tyrone.[167]
  • 3 August 1992: A British soldier was shot dead by an IRA sniper team in the New Lodge area of Belfast. The soldier was in the back of an army Land Rover when an IRA sniper fired from a block of flats, hitting the soldier in the chest.[128][168]
  • 20 August 1992: Two British soldiers were wounded in an IRA attack at Grosvenor road, Belfast.[169]
  • 21 August 1992: A civilian was shot dead in a crossfire by the IRA during a gun battle in Ardoyne with the RUC. The IRA issued a statement after the attack in which it apologised for the killing.[128][170]
  • 25 August 1992: An IRA firebomb exploded in the Shropshire Regimental museum in Shrewsbury Castle, Shropshire, England and two incendiary devices exploded in two furniture shops in Shrewsbury Town Centre.[149]
  • 27 August 1992: An unsuccessful one-shot attack was launched by the IRA's South Armagh sniper on a British Army patrol at Carran Road, Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[171]
  • 28 August 1992: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper in the main square of Crossmaglen, County Armagh. The soldier was taking up position in the main square of the town when he was hit in the chest by a single bullet fired by an IRA sniper 250 yards away.[128][172]
  • 6 September 1992: A small IRA bomb exploded at the Hilton hotel in London.[149]
  • 17 September 1992: One bomb and four firebombs exploded at various locations around London.[149]
  • 23 September 1992: A massive 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) IRA truck-bomb exploded outside the Forensic Science Laboratory at Newtownbreda in south Belfast. The device almost completely demolished the Laboratory and damaged 1,002 homes in the surrounding area. The tremors from the blast were felt over 12 miles (19 km) away and the bomb was later assessed as probably the largest device ever detonated in Northern Ireland. There were no injuries in the attack as the IRA had given a 40-minute warning to evacuate the area,[173] although hundreds of residents had to be treated for shock. It was described as being as powerful as a "mini-nuke". The army bomb disposal team who were attempting to defuse it all suffered deafness, and several military vehicles were damaged.[174]
  • 30 September 1992: A UDA member was shot dead by the IRA in the Ballynafeigh area of Belfast.[128]
  • 1 October 1992: A 15-men strong IRA unit, armed with rifles and machine guns, set up several checkpoints around the village of Meigh, County Armagh.[175]
  • 7 October 1992: Five people were injured when an IRA bomb exploded in Piccadilly, London. Another bomb also exploded on Flitcroft street in London.[149]
  • 8 October 1992: One person was injured when an IRA bomb exploded underneath a car in Tooley Street, London. Another bomb exploded on Malcombe Street.[176]
  • 9 October 1992: An IRA bomb exploded in the carpark of the Royal British Legion building in Southgate, England.[176]
  • 9 October 1992: Two explosive devices blew up outside two shops at Dungannon, County Tyrone, destroying both buildings. Another bomb exploded outside a bank in Belfast, causing minor damage.[177]
  • 10 October 1992: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA in the Monico Bar, Lombard Street, Belfast.[128][178] In England, the IRA bombed Paddington Green police station, injuring one person.[176]
  • 12 October 1992: An explosive device exploded in a toilet of the Sussex Arms public house in Covent Garden killing one person and injuring four others.[27]
  • 19 October 1992: An IRA bomb explodes in Oxenden Street London, leaving two people requiring treatment for shock.[176]
  • 20 October 1992: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA at his home in Rasharkin, County Antrim. The soldier was said to have been a close friend of DUP leader Ian Paisley.[128][179]
  • 21 October 1992: Three people were injured when the IRA detonate a bomb at Princess Louise Territorial Army Centre, Hammersmith Road, London. Two more people were wounded when the IRA bomb a railway line in Edmonton, England.[176]
  • 21 October 1992: The IRA detonated a 200 lb (91 kg) carbomb on the Main Street of Bangor, County Down.[180]
  • 22 October 1992: A sewage pipe is damaged by an IRA explosive device at Wick Lane, London.[181]
  • 25 October 1992: A small IRA bomb explodes in London damaging one building and a number of vehicles.[176]
  • 30 October 1992: A small IRA bomb explodes outside 10 Downing Street, the residence of the British Prime Minister.[176]
  • 31 October 1992: The IRA wiped out the IPLO in Belfast after a vicious internal IPLO feud and allegations that it was dealing drugs. The leader of the IPLO's breakaway Belfast Brigade, Sammy Ward, was shot dead in the Short Strand and several other high-ranking members were kneecapped. Their lives were spared on condition that the IPLO surrender and disband immediately. Within a few days both IPLO factions surrendered and disbanded. IPLO units in Newry and Armagh were not attacked and absolved of any involvement in criminality or drug dealing by the IRA.[128][182]
  • 13 November 1992: The IRA detonated a van-bomb in the centre of Coleraine, County Londonderry, causing extensive damage to the town centre.[180][183]
  • 14 November 1992: A British Police officer was shot and injured by the IRA in London after confronting two men he had spotted acting suspiciously. The two men fled the seen and in a follow up search a truck-bomb was discovered and defused.[176]
  • 15 November 1992: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper while manning a vehicle checkpoint in Belcoo, County Fermanagh. It emerged that the sniper used an AK-47 assault rifle equipped with a night-sight and fired a single shot from high ground on the Donegal side of the border.[128][184]
  • 19 November 1992: An off-duty British soldier was shot dead in Portadown, County Armagh. He was shot at least 12 times by an IRA volunteer who fired at close range. The soldier managed to return fire but it is not believed he hit anybody.[128][184]
  • 21 November 1992: An alleged informer was shot dead by the IRA at Creggan, County Londonderry.[185]
  • 24 November 1992: An IRA unit exchanged fire with a combined British Army/RUC patrol at Castlederg, County Tyrone. The unit had been surprised outside the house of a Royal Irish Regiment soldier. More than 70 shots were fired.[186]
  • 24 November 1992: Four RUC members were injured in Belfast by an IRA jar-bomb.[187]
  • 25 November 1992: IRA volunteer Pearse Jordan was shot dead by the RUC after his car was rammed by an undercover RUC vehicle in Belfast. After stumbling out of the car unarmed, Jordan was shot three times in the back by an RUC sergeant. In May 2001, Jordan's case was heard by the European Court of Human Rights along with three similar cases.[188] The Court agreed that Jordan's death was in violation of Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights[128]
  • 1 December 1992: An IRA van-bomb was made safe by the British Army in London after a telephoned warning.[189] In Belfast two IRA bombs exploded injuring 27 people,[180] and an IRA unit fired a rocket at a British Army outpost on a Belfast's high-rise.[190]
  • 2 December 1992: British Police managed to disarm and IRA van bomb which was left London's West End.[191]
  • 4 December 1992: The IRA detonated two small bombs in Manchester, England; 64 people were injured.[189][191]
  • 7 December 1992: The first barrack buster mortar was launched against an RUC base in Ballygawley, County Tyrone.[192]
  • 9 December 1992: The IRA detonated two car-bombs on King Street, Belfast City centre.[193] In London an IRA truck-bomb partially explodes in Woodside Park.[194]
  • 10 December 1992: Two IRA bombs explode at Wood Green shopping centre in London injuring 11 people.[195]
  • 13 December 1992: An IRA unit fired at British troops in Annaghmartin, County Fermanagh. The RUC base there was also mortared.[196]
  • 13 December 1992: A British Army observation tower was hit by an IRA mortar round in Crossmaglen.[196][197]
  • 13 December 1992: The IRA attacked Oldpark RUC station in Belfast.[197]
  • 18 December 1992: The RUC base at Markethill, County Armagh, was damaged by an IRA mortar attack.[198]
  • 21 December 1992: A small IRA bomb exploded at Hampstead underground station in England. There were no injuries.[195][199]
  • 22 December 1992: A soldier was given a box of chocolates by a female motorist at a checkpoint in Cookstown, County Tyrone. Later, British Army experts found and defused a 1 kg Semtex device inside. The IRA is suspected.[199][200][201]
  • 24 December 1992: The IRA called a three-day ceasefire.[180]
  • 28 December 1992: The IRA's three-day ceasefire ended.
  • 30 December 1992: A British soldier was shot dead at his home in the Cavehill Road area of Belfast. Two IRA volunteers burst into the house armed with AK-47 assault rifles and shot the soldier at least 13 times at close range. The soldiers wife claimed that IRA volunteer Thomas Begley was one of the gunmen.[128][202]

1993[edit]

  • 5 January 1993: Three soldiers were injured by a bomb in Belfast while evacuating Belfast's city hall area after a warning was issue by an IRA telephone call.[203]
  • 6 January 1993: Large parts of London were cordoned off after IRA firebombs exploded in a number of stores.[204]
  • 6 January 1993: A 25 lb explosive device went off at Dungannon, causing minor damage and no victims.[205]
  • 7 January 1993: The IRA attempted to detonate a bomb at an oil and gas storage depot in east Belfast. Another IRA bomb was defused in a bookshop in London.[195][204]
  • 8 January 1993: A British Army post was mortared and a helicopter attacked with machine-gun fire at Kinawley, County Fermanagh.[206]
  • 11 January 1993: The victim of an IRA punishment attack in Dungannon had to have one of his legs amputated.[204]
  • 11 January 1993: An IRA unit launched a rocket at an RUC base in south Belfast.[204]
  • 11 January 1993: A Protestant was shot dead while driving his car along Donaghmore Road in Dungannon, County Tyrone. The IRA claimed the man, who was a member of the Pomeroy Faith Defenders Orange Lodge, was a commander of the UVF in Tyrone and had been responsible for the killings of Catholic civilians. This was denied by the man's family.[207]
  • 14 January 1993: The IRA fired a rocket at an RUC patrol in Derry.[204]
  • 14 January 1993: The IRA fired a mortar at an RUC base in Andersonstown, Belfast.[208]
  • 15 January 1993: The IRA exploded two bombs in Belfast; one of them ignited a fire that destroyed a car showrooms.[209][210]
  • 15 January 1993: An IRA bomb blast targeted an Army and RUC patrol in Main street, Carrickmore, County Tyrone, resulting in a number of injured.[209]
  • 19 January 1993: The IRA claimed that their militants uncovered and destroyed a British army observation post concealed in a derelict house in Drumcairne Forest, near Stewartstown, County Tyrone. The same source reported that a British helicopter and ground forces arrived to the scene shortly after, and that local residents believed that two soldiers had been injured.[211]
  • 20 January 1993: The IRA mortared Clogher RUC base in County Tyrone, causing considerable damage to the building.[204]
  • 23 January 1993: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA while on foot patrol on Shipquay Street in Derry. He was shot twice in the back of the head at close range by a lone gunman.[212][213]
  • 23 January 1993: An off-duty British soldier and a gunman were injured in a shoot-out at Newtownstewart, County Tyrone. The IRA claimed that a 600 lb bomb failed to explode at Cappagh, County Tyrone.[214]
  • 23 January 1993: Republican sources claimed that an IRA unit fired 200 machine gun rounds on a British army outpost at CIonatty Bridge, Newtownbutler, County Fermanagh. A similar attack was carried out the next day on another observation post in Killyvilly, also in Fermanagh.[215]
  • 27 January 1993: An IRA bomb exploded outside Harrods, London, injuring four people.[204]
  • 3 February 1993: Two small IRA bombs exploded in England. One at South Kensington underground station in London and the other at Kent House railway station.[216]
  • 6 February 1993: The IRA fired a Mark-16 grenade at a British Army patrol on Ross Street, Belfast.[217]
  • 9 February 1993: A British soldier was killed and four others badly wounded when an IRA unit detonated a remote-controlled bomb fixed to a wall as a foot patrol passed on Cathedral Road, Armagh town.[204][213][218]
  • 10 February 1993: A small IRA bomb exploded in a residential area of London.[204]
  • 12 February 1993: A bomb is thrown at British troops by an IRA unit near Cookstown, County Tyrone, but the device failed to explode.[219]
  • 15 February 1993: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA outside his home in the Highfields area of Belfast. He was walking down the street when a car drew alongside and fired a burst of shots from an AK-47 assault rifle, hitting the soldier four times. As he lay wounded a second gunman stepped out of the car and shot the victim three times in the head with a handgun.[213][220]
  • 20 February 1993: Four British soldiers were injured when their patrol vehicle was hit by a rocket in the Woodburn area of Belfast.[217]
  • 20 February 1993: Three Protestant civilians were shot and injured at a bar in Belfast. The IRA claimed that one of the men was a Royal Irish Regiment soldier.[204]
  • 21 February 1993: Dunnes Stores in the Park Centre, Belfast was firebombed by the IRA.[221]
  • 22 February 1993: Two RUC officers were injured in an IRA bomb attack on a base in Derry.[204]
  • 24 February 1993: An RUC officer was killed by an IRA booby-trap bomb attached to his car in Loughgall, County Armagh. The bomb exploded as he travelled up a small hill. His legs were blown off in the explosion.[213][220]
  • 25 February 1993: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper while on joint British Army and RUC foot patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. He was taking cover at the side of a road and when he stood up he was hit by a single bullet which struck him in the chest.[220]
  • 26 February 1993: A British Police Officer was shot and injured by the IRA in Warrington, England after stopping a suspect car. Three bombs later exploded at the nearby gasworks causing extensive damage.[216]
  • 27 February 1993: The IRA detonated a bomb at Camden Market in London; 18 people were injured.[204]
  • 1 March 1993: An IRA unit launched two mortar bombs at a security base in Bessbrook, County Armagh. At least three people were injured and 30 houses suffered damage.[222]
  • 6 March 1993: The IRA ambushed a car carrying two loyalist paramilitary figures. One was shot and wounded in the attack which took place in the Shankill area of Belfast.[223]
  • 7 March 1993: Four RUC officers were badly injured when the IRA detonated a car-bomb on the Main Street of Bangor, County Down.[204][224]
  • 7 March 1993: An IRA unit fired several shots on a former UDR soldier at his home in Dungannon, County Tyrone, injuring his nine-year-old son.[223]
  • 8 March 1993: Two RUC officers and three civilians were wounded by an IRA bomb blast in Belfast. Another RUC officer was shot and wounded at a Belfast checkpoint.[225]
  • 8 March 1993: The IRA launched a mortar attack on Keady British Army base, County Armagh. A civilian who was working as a contractor for the British Army was killed when three barrack buster mortars were fired into the base. The man was operating a crane when it was struck by one of the mortars.[213][226]
  • 9 March 1993: The IRA took over two houses in the Woodburn area of Belfast and fired a rocket from a window at a British foot patrol.[227]
  • 9 March 1993: A British soldier was shot and wounded by the IRA in east Belfast.[204]
  • 10 March 1993: A Protestant man was shot dead by the IRA in the Oldpark area of Belfast. The IRA claimed he was a loyalist paramilitary. Two IRA volunteers entered his shop, the first shot the man a number of times in the chest at close range and the second shot him with an AK-47 assault rifle as he lay wounded on the floor. His family denied he was a member of a loyalist paramilitary group.[204][228]
  • 13 March 1993: The IRA mortared a British Army observation post at Glasdrumman, County Armagh.[204]
  • 17 March 1993: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper while on duty in Forkill, County Armagh. The patrol were in pursuit of a man who had been acting suspiciously when a single high velocity shot was fired by a sniper who is believed to have been in a nearby vehicle. The bullet hit the soldier in the side and he died a short time later. Another British soldier returned fire at the vehicle but scored no hits.[213][229]
  • 20 March 1993: Two IRA bombs exploded in Warrington, killing two children and injuring over 50 people. A coded warning was issued to the Samaritans, but police said it placed the bomb outside a Boots chemist shop in Liverpool, 16 miles (26 km) away from Boots in Warrington, where the detonation occurred.[230]
  • 25 March 1993: There was a multiple weapons attack by the IRA on a British Army watchtower, the Borucki sangar, in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[85]
  • 3 April 1993: A British soldier was shot and injured by the IRA near Crossmaglen.[85]
  • 7 April 1993: Three British soldiers were wounded when the IRA mortared their base in Crossmaglen. The IRA also detonated a bomb at a Conservative Party club in London.[204]
  • 15 April 1993: Two IRA bombs were defused in Belfast.[204]
  • 20 April 1993: The IRA detonated a small bomb in Derry.[204]
  • 22 April 1993: The small village of Cullaville, County Armagh, along the border with the Republic, was taken over by an IRA unit for two hours without reaction of the British forces and despite the presence of a military wachtower nearby.[231][232] See Occupation of Cullaville
  • 23 April 1993: A small IRA bomb detonated at an Esso oil refinery in North Shields, England, causing moderate damage.[216]
  • 24 April 1993: The IRA detonated a huge truck bomb at Bishopsgate in the City of London, which killed one person and injured 44 more. The explosion caused damage estimated at £1bn, including the near destruction of St Ethelburga's Bishopsgate. The Police confirmed the IRA had phoned in 18 accurate warnings before the explosion. The man who was killed was a press photographer who appears to have slipped through the security cordon to obtain footage of the explosion.[233] The device delivered the equivalent to 1,200 kg. of TNT, and was compared with the power of a tactical nuclear device.[234][235] Two bombs also exploded in hijacked minicabs in London, but nobody was injured.[27][236]
  • 25 April 1993: A former UDR soldier was killed when an IRA booby trap exploded underneath his car in Kildress, County Tyrone. The IRA claimed he had also loyalist connections.[233]
  • 6 May 1993: A British soldier was badly injured in an IRA car-bomb attack in Lurgan.[204]
  • 9 May 1993: Two IRA incendiary devices ignited in the Galleries shopping centre in Bristol, causing damage but no injuries.[216]
  • 12 May 1993: An IRA incendiary device partially detonated in the Cornmarket area of Oxford.
  • 20 May 1993: A 1,000 lb (450 kg) IRA bomb exploded in Glengall Street, Belfast, causing over 5 million pounds worth of damage.[204]
  • 22 May 1993: A 1,000 lb (450 kg) IRA bomb devastated Portadown town centre.[204]
  • 23 May 1993: A 200 lb (91 kg) IRA bomb wrecked a hotel in south Belfast.[204]
  • 23 May 1993: An IRA bomb containing over 1,500 lb (680 kg) of explosives was detonated in the centre of Magherafelt, County Londonderry, causing millions of pounds worth of damage.[204][237]
  • 26 May 1993: A British soldier was wounded in an IRA attack in east Belfast.[204]
  • 31 May 1993: A British soldier was killed by the IRA when he triggered a booby trap bomb attached to his car in Moneymore, south County Londonderry, near Cookstown.[213][238]
  • 6 June 1993: Two RUC officers were injured in an IRA bomb attack in west Belfast.[204]
  • 6 June 1993: The IRA mortared the RUC base in Carrickmore, County Tyrone.[204]
  • 7 June 1993: The IRA detonated a bomb at a gasworks in Tyneside, England.[204]
  • 9 June 1993: An IRA bomb exploded at a petrol storage depot in Tyneside, England. Two small IRA bombs exploded at an Esso oil refinery in North Shields.[204][216]
  • 11 June 1993: The IRA mortared Crossmaglen British Army base, County Armagh.[85]
  • 22 June 1993: The IRA detonated a bomb at a hotel in Newry.[204]
  • 24 June 1993: A former UDR soldier died after being shot several times at close range by the IRA outside his home in Lurgan, County Armagh. He had seen his killers approaching and had his personal protection weapon drawn but had not time to use it.[239]
  • 26 June 1993: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh. He had been patrolling through fields when an IRA sniper fired a single high-velocity shot which hit him in the stomach. The sniper had fired from the back of a stationary vehicle.[213][240]
  • 3 July 1993: Strabane courthouse was bombed by the IRA.[204]
  • 5 July 1993: A 1,500 lb bomb caused extensive damaged in the centre of Newtownards, County Down.[241]
  • 10 July 1993: A barn near Dungannon was hit by an IRA mortar bomb that appeared to have gone off prematurely. A suspected IRA volunteer was later arrested at Newtownstewart while heading to the border. He was apparently injured in the mishap and admitted under armed guard at a Belfast hospital.[242]
  • 15 July 1993: An IRA car-bomb exploded at central station in Belfast causing extensive damage.[204]
  • 17 July 1993: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper while on foot patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[213]
  • 18 July 1993: A large IRA car bomb was defused in the town of Banbridge, County Down, by a British Army disposal team which carried out a controlled explosion. Fifty houses were evacuated for a lapse of five hours.[243]
  • 25 July 1993: Riots erupted in Dungannon, County Tyrone, after a combined Army/RUC patrol came under attack by the IRA.[204]
  • 31 July 1993: A British Army mobile checkpoint is fired at by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper at Newtownhamilton, County Armagh. The British patrol manning the checkpoint returned fire.[244]
  • 12 August 1993: Five RUC officers and four civilians were wounded in an IRA attack in south Belfast.[204]
  • 13 August 1993: The IRA firebombed six premises in Bournemouth, England and also detonated a bomb on the pier.[204]
  • 14 August 1993: A 21 lb (9.5 kg) IRA bomb exploded outside a restaurant in Derry.[204]
  • 14 August 1993: An IRA bomb exploded in along the route of the Apprentice boys march in Derry.[245]
  • 16 August 1993: The IRA carried out a bomb attack in downtown Strabane, County Tyrone.[246]
  • 18 August 1993: The IRA detonated a car-bomb in Dublin Road, in the centre of Belfast city. The blast caused over 750,000 pounds worth of damage.[204]
  • 20 August 1993: An IRA mortar attack on Newry's courthouse wounded ten people, among them a 10-year boy and two RUC members. The courthouse was already closed since 1985 after a previous IRA attack.[247]
  • 22 August 1993: The IRA detonated a bomb on Gloucester Street, in central Belfast causing considerable damage.[204]
  • 23 August 1993: The IRA detonated a car-bomb outside a bank on the Ormeau Road causing extensive damage.[204]
  • 27 August 1993: The IRA mortared Lisnaskea RUC barracks in Fermanagh. Over 60 nearby homes were damaged in the attack. The IRA also carried out a bomb attack against a British patrol in the Markets area of Belfast.[204]
  • 28 August 1993: British police defused an IRA bomb in London. The device was left within London's brand new high-tech security barrier dubbed the "Ring of Steel".[204]
  • 29 August 1993: Shots were exchanged between the Provisional and the Official IRA in the Markets area of Belfast.[204]
  • 31 August 1993: The IRA detonated a car-bomb at a shopping centre in south Belfast causing over 1 million pounds worth of damage. In a separate attack in Ardoyne, two British soldiers were wounded when the IRA detonated a car-bomb near their patrol.[204]
  • 1 September 1993: Two IRA bombs were defused by the British Army in Cullyhanna, County Armagh.[204]
  • 1 September 1993: An IRA bomb hits a supermarket at Derriaghy, north of Belfast, and injured two RUC officers.[248]
  • 3 September 1993: A massive IRA car-bomb devastated the centre of Armagh town.[204]
  • 10 September 1993: Belfast's transport links were disrupted by a number of IRA hoax alerts.[204]
  • 13 September 1993: The IRA bombed Stormont hotel, injuring an RUC officer and two civilians.[204]
  • 14 September 1993: The IRA detonated a bomb at a hotel in Strabane, causing serious damage.[204]
  • 15 September 1993: The IRA shot dead a Catholic man in Lisburn. They claimed he had been supplying the RUC with information on republicans.[204][249]
  • 16 September 1993: Three IRA incendiary devices were made safe in two separate cinemas in London.[250]
  • 21 September 1993: A British soldier was wounded when an IRA unit threw a blast-bomb at his patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast.[204]
  • 23 September 1993: There was a fierce exchange of gunfire between a number IRA armed trucks and British Army helicopters in south County Armagh, east of Crossmaglen. The IRA units used a large number of assault rifles and at least one heavy-machine gun. All IRA volunteers managed to slip away in their vehicles, but number of weapons were confiscated in the aftermath.[85][204] See Battle of Newry Road
  • 27 September 1993: A 300 lb (140 kg) IRA car-bomb caused extensive damage to the centre of Belfast. Another larger IRA car-bomb wrecked commercial premises in south Belfast.[204]
  • 30 September 1993: A hotel in Markethill was badly damaged in an IRA bomb attack.[204]
  • 1 October 1993: Six IRA firebombs detonated in commercial premises in Belfast, Lisburn and Newtownabbey.[204]
  • 2 October 1993: Three IRA bombs exploded in Hampstead, north London injuring six people.[204]
  • 3 October 1993: The IRA bombed a hotel in Newtownabbey, County Antrim.[204]
  • 4 October 1993: Five IRA bombs detonated in north London, injuring four people and destroying a number of businesses.[204]
  • 8 October 1993: Two IRA bombs exploded in north London.[204]
  • 9 October 1993: The IRA mortared a British Army base in Kilkeel, County Down. The attack came from a 12-tube Mk-15 multiple mortar.[204][251]
  • 11 October 1993: The IRA firebombed three commercial premises in Belfast and one in Lisburn.[204]
  • 15 October 1993: Two bombs inflicted damage on a courthouse at Cookstown, County Tyrone.[252]
  • 18 October 1993: The IRA bombed a restaurant in Castlederg, County Tyrone.[204]
  • 21 October 1993: The manager of a security firm with contracts to the British Army was shot dead by the IRA at his home in Glengormley, County Antrim.[204]
  • 23 October 1993: Shankill Road bombing: eight civilians, one UDA member and one IRA volunteer (Thomas Begley) were killed when an IRA bomb prematurely exploded at a fish shop on Shankill Road, Belfast. The IRA's intended target was a meeting of loyalist paramilitary leaders, which was scheduled to take place in a room above the shop. However, unbeknownst to the IRA, the meeting had been re-scheduled.[253]
  • 24 October 1993: An IRA bomb exploded on a railway line in Berkshire, England. Other devices were defused at Reading and Basingstoke stations.[204]
  • 25 October 1993: The IRA detonated a bomb on a bridge above a railway line in Buckinghamshire, England.[204]
  • 27 October 1993: An IRA unit carried out a gun attack on a British checkpoint in Derriaghy, near Belfast.[204]
  • 29 October 1993: A small IRA bomb exploded in Edwards Square, London.[250]
  • 2 November 1993: An RUC officer was shot dead by an IRA sniper in Newry, Down. He was on checkpoint duty when a single shot fired by an IRA sniper hit him in the neck.[213][254]
  • 7 November 1993: A British soldier was shot and wounded by an IRA sniper in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[204]
  • 7 November 1993: An IRA unit attacked with machine-gun fire and mortars an RUC base in Caledon, County Tyrone. A nearby church and several houses were also damaged.[204][255]
  • 12 November 1993: An IRA unit attacked a British Army watchtower, the Borucki sangar, with an improvised flamethrower towed by a tractor in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. The device consisted of a manure spreader which doused the facility with fuel, ignited few seconds later by a small explosion. A nine meters-high fireball engulfed the tower. Four British soldiers inside were rescued by a Saxon armored vehicle.[256][257]
  • 21 November 1993: An IRA unit attacked with gunfire the house of a former UDR soldier in Cookstown, County Tyrone, but nobody was injured.[258]
  • 29 November 1993: The IRA carried out a gun and bomb attack on the home of an RUC officer in Armagh town.[204]
  • 30 November 1993: A massive IRA bomb was defused two-miles (3 km) outside Armagh town.[204]
  • 2 December 1993: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper while on foot-patrol in Keady, County Armagh. He was hit in the stomach by single bullet fired from a nearby hill.[213][259]
  • 3 December 1993: A massive IRA bomb was defused in the Poleglass area of Belfast.[204]
  • 7 December 1993: An IRA unit mortared Newtownbutler RUC barracks in Fermanagh.[204]
  • 12 December 1993: Two RUC officers were shot dead by the IRA while travelling in their patrol car in Fivemiletown, County Tyrone.[213] The patrol car was on Main Street when it was hit by at least 20 shots from both sides of the street. In a follow up operation a British Army helicopter was fired on by the IRA.[260]
  • 14 December 1993: An IRA bomb exploded on a railway track in Woking, Surrey, England, disrupting commuter services.[204]
  • 14 December 1993: Two soldiers were wounded by a bomb blast in Derry.[261]
  • 16 December 1993: Two further IRA bombs on the Surrey railway were defused.[204]
  • 19 December 1993: An IRA landmine attack on a British patrol in Derry left six civilians -three adults and two children- who were near the device requiring hospital treatment.[204]
  • 20 December 1993: A British soldier and a civilian were wounded in an IRA bomb attack in the Suffolk area of Belfast. A number of IRA firebombs exploded in stores and a post-office in London causing minor damage. Seven incendiary devices were made safe.[204][262]
  • 23 December 1993: The IRA announced a three-day Christmas ceasefire.[204]
  • 27 December 1993: The IRA ceasefire ended with a mortar attack on Fintona RUC base, County Tyrone; a car-bomb attack on Springfield Road RUC base in Belfast; and a gun and bomb attack on a British Army base in Portadown, County Armagh.[204]
  • 28 December 1993: A British soldier was injured when the IRA fired a horizontal mortar at a foot-patrol in Belfast.[263]
  • 29 December 1993: An IRA unit fired a missile at a British patrol on Upper Library Street in Belfast.[204] The IRA claimed that this was a new armour-piercing mortar projectile.[264] A coffee-jar bomb was also thrown at a British patrol in Belfast.[263]
  • 30 December 1993: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA's South Armagh Sniper while on foot-patrol in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[213][263]

1994[edit]

  • 1 January 1994: Eleven premises in and around Belfast were firebombed by the IRA including the Linen Hall Library.[265]
  • 6 January 1994: An IRA unit fired a grenade at a British patrol on the Springfield Road Belfast.[265]
  • 11 January 1994: Two British soldiers were injured by an IRA booby-trap outside their base in Crossmaglen, County Armagh,[265] right after a mortar attack on the barracks there.[266]
  • 11 January 1994: Three RUC officers were injured when their patrol vehicle was hit by an IRA rocket in the Short Strand area of Belfast.[265]
  • 12 January 1994: A female British soldier was shot and wounded by an IRA sniper in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[267] Troops returned fire. An RUC officer and a number of civilians suffered minor injuries when a bomb aimed at a British Army patrol demolished a nearby building used by the attacker 50 minutes later. A loaded rifle was recovered and two men arrested in the aftermath.[268]
  • 15 January 1994: Two stores in Belfast and one in Newtownards were damaged by IRA firebombs.[265]
  • 16 January 1994: Seven men were arrested after an IRA Barrack buster was discovered near Clogher, County Tyrone.[265]
  • 19 January 1994: Three stores in Coleraine and Limavady were damaged by IRA firebombs. Devices were also found in four other premises.[265]
  • 22 January 1994: A British Army Land Rover was hit by an IRA rocket while on patrol in Poleglass west Belfast.[265]
  • 23 January 1994: Two civilian were injured by a bomb intended for security forces at the town of Dungannon, County Tyrone.[269]
  • 24 January 1994: An RUC officer escaped injury after an IRA unit opened fire at him in County Fermanagh.[265]
  • 27 January 1994: IRA bombs exploded in three stores in Oxford Street, London.[265]
  • 28 January 1994: An IRA firebomb exploded in Oxford Street, London, and another was discovered.[265]
  • 30 January 1994: An IRA rocket was fired at a British Army post in the New Lodge area of Belfast.[265]
  • 3 February 1994: An IRA unit planted a bomb outside the home of an RUC assistant Chief Constable in Derry.[265]
  • 6 February 1994: Three British soldiers were injured when an IRA horizontal mortar hit their patrol vehicle in Poleglass, west Belfast.[265]
  • 16 February 1994: Four British soldiers were wounded by an IRA roadside bomb, one of them seriously, while on patrol at Short Strand, east Belfast. An RUC officer was also injured.[270]
  • 17 February 1994: An RUC officer was killed and two others seriously injured when the IRA fired a homemade rocket at an RUC patrol vehicle on Friendly Street in the Markets area of Belfast.[265][271]
  • 18 February 1994: An IRA incendiary device was defused in a record shop at Charing Cross in London.[262]
  • 19 February 1994: A number of incendiary devices were left in shops in London, including Burton stores in Regent Street and New Oxford Street. One device destroyed a newsagents shop, three caused minor damage, and several others were made safe.[27]
  • 20 February 1994: An IRA unit fired a rocket at a British patrol car in Poleglass.[265]
  • 21 February 1994: An IRA mortar attack destroyed an RUC base and caused widespread damage in Beragh, County Tyrone.[265]
  • 22 February 1994: An incendiary device was made safe in a hardware store in London.[262]
  • 2 March 1994: The IRA carried out a horizontal mortar attack on a British patrol in west Belfast.[265]
  • 8 March 1994: Four Mark-6 mortar shells[272] were fired from a car towards Heathrow Airport near London. The shells landed on or near the northern runway, but failed to explode.[27]
  • 10 March 1994: The IRA launched a second attack on Heathrow Airport, firing four mortar shells over the perimeter fence which landed near Terminal Four but failed to explode.[27]
  • 10 March 1994: An RUC officer was shot dead by the IRA in Dunmore Greyhound Stadium in Belfast. The Police Officer was in the lounge when he was shot in the head by an IRA volunteer and shot again as he lay on the ground. A second IRA volunteer fired into the ceiling to cover their escape.[265][273]
  • 13 March 1994: The IRA defied tightened security to launch a third attack on Heathrow Airport, firing five mortar shells over the perimeter fence which landed near Terminal Four but failed to explode.[27] Later that night both Heathrow and Gatwick airports were closed for two hours after coded telephoned bomb threats were received.[274]
  • 13 March 1994: An IRA arms cache was discovered at a college in Belfast. A grenade, a rifle, a pistol, a homemade bomb, a number of detonators, 2 lb of explosive and over 1,500 rounds of ammunition were captured.[265]
  • 20 March 1994: A shell from a Mark-10 mortar hit a British Army Lynx helicopter attempting to land at a base in Crossmaglen. An RUC officer had to be pulled out of the blazing helicopter before it exploded inside the base.[265][271][275]
  • 31 March 1994: Portadown RUC base came under attack from an IRA unit using rockets and automatic weapons.[265]
  • 1 April 1994: An RUC officer was killed when the IRA fired a horizontal mortar at a British Army patrol in the Waterside area of Derry City. Several other RUC officers were injured.[271][276]
  • 5 April 1994: The IRA began a three-day ceasefire in an attempt to show it was serious about bringing about an end to the conflict.[265]
  • 8 April 1994: The three-day IRA ceasefire ended at midnight.
  • 9 April 1994: An IRA unit attacked two checkpoints near Newtownbutler, Fermanagh with automatic weapons.[265] One of the attacks on an outpost manned by the British Army lasted five minutes.[277] A British patrol in Stewardstown, Belfast, came under IRA rocket attack. A border checkpoint was mortared by an IRA unit at Aughnacloy, County Tyrone.[265]
  • 15 April 1994: An RUC patrol came under IRA rocket attack in Armagh town.[265]
  • 20 April 1994: An IRA unit launched a horizontal mortar bomb at an RUC patrol on Spencer Road, Derry. An RUC officer was killed.[265]
  • 24 April 1994: The IRA shot dead two men as they sat in a car in Garvagh, County Londonderry. One was a former British soldier and the IRA claimed that the other was a UDA member.[278]
  • 25 April 1994: A British soldier was hurt when a mortar hit Crossmaglen British Army base, County Armagh.[279][280]
  • 25 April 1994:Sixteen alleged drug-dealers were shot in the knees by the IRA across Belfast City.[265]
  • 26 April 1994: An alleged drug dealer, Francis Rice, was shot dead by the IRA in the Suffolk area of Belfast. He was shot 5 times in the head and his body was dumped on a grass verge by the roadside. Earlier in the day a three man IRA unit burst into his home and he escaped by jumping out a first story window.[265][281]
  • 28 April 1994: A former UDR soldier was shot dead by the IRA at his home on Salters Grange Road near Armagh town.[265][282] He was also a member of the Orange Order.[36]
  • 1 May 1994: Two more alleged drug dealers were shot in the knees by the IRA.[271]
  • 6 May 1994: An IRA unit fired a rocket at a British Army patrol in the Lenadoon area of Belfast. A woman who was standing nearby was wounded by shrapnel.[271]
  • 11 May 1994: An IRA unit launched an attack against a British observation post in west Belfast.[271]
  • 12 May 1994: The homes of two RUC officers were bombed by the IRA. An IRA unit also launched a mortar at an RUC base in Newry and a rocket was fired at a British patrol in Poleglass, Belfast.[271]
  • 13 May 1994: A civilian employed by the RUC was killed by the IRA after a booby trap bomb exploded beneath his car as he traveled through Lurgan.[271][283]
  • 14 May 1994: A British soldier was killed when the IRA detonated a bomb next to a British Army permanent vehicle checkpoint in Keady. Another soldier was injured.[271][284]
  • 21 May 1994: A British soldier from Cookstown, County Tyrone, was kidnapped by the IRA and later found shot dead in a field near Mullaghcreevie housing estate in Armagh town.[271][285]
  • 21 May 1994: IRA volunteer Martin Doherty was shot dead by the UVF in Dublin while attempting to stop the bombing of a pub. His actions are believed to have save the lives of many people.[271]
  • 23 May 1994: The IRA shot dead a man in central Belfast. The man had been training with the British Army but had been discharged on medical grounds.[286]
  • 23 May 1994: The IRA bombed Fort George British Army base in Derry, injuring one soldier.[267]
  • 27 May 1994: An IRA unit raked a British Army checkpoint with gunfire from a van at Aughnacloy, County Tyrone, then crossed the border into the Republic.[287]
  • 30 May 1994: An IRA unit mortared a British Army base in Tempo, County Fermanagh.[271]
  • 4 June 1994: A leading loyalist paramilitary was injured in an IRA bomb attack in Portadown.[271]
  • 10 June 1994: Three British soldiers were wounded when an IRA unit mortared a military checkpoint in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[271]
  • 13 June 1994: An IRA bomb exploded at a railroad station in Hertfordshire, England.[271]
  • 17 June 1994: The IRA launched a horizontal mortar at an RUC patrol in west Belfast, but missed their target.[267]
  • 21 June 1994: An IRA unit fired a rocket at an RUC patrol in west Belfast.[271]
  • 23 June 1994: Two civilians were injured when an IRA bomb exploded in a farmhouse at Cabra, near Dungannon, County Tyrone.[265]
  • 26 June 1994: The IRA mortared Pomeroy RUC base, County Tyrone.[265]
  • 26 June 1994: An IRA unit fired an horizontal mortar at a British Army Land Rover in West Belfast.[265]
  • 2 July 1994: Three IRA Mk-15 mortar rounds hit the Royal Irish Regiment barracks at Malone Road, Belfast.[288] A number of people attending a wedding in a nearby church were treated from shock.[289]
  • 4 July 1994: Seven people were injured when an IRA mortar overshot its target (a British Army patrol) and landed in the carpark of a church in south Belfast.[271]
  • 8 July 1994: Two British soldiers were injured when their patrol vehicle was hit by an IRA rocket in the Suffolk area of Belfast.[271]
  • 10 July 1994: The IRA launched a gun attack on the home of DUP politician Willie McCrea, in Magherafelt, County Londonderry.[290]
  • 11 July 1994: A member of the Ulster Democratic Party, Ray Smallwoods, was shot dead by the IRA in Lisburn. A five member IRA unit consisting of four men and one woman took over a nearby house the night before and as he left his home the next morning one IRA volunteer ran down the streets and blasted him several times with a shotgun. Smallwoods was a leading member of the UDA and was responsible for shooting and injuring Bernadette McAliskey.[271][291]
  • 12 July 1994: A two-ton IRA lorry bomb was discovered in Heysham in England.[271]
  • 12 July 1994: A RAF Puma helicopter was hit by an IRA mortar over Newtownhamilton and forced to crash land on a soccer field.[265][292]
  • 15 July 1994: Two constables, an arrested Sinn Féin councillor and an elderly woman motorist were wounded in an IRA gun attack on an RUC vehicle in Killeshil, near Dungannon, County Tyrone.[265]
  • 17 July 1994: A civilian from Belfast was shot dead by the IRA and her body dumped on the Fermanagh border. The IRA claimed she was an informer.[293]
  • 20 July 1994: An RUC officer was injured in Cookstown, County Tyrone, when an IRA bomb struck an RUC vehicle.[271]
  • 21 July 1994: An IRA suitcase-bomb was discovered at Reading Railway Station.[294]
  • 24 July 1994: There was an IRA landmine attack on an RUC patrol in Castlewellan, Down.[271]
  • 25 July 1994: A British soldier was shot and wounded by the IRA in Crossmaglen, County Armagh.[265]
  • 29 July 1994: More than 40 people were injured when the IRA fired three mortar bombs into Newry RUC base.[271]
  • 31 July 1994: Two UDA members, including high-ranking member Joe Bratty, were shot dead by the IRA on the Ormeau Road in Belfast.[271] The pair were ambushed by two IRA gunmen armed with AK-47 assault rifles. Up to 50 shots were fired and Bratty was hit at least 18 times. As the UDA men lay wounded on the ground one of the IRA volunteers leaned over them shooting at close range. As the IRA unit made their escape in a getaway car they were pursued by the RUC, shots were exchanged before the IRA car was brought to a halt but the gunmen escaped on foot.[295]
  • 3 August 1994: Three British soldiers were injured when the IRA mortared Newtownhamilton British Army base.[271]
  • 6 August 1994: An RUC officer and a civilian were hurt by an IRA grenade attack at a court-house in Belfast.[267]
  • 8 August 1994: An off-duty British soldier was shot dead by the IRA in Crossgar, County Down.[271] The soldier was shot twice in the side of the head by a lone IRA gunman. He was the last British soldier to be killed before the IRA's 1994 ceasefire.[296]
  • 13 August 1994: An explosive device left in a bicycle detonated in a shopping centre in Bognor Regis, West Sussex damaging 15 shops but causing no injuries. A similar device found on Brighton Pier was made safe using a controlled explosion.[27]
  • 17 August 1994: The IRA bombed two loyalist pubs in Belfast: the Grove Tavern and the Berlin Arms. There were no injuries.[267]
  • 18 August 1994: An IRA firebomb exploded in a bar on the Ormeau Road, Belfast.[265]
  • 18 August 1994: Notorious Dublin criminal and alleged heroin trafficker Martin Cahill (AKA The General) was shot dead by the IRA outside his home in Rathmines.[271] Cahill was shot four times at close range with a .357 Magnum through the window of his car. The IRA had claimed he was closely associated with the UVF and had aided them in the attack on the Widow Scallans pub in Dublin which killed IRA volunteer Martin Doherty.[297]
  • 21 August 1994: The IRA mortared a British Army base in Rosslea, County Fermanagh.[265]
  • 21 August 1994: An IRA bomb destroyed the empty car of a British soldier in Maghera, County Londonderry.[265][298]
  • 22 August 1994: A high explosive device was defused outside a Laura Ashley shop in Regent Street, London.[27]
  • 26 August 1994: An IRA mortar bomb missed the RUC base at Donemana, County Tyrone.[265]
  • 27 August 1994: An IRA mortar bomb fired from a farm trailer exploded 200 yards short of Cloghoge checkpoint, County Armagh.[299]
  • 28 August 1994: An IRA mortar bomb exploded prematurely in its launch tube at a car-park in Downpatrick, County Down.[267]
  • 29 August 1994: The IRA fired a rocket at the RUC base in Toome, County Antrim.[267]
  • 30 August 1994: The IRA carried out a bomb attack on an RUC base at Springfield Road, Belfast.[299]
  • 30 August 1994: The IRA launched a mortar bomb at Fort Whiterock British Army base at Springfield Road, Belfast.[299]
  • 31 August 1994: The IRA declared the first of two ceasefires in the 1990s.[300]
  • 6 September 1994: Six IRA volunteers attempted to escape from Whitemoor Jail in Cambridgeshire, England.[265]
  • 22 September 1994: A Derry man sustained a broken leg in an IRA punishment beating.[265]
  • 10 November 1994: A Post Office worker was shot dead when IRA members raided a Royal Mail sorting office in Newry.[271] The IRA admitted they had carried out the attack but claimed it was not sanctioned by the Army Council and that the ceasefire still stood.[301]

1995[edit]

  • 29 April 1995: A drug dealer suspected of importing ecstasy tablets into Northern Ireland was shot a number of times and killed by two gunmen while drinking in a bar in central Belfast. The IRA did not claim responsibility but security forces stated that they were responsible. This killing was the first planned assassination by the IRA since the 1994 ceasefire.[302]
  • 5 September 1995: A suspected drug dealer was shot dead by the IRA as he sat in his car in the Andersonstown area of west Belfast. He had been named as a drug dealer on posters which had been put up around west Belfast.[303]
  • 8 December 1995: An alleged drug-dealer was killed by an IRA unit. He shot seven times in the back and head in south Belfast. The victim had previously served time in prison for handling stolen goods.[304]
  • 18 December 1995: An ex-IRA volunteer was shot in the knees and then the chest by IRA volunteers in north Belfast. It was stated during the inquest that he was killed as a result of a personal vendetta by individuals from within the Republican Movement.[305]

1996[edit]

  • 2 February 1996: The house of a part-time member of the RUC was riddled with gunfire in Moy, County Tyrone. A 'senior security source' claimed that the IRA was responsible,[306] although the IRA later denied responsibility.[307]
  • 10 February 1996: The IRA ended its 1994 ceasefire with a massive lorry-bombing in East London adjacent to the South Quay DLR station in London Docklands. Despite warnings to evacuate the area two civilians were killed in the bombing. The initial estimate of the damage caused was £85m.[308]
  • 15 February 1996: A bomb placed in a phone booth on the Charing Cross Road in London is made safe using a controlled explosion.[27]
  • 18 February 1996: An improvised high explosive device detonated prematurely on a bus in Aldwych, in central London, killing Edward O'Brien, the IRA operative transporting the device and injuring 8 others.[309]
  • 9 March 1996: The IRA claimed responsibility for a small bomb which exploded on the Old Brompton Road in London, England.[310]
  • 31 March 1996: The IRA handed over £20,000 pounds of captured cannabis to a Priest in Newry who then handed it over to the RUC. The IRA said they had captured it from a drug-dealer.[311][312]
  • 7 April 1996: The IRA detonated a bomb in Earls Court, west London.[311]
  • 24 April 1996: Two small IRA bombs exploded underneath Hammersmith Bridge, London.[311]
  • 7 June 1996: Detective Garda Jerry McCabe was shot dead by the IRA during a botched post-office robbery in Adare, County Limerick.[313]
  • 15 June 1996: The IRA detonated a 3,000 lb (1,400 kg) bomb in Manchester, injuring over 200 people and causing damage valued at £411m. This was the largest IRA bomb ever detonated in Great Britain, and the largest bomb to explode in Great Britain since the Second World War.[314][315]
  • 28 June 1996: An IRA unit mortared a British Army base at Osnabrück in Germany. The attack caused widespread damage when a shell landed near the base's fuel depot.[316]
  • 23 September 1996: IRA volunteer Diarmuid O'Neill was shot dead by British police during a raid on his home in Hammersmith, London. O'Neill was unarmed and had his hands in the air when he was shot six-times by British police.[313][317]
  • 7 October 1996: The IRA detonated two car bombs at the British Army's Northern Ireland HQ, Thiepval Barracks, killing a British soldier and injuring 21 soldiers and 11 civilian workers.[318][319] See Thiepval barracks bombing
  • 20 December 1996: An RUC officer was shot and injured in an IRA gun attack in a Belfast children's hospital. The officer was protecting DUP Councillor Nigel Dodds.[310][320]

1997[edit]

  • 1 January 1997: Two bombs containing approximately 500 lb (230 kg) of explosive were defused at Belfast Castle. It is believed that the IRA were responsible.[321][322]
  • 5 January 1997: A 250 lb (110 kg) bomb was defused near Cullyhanna, County Armagh. The IRA is believed to have been responsible.[321]
  • 6 January 1997: An RUC officer was injured when an IRA rocket hit a security hut at the Royal Courts of Justice in Belfast.[321][323]
  • 11 January 1997: Tempo RUC base in County Fermanagh was mortared by the IRA.[321] Two mortar shells landed inside the base, one crashing through the building's roof, but both failed to detonate.[324][325]
  • 11 January 1997: A British Army post in Belfast was attacked by gunfire. The IRA is suspected.[324]
  • 13 January 1997: An IRA unit fired a horizontal mortar at a joint British Army/RUC patrol on Kennedy Way in Belfast. There were no injuries.[321][322][325]
  • 18 January 1997: An IRA unit fired two horizontal mortars at an armoured RUC patrol in Downpatrick, County Down. There were no injuries.[321][322][326]
  • 20 January 1997: An IRA unit hurled two explosive devices at a British armoured vehicle as it left Mountpottinger RUC barracks, County Antrim. There were no injuries.[322][326]
  • 27 January 1997: An IRA unit fired a rocket at an RUC Landrover in Toome, County Antrim.[321]
  • 28 January 1997: It is believed the IRA was responsible for firing two rockets at an RUC patrol on the Springfield Road, Belfast.[321]
  • 5 February 1997: An IRA unit fired a horizontal mortar at a British patrol on Newell Road in Dungannon, County Tyrone. There were no injuries.[327]
  • 7 February 1997: There was a gun attack on an unmarked van carrying British soldiers to Belfast airport. In Lurgan, a grenade was thrown at an RUC landrover and an IRA unit was spotted priming a mortar.[328]
  • 10 February 1997: A massive landmine was discovered on the A5 motorway between Strabane and Omagh. The IRA said it was intended for a British patrol but the presence of civilians in the area forced them to disarm the device.[327][329]
  • 10 February 1997: A horizontal mortar fired by an IRA unit hit an RUC armoured vehicle leaving a security base. The ambush took place outside the village of Pomeroy, County Tyrone. One RUC officer was injured.[327][329]
  • 12 February 1997: A British soldier was shot dead by the IRA South Armagh sniper near the British Army base in Bessbrook, County Armagh, Lance Bombardier Stephen Restorick was the last British soldier to be killed in Northern Ireland during Operation Banner.[330]
  • 13 February 1997: An RUC patrol vehicle was hit by an IRA rocket in the Kilwikie estate in Lurgan, County Armagh. There were no injuries.[327]
  • 22 February 1997: An IRA mortar unit was intercepted by the RUC in Caledon, County Tyrone, on its way to carry out an attack on a British security facility. A five-mile (8 km) chase followed before the IRA volunteers managed to escape on foot.[331]
  • 26 February 1997: A 16 year-old was beaten in an alleged IRA punishment attack in Armagh town.[321]
  • 2 March 1997: A primed IRA mortar was discovered near Warrenpoint, County Down.[332]
  • 6 March 1997: The IRA detonated a large bomb on Glenalina Road in Belfast as a joint British Army/RUC patrol passed.[333]
  • 13 March 1997: A British soldier was injured by an IRA grenade in Ardoyne, Belfast. Several people was arrested in the aftermath.[334]
  • 13 March 1997: A British soldier and an RUC officer were injured in an IRA bomb attack in the Short Strand area of Belfast.[321][335]
  • 18 March 1997: The IRA launched a twin-tube mortar attack on an RUC mobile patrol at Downpatrick, County Down.[336]
  • 26 March 1997: The IRA carried out a double bomb attack on a mainline railway and signal box in Wilmslow, England. There was also a hoax bomb alert on the main Doncaster line. The attacks caused major and widespread railway and traffic disruption.[337][338]
  • 26 March 1997: A 1 kg home-made bomb was thrown by IRA volunteers to the Army/RUC base at Coalisland, County Tyrone. The device blew a hole in the perimeter fence. Undercover British soldiers shot and seriously injured 19 year-old Gareth Doris seconds later. The soldiers left the scene under the protection of the RUC after being cornered by a crowd and after firing shots in the air. Two women were wounded by plastic bullets fired by RUC officers.[339] See 1997 Coalisland attack
  • 29 March 1997: An RUC officer was badly wounded when he was shot by the South Armagh Sniper outside Forkill joint security base, County Armagh.[340]
  • 3 April 1997: The discovery of two bombs on main motorways in England following coded warnings by the IRA resulted in widespread disruption.[341]
  • 6 April 1997: The British Grand National horse race at Aintree Racecourse was abandoned after the IRA warned that bombs had been planted in the area. No explosive devices were found.[341]
  • 9 April 1997: The IRA attacked two British border checkpoints near Rosslea, County Fermanagh. Both checkpoints were raked with automatic gunfire.[342]
  • 10 April 1996: Sixteen undercover SAS members restrained four IRA volunteers, part of one of the two sniper teams which operated in South Armagh and handed them over to the RUC, after tracking the IRA men to a farm complex. The owner of the farm was also arrested.[343]
  • 10 April 1997: A female RUC officer was shot and badly wounded by an IRA sniper in Derry City.[342][344]
  • 14 April 1997: A civilian went into hiding after he was badly beaten in an IRA punishment attack in Derry.[344]
  • 18 April 1997: A series of bombs and bomb alerts brought Britain's transport system to a halt and effectively cut all the main routes connecting England to Scotland. Bomb alerts closed large sections of the M6 motorway. A bomb exploded closing Leeds railway station while another bomb explosion at a rail bridge in Doncaster halted both rail and motorway traffic.[345]
  • 21 April 1997: IRA bomb hoaxes almost entirely closed down Londons transport links. King's Cross, St. Pancras, Charing Cross, Paddington, Baker Street and all three railway stations at Watford junction were evacuated due to bomb alerts. Soon after alerts closed Gatwick, Stansted and parts of Heathrow airports. By 9:00 am, at the height of the rush hour, London was 'gridlocked' with a ten-mile (16 km) jam on the M25.[346]
  • 25 April 1997: Two bombs planted by the IRA blew up next to M6 motorway in central England. A 132,000 volt electricity pylon was damaged.[347]
  • 29 April 1997: Britain's transport industry claimed minimum losses of £30 million after a series of IRA bomb alerts in southern England brought traffic to a standstill.[348]
  • 31 May 1997: A massive IRA landmine was discovered in Poleglass. The IRA said the device was intended for a British patrol but that the attack had to be abandoned due to the proximity of civilians to the ambush site. The firing mechanism was disabled and a warning phoned in.[349]
  • 5 June 1997: The IRA carried out a gun attack on a British Army unit in Derry.[350]
  • 16 June 1997: Two RUC officers were shot dead in an IRA ambush while on foot patrol in Lurgan, County Armagh. Both officers were shot at point blank range in the back of the head.[351][352][353]
  • 26 June 1997: An IRA unit fired a rocket propelled grenade at a British armoured patrol in north Belfast. The rocket bounced off the vehicle and exploded in an empty building.[354]
  • 5 July 1997: An IRA volunteer shot at an RUC armoured vehicle besides the local RUC base in Coalisland, County Tyrone, seriously wounding an RUC female officer.[355][356]
  • 6 July 1997: The IRA carried out a number of blast-bomb and gun attacks on the RUC across Belfast City in the course of fierce riots which erupted in nationalist areas after the Orange Order was allowed to march on Drumcree. See 1997 nationalist riots in Northern Ireland.[357]
  • 6 July 1997: An IRA unit forced to withdraw a number of riot squads who were trying to move into the Markets area of Belfast.[356]
  • 6 July 1997: A military base in West Belfast came under gun and grenade attack from an IRA unit. A Protestant teenager was shot in the shoulder.[355] Another Army base at the end of Lenadoon Avenue suffered a similar attack.[356]
  • 7 July 1997: Two IRA volunteers exchanged fire with an RUC patrol at a checkpoint in English Street, Armagh town. The checkpoint was attacked with petrol bombs in the aftermath.[356]
  • 7 July 1997: A train near Lurgan, County Armagh, was boarded by seven IRA masked men and set on fire, destroying five carriages.[356]
  • 8 July 1997: There was a gun battle between loyalist and IRA volunteers in Ardoyne, Belfast. The IRA claim that two loyalist were wounded.[356]
  • 8 July 1997: IRA gunmen beat off an attempt by British soldiers and RUC officers to regain control of the streets around a Catholic housing in North Belfast where rioters had erected barricades.[358]
  • 8 July 1997: A landmine was planted by the IRA near Dungannon, County Tyrone, where there was a bomb alert.[359]
  • 9 July 1997: Another train was burned by the IRA in Newry station, County Down.[356]
  • 9 July 1997: IRA gunmen hijacked and burned a number of vehicles at Dungannon, County Tyrone.[360]
  • 11 July 1997: Three British soldiers and two RUC officers were injured when the IRA launched a gun and bomb attack on their checkpoint in North Belfast. The IRA unit fired 56 shots from two AK-47 assault rifles and also threw a coffee-jar bomb.[361]
  • 12 July 1997: A Mark-15 mortar bomb was fired at Newtownhamilton British Army barracks, southern County Armagh. The shell exploded just outside the perimeter fence.[362]
  • 13 July 1997: The IRA claimed responsibility for shooting two men in the knees in Newry. They claimed the men were criminals who had been responsible for assaulting two members of Sinn Féin as well as stealing from local businesses.[361]
  • 19 July 1997: The IRA declared a second ceasefire. They state that: "We have ordered the unequivocal restoration of the ceasefire of August 1994. All IRA units have been instructed accordingly".[363][364]
  • 12 September 1997: Four unarmed IRA volunteers stopped a member of the Continuity IRA in Ardoyne and confiscated his gun from him.[321]
  • October 1997: The Continuity IRA accused the IRA of destroying one of their bombs south of the border before it could be transported north.[365]
  • October 1997: An IRA volunteer assaulted and injured a Continuity IRA volunteer as he attempted to place a bomb in a bank in Derry City.[366]
  • 10 December 1997: Liam Averill, an IRA volunteer, escaped from the Maze Prison by dressing up as a woman and boarding a coach which was transporting prisoners families.[321]

1998[edit]

  • 9 February 1998: Convicted drug-dealer Brendan Campbell was shot dead by the IRA on Lisburn Road, Belfast.[367][368]
  • 10 February 1998: The IRA was believed to be responsible for killing UDA member Bobby Dougan in retaliation for the killings of Catholics. Sinn Féin was temporarily excluded from peace talks as a result.[369]
  • 19 July 1998: Andrew Kearney, a civilian from the New Lodge in Belfast was shot in the legs outside his girlfriends house and died of his injuries. His family have claimed he was killed by the IRA after he assaulted a leading IRA volunteer from north Belfast.[367][368]
  • 8 October 1998: The USA removed the Provisional IRA from its list of foreign terrorist organizations.[370]
  • 21 November 1998: An alleged drug dealer was shot dead by the IRA in Dublin.[371]

1999[edit]

  • 27 January 1999: Former IRA volunteer and RUC informant Eamon Collins was killed near Newry, shortly after testifying against Thomas "Slab" Murphy, leader of the South Armagh Brigade in a libel case with the Sunday Times. Mr. Collins was badly beaten and had a spike pushed through his face.[372][373]
  • 9 May 1999: Brendan Fegan, a convicted drug dealer and believed to be one of the most prominent drug dealers in Northern Ireland,[374] was shot dead by the IRA in Newry.[368][375]
  • 13 June 1999: Paul Downey, regarded as one of the most prominent drug dealers in Newry,[376] was kidnapped from a hotel in Newry by an IRA unit, he was then shot in the head and his lifeless body dumped near Beleek.[368][375]
  • 17 June 1999: British agent Martin McGartland was shot seven times at close range by the IRA while at his home in Tyneside, England. He survived despite serious injuries.[377][378]
  • 30 July 1999: Charles Bennett was shot in a punishment attack outside a GAA club in west Belfast. He died of his injuries a short time later. The IRA is believed to have been responsible.[368][375] It is believed he was suspected of stealing IRA weapons.[376]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Malcolm Sutton's Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland: 1990. Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN).
  2. ^ a b McKittrick, David (1999). Lost lives. Mainstream, p. 1190. ISBN 1-84018-227-X
  3. ^ a b CIA document
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1990". CAIN. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Oppenheimer p.87
  6. ^ a b c d O'Brien, Brendan (1999). The Long War: The IRA and Sinn Féin, Syracuse University Press, p. 207. ISBN 0-8156-0597-8
  7. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1191–1192
  8. ^ McKittrick, p.1192
  9. ^ "Ógra Shinn Féin Lead Commemoration for Charlie 'Cha' Love". Derrysinnfein.ie. 2010-01-26. 
  10. ^ AP (1990-02-12). "Copter Forced Down in Ulster". NYTimes.com. 
  11. ^ Harnden, p. 395-396
  12. ^ McKittrick, p. 1193
  13. ^ Jackson, Mike (2006).Operation Banner: An Analysis of Military Operations in Northern Ireland. MoD, Army Code 71842. Chapter 2, p. 16, item 247
  14. ^ Harnden, Toby (2001). Bandit Country. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 392. ISBN 0-340-71736-X. 
  15. ^ Cappagh (Incident) Parliamentary debate, 3 May 1990
  16. ^ "IRA ambush stings Brit assassins" An Phoblacht, 29 March 1990
  17. ^ Evening Times Glasgow, 26 March 1990
  18. ^ "CAIN - Database of deaths - 1990". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  19. ^ McKittrick, p. 1194
  20. ^ CIA document
  21. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1195–1196
  22. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1196–1197
  23. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1197–1198
  24. ^ Wave of Bomb Attacks Hit Northern Ireland Reuters, 29 April 1990
  25. ^ The Daily Union, 2 May 1990
  26. ^ a b McKittrick, p. 1198
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "House of Commons Written Answers for 4 Mar 1996 (pt 13)". House of Commons. 4 March 1996. 
  28. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1199–1200
  29. ^ McKittrick, p. 1200
  30. ^ McKittrick, p. 1201
  31. ^ "Associated Press, 15 June 1990". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  32. ^ "Parliamentary debate, 10 July 1990". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  33. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1201–1202
  34. ^ Los Angeles Times, 3 July 1990.
  35. ^ "1990: IRA bombs Stock Exchange". BBC. 20 July 1990. 
  36. ^ a b c d "In Memory" - Armagh County Grand Orange Lodge website.
  37. ^ McKittrikc pp. 1203–1204
  38. ^ Oppenheimer, A. R. (2009). IRA: The Bombs and The Bullets. A History of Deadly Ingenuity. Irish Academic Press, pp. 264-265. ISBN 978-0-7165-2895-1
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  42. ^ McKittrick, p. 1206
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  49. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Oppenheimer p.88
  50. ^ "PSNI must disclose information on 1990 deaths". RTÉ. 28 March 2007. 
  51. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1210 - 1211
  52. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1211–1212
  53. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1212–1213
  54. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1213–1214
  55. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1214–1215
  56. ^ "RTE, "Bombers" (documentary)". Originally broadcast on 28 October 2003.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  57. ^ Toolis, Kevin (1995). Rebel Hearts: Journeys Within the IRA's Soul. Picador. p. 253. ISBN 0330346482. 
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  61. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1218–1219
  62. ^ a b c McKittrick, p. 1221
  63. ^ O'Brien, p. 207
  64. ^ Associated Press, 27 December 1990
  65. ^ Reuters, 2 January 1991
  66. ^ Belfast Telegraph, 5 January 1991
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  69. ^ Irish Times, 29 January 1991
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  71. ^ Reuters, 3 February 1991
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  81. ^ O´Brien, pp. 206-207
  82. ^ "IRA attack British Army helicopter - TV crew video". YouTube. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
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  84. ^ Taylor, p. 261
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  86. ^ a b c d The Irish Emigrant, 25 March 1991
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  88. ^ a b McKittrick, p. 1233
  89. ^ a b McKittrick, p. 1234
  90. ^ Fortnight issues, 291-301, p. 22
  91. ^ McKittrick, p. 1235
  92. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1235–1236
  93. ^ a b McKittrick, p. 1236
  94. ^ a b McKittrick, p. 1237
  95. ^ Fortnight: Issues 291-301. p. 23
  96. ^ "Irish policeman dies 3 days after shooting" Associated Press, 28 May 1991
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  98. ^ British forces snuff out IRA ambush Associated Press, 3 June 1991
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  100. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY | 3 |1991: IRA volunteers shot dead by British Army". BBC News. 1991-06-03. 
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  102. ^ a b McKittrick, p. 1241
  103. ^ CIA document
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  106. ^ Elaine Joyce. "The Irish Emigrant, 12 August 1991 (Issue 236)". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
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  109. ^ McKittrick, p. 1246
  110. ^ Reuters, 22 August 1991
  111. ^ O'Brien, p. 214
  112. ^ McKittrick, p. 1248
  113. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1249–1250
  114. ^ McKittrick, p. 1250
  115. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1254–1255
  116. ^ McKittrick, p. 1256
  117. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1257–1258
  118. ^ McKittrick, p. 1260
  119. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1260–1261
  120. ^ McKittrick, p. 1261
  121. ^ The Times, 5 December 1991
  122. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Oppenheimer p.89
  123. ^ More than 60 injured in bomb blast by IRA Associated Press, 13 December 1991
  124. ^ Reuters, 13 December 1991
  125. ^ Monday, Dec. 30, 1991 (1991-12-30). "Britain 'tis The Season To Plant a Bomb". Time.com. 
  126. ^ Evening Standard, 2 January 1992
  127. ^ McKittrick, p. 1267
  128. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1992". CAIN. 
  129. ^ "Remembering Teebane". BBC News. 2001-10-25. 
  130. ^ "Roll of Honour of the Royal Irish Rangers". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  131. ^ De Baroid, P.342
  132. ^ Reuters, 31 January 1992
  133. ^ "CAIN - Listing of Programmes for the Year: 1992-UTV news, 31 January 1992". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  134. ^ a b c Sheehy, p. 111
  135. ^ McKittrick, p.1273
  136. ^ Rebel Hearts - Journey's within the IRA's soul, Kevin Toolis, 1995. PB) ISBN 0-312-15632-4p.334
  137. ^ O'Brien, Brendan (1999). The Long War: The IRA and Sinn Féin. O'Brien Press. pp. 232–235. ISBN 0-86278-606-1. 
  138. ^ "British try to end the fear in Ulster" by Steven Prokesch
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  140. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the conflict -1992". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  141. ^ Evening Herald, 6 March 1992
  142. ^ "CAIN - Listing of Programmes for the Year: 1992 - BBC news, 5 March 1992". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  143. ^ O'Brien, pp. 237-238
  144. ^ Fortnight, Issues 302-312, p. 28
  145. ^ 'Official describes British-Irish border as 300-Mile Difficulty Associated Press, 12 May 1992
  146. ^ Sheehy, p.108
  147. ^ McKittrick, p.1284
  148. ^ "'Erotic gherkin' for London skyline". BBC. 23 August 2000. 
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  150. ^ "Fortnight, issues 302-312". Fortnight Publications. 1992. 
  151. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1287–1288
  152. ^ Fortnight, Issues 302-312, p. 33
  153. ^ 's-south-fermanagh-brigade&hl=en 10 hurt in IRA car blast Associated Press, 8 May 1992
  154. ^ Local news from Fermanagh, p. 26
  155. ^ Harnden, pp.15–16
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  161. ^ Stearns, Peter N. (2001). The Encyclopedia of World History. Houghton Mifflin. p. 852. ISBN 978-0-395-65237-4. 
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  163. ^ "Police killer". Evening Press. 1 June 2000. Retrieved 2007-11-14. 
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  166. ^ "CAIN - Listing of Programmes for the Year: 1992 - UTV news, 27 June 1992". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  167. ^ "I.R.A. Sniper Assault Kills A British Soldier in Belfast". Nytimes.com. 1992-08-05. 
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  169. ^ "CAIN - Listing of Programmes for the Year: 1992 -UTV news, 20 August 1992". Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
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  171. ^ Harnden, p. 392
  172. ^ McKittrick, p. 1295
  173. ^ Narnden, p. 16
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  175. ^ Fortnight, Issues 302-312, p. 106. Fortnight publications, 1992
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  179. ^ McKittrick, pp. 1299–1300
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  181. ^ Terrorist Incidents, Parliamentary debate, 4 March 1996
  182. ^ INLA - Deadly Divisions by Holland and McDonald, Torc (1994), P.334
  183. ^ McKittrick, p. 1301
  184. ^ a b McKittrick, p. 1302
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  186. ^ U.K. forces, IRA battle in gunfight Reuters, 24 November 1992
  187. ^ The Irish Times, 25 November 1992
  188. ^ Registrar of the European Court of Human Rights. "Press release issued by the Registrar: Judgments in the Cases of Hugh Jordan v. the United Kingdom, McKerr v. the United Kingdom, Kelly and Others v. the United Kingdom and Shanaghan v. the United Kingdom".
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