Chulman

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Chulman (English)
Чульман (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Settlement[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Chulman is located in Sakha Republic
Chulman
Chulman
Location of Chulman in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 56°50′N 124°52′E / 56.833°N 124.867°E / 56.833; 124.867Coordinates: 56°50′N 124°52′E / 56.833°N 124.867°E / 56.833; 124.867
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Neryungrinsky District[1]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 9,766 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[2]

Chulman (Russian: Чульман) is an urban locality (a settlement) in Neryungrinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Chulman River, about 30 kilometers (19 mi) north of Neryungri. Population: 9,766 (2010 Census);[1] 10,782 (2002 Census);[3] 17,354 (1989 Census).[4]

Geography[edit]

There is a deep gorge to the east with white cliffs.

History[edit]

It was founded with nineteen inhabitants in 1926.[citation needed] During the late 1940s and early 1950s, it was the location of a gulag work camp.

Economy[edit]

Employment in Chulman is mainly reliant on the mining of coal, granite and gemstones, as well as a power station.

Transportation[edit]

The settlement is served by the Chulman Airport[5] and is a station on the Amur Yakutsk Mainline.

Climate[edit]

Chulman has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc/Dwc). Winters are bitterly cold with average temperatures from −33.9 °C (−29.0 °F) to −26.7 °C (−16.1 °F) in January, while summers are mild with average temperatures from +10.9 °C (51.6 °F) to +21.8 °C (71.2 °F) in July. Precipitation is moderate and is much higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Chulman
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.4
(45.3)
17.6
(63.7)
28.1
(82.6)
34.6
(94.3)
34.8
(94.6)
32.5
(90.5)
26.3
(79.3)
17.7
(63.9)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
34.8
(94.6)
Average high °C (°F) −26.7
(−16.1)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
9.8
(49.6)
19.5
(67.1)
21.8
(71.2)
18.8
(65.8)
9.3
(48.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
−17.5
(0.5)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−2.13
(28.14)
Daily mean °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−25.0
(−13)
−15.8
(3.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
4.6
(40.3)
13.4
(56.1)
16.1
(61)
13.0
(55.4)
4.5
(40.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−6.87
(19.63)
Average low °C (°F) −33.9
(−29)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.6
(45.7)
10.9
(51.6)
7.9
(46.2)
0.2
(32.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−11.39
(11.5)
Record low °C (°F) −61.0
(−77.8)
−56.9
(−70.4)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−37.0
(−34.6)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
−8.0
(17.6)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−50.8
(−59.4)
−57.9
(−72.2)
−61
(−77.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
14
(0.55)
28
(1.1)
52
(2.05)
91
(3.58)
108
(4.25)
91
(3.58)
79
(3.11)
51
(2.01)
27
(1.06)
16
(0.63)
584
(22.98)
Avg. rainy days 0 0 0.1 4 16 19 19 19 18 4 0 0 99.1
Avg. snowy days 26 22 19 14 4 0 0 0.1 3 21 26 27 162.1
 % humidity 82 79 70 63 61 65 71 74 75 77 83 82 73.5
Source: pogoda.ru.net[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Chulman Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Chulman" (in Russian). Retrieved 23 January 2013.