The Chudasama are a Rajput clan found in the state of Gujarat in India. The Anthropological Survey of India, which relies heavily on sources compiled during the period of the British Raj, notes that they are "an offshoot of the Samma tribe, probably of Turk origin who entered India during the seventh or eighth century and are found in Kachchh, Junagadh and Jamnagar districts." They claim to be originally of the Abhira clan from Sindh.
Harald Tambs-Lyche believes that there is evidence, based on myths, that a Chudasama kingdom existed at Junagadh in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. The dynasty is traditionally said to have been founded in 875 CE and around 1030 received assistance from members of the pastoralist Ahir community in order to restore its power following a conquest of the kingdom by the king of Gujarat. The Chudasamas are sometimes referred to as the Ahirani Ranis, and Tambs-Lyche says that, "The structure of the Chudasama state ... seems to have been an alliance between a small royal clan — later to be classified as Rajputs — and the Ahir tribe." The last of these kings, Mandulak Chudasama, was forcibly converted to Islam in 1470 by Mahmud Begarha, who also annexed the state. Begarha had attacked the Chudasama kingdom, which was known as Girnar, on several previous occasions.
A Chudasama prince styled "Graharipu" ruling at Vanathali near Junagarh is described in Dyashraya Kavya of Hemchandra as an Abhira and a Yadava. In their basic traditions as well as in popular stories, the Chudasamas are still called Ahir Ranas.
- Singh, Kumar Suresh; Lal, Rajendra Behari (2003). Gujarat, Part 3. People of India XXII. Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. p. 1174. ISBN 9788179911068. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- http://books.google.co.in/books?id=bPNEAAAAIAAJ Book Junagadh-page-10
- Power, profit, and poetry: traditional society in Kathiawar, western India - Harald Tambs-Lyche - Google Books
- Ratha, S. N.; Pfeffer, Georg; Behera, Deepak Kumar, eds. (2002). "Townsmen, Tenants and Tribes: War, Wildness and Wilderness in the Traditional Politics of Western India". Contemporary Society: Concept of Tribal Society. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 189–190. ISBN 9788170229834. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- "Gujarat, Malwa and Khandesh". The Cambridge Shorter History of India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1934. pp. 307–308. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Gupta, R. K.; Bakshi, S. R., eds. (2008). Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages: Marwar and British Administration 5. New Delhi: Sarup & Sons. pp. 22–23. ISBN 9788176258418. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Reginald E. Enthoven (1922). The Tribes and Castes of Bombay. Asian Educational Services. p. 25. ISBN 9788120606302.