Chrysophyllum

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Chrysophyllum
Starr 070111-3283 Chrysophyllum oliviforme.jpg
Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Subfamily: Chrysophylloideae
Genus: Chrysophyllum[1]
Species

About 70-80 species, see text

Synonyms

Achrouteria Eyma
Austrogambeya Aubrév. & Pellegr.
Cainito Adans.
Chloroluma Baill.
Cornuella Pierre
Cynodendron Baehni
Dactimala Raf.
Donella Pierre ex Baill.
Fibocentrum Pierre ex Glaz., nom. inval.
Gambeya Pierre
Gambeyobotrys Aubrév.
Guersentia Raf.
Martiusella Pierre
Nycterisition Ruiz & Pav.
Nycteristion Ruiz & Pav.
Prieurella Pierre
Ragala Pierre
Villocuspis (A.DC.) Aubrév. & Pellegr.[1]

Chrysophyllum is a genus of about 70-80 species of tropical trees, growing rapidly to 10–20 m or more in height. The genus is native to tropical regions throughout the world, with the greatest number of species in northern South America. One species, C. oliviforme, extends north to southern Florida.

The leaves are oval, 3–15 cm long, green above, densely golden pubescent below, from which the genus is named.[2] The flowers are small (3–8 mm), purplish white and have a sweet fragrant smell; they are clustered several together, and are hermaphroditic (self fertile). The fruit is edible; round, usually purple skinned (sometimes greenish-white), often green around the calyx, with a star pattern in the pulp; the flattened seeds are light brown and hard. The fruit skin is chewy like gum, and contrary to some reports, is edible.[citation needed]

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Chrysophyllum L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  2. ^ The generic name is derived from the Greek words χρυσός (chrysos), meaning "gold," and φυλλον (phyllos), meaning "leaf." See Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. I A-C. CRC Press. p. 534. ISBN 978-0-8493-2675-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Chrysophyllum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  4. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Chrysophyllum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2010-12-09.