Chrysler Crossfire

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Chrysler Crossfire
Chrysler Crossfire coupe black NC.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Karmann for Chrysler
Production 2003–2007, model years 2004-2008
Assembly Osnabrück, Germany
Designer Eric Stoddard, Andrew Dyson
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door convertible
2-door coupe
Layout FR layout
Platform Chrysler ZH
Mercedes-Benz R170
Related Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class
Powertrain
Engine

3.2 L M112 E32 (195 cu in) V6[1]

3.2 L AMG M112 C32 (195 cu in) V6[2]
Transmission 5-speed automatic
6-speed Chrysler NSG370 manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm)
Length 159.8 in (4,059 mm)
Width 69.5 in (1,765 mm)
Height 51.5 in (1,308 mm) (coupe)
51.8 in (1,316 mm) (roadster)

The Chrysler Crossfire is a rear-wheel drive, 2-door sports car marketed by Chrysler as both coupé and roadster and was built for Chrysler by Karmann of Germany for model years 2004-2008.

Developed during the union of Daimler and Chrysler, the two-seater is based on the R170 platform and shares 80% of its components with Mercedes-Benz SLK320. Having initially arrived in 2001 as a concept car styled by Eric Stoddard,[3] the Chrysler was with further refined by Andrew Dyson[4] before production began in 2003.

Design[edit]

Side view with the "Crossfire" character line

The name "Crossfire" refers to the two character lines that run from front to rear along the body sides — crossing each other midway through the door panel. Conceived during the period of Chrysler's ownership by Daimler-Benz, the name also refers to the collaboration of the two companies.

The Crossfire's fastback roof and broad rear fenders made for a rear end design that prompted automotive journalists and writers to compare the new car to American Motors' 1965–1967 Marlin.[5] The "distinctive boat-tail rear end that reminds more than one observer of the old Rambler Marlin."[6] For example, Rob Rothwell wrote "... when I first espied the rear lines of the Chrysler Crossfire I was instantly transported back to 1965 and my favorite car of that year, the Rambler Marlin."[7] Motor Trend also compared the "provocative boattail theme" of the 2004 Crossfire's sheetmetal to that of the AMC Marlin.[8]

Construction and features[edit]

2006 Crossfire SE Roadster

Chrysler executed the interior and exterior styling. All other elements of the car such as wheelbase, track, engine, transmission, chassis structure, suspension components, are shared with R170 platform.[9] An example of this is the engine bay of the Crossfire, which is virtually identical to the Mercedes-Benz SLK320 on the R170 platform. The seats from the Mercedes-Benz SLK320 would bolt directly into the Crossfire chassis. The dashboard layout, control and instruments are also similar to those on the Mercedes-Benz SLK320.

The standard transmission is a 6-speed manual with an optional 5-speed automatic. Base (Standard) and Limited models, originally sold beginning in the 2004 model year, are equipped with a Mercedes-Benz 3.2 L, 18-valve, SOHC V6 engine which produces 215 hp (160 kW) and 229 pound force-feet (310 N·m) of torque. SRT-6 models are equipped with a special supercharged version of the engine built by AMG. SRT-6 models came only with the 5-speed automatic transmission, consistent with AMG cars of the same era. The 6-speed transmission used by the Chrysler Crossfire is a variant of the Mercedes sourced NSG-370. The 5-speed automatic transmission in the Crossfire (known as 5G-Tronic) is also Mercedes sourced and a variant of the 722.6 family. The automatic achieves a better EPA fuel efficiency rating over the 6MT, mostly due to the difference in gear ratios.

Unlike most cars of its time, the Crossfire does not use a rack and pinion steering system; instead, it utilizes a recirculating ball system as employed on the donor R170 platform.[9] Front suspension is unequal length (SLA) double wishbone suspension with 5 point multi link in the rear.[10] All Crossfire models were built with 2 different wheel sizes, the front wheels are 18-in. x 7.5-in. with 225-40/18 tires and the rear wheels are 19-in. x 9-in. with 255-35/19 tires.

The first production Crossfire was driven off the assembly line on 3 February 2003, by Chrysler Group's COO Wolfgang Bernhard in Germany.[11]

Chrysler Crossfire 2005 SRT-6 with Mercedes-AMG Engine

Sales[edit]

The sales of the Crossfire were slow, with an average 230 day supply of the vehicles during November 2005. In December, the cars were listed on Overstock.com to clear out inventory. Very few Crossfires were imported to the United States and Mexico for 2006 (and almost all of these were roadsters).[12]

Chrysler discontinued the Crossfire after the 2008 model year, as part of its restructuring plans.[13] The last Crossfire rolled off of the assembly line on December 17, 2007.

Officially recognized production numbers by model year by Chrysler and Crossfire International Car Club Incorporated[14]

Model Type Model Year
2004
2005 2006 2007 2008 Grand Total
Crossfire Coupe 0 1807 770 434 0 3011
Crossfire Limited Coupe 22801 9027 2155 1063 826 35872
Crossfire Limited Coupe (RHD) 2322 983 591 128 0 4024
Crossfire Limited Roadster (both LHD and RHD) 0 18501 4281 1905 960 25647
Crossfire Roadster 0 1806 780 803 0 3389
Crossfire SRT-6 Coupe 0 2419 47 0 0 2466
Crossfire SRT-6 Coupe (RHD) 0 26 79 0 0 105
Crossfire SRT-6 Roadster 0 1252 69 0 0 1321
Crossfire SRT-6 Roadster (RHD) 0 78 101 0 0 179
Grand Total 25123 35899 8873 4333 1786 76014
Notes:
LHD = Left hand drive (or steering wheel on the left side)
RHD = Right hand drive (or steering wheel on the right side)
Crossfire Coupe and Crossfire Roadster refer to the "Base" model


Year[15][16] 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Production 35,700 28,000 12,500 4,805 2,000
Note: Cars produced in one calendar year may be marketed as the following model year.

Models[edit]

Model Years Engine Displacement Power Torque Handling 0-60 mph (97 km/h) Top Speed
Limited 2004–2008 3.2 V6 195.2 cu in (3199 cc)[1] 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS)[1] 229 lb·ft (310 N·m)[1] Skid pad 1.0g

70 – 0 mph in 161 ft.[17]

6.4 sec (6-speed manual)[18]

155 mph (electronically limited)
Base (Standard) 2005–2008
SRT-6 2005–2006 3.2 Supercharged V6 330 hp (246 kW; 335 PS)[2] 310 lb·ft (420 N·m) Skid pad 1.0g

70 – 0 mph in 157 ft.[17]

4.8 sec (5-speed automatic)[19] 155 mph (electronically limited)

Base and Limited[edit]

2005 Crossfire SRT-6 Coupe in Aero Blue

For the first model year (2004), only the coupe was offered (with no trim levels), equipped quite similarly to the next year's Limited model. In model year 2005, there were six variants available; Coupe and Roadster, each with three trim levels: Base (with fewer amenities), Limited, and SRT-6 (supercharged). There was an SE Roadster model (essentially a base model) in 2006-2007 available only in Blaze Red Crystal Pearl and with black accented 15-spoke SRT-6 style wheels. Base Crossfire models, both Coupe and Roadster, have a black painted windshield frame, black filler plugs (in place of fog-lights) in the front fascia, and fabric seat upholstery. Limited and SRT-6 models, both Coupe and Roadster, have a silver painted windshield frame and are equipped with foglights. The Limited has leather upholstery. The SRT-6 model has unique Leather/Alcantara upholstery.

SRT-6[edit]

The SRT-6 trim level, as both coupe and convertible, featured an AMG supercharged engine delivering 330 hp (246 kW) and 310 lb·ft (420 N·m) of torque.[2] Other SRT-6 model specific features included suspension and brake modifications, a front fascia air dam and a fixed vs. retractable rear spoiler. The Crossfire SRT-6 model used the same drive-train, suspension, and braking components as those used on the Mercedes-Benz SLK 32 AMG.

In 2006, the SRT-6 was changed to special order only, though none seem to have been sold in the U.S.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "2008 Crossfire Specifications". Chrysler media. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "2006 Chrysler Crossfire Specifications". Chrysler media. pp. 10–13. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Patton, Phil (27 May 2007). "From a Bad Marriage, Pretty Babies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Joe, Lorio (April 2009). "Chrysler Crossfire – Road Test & Review". Automobile. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Cranswick, Marc (2011). The Cars of American Motors: An Illustrated History. McFarland. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-7864-4672-8. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Lienert, Paul (March 26, 2003). "Crossfire's looks sizzle, performance sputters". The Detroit News. Retrieved July 8, 2006. [dead link]
  7. ^ Rothwell, Rob (2 May 2004). "2004 Chrysler Crossfire Coupe Road Test". auto 123. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Sessions, Ron (May 2003). "First Drive: 2004 Chrysler Crossfire". Motor Trend. Retrieved July 14, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Edmonson, Gail; Kerwin, Kathleen (29 September 2003). "DaimlerChrysler: Stalled". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  10. ^ Lorio, Joe (April 2009). "Chrysler Crossfire – Road Test & Review". Automobile. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "hrysler Group COO Wolfgang Bernhard drives first, all-new 2004 Chrysler Crossfire off the production line" (Press release). business.highbeam.com. 3 February 2003. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "Overstock.com Announces New Marketing Partnership With Chrysler Group" (Press release). Overstock.com. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Durbin, Dee-Ann (1 November 2007). "Chrysler to cut up to 12,000 jobs". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  14. ^ "Officially recognized production numbers by CICCI". 23 November 2013. 
  15. ^ Waterman, Stuart (14 March 2006). "Chrysler caught in own Crossfire?". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  16. ^ Figures for 2006/2007: Automobil Revue, catalogue edition 2008, p. 47.
  17. ^ a b "2004 Chrysler Crossfire (from DaimlerChrysler Press Release)". Serious Wheels. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  18. ^ DeLorenzo, Matt (October 2009). "2004 Chrysler Crossfire – Road Test — Where style is substance". Road & Track. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  19. ^ Robinson, Aaron (March 2005). "2005 Chrysler Crossfire SRT-6 – Comparison Tests". Car & Driver. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]