Onstage, October 1, 2005
|Birth name||Charles Louis Brown|
August 22, 1936|
Gaston, North Carolina
|Died||May 16, 2012
|Occupations||Singer, musician, songwriter, record producer, guitarist|
|Gibson ES-335 (blonde)|
Charles Louis "Chuck" Brown (August 22, 1936 – May 16, 2012) was an American guitarist and singer who is affectionately called "the Godfather of Go-go". Go-go is a subgenre of funk music developed in and around Washington, D.C. in the mid and late 1970s. While its musical classification, influences, and origins are debated, Brown is regarded as the fundamental force behind the creation of go-go music.
Early life: 1936–1963
Charles Louis Brown was born on August 22, 1936 in Gaston, North Carolina. Brown's mother, Lyla Brown, was a housekeeper, and his father, Albert Louis Moody, was a United States Marine. His father, however, was out of the picture, and Brown lived in poverty. When Chuck Brown was 7-years-old, he learned to play the piano. He moved to Washington, DC in 1942, and at 15-years-old he started to live on the streets. He did not graduate high school; Brown quit school and decided to perform odd jobs to make money, including shining shoes.
In the 1950s, Brown was convicted of murder and served 8 years in Lorton Correctional Complex. At first, it was tried as aggravated assault; however, it was moved up to murder once the victim died. Brown believed that his actions were in self-defense. There, he traded cigarettes for a guitar, which launched his love for the guitar. When Chuck Brown's sentence was up, he moved back to Washington, DC and worked as a truck driver, a bricklayer, and a sparring partner at multiple boxing gyms. He also started to perform at parties throughout the area; however, he could not play at places that served liquor because his parole officer would not allow it.
The Soul Searchers: 1965–1976
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On his own: 1976–2012
Chuck Brown died on Wednesday, May 16, 2012, at Baltimore's Johns Hopkins Hospital of multiple organ failure including heart failure or heart problems. He was 75 years old. Several weeks prior to his death, he had postponed and canceled shows due to hospitalization for pneumonia.
Brown is called the "Godfather of Go-Go" and was considered a local legend in Washington, DC. Darryl Brooks, a local promoter who worked with Chuck Brown during his career, stated, "He was a symbol of D.C. manhood, back in the day, because of the authority that he spoke with. He just spoke from a perspective that black men could understand." Andre Johnson, the leader of the go-go band Rare Essence, said that Chuck Brown "influenced generations of people—not just one—a few generations of musicians around here." Washington, DC Mayor Vincent Gray said Brown was "Go-go's creator and, arguably, its most legendary artist."
- 1972: (as The Soul Searchers) We the People
- 1974: (as The Soul Searchers) Salt of the Earth
- 1978: Bustin' Loose
- 1980: Funk Express
- 1984: We Need Some Money
- 1986: Go Go Swing Live
- 1987: Any Other Way to Go?
- 1987: Live '87 - D.C. Bumpin' Y'all
- 1988: DC Don't Stand For Dodge City" [Produced by: Jonathan R. Smith, J. Mitchell Bebbs and Darrell Johnson, aksa: Square One Productions]
- 1988: 2001 (That'll Work, aka: Sprach Zarathusta, aka: Go-Go Cover of The Theme From 2001 A Space Odyssey) [Produced by: Jonathan R. Smith, J. Mitchell Bebbs and Darrell Johnson, aksa: Square One Productions]
- 1989: Trust Me: Live Pa Tape, Vol. 2
- 1990: Wind Me up Chuck, Vol. 3
- 1991: 90's Goin' Hard
- 1993: This Is a Journey into Time
- 1995: Hah Man
- 1995: The Other Side - with Eva Cassidy (recorded in 1992 and released in 1995)
- 1997: Live Pa Tape
- 1998: Timeless
- 1999: The Spirit of Christmas
- 2001: Your Game...Live at the 9:30 Club
- 2002: Put Your Hands Up!
- 2005: Best of Chuck Brown
- 2007: We are About The Business
- 2010: We Got This
- "'Godfather of Go-Go,' Chuck Brown Dies". The Washington Informer. May 16, 2012.
- Smith, Craig (November 2, 2007). "Some More D.C. Flavor: Chuck Wound Me Up". Virginia Law Weekly (University of Virginia) 60 (9). Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Sisario, Ben (May 18, 2012). "Chuck Brown, Godfather of Go-Go, Dies at 75". The New York Times. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Richards 2012, p. 1
- Baker, Soren (May 24, 2001). "Chuck Brown Proves Go-Go Hasn't Gone-Gone". MTV (Viacom). Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- 2012, p. 2
- Fusilli, Jim. "The Godfather of Go-Go". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "Chuck Brown dies: 'Godfather of Go-Go' passes away at 75". ABC Channel 7. May 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- Richards, Chris (May 16, 2012). "Chuck Brown's Music Impact: Deep Into Washington, and Beyond". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Bogdanov 2003, p. 853
- "Chuck Brown Dead: D.C.'s 'Godfather Of Go Go' Dies At 75". The Huffington Post. May 16, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Maza, Erik (June 23, 2011). "Chuck Brown just Keeps on Going". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- Bogdanov, Vladimir (2003). All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to Randb and Soul. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 9780879307448.
- Lornell, Kip; Stephenson, Charles (2009). The Beat: Go-Go Music from Washington, D.C.. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781604732412.
- Price, Emmett (2010). Encyclopedia of African American Music. Volume 3. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313341991.
- Richards, Chris (May 16, 2012). "Chuck Brown dies: The 'Godfather of Go-Go' was 75". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- "Chuck Brown: Go-Go Godfather's Gumbo". May 10, 2010. NPR. All Things Considered. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10110010. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Chang, Jeff. "Wind me up, Chuck!". San Francisco Bay Guardian. Archived from the original on March 15, 2005. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Baily, Nick (August 20, 2007). "Chuck Brown". Global Rhythm. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Pareles, Jon (April 21, 2007). "Still Soulful, Still Swinging, Still Ready to Bust Loose". The New York Times. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Chuck Brown at the Internet Movie Database