Chronology of home stadiums for current National Football League teams

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The following is a chronology of National Football League home stadiums, that is, all home stadiums of teams currently playing in the National Football League (NFL), and their locations and capacities. It contains all past and present (in bold) home stadiums used by the current 32 members of the National Football League since 1920, along with future home stadiums presently under construction (in italics immediately above the present stadium). It is ordered by the conference and division to which the team belongs.[1] The oldest stadium currently in use as a home stadium by any NFL team is Soldier Field, home of the Chicago Bears, which was built in 1924. The current stadium with the earliest tenancy of an NFL team is Lambeau Field, home to the Green Bay Packers, who moved into the stadium in 1957. Both stadiums have undergone extensive renovations during their history. The newest NFL stadium is MetLife Stadium, the home of both the New York Giants and the New York Jets. Stadiums represent a considerable expense to a community, and thus their construction, use, and funding often enters the public discourse.[2] Also, given the perceived advantage a team gets from playing in their home stadium, particular attention is given in the media to the peculiarities of each stadium's environment. Weather, playing surface (either natural or artificial turf), and the presence or lack of a roof or dome all contribute to giving each team its home-field advantage.

Home stadiums[edit]

AFC
AFC East
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Buffalo Bills Ralph Wilson Stadium
Rich Stadium (1973–97)
1973–present 75,339[3] 1973 A-Turf Titan (2011–current)
AstroPlay (2003–2010)
AstroTurf (1973–2002)
Orchard Park, NY
Rogers Centre
SkyDome (1989–2005)
2008–present
(1 game yearly)
54,000 1989 FieldTurf Toronto, ON
War Memorial Stadium 1960–72 46,500 1937 Grass Buffalo, NY
Miami Dolphins Sun Life Stadium
Land Shark Stadium (2009–10)
Dolphin Stadium (2006–09)
Dolphins Stadium (2005–06)
Pro Player Stadium (1996–2004)
Joe Robbie Stadium (1987–95)
1987–present 75,000[3] 1987 Grass Miami Gardens, FL
Miami Orange Bowl
1966–86 74,476 1937 Grass (1966–69)
Poly-Turf (1970–76)
PAT (1977–86)
Miami, FL
New England Patriots
(Boston Patriots)
Gillette Stadium
CMGi Field (2002)
2002–present 68,000[3] 2002 FieldTurf (mid-2006–current)
Grass (2002–mid-2006)
Foxborough, MA
Foxboro Stadium
Sullivan Stadium (1983–89)
Schaefer Stadium (1971–82)
1971–2001 60,292 1971 Grass (1991–2001)
AstroTurf (197x–90)
Poly-Turf (1971–7x)[4]
Harvard Stadium 1970 30,898 1903 Grass Boston, MA
Alumni Stadium 1969 44,500 1957 Grass Chestnut Hill, MA
Fenway Park 1963–68 33,524 1912 Grass Boston, MA
Nickerson Field
Braves Field (1915–1953)
1960–62 >9,000 1915 Grass
New York Jets
(New York Titans)
MetLife Stadium
New Meadowlands Stadium (2010)
2010–present 82,566 2010 FieldTurf East Rutherford, NJ
Giants Stadium 1984–2010 79,469 [3] 1976 FieldTurf (2003–10)
Grass (2000–02)
AstroTurf (1976–99)
Shea Stadium 1964–83 57,800 1964 Grass Queens, New York City
Polo Grounds 1960–63 55,000 1891 Grass Manhattan, New York City
AFC North
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Baltimore Ravens M&T Bank Stadium
PSINet Stadium (1999–2002)
Ravens Stadium at Camden Yards (1998–2003)
1998–present 69,084 [3] 1998 Sportexe Momentum Turf (2003–present)
Grass (1998–2002)
Baltimore, MD
Memorial Stadium 1996–97 53,371 1950 Grass
Cincinnati Bengals Paul Brown Stadium 2000–present 65,600[3] 2000 Field Turf (2003–present)
Grass (2000–02)
Cincinnati, OH
Cinergy Field
Riverfront Stadium (1970–96)
1970–99 59,754 1970 AstroTurf
Nippert Stadium 1968–69 35,000 1924 Grass
Cleveland Browns FirstEnergy Stadium
Cleveland Browns Stadium (1999-2012)
1999–present 72,300[3] 1999 Grass Cleveland, OH
Cleveland Municipal Stadium 1946–95 74,400 1932 Grass
Pittsburgh Steelers
(Pittsburgh Pirates)
Heinz Field 2001–present 64,500[3] 2001 Grass Pittsburgh, PA
Three Rivers Stadium 1970–2000 59,000 1970 AstroTurf (1982–2000)
Tartan Turf (1970–81)
Pitt Stadium 1958–69 56,150 1925 Grass
Forbes Field 1933–63 35,000 1909 Grass
AFC South
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Houston Texans Reliant Stadium 2002–present 69,500[3] 2002 Grass Houston, TX
Indianapolis Colts
(Baltimore Colts)
Lucas Oil Stadium 2008–present 62,421 2008 FieldTurf Indianapolis, IN
RCA Dome
Hoosier Dome (1984–93)
1984–2007 57,980[3] 1983 Field Turf (2005–2008)
AstroTurf (1984–2004)
Memorial Stadium 1953–83 53,371 1950 Grass Baltimore, MD
Jacksonville Jaguars EverBank Field
Alltel Stadium (1996–2006)
Jacksonville Municipal Stadium
(1995–96, 2007–09)
1995–present 67,164 1995 Grass Jacksonville, FL
Wembley Stadium 2013–present
(1 game yearly)
90,000 2007 Desso GrassMaster London, England, UK
Tennessee Titans
(Tennessee Oilers)
(Houston Oilers)
LP Field
The Coliseum (2002–05)
Adelphia Coliseum (1999–2001)
1999–present 67,000[3] 1999 Grass Nashville, TN
Vanderbilt Stadium
Dudley Field (1922–81)
1998 41,000 1922 AstroTurf
Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium 1997 62,380 1965 Grass Memphis, TN
Reliant Astrodome 1968–96 62,439 1965 AstroTurf Houston, TX
Rice Stadium 1965–67 70,000 1950 Grass
Jeppesen Stadium
Robertson Stadium (1980–2012)
1960–64 32,000 1942 Grass
AFC West
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Denver Broncos Sports Authority Field at Mile High
INVESCO Field at Mile High (2001–11)
2001–present 76,125[3] 2001 Grass Denver, CO
Mile High Stadium
Bears Stadium (1960–68)
1960–2000 76,273 1948 Grass
Kansas City Chiefs
(Dallas Texans)
Arrowhead Stadium 1972–present 79,409[3] 1972 Grass (1994–present)
AstroTurf (1972–93)
Kansas City, MO
Municipal Stadium 1963–71 47,500 1923 Grass
Cotton Bowl 1960–62 68,252 1932 Grass Dallas, TX
Oakland Raiders
(Los Angeles Raiders)
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 1982–94 101,574 1923 Grass Los Angeles, CA
O.co Coliseum
McAfee Coliseum (2004–08)
Network Associates Coliseum
(1999–2004)
Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum
(1966–99, 2008–11)
1995–present
1966–81
63,146[3] 1966 Grass Oakland, CA
Frank Youell Field 1962–65 22,000 1962 Grass
Candlestick Park
Monster Park (2004–08)
San Francisco Stadium at
Candlestick Point
(2003–04)
3Com Park (1995–2002)
Candlestick Park (1960–94)
1960–61 UNK (currently 64,450) 1960 Grass (1979–present)
AstroTurf (1971–78)
San Francisco, CA
Kezar Stadium 1960 59,942 1925 Grass
San Diego Chargers
(Los Angeles Chargers)
Qualcomm Stadium
Jack Murphy Stadium (1981–97)
San Diego Stadium (1967–80)
1967–present 71,294[3] 1967 Grass San Diego, CA
Balboa Stadium 1961–66 34,000 1914 Grass
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 1960 101,574 1923 Grass Los Angeles, CA
NFC
NFC East
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Dallas Cowboys AT&T Stadium
Cowboys Stadium (2009–13)
2009–present 80,000–100,000 2009 Matrix artificial turf Arlington, TX
Texas Stadium 1971–2008 65,675[3] 1971 RealGrass (2001–08)
Tartan Turf (1971–80)
AstroTurf (1981–2000)
Irving, TX
Cotton Bowl 1960–71 68,252 1932 AstroTurf (1970–71)
Grass (1960–69)
Dallas, TX
New York Giants MetLife Stadium
New Meadowlands Stadium (2010)
2010–present 82,566 2010 Field Turf East Rutherford, NJ
Giants Stadium 1976–2009 79,469[3] 1976 Field Turf (2003–09)
Grass (2000–02)
AstroTurf (1976–99)
Shea Stadium 1975 57,800 1964 Grass Queens, New York City
Yale Bowl 1973–74 64,269 1914 Grass West Haven, CT
Yankee Stadium 1956–73 67,000 1923 Grass The Bronx, New York City
Polo Grounds 1925–55 55,000 1891 Grass Manhattan, New York City
Philadelphia Eagles Lincoln Financial Field 2003–present 68,500[3] 2003 Grass Philadelphia, PA
Veterans Stadium 1971–2002 65,386 1971 AstroTurf (1971–2000)
NexTurf (2001–02)
Franklin Field 1958–70 52,593 1895 AstroTurf (1969–70)
Grass (1958–68)
Connie Mack Stadium
Shibe Park (1909–53)
1940, 1942–57 23,000 1909 Grass
John F. Kennedy Stadium
Philadelphia Municipal Stadium
(1927–63)
Sesquicentennial Stadium (1926)
1936–39, 1941 75,000 1926 Grass
Baker Bowl
Philadelphia Base Ball Grounds
(1887–95)
National League Park (1895–1913)
1933–35 20,000 1887 Grass
Washington Redskins
(Boston Redskins)
(Boston Braves)
FedExField
Jack Kent Cooke Stadium (1997–99)
1997–present 80,000[3] 1997 Grass Landover, MD
RFK Stadium
D.C. Stadium (1961–68)
1961–96 55,672 1961 Grass Washington, DC
Griffith Stadium
National Park (1911–20)
1937–60 32,000 1911 Grass
Fenway Park 1933–36 33,524 1912 Grass Boston, MA
Braves Field
National League Park (1936–41)
1932 40,000 1915 Grass
NFC North
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Chicago Bears
(Chicago Staleys)
(Decatur Staleys)
Soldier Field 2003–present 63,000[3] 1924 Grass Chicago, IL
Memorial Stadium 2002 69,249 1923 AstroPlay Champaign, IL
Soldier Field
Municipal Grant Park Stadium
(1924–25)
1971–2001 61,500 1924 Grass (1988–2001)
AstroTurf (1971–87)
Chicago, IL
Wrigley Field 1921–70 40,000 1914 Grass
Staley Field 1920 UNK 1915 Grass Decatur, IL
Detroit Lions
(Portsmouth Spartans)
Ford Field 2002–present 65,000[3] 2002 Field Turf Detroit, MI
Pontiac Silverdome 1975–2001 80,311 1975 AstroTurf Pontiac, MI
Tiger Stadium
Briggs Stadium (1938–60)
1938–74 52,416 1912 Grass Detroit, MI
University of Detroit Stadium 1934–37 25,000 1928 Grass
Universal Stadium
Spartan Municipal Stadium
(1970–present)
1930–33 8,200 1930 Grass Portsmouth, OH
Green Bay Packers Lambeau Field
New City Stadium (1957–65)
1957–present 72,922 1957 Field Turf Green Bay, WI
Milwaukee County Stadium 1953–94
(2–3 games yearly)
53,192 1953 Grass Milwaukee, WI
Marquette Stadium 1952
(2–3 games)
15,000 1924 Grass
Wisconsin State Fair Park 1934–51
(2–3 games yearly)
UNK 1891 Grass
Borchert Field 1932
(1 game)
13,000 1888 Grass
City Stadium 1926–56 25,000 1926 Grass Green Bay, WI
Bellevue Park 1923–25 4,000–5,000 1923 Grass
Hagemeister Park 1919–22 UNK 1919 Grass
Minnesota Vikings TCF Bank Stadium 2014–15 50,805 2009 Grass Minneapolis, MN
Mall of America Field at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
(1982–2009)
1982–2013 64,035[3] 1982 UBU-Intensity Series-S5-M Synthetic Turf (2011–present)
Sportexe Momentum Turf (2010)
Field Turf (2004–09)
AstroTurf (1987–2003)
Superturf (1982–86)
Minneapolis, MN
Metropolitan Stadium 1961–81 45,919 1956 Grass Bloomington, MN
NFC South
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Atlanta Falcons Georgia Dome 1992–present 71,149[3] 1992 Field Turf (2003–present)
AstroTurf (1992–2002)
Atlanta, GA
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium 1966–91 62,000 1966 Grass
Carolina Panthers Bank of America Stadium
Ericsson Stadium (1996–2004)
Carolinas Stadium (1994–96)
1996–present 73,250[3] 1996 Grass Charlotte, NC
Frank Howard Field at Memorial Stadium 1995 80,301 1942 Grass Clemson, SC
New Orleans Saints Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Louisiana Superdome (1975–2011)
2006–present
1975–2004
69,082[3] 1975 Sportexe Momentum Turf (2006–present)
AstroPlay (2003–04)
AstroTurf (1975–2003)
New Orleans, LA
Tiger Stadium Four games in 2005 92,400 1924 Grass Baton Rouge, LA
Alamodome Three games in 2005 65,000 1993 SportField San Antonio, TX
Tulane Stadium 1967–74 80,985 1926 Poly-Turf (1971–74)
Grass (1967–70)
New Orleans, LA
Tampa Bay Buccaneers Raymond James Stadium 1998–present 65,657[3] 1998 Grass Tampa, FL
Houlihan's Stadium
Tampa Stadium (1976–95)
1976–97 74,301 1976 Grass
NFC West
Team
(former names)
Stadium
(former names)
Years Used Capacity Opened Surface City
Arizona Cardinals
(Phoenix Cardinals)
(St. Louis Cardinals)
(Chicago Cardinals)
(Racine Cardinals)
(Racine Normals)
(Morgan Athletic Club)
University of Phoenix Stadium
Cardinals Stadium (2006)
2006–present 63,000[3] 2006 Grass Glendale, AZ
Sun Devil Stadium 1988–2005 73,379 1958 Grass Tempe, AZ
Busch Stadium (II) 1966–87 49,676 1966 AstroTurf (1970–87)
Grass (1966–69)
St. Louis, MO
Busch Stadium (I) 1960–65 30,500 1881 Grass
Metropolitan Stadium 1959
(2 games)
18,600 1956 Grass Bloomington, MN
Soldier Field
Municipal Grant Park Stadium
(1924–25)
1959
(4 games)
61,500 1924 Grass Chicago, IL
Comiskey Park 1929–58
1922–25
52,000 1910 Grass
Normal Park 1926–28
1920–21
UNK UNK Grass
St. Louis Rams
(Los Angeles Rams)
(Cleveland Rams)
Edward Jones Dome
Dome at America's Center (2001)
Trans World Dome (1995–2001)
1995–present 66,000[3] 1995 Field Turf (2005–present); AstroTurf (1995–2004) St. Louis, MO
Busch Stadium (II) 1995 49,676 1966 AstroTurf
Anaheim Stadium
Angel Stadium of Anaheim
(2004–present)
Edison International Field
of Anaheim
(1997–2003)
1980–94 64,593 1966 Grass Anaheim, CA
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 1946–79 101,574 1923 Grass Los Angeles, CA
Shaw Stadium 1938 UNK UNK Grass Cleveland, OH
League Park 1942, 1944–45
1937
21,414 1891 Grass
Cleveland Municipal Stadium 1939–41
1937
78,000 1932 Grass
San Francisco 49ers Levi's Stadium 2014–present 68,983 2014 Grass Santa Clara, CA
Candlestick Park
Monster Park (2004–08)
San Francisco Stadium at
Candlestick Point
(2003–04)
3Com Park (1995–2002)
Candlestick Park (1960–94)
1971–2013 64,450[3] 1960 Grass (1979–present)
AstroTurf (1971–78)
San Francisco, CA
Kezar Stadium 1946–70 59,942 1925 Grass
Seattle Seahawks CenturyLink Field
Qwest Field (2004–11)
Seahawks Stadium (2002–04)
2002–present 68,000[3] 2002 Field Turf Seattle, WA
Husky Stadium 2000–01
Three games in 1994
72,500 1920 Field Turf
Kingdome 1976–99 66,000 1976 AstroTurf

NOTE: The NFL plays the Pro Bowl game every year at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii (although the 2010 edition was played at Sun Life Stadium).

Temporary home stadiums[edit]

Occasionally, a team's home games are moved from their usual site to another location, usually either due to natural disasters, or to the stadium being in use for other events. The list of temporary home stadiums is ordered by the date on which the game using the temporary location was played.

This list does not include stadiums used as part of the NFL International Series since they are planned regular season games.

Date played Stadium Visiting Team Home Team Rationale
October 10, 1921 Staley Field Rock Island Independents Chicago Staleys Although the Staleys moved from Decatur, Illinois to Chicago prior to the 1921 season, they decided to play a home game in their old city and stadium.[5]
December 18, 1932 Chicago Stadium Portsmouth Spartans Chicago Bears The 1932 NFL playoff game was moved indoors because of severe blizzards in Chicago.[6]
September 22, 1968[7] Legion Field, Birmingham, Ala. New York Jets Boston Patriots Boston Red Sox refused to rent Fenway Park to Boston Patriots until American League Championship Season and, if necessary, World Series concluded.
October 5, 1969[8] Grant Field Baltimore Colts Atlanta Falcons A baseball playoff game hosted by the Atlanta Braves forced the Falcons to move their contest from Fulton County Stadium.[9]
Memorial Stadium Green Bay Packers Minnesota Vikings A baseball playoff game hosted by the Minnesota Twins forced the Vikings to move their contest from Metropolitan Stadium.[10]
September 27, 1970 Dyche Stadium Philadelphia Eagles Chicago Bears As part of a trial run. In 1970, the NFL ruled that all teams must play in stadiums that seated more than 50,000 fans, and the Bears were forced to leave Wrigley Field. Ultimately, a deal to play permanently at Dyche Stadium fell through, forcing the Bears to return to Wrigley for the remainder of the 1970 season. The team moved to Soldier Field in 1971.[11]
September 23, 1973 California Memorial Stadium Miami Dolphins Oakland Raiders The Raiders moved their game from the Oakland Coliseum to accommodate a larger crowd to see the defending Super Bowl VII champion Dolphins.[12]
October 22, 1989 Stanford Stadium New England Patriots San Francisco 49ers Candlestick Park, the then-home of the 49ers, was damaged by the Loma Prieta earthquake.[13]
October 27, 2003 Sun Devil Stadium Miami Dolphins San Diego Chargers Qualcomm Stadium was being used as a major evacuation site during the Cedar Fire.[14]
September 19, 2005 Giants Stadium New York Giants New Orleans Saints Hurricane Katrina forced the Saints out of New Orleans. The NFL decided that the Saints' first regularly scheduled home game against the Giants be played in New Jersey, with the Saints the home team in name only.[15] For the rest of the season, the Saints played three games at the Alamodome and four games at LSU's Tiger Stadium (LSU) (see above).
December 13, 2010 Ford Field New York Giants Minnesota Vikings The Metrodome suffered severe damage on December 12 during a blizzard, in which the weight of the snow accumulated on its Teflon-coated roof tore it open.[16] Because of the short notice, the game between the Giants and the Vikings was moved to Detroit's Ford Field, in part because the Giants did not pack any cold weather gear on their trip, expecting to play indoors, and because Fox Sports was able to keep all their broadcast equipment in place after the Packers/Lions game the day before.[17] Because it would take longer than a week to repair the Metrodome, the Vikings' next home game against the Bears was instead held locally outdoors at TCF Bank Stadium.[18]
December 20, 2010 TCF Bank Stadium Chicago Bears

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NFL Stadium History (1920-2000)". Maquette University Law School, Sports Law Program. 2000. Retrieved 2007-04-09.  note: PDF file
  2. ^ "In a league of its own". The Economist. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Comparisons". Stadiums of the NFL: From the Past to the Future. stadiumsofnfl.com. 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  4. ^ Sports Illustrated - "Rug" - Scorecard - 1971-10-18
  5. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First Edition ed.). 1997. p. 1639. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  6. ^ "Pro Football Hall of Fame: The First Playoff Game". Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  7. ^ \
  8. ^ This is the only time in NFL history in which two games were moved on the same day
  9. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First Edition ed.). 1997. p. 1634. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  10. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First Edition ed.). 1997. p. 1643. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  11. ^ "Soldier Field History". Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  12. ^ Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (First Edition ed.). 1997. pp. 1634–35. ISBN 0-06-270170-3. 
  13. ^ "NFL History: 1981-1990". nfl.com. Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  14. ^ "Fires move Monday night game to Tempe". nfl.com. 2003-10-26. Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2006-12-17. 
  15. ^ "Saints home opener at New York". New Orleans Times-Picayune. 2005-09-03. Retrieved 2007-01-12. 
  16. ^ "Metrodome Roof Deflates Under Weight of Snow". The New York Times. 2010-12-12. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  17. ^ "Giants-Vikings moved to Ford Field". ESPN. 2010-12-13. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  18. ^ "NFL confirms Bears-Vikes at TCF Bank Stadium". MSNBC. 2010-12-17. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 

External links[edit]