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About 70-80 species, see text
Chrysophyllum is a genus of about 70-80 species of tropical trees, growing rapidly to 10–20 m or more in height. The genus is native to tropical regions throughout the world, with the greatest number of species in northern South America. One species, C. oliviforme, extends north to southern Florida.
The leaves are oval, 3–15 cm long, green above, densely golden pubescent below, from which the genus is named. The flowers are small (3–8 mm), purplish white and have a sweet fragrant smell; they are clustered several together, and are hermaphroditic (self fertile). The fruit is edible; round, usually purple skinned (sometimes greenish-white), often green around the calyx, with a star pattern in the pulp; the flattened seeds are light brown and hard. The fruit skin is chewy like gum, and contrary to some reports, is edible.
Formerly placed here
- Englerophytum magalismontanum (Sond.) T.D.Penn. (as C. magalismontanum Sond.)
- Jacquinia arborea Vahl (as C. barbasco Loefl.)
- Micropholis rugosa (Sw.) Pierre (as C. rugosum Sw.)
- Palaquium philippense (Perr.) C.B.Rob. (as C. philippense Perr.)
- Pouteria alnifolia (Baker) Roberty (as C. alnifolium Baker)
- Pouteria gardneri (Mart. & Miq.) Baehni (as C. gardneri Mart. & Miq.)
- Pouteria macrophylla (Lam.) Eyma (as C. macrophyllum Lam.)
- Pouteria reticulata (Engl.) Eyma (as C. reticulatum Engl.)
- Pradosia brevipes (Pierre) T.D.Penn. (as C. soboliferum Rizzini)
- Pradosia lactescens (Vell.) Radlk. (as C. burahem Riedel)
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- "Genus: Chrysophyllum L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- The generic name is derived from the Greek words χρυσός (chrysos), meaning "gold," and φυλλον (phyllos), meaning "leaf." See Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I A-C. CRC Press. p. 534. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2.
- "Chrysophyllum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- "GRIN Species Records of Chrysophyllum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2010-12-09.