Chrysler Newport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chrysler Newport
Chrysler Newport 1961.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Chrysler Corporation
Production 1940–1941
1949–1950
1961–1981
Body and chassis
Class Full-size
Layout FR layout
Chronology
Successor Chrysler LeBaron

The Newport was a name used by the Chrysler division of the Chrysler Corporation for both a hardtop body designation and also for its lowest priced model between 1961 and 1981. Chrysler first used the Newport name on a 1940 show car of which five vehicles were produced.


1940s[edit]

First generation
Overview
Production 1940–1941
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door dual cowl phaeton
Related Chrysler New Yorker
Powertrain
Engine 324 cu in (5.3 L) L-head Straight-8, "Chrysler Spitfire"
Transmission 3-speed manual
3-speed fluid drive with overdrive
3-speed 'Vacamatic' overdrive (allowing clutch-less shifting between standard and overdrive ratios in second and third)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 145.5 in (3,696 mm)

The first Newport, known as the Chrysler Newport Phaeton, was produced during 1940 and 1941. It was a dual-cowl phaeton that used the "Chrysler Spitfire" 143 hp (107 kW; 145 PS) L-head straight-8 engine with dual carburetors coupled to a three-speed manual transmission. The Newport was based upon the Chrysler New Yorker, and was designed by LeBaron / Briggs Manufacturing Company designer Ralph Roberts. Only six were built.[1][2] Actress Lana Turner owned a Newport Phaeton, as did Chrysler founder Walter Chrysler, who used it as a personal car. Five are known to exist today.

The Newport Phaeton served as the pace car for the 1941 Indianapolis 500 race. This pace car, chassis number C7807503, was the only one that did not have hide-away headlights and became the personal property of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. after the race.[2]

1950s[edit]

Second generation
1950 Chrysler Newport Coupe woodie.JPG
Overview
Production 1949–1950
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
Related Chrysler New Yorker
Chrysler Windsor
Chrysler Saratoga
Dimensions
Wheelbase 125.5 in (3,188 mm) (Windsor); 131.5 in (3,340 mm) (New Yorker)[3]
Length 207.25 in (5,264 mm) (Windsor)

The Newport name was used during the 1950 model year to designate the two-door hardtop (no B-pillar) body style in Chrysler's lineup.[4] The Newport version was available as the Windsor and New Yorker.[5][6]

The redesigned 1949 Town and Country was first proposed as a hardtop, however the body style only appeared in the model's final year in 1950.[7][8]

1961–1964[edit]

Third generation
1961 Chrysler Newport Town & Country.jpg
Overview
Production 1961–1964
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
2-door hardtop
2-door convertible
4-door station wagon
Related Chrysler 300
Powertrain
Engine 361 cu in (5.9 L) V8
383 cu in (6.3 L) V8 Town and Country Station Wagon only
413 cu in (6.8 L) V8
Transmission 3-speed automatic
3 Speed Manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 122 in (3,099 mm)
Length 214.9–216.4 in (5,458–5,497 mm)
Width 79.4 in (2,017 mm)
Height 55.9 in (1,420 mm)
Curb weight 3,650–4,215 lb (1,656–1,912 kg)

Chrysler revived the Newport name for their new, full-size entry-level model for 1961. At a base price of $2,964 (equal to $23,629 today), the Newport was the least expensive Chrysler model, intended to appeal to owners of the discontinued DeSoto brand. While the Newport was successful and comprised the bulk of Chrysler production, the base Newport sedans were detrimmed versions of Chrysler's traditional upscale models, featuring small hubcaps instead of full-wheel covers, plain interiors and a minimal amount of exterior trim. The perception of an inexpensive Chrysler hurt the marque in the long run by cheapening the brand's cachet. By contrast, the next model up, the New Yorker, retailed for $4,870 (equal to $38,823 today)[9]

In 1961, the Newport was available as a two-door convertible, two-door hardtop, four-door sedan, four-door hardtop and four-door station wagon. The base engine for the Newport was the 361 cu in (5.9 L) V8 engine rated at 265 hp (198 kW; 269 PS). Optional was the 413 cu in (6.8 L) and the 383 cu in (6.3 L) that was mostly used in the Town and Country station wagons. All Newports could have been ordered with the 413 either single or dual four-bbl carbs and most of the 300 letter car options, except the four bucket seats, center console, and tachometer.

The 1962 model year Chryslers continued to use the 1961 body, but were shorn of their tailfins.

The Newport was restyled alongside the New Yorker and Chrysler 300 for 1963, with this body style continuing for 1964.

The 1963 model year was a major restyle without any tail fins. The 1964s saw the return of small, chrome-topped fins.

1965–1968[edit]

Fourth generation
Chrysler Newport Convertible (Auto classique Laval '11).JPG
Overview
Production 1965–1968
Assembly Jefferson Assembly Plant - Detroit, Michigan, USA
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door hardtop
2-door convertible
4-door hardtop
4-door station wagon
Platform C-body
Related Chrysler New Yorker
Dodge Polara
Plymouth Fury
Dodge Monaco
Plymouth VIP
Chrysler 300
Chrysler Town and Country
Dodge Custom 880
Chrysler 300L
Powertrain
Engine 383 cu in (6.3 L) V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) V8
Transmission 3-speed automatic
3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 124 in (3,150 mm)

The 1965s Newport was built on an all-new Chrysler C platform, shared with the 300 and New Yorker, along with the Dodge Polara and Plymouth Fury. Styling mimicked the square lines of the Lincoln Continental and the 1964 Imperial, while wheelbases increased 2 in (51 mm) to 124 in (3,150 mm) (wagons continued on the 122 in (3,099 mm) wheelbase). All body styles were continued from 1964 including the pillared four-door sedan, four-door hardtop sedan, two-door hardtop coupe, and convertible, along with the station wagon, which was renamed the Chrysler Town and Country and became a separate series. A new bodystyle for 1965 (shared with other Chryslers and Dodge Polaras) was a six-window Town Sedan that included a small side-window in the pillar similar to the three-window design of 1950s cars. This design would later return in the 1970s.

The standard engine for the 1965 Newport was the 383 cu in (6.3 L) V8 with two-barrel carburetor and 270 hp (201 kW; 274 PS), designed for use of regular gasoline of 92-94 Research octane. Optionally available at extra cost was the 383 with four-barrel carburetion and 315 hp (235 kW; 319 PS) with higher compression and required premium fuel of 98-100 octane rating. The standard transmission was a three-speed column shifted manual and optionally available was the three-speed Torqueflite automatic transmission, now featuring a column-mounted shifter replacing the pushbuttons of previous years as was changeover on all 1965 model year Chrysler Corporation cars and trucks.

Interiors featured padded instrument panels, full carpeting and choices of cloth-and-vinyl or all-vinyl bench seats and notchback bench seats with armrest. Newport coupes and convertibles were also offered with optional bucket seats with either a center console and floor shifter or armrest and center cushion.

1966 Chrysler Newport coupe

The 1966 Newport received new grille work and revised taillights, but was otherwise changed very little from 1965. Engine offerings were revised with the 270 hp (201 kW; 274 PS) 383 cu in (6.3 L) two-barrel continuing as standard equipment while the four-barrel 383 received a 10 hp (7 kW; 10 PS) increase to 325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS). New this year was Chrysler's 440 cu in (7.2 L) V8 that was available in a high-output TNT version with four-barrel carburetor, dual exhausts, and dual-snorkel air cleaner. This version was rated at 365 hp (272 kW; 370 PS), about 15 hp (11 kW; 15 PS) more than the standard 440 four-barrel that was the base engine in the New Yorker and Imperial, and optional on the Chrysler 300 as well as Dodge Polaras and Monacos, and Plymouth Furys.

1967 Chrysler Newport

For 1967, the Newport and other Chryslers received new sheet metal, but retained the basic 1965 bodyshell. Two-door hardtops received a new angular semi-fastback roofline featuring reverse-slant side windows while the rooflines of four-door pillared and hardtop sedans, and station wagons were unchanged. The slow-selling six-window Town Sedan was dropped this year. Engines were unchanged except for the 440 cu in (7.2 L) TNT version was increased up to 375 hp (280 kW; 380 PS).

Chrysler Newport sedan

New to the Newport line for 1967 was a more luxurious Newport Custom series available in four-door pillared and hardtop sedans, along with the two-door hardtop.

The 1968 Newport received only a minor facelift from its 1967 counterpart including new grilles and taillights. All body styles were carried over on both the base Newport and Newport Custom lines. The standard 383 cu in (6.3 L) two-barrel V8 received a 20 hp (15 kW; 20 PS) increase to 290 hp (216 kW; 294 PS), while the four-barrel 383 cu in (6.3 L) rating went from 325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS) to 330 hp (246 kW; 335 PS), while the 440 cu in (7.2 L) TNT was unchanged at 375 hp (280 kW; 380 PS).

A mid-year offering on the Newport hardtop coupe and convertible was the Sportsgrain option similar to the simulated woodgrain exterior bodyside trim on the Town and Country station wagons of this period. The Sportsgrain Newport was intended to bring back the spirit of the late 1940s Town and Country convertibles but amounted to little more than a regular Newport as there were no other modifications and interior trims were the same as standard Newports. Production of the 1968 Sportsgrain Newports amounted to 965 hardtops and 175 convertibles. The Sportsgrain option returned for the redesigned 1969 Newport two-door hardtop and convertible; however, orders for the option were low that Chrysler did not release their production totals.

Mercury tried a similar approach to the Sportsgrain Newport in 1968 by offering woodgrain "Yacht Paneling" as an option on its Park Lane coupes and convertibles, which also did not experience significant consumer demand.

1969–1973[edit]

Fifth generation
'70 Chrysler Newport Convertible (Auto classique Bellepros Vaudreuil-Dorion '11).JPG
Overview
Production 1969–1973
Assembly Jefferson North Assembly, USA
Newark Assembly, USA
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door hardtop
2-door convertible
4-door hardtop
4-door sedan
Platform C-body
Related Chrysler 300
Chrysler New Yorker
Chrysler Town and Country
Dodge Monaco
Dodge Polara
Plymouth Fury
Plymouth VIP
Powertrain
Engine 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8
383 cu in (6.3 L) V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) V8
Dimensions
Wheelbase 124 in (3,150 mm)
1971 Chrysler Newport coupe
1972 Chrysler Newport Royal

The Newport was completely redesigned again for 1969, and featured the distinctive "Fuselage Styling" that would become symbolic of Chrysler's full-size cars until the end of the 1973 model year. Although retaining the same 124 in (3,150 mm) wheelbase that it shared with the premium New Yorker, this generation Newport was longer, lower, wider, and several hundred pounds heavier than the 1965-1968 Newports.[10]

Although still offered in 2-door and 4-door hardtop, 2-door convertible, and 4-door sedan models, station wagons were no longer part of the Newport series, as the Town & Country became a separate model outright. Newport convertibles were discontinued after 1970, following a drop in sales of 48% that year, to 1,124 convertibles; while total Newport sales were down almost 30%, to 110,292 units, despite the restyling.[11]

Available in 2- and 4-door hardtops and 4-door sedans, the Newport Custom would still be offered as the top-line Newport through the entire 1969-1973 design cycle. First appearing in 1971,[12] the Newport Royal was an entry-level model in the Newport Series. It borrowed the name of the entry-level Chrysler from 1937-50;[13] but the Royal name was dropped in 1972.[13]

For the 1971 model year, the Royal came standard with the 255 hp (190 kW; 259 PS) 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8, with optional 275 hp (205 kW; 279 PS) or 300 hp (224 kW; 304 PS) 383 cu in (6.3 L) engines, but not the 440 cu in (7.2 L); the Custom was standard with the 275 hp (205 kW; 279 PS) 383 cu in (6.3 L) V8, and the 300 hp (224 kW; 304 PS) 383 cu in (6.3 L) or 335 hp (250 kW; 340 PS) 440 cu in (7.2 L) V8s as options.[14] For 1972, the Royal came standard with the 175 hp (130 kW; 177 PS) 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8, with larger-displacement engines unavailable, while the Custom was standard with the 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS) 400 cu in (6.6 L) V8, and the 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) single- and 245 hp (183 kW; 248 PS) dual-exhaust 440 cu in (7.2 L) V8s were optional.[13] Power output would steadily decrease on all engines during this generation due to stricter emissions standards and rising fuel prices.

1974–1978[edit]

Sixth generation
1978 Chrysler Newport 4-door hardtop f.jpg
Overview
Production 1974–1978
Assembly Jefferson North Assembly, USA
Newark Assembly, USA
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door hardtop
4-door hardtop
4-door sedan
Platform C-body
Related Chrysler New Yorker
Chrysler Town and Country
Dodge Monaco
Plymouth Fury
Plymouth Gran Fury
Powertrain
Engine 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) V8
440 cu in (7.2 L) V8
Dimensions
Wheelbase 124 in (3,150 mm)
1975–1976 Chrysler Newport hardtop coupe
1978 Chrysler Newport sedan rearview

The Newport was redesigned for the 1974 model year, along with all other full-size C-body cars. This generation shed the sweeping "fuselage" styling, in favor of more crisper, slab-sided styling.[10] Despite losing several inches in length, 1974-1978 Newports were some of the heaviest cars ever produced by Chrysler.[15] Their introduction coincided with the 1973 OPEC oil embargo, and sales of all full-size cars plummeted. The Chrysler Corporation was especially hit hard, as no smaller cars were sold under the Chrysler brand.

Production of the C-body Newport ended in 1978, along with the Chrysler New Yorker. Related Dodge and Plymouth C-body cars, as well as C-body Chrysler Town & Country station wagons had all been dropped the previous year. The 1978 Newport offered the American car industry's last true two-door and four-door hardtops.

1979–1981[edit]

Seventh generation
79-81 Chrysler Newport.jpg
Overview
Production 1979–1981
Assembly Detroit, Michigan (Lynch Road), USA
Windsor, Ontario, Canada (1979 Only)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Platform R-body
Related Chrysler New Yorker
Dodge St. Regis
Plymouth Gran Fury
Powertrain
Engine 225 cu in (3.7 L) I6
318 cu in (5.2 L) V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) V8

The 1979 model year saw a new downsized Newport on the Chrysler R platform, a derivative of the circa 1962 Chrysler B platform. This reduced model availability to a single "pillared hardtop" 4-door sedan. While GM and Ford had downsized their big cars by engineering smaller bodies around more spacious passenger accommodations, Chrysler took a different approach. The existing Chrysler B platform was modified to improve fuel efficiency through a number of weight saving measures. Examples include plastic brake wheel cylinder pistons, which tended to swell and bind up the brakes after a some years in service. Chrome-plated aluminum bumpers were another innovation, but were replaced in 1980 with a stronger steel rear bumper. The large displacement V8 engines were dropped.

1979 Chrysler Newport police package

Initial 1979 sales were strong, but Chrysler's unsteady financial condition, combined with tightening oil and gasoline supplies hurt sales of the redesigned vehicle, and all of the R-body models were discontinued after a short run of 1981 models, as Chrysler began its shift toward smaller front-wheel drive cars.

Dodge Diplomat[edit]

The modified Chrysler grille on the Dodge Diplomat

The Plymouth Gran Fury built on the Chrysler M platform from 1982 to 1989, was essentially the same as the Dodge St. Regis with a modified Newport grille.[16] The Newport model name nearly made a comeback in early 1984 as an addition to the M-Body (Dodge Diplomat, Plymouth Gran Fury, Chrysler Fifth Avenue) lines.[citation needed] Orders were taken by Chrysler-Plymouth dealers, but the would-be Newport was marketed as the Dodge Diplomat SE. This model used the same waterfall grille as the Chrysler Fifth Avenue with the exception of a horizontal bar running across the center to mimic the other "crosshair" grilles in the Dodge lineup.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Le Baron - LeBaron Carrossiers". Coachbuilt.com. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "1941 Chrysler Newport Concept Images, Information and History". Conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "1951 Chrysler Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. p. 16. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Flory, J. Kelly (2008). American Cars, 1946-1959: Every Model, Year by Year. McFarland. p. 262. ISBN 9780786452309. 
  5. ^ "Windsor Newport - 1950 Chrysler Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. p. 13. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "New Yorker Newport - 1950 Chrysler Brochure," p. 5.
  7. ^ "Town and Country - 1950 Chrysler Brochure," p. 8.
  8. ^ Flory 2008, p. 330.
  9. ^ "1961 Chrysler New Yorker Technical Specifications and data". Conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Encyclopedia of American Cars "Chrysler" p. 250: "Chrysler."
  11. ^ Flory, p. 736.
  12. ^ Flory, pp. 889-90.
  13. ^ a b c Flory, p. 890.
  14. ^ Flory, p. 813.
  15. ^ Encyclopedia of American Cars "Chrysler" p. 276: "Chrysler."
  16. ^ Billington, Frank. "M-bodies: Dodge Diplomat, Plymouth Gran Fury, Chrysler New Yorker, Fifth Avenue, Town & Country, and Caravelle". allpar.com. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 

External links[edit]