Chuka Umunna

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Chuka Umunna
MP
Chuka at Lambeth College-2.JPG
Umunna in 2009
Shadow Secretary of State for
Business, Innovation and Skills
Incumbent
Assumed office
7 October 2011
Leader Ed Miliband
Preceded by John Denham
Member of Parliament
for Streatham
Incumbent
Assumed office
6 May 2010
Preceded by Keith Hill
Majority 3,259 (7.0%)
Personal details
Born (1978-10-17) 17 October 1978 (age 35)
London, United Kingdom
Nationality British
Political party Labour
Alma mater University of Manchester
University of Burgundy
Nottingham Law School
Occupation MP
Profession Solicitor
Website Official website

Chuka Harrison Umunna (born 17 October 1978) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Streatham since 2010 and the Shadow Business Secretary since 2011.[1]

Early life[edit]

Umunna, born in London in 1978, is mixed race.[2] His father Bennett, who was a Nigerian of the Igbo ethnic group, died in a road accident in Nigeria in 1992.[3] His Irish mother, Patricia, is a solicitor and the daughter of High Court Judge Sir Helenus Milmo.[4]

Education[edit]

Umunna was educated at Hitherfield Primary School in Streatham, South London, and the Christ Church Primary School in Brixton Hill. His parents felt that the local state school had "given up on him" and so moved him to the boys' independent senior school St Dunstan's College,[5] in Catford in south-east London, where he played the cello,[6] and became Deputy Head Boy.[7] During this period he was also a chorister at Southwark Cathedral.[2][8][8][9][10][11][12] He says that he "wouldn't rule out" sending his own (future) children to a private school if they were doing badly at a State school.[7] He was awarded an upper second class LLB in English and French Law from the University of Manchester; after graduating he studied for one term at the University of Burgundy in Dijon, before studying for an MA at Nottingham Law School. He has said that his politics and moral values come from Christianity, but that he is "not majorly religious".[13][14]

Legal career[edit]

Having completed his studies in 2002, he began work as a solicitor at Herbert Smith in the City of London. In 2006 he joined Rochman Landau, specialising in employment law. From 2006 onwards, Umunna began to write and provide commentary on the Labour Party, as well as broader social and economic issues, usually in his capacity as a member of the Management Committee of the Labour-aligned Compass pressure group. He also wrote articles for the Financial Times, Tribune, The Voice, The Guardian and the New Statesman, and began to appear on various radio and television programmes as a commentator.[15][16] He founded and edited the online political magazine, The Multicultural Politic.[17] In 2007, he worked for John Cruddas' unsuccessful campaign to become Labour Deputy Leader.

Political career[edit]

Member of Parliament[edit]

In March 2008, Umunna was adopted as the Labour Party's prospective parliamentary candidate for Streatham. At the 2010 general election, he was elected Member of Parliament for Streatham with a 3,259 majority; he gave his maiden speech on 2 June 2010.[18] He took a particular interest in economic policy and reform of the City.

Umunna has described himself as being "One Nation Labour" and has written articles promoting the Blue Labour trend.[19][20]

Umunna has argued that the coalition government should revise its programme of fiscal consolidation, take a tougher stance with the British banking industry and take action to transform the credit ratings agency market.[21][22][23] Umunna was one of 73 Labour MPs to nominate Ed Miliband in the 2010 Labour leadership election to find a successor to Gordon Brown.[24]

Treasury Select Committee[edit]

In June 2010, he was elected to serve on the Treasury Select Committee.[25] In January 2011, Umunna questioned the Chief Executive of Barclays, Bob Diamond, in relation to alleged tax avoidance activities by the bank during which he disclosed that the bank used over 300 subsidiary companies in offshore jurisdictions.[26] In response to a question from Umunna, Diamond admitted in February 2011 that Barclays had paid £113m in UK corporation tax in 2009, despite making £11.6bn in profit.[27] He held this position until his appointment to Shadow Minister for Small Business and Enterprise.

Parliamentary Private Secretary[edit]

In October 2010, following Miliband's election, Umunna was appointed to serve as his Parliamentary Private Secretary, a position he held until his promotion to the Shadow Cabinet.

Shadow Minister for Small Business and Enterprise[edit]

In May 2011, Umunna was appointed to the position of Shadow Minister for Small Business and Enterprise until his promotion to the Shadow Cabinet.

Shadow Cabinet[edit]

Umunna was promoted to the Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Business Secretary on 7 October 2011, replacing John Denham, who announced his retirement from front-bench politics.[28] Following his appointment, Umunna re-affirmed Labour's commitment to introducing a graduate tax in place of university tuition fees if it wins the election due in May 2015. In January 2012, Umunna joined Ed Miliband and Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury Rachel Reeves in calling on Prime Minister David Cameron to block a £1.6m bonus for Stephen Hester, the Chief Executive Officer of the publicly owned Royal Bank of Scotland Group.[29] During 2013, Umunna led claims that the Government's valuation of the Royal Mail during its privatisation had effectively "shortchanged" the taxpayer, a view supported by the significant rise in the share price following the sale and the subsequent summoning of bankers to a parliamentary investigation.[30][31]

In early May 2014, Umunna led concerns in parliament[32] and public over the proposed takeover of AstraZeneca, by the American pharmaceutical giant Pfizer, on the grounds of ensuring British jobs and interests.[33] Despite assurances from Pfizer, Umunna went on to publicly denounce the proposed takeover proclaiming that Pfizer's assurances were "not worth the paper they were written on".[34] The takeover bid eventually fell through in late May 2014 after the Astra Zeneca board rejected Pfizer's final offer.[35]

In May 2014, Umunna criticized the Shadow Health Secretary Andy Burnham's report into possible methods of restricting the sale and advertising of alcohol, unhealthy foods, and tobacco. He was quoted as having said that such courses of action as outlined in the report would be seen to be "anti-business and interventionist".[36]

Controversies[edit]

Criticisms[edit]

In early April 2013, Umunna was linked to favourable updates made on his Wikipedia page in 2007.[37][38][39][40]

Also in early April 2013, Conservative MP Chris Heaton-Harris criticised Umunna for comments he had made in his mid 20s about the West End of London. Heaton-Harris said the 2006 comments, describing people visting nightclubs in the West End as "trash" and "c-list wannabes" showed a "lack of respect for the public"; Umunna stated that the comments were meant to have been "light-hearted in tone and context" but appreciated that "the choice of words used were not appropriate" and apologised for any "offence".[41]

Umunna was accused of hypocrisy for accepting a £20,000 gift from a gambling executive despite campaigning against the spread of betting shops in his constituency and promising new powers to limit them.[42]

Conservative Party Involvement[edit]

In mid-April 2013, The Mirror ran a piece indicating that Umunna "had been targeted" and that the Conservative Party was implicated after a "leaked email" from their HQ showed that "businessmen had been lobbied" to criticise Umunna over his West End comments.[43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Labour appoints fresh face to replace John Denham". Times Higher Education. 7 October 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Profile of Chuka Umunna". Thisislocallondon.co.uk. 
  3. ^ Bloss, Andrew (08-03-12). "Friends fear Crystal Palace director was assassinated". London: The Croydon Guardian. Retrieved 2012-10-02. 
  4. ^ Walters, Simon (30 September 2012). "The British Obama? No, Labour high-flyer Chuka's the black Blair". Daily Mail (London). 
  5. ^ "Who can lead Labour? Chuka Umunna can". London Evening Standard. (London). 14 January 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Chuka Umunna: Profile". The Financial Times (FT Magazine) (London). 19 July 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "The British Obama? No, Labour high-flyer Chuka's the black Blair". Daily Mail (London). 30 September 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Chuka Umunna sidesteps Labour leadership question". The Daily Telegraph (London). 30 September 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "Kevin Maguire, ''The New Statesman'' (23 April 2012). Accessed 18 April 2013". Newstatesman.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  10. ^ "'Chuka Umunna Coy About Leadership Ambitions', ''Sky News'' (1 October 2012). Accessed 18 April 2013". News.sky.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  11. ^ Peter McKay (2013-01-27). "Peter McKay, ''Mail Online'' (27 January 2013). Accessed 18 April 2013". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  12. ^ "Alice Foster, 'Streatham MP Chuka Umunna would be "arrogant" to talk about Labour leadership bid', ''Streatham Guardian'' (2 October 2012). Accessed 18 April 2013". Streathamguardian.co.uk. 2012-10-02. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  13. ^ "'Chuka Umunna: "I'm fed up with being in the shadows"'". Channel4.com. 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  14. ^ Walker, Tim (12 November 2011). "'Don't compare me to Obama' Is Chuka Umunna Britain's first black PM?". 12 November 2011 (London: The Independent). Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  15. ^ Umunna, Chuka (30 August 2007). "The duty to inspire". Newstatesman.com. 
  16. ^ Umunna, Chuka (11 September 2006). "Ask the expert: Diversity in the City". Financial Times. 
  17. ^ Umunna, Chuka (15 April 2007). "TMP is born". The Multicultural Politic. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  18. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster (2010-06-02). "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 02 Jun 2010 (pt 0015)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  19. ^ "Chuka Umunna MP » One Nation Labour". Chuka.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  20. ^ "Chuka Umunna: My vision for One Nation Labour". Left Foot Forward. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  21. ^ About Chuka Umunna and Duncan Weldon (2010-10-25). "The man’s not for turning". New Statesman. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  22. ^ "Credit Rating Agencies: 16 Nov 2010: House of Commons debates". TheyWorkForYou. 2009-12-07. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  23. ^ "New Clause 3 — Bank taxation: 8 Nov 2010: House of Commons debates". TheyWorkForYou. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  24. ^ "Ed Miliband: Nominations". labour.co.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "Treasury Committee - membership - UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  26. ^ O'Hare, Sean (17 January 2011). "Labour MP urges Barclay's chief to reduce offshore subsidaries [sic]". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  27. ^ Treannor, Jill (18 February 2011). "Barclays bank forced to admit it paid just £113m in corporation tax in 2009". The Guardian (London). 
  28. ^ "Ed Miliband promotes fresh faces to Labour top team". BBC News. 7 October 2011. 
  29. ^ Syal, Rajeev (23 January 2012). "Ed Miliband calls for Stephen Hester to be denied a reported £1.6m RBS bonus". The Guardian (London). 
  30. ^ "Umunna: Taxpayer 'shortchanged' by Royal Mail sale - ITV News". Itv.com. 2013-10-07. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  31. ^ "MPs summon bankers to explain their valuations of Royal Mail". The Guardian (London). 8 November 2012. 
  32. ^ [115
  33. ^ [1]
  34. ^ [2]
  35. ^ [3]
  36. ^ Prynne, Miranda (4 May 2014). "Labour plans for a crackdown on drinking, smoking and unhealthy food". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  37. ^ Heighton, Luke (6 April 2013). "Chuka’s Wiki’d act". London: The Sun. Retrieved 2013-04-07. 
  38. ^ Kember, Billy (12 April 2013). "Flattering ‘British Obama’ edit on Wikipedia raises questions for MP Chuka Umunna". The Times (London). Retrieved 2013-04-12. 
  39. ^ Hope, Christopher (7 April 2013). "Labour star Chuka Umunna admits his aides probably set up and edited his own Wikipedia page". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-04-08. 
  40. ^ Watts, Joseph (11 April 2013). "Mystery deepens over who changed Wikipedia entry of Labour star Chuka Umunna". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  41. ^ Morris, Nigel (6 April 2013). "Labour MP Chuka Umunna sorry for nightclub ‘trash’ comment on elitist website". London: The Metro. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 
  42. ^ Morris, Nigel (6 August 2013). "Rising star of Labour and betting shop critic Chuka Umunna faces embarrassment after accepting £20,000 gift from gambling executive". London: Independent. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 
  43. ^ Lyons, James (13 April 2013). "Conservatives criticised for "sleazy politics" after lobbying nightclub owners to attack Labour MP Chuka Umunna". London: The Mirror. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Keith Hill
Member of Parliament for Streatham
2010 – present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
John Denham
Shadow Business Secretary
2011 – present
Incumbent