Glebionis segetum

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Glebionis segetum
Glebionis segetum 1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Glebionis
Species: G. segetum
Binomial name
Glebionis segetum
(L.) Fourr.
Synonyms[1]
  • Chamaemelum segetum (L.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Chrysanthemum holophyllum Pau
  • Chrysanthemum laciniatum Gilib. nom. inval.
  • Chrysanthemum segetale Salisb.
  • Chrysanthemum segetum L.
  • Chrysanthemum umbrosum Willd.
  • Chrysanthemum welwitschii Sch.Bip. ex Nyman
  • Leucanthemum segetum (L.) Stankov
  • Matricaria segetum (L.) Schrank
  • Pinardia segetum (L.) H.Karst.
  • Pyrethrum segetum (L.) Moench
  • Pyrethrum umbrosum (Willd.) Boiss.
  • Xanthophthalmum segetum (L.) Sch.Bip.
  • Xantophtalmum segetum (L.) Sch. Bip.
Chrysanthemum segetum.jpg

Glebionis segetum (syn. Chrysanthemum segetum) is a species of the genus Glebionis, probably native only to the eastern Mediterranean region. Common names include corn marigold and corn daisy.

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall, with spirally arranged, deeply lobed leaves 5–20 cm long. The flowers are bright yellow, produced in capitulae (flowerheads) 3.5-5.5 cm in diameter, with a ring of ray florets and a centre of disc florets.

It is widely naturalised outside of its native range, colonising western and central Europe with early human agriculture; it can be an invasive weed in some areas.

It was formerly treated in the genus Chrysanthemum, but under a 1999 decision of the International Botanical Congress, that genus has been redefined with a different circumscription to include the economically important florist's chrysanthemum (now Chrysanthemum indicum).

In Gaelic, the plant was known as brenanbroi, which translates as "that which rotteth corn".[2]

The corn marigold must have been a serious weed during the 13th century in Scotland; a law of Alexander II states if a farmer allows so much as a single plant to produce seed in amongst his crops, then he will be fined a sheep.[3]

In Crete and Greece, the leaves and the tender shoots of a variety called neromantilida (νερομαντηλίδα) are eaten raw in salads or browned in hot olive oil by the locals.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Dalrymple, Sir David (1776). Annals of Scotland. Pub. J. Murray. London. P. 339.
  3. ^ Dalrymple, Sir David (1776). Annals of Scotland. Pub. J. Murray. London. P. 338 -339.
  4. ^ Kleonikos G. Stavridakis , Κλεόνικος Γ. Σταυριδάκης (2006). Wild edible plants of Crete - Η Άγρια βρώσιμη χλωρίδα της Κρήτης. Rethymnon Crete. ISBN 960-631-179-1.