Chrysosplenium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chrysosplenium
Chrysosplenium alternifolium BavariaMay2005a.jpg
Chrysosplenium alternifolium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Saxifragaceae
Genus: Chrysosplenium
L.[1]
Species

See text.

Chrysosplenium (golden saxifrage or golden-saxifrage) is a genus of 57[2] species of flowering plants in the family Saxifragaceae. Species can be found throughout the arctic and northern temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, with the highest species diversity in eastern Asia; two species are found disjunctly in South America.[2]

They are soft herbaceous perennial plants growing to 20 centimeters tall, typically growing in wet, shady locations in forests. The leaves are rounded, palmately veined, with a lobed margin; they may be arranged either alternately or opposite, depending on the species. The flowers are small, yellow or yellowish-green, with four petals; they are produced in small clusters at the apex of the shoots surrounded by leafy bracts. Most of the growth and flowering is in early spring, when more light is available under deciduous trees.

Culinary Uses[edit]

The leaves and stems of golden saxifrage (chrysosplenium alternifolium and chrysosplenium oppositifolium) can be eaten in salads or as cooked greens.[3]

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chrysosplenium. Flora of North America.
  2. ^ a b Soltis, D.E. (2001). Phylogenetic relationships and evolution in Chrysosplenium (Saxifragaceae) based on matK sequence data. Am J Bot 88:883-893
  3. ^ Crawford, Martin. How to grow Perennial Vegetables. Green Books, 2012, p. 114

External links[edit]