Chronology of Ukrainian language bans

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Chronology of Ukrainian language bans

Chronology[edit]

17th century[edit]

  • 1622 – Order of Tsar Michael and the filing of the Moscow Patriarch Filaret in the state burn all copies printed in Ukraine "Instructive Gospel" K. Stavrovetskogo.[1]
  • 1696 – Decree of the Polish Sejm on the introduction of the Polish language in the courts and offices of Right-Bank Ukraine.
  • 1690 – Condemnation and anathema to the Council of the ROC "Kiev new book" P. Mohyla, C. Stavrovetskogo, S. Polotsk, L. Baranovych, A. Radzivilovskogo and others.

18th century[edit]

  • 1720 – Peter I's decree banning the printing press in the Ukrainian language and Ukrainian texts seizure of church books.
  • 1729 – Peter II ordered to rewrite the Ukrainian into Russian all decrees and orders.
  • 1763 – Catherine II decree banning the teaching in Ukrainian in Kiev-Mohyla Academy.
  • 1769 – Prohibition of the Synod of Ukrainian print and use the primer.
  • 1775 – The destruction of the Zaporozhian Sich and closed Ukrainian schools at the offices of the Cossack regiment.
  • 1789 – Disposal of the Polish Sejm Commission Education the closure of all Ukrainian schools.

19th century[edit]

  • 1817 – Introduction of the Polish language in all public schools in Western Ukraine.
  • 1832 – Reorganization of education in Ukraine on the principles of empire-wide and translated into Russian language training.
  • 1847 – The defeat of the Cyril and Methodius brother properties and increased crackdown Ukrainian language and culture, the prohibition of the best works of Shevchenko, Kulish, Kostomarov and others.
  • 1859 – Ministry of Religion and Science of Austria-Hungary in Eastern Galicia and Bukovyna attempt to replace Ukrainian Cyrillic alphabet with Latin.
  • 1862 – Closing free Sunday Ukrainian schools for adults in under-Russia Ukraine.
  • 1863 – Valuev Circular banning censorship give imprimatur Ukrainian-spiritual and popular educational literature: "no separate Little Russian language was not and could not."
  • 1864 – Adoption of the Charter of the primary school at which training was to be conducted only in Russian.
  • 1869 – Introduction of the Polish language as the official language of education and the administration of Eastern Galicia.
  • 1870 – Minister of Education of Russia explanation D.Tolstogo that "the ultimate goal of education for all foreigners to be conclusively Russification."
  • 1876 - Alexander II's Ems decree banning the printing and importation from abroad of any Ukrainian-literature, and to ban Ukrainian stage performances and Ukrainian texts for typing notes, that is folk songs.[2]
  • 1881 – Prohibition of teaching in the public schools and uttering church sermons in Ukrainian.
  • 1884 – Alexander III ban Ukrainian theater in all the provinces of Little Russia.
  • 1888 – Alexander III decree banning the use of the Ukrainian language in official institutions and baptism Ukrainian names.
  • 1892 – Prohibition to transfer books from Russian into Ukrainian.
  • 1895 – Prohibition of the Main Administration of Press to publish books for Ukrainian children.

20th century[edit]

  • 1911 – Resolution VIIth congress of the nobility in Moscow's only Russian-language education and the inadmissibility of the use of other languages in schools in Russia.
  • 1914 – Prohibition of celebrating the 100th anniversary of Taras Shevchenko, the decree of Nicholas II prohibition of the Ukrainian press.
  • 1914, 1916 – Russification campaign in western Ukraine, the prohibition of the Ukrainian word, education, church.
  • 1922 – Part of the proclamation of the Central Committee of the RCP (b), and the Communist Party (b) the "theory" of the struggle between the two cultures in Ukraine – city (Russian) and peasant (Ukrainian), which should win the first one.
  • 1924 – Law of the Republic of Poland on limiting the use of the Ukrainian language in the administration, judiciary, education subservient to the Polish Ukrainian lands.
  • 1924 – Kingdom of Romania law on the obligations of all the "Romanians" who "lost their mother language," to educate children only in Romanian schools.
  • 1925 – Ukrainian final closure of the "secret" of the university in Lviv
  • 1926 – Stalin's letter to "Comrade. Kaganovich and other members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CP (B) U with the sanction of the struggle against the "national bias", the beginning harassment of "Ukrainization".
  • 1933 – Stalin's telegram to stop "Ukrainization".
  • 1933 – Abolition in Romania Ministerial Decree of 31 December 1929, which permits a few hours a week of the Ukrainian language in schools with a majority of students with the Ukrainians.
  • 1934 – A special order of the Ministry of Education of Romania's dismissal "for the hostile attitude of the State and the Romanian people" of all Ukrainian teachers who demanded the return to school of Ukrainian.
  • 1938 – SNK and the CPSU (B) "Compulsory study of the Russian language in the schools of the national republics and regions", the corresponding decision SNK USSR and the Central Committee of the CP(b)U.
  • 1947 – "Operation Vistula", resettlement of ethnic Ukrainians from the Ukrainian lands "scattered" among the Poles in western Poland to speed up polonisation.
  • 1958 – Enshrined in Art. 20 Principles of Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics on Public Education of the situation on the free choice of language learning, the study of all languages except Russian, at the request of students' parents.
  • 1960–1980 – Mass closure of Ukrainian schools in Poland and Romania.
  • 1970 – Order of the thesis defense only in Russian.
  • 1972 – Prohibition of party bodies to celebrate the anniversary of the museum Kotlyarevskyi in Poltava.
  • 1973 – Prohibition to celebrate the anniversary of I. Kotlyarevskogo "Aeneid."
  • 1974 – Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU "On preparing for the 50th anniversary of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics", which first proclaimed the creation of a "new historical community – the Soviet people", the official policy of denationalization.
  • 1978 – The decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers "On measures to further improve the study and exposition of the Russian language in the Soviet republics" ("The Brezhnev Circular").
  • 1983 – The decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers "On additional measures to improve the study of the Russian language in schools and other educational institutions of the Union Republics" ("Andropov decree").
  • 1984 – Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers "On further improvement of secondary education for young people and improving the working conditions of secondary school."
  • 1984 – Back to the USSR payments increased by 15% of the salary for teachers of the Russian language in comparison with teachers of Ukrainian language.
  • 1984 – Order of the Ministry of Culture of the USSR on the transfer proceedings in all the museums of the Soviet Union, the Russian language.
  • 1989 – Resolution of the Central Committee of the "Legislating the Russian language as a nation-wide."
  • 1990 – Adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Law on the Languages of the Peoples of the USSR, where Russian is granted official status.

21st century[edit]

  • 2012 - The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of the draft law "On State Language Policy", which steadily narrows of the scope of use of the Ukrainian language in most of the regions of Ukraine.
  • 2014 - The Ukrainian language has been banned in both Occupied Crimea[3] and the Luhansk People's Republic.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]