Chumphon Province

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Chumphon
ชุมพร
Province
Typhoon damage in Chumphon province
Typhoon damage in Chumphon province
Official seal of Chumphon
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Chumphon
Government
 • Governor Karan Supphakitwilekhakan (since 2008)
Area
 • Total 6,009.0 km2 (2,320.1 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 38th
Population (2011)
 • Total 492,182
 • Rank Ranked 57th
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 59th
Time zone Thailand Standard Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-86

Chumphon (Thai: ชุมพร, pronounced [t͡ɕʰūm.pʰɔ̄ːn]) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the shore of the Gulf of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Prachuap Khiri Khan, Surat Thani and Ranong. To the west it also borders the Burmese province of Tanintharyi.

Geography[edit]

Chumphon is located on the Isthmus of Kra, the narrow landbridge connecting the Malay Peninsula with the mainland of Thailand. To the west are the hills of the Phuket mountain range and its northern continuation, the Tenasserim chain, while the east is the more flat land on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. The main river is the Lang Suan, which originates in Phato district.

History[edit]

The southern part of the province was originally a separate province named Lang Suan. It was incorporated into Chumphon in 1932.[1]

In November 1989 the typhoon Gay hit the province hard - 529 people were killed, 160,000 became homeless, 7,130 km2 (2,753 sq mi) of farm land was destroyed. Gay is the only tropical storm on record which reached Thailand with typhoon wind strength.

Etymology[edit]

There are two different theories on the origin of the name Chumphon. According to one, it originates from Chumnumporn (lit. accumulation of forces) which derives from the fact that Chumphon was a frontier city. Another theory claims the name derives from a local tree named Maduea Chumphon (มะเดื่อชุมพร, Ficus glomerata), found abundant in the province. This tree is therefore also depicted in the seal of the province.[2]

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows an angel giving blessings to the people standing between two Cluster Fig trees (Ficus glomerata), which is also the provincial tree. The provincial flower is the Indian shot (Canna indica), and the finger banana is another provincial symbol.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Amphoe

Chumphon is subdivided into 8 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 70 subdistricts (tambon) and 674 villages (muban). Chumphon and Lang Suan are the two towns (thesaban mueang), there are further 12 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).

  1. Mueang Chumphon
  2. Tha Sae
  3. Pathio
  4. Lang Suan
  1. Lamae
  2. Phato
  3. Sawi
  4. Thung Tako

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chumphon (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.9
(87.6)
32.1
(89.8)
33.4
(92.1)
43.5
(110.3)
40.0
(104)
32.3
(90.1)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30.3
(86.5)
30.1
(86.2)
33.24
(91.83)
Average low °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
22.2
(72)
23.3
(73.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.0
(73.4)
21.4
(70.5)
23.46
(74.23)
Rainfall mm (inches) 59.4
(2.339)
44.7
(1.76)
97.2
(3.827)
85.8
(3.378)
190.8
(7.512)
167.2
(6.583)
179.0
(7.047)
207.5
(8.169)
178.3
(7.02)
251.6
(9.906)
287.9
(11.335)
123.3
(4.854)
1,872.7
(73.73)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 7 6 5 8 18 20 21 23 19 20 16 9 172
 % humidity 81 79 78 78 82 81 82 82 83 85 84 80 81.3
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Tourism[edit]

Transport

Air

Chumphon Airport is located 30km north of Chumphon City in Pathio District (alternative spelling Pathiu). It has direct daily flights connections with Bangkok's two airports, Don Meueng Airport - Budget & Low cost flights (DMK). Flights from Bangkok are around 60 minutes. The airport is located 1km from Ao Bo Mao Beach Pathio on Cap d'Pathiu, Chum Kho.

Airlines serving Chumphon Airport, Pathio.

Nok Air operates two daily flights between Bangkok (Don Muang, DMK) and Chumphon Airport, Pathio District, Chumphon (CJM).

Services at the Airport.

The airport has transit agents for onward travel to Chumphon and the islands of the a Gulf of Thailand including Koh Tao, Koh Phangan and onto Koh Samui. The TAT Tourism Authority of Thailand, Chumphon has a tourism information counter at the airport offering information on the region.


Sights[edit]

Prince of Chumphon Shrine (ศาลเจ้าพ่อกรมหลวงชุมพร) Hat Sai Rai, a monument of Admiral Phra Borommawong Thoe Kromluang Chumphon Khet Udomsak and a museum.

Hat Sai Ri (หาดทรายรี) This long white sand beach with views of nearby islands.

Khao Chao Mueang (เขาเจ้าเมือง) The district’s highest observation point offering panoramic views of the coast and far out into the Chumphon Archipelago.

Ao Thung Makham (อ่าวทุ่งมะขาม) A bay of 2 semicircles.


The National Museum of Chumphon (พิพิธภัณฑสถานแห่งชาติชุมพร) Established in 1995 at Khao Samkaew, the museum provides an overview of province.

Khao Phang Forest Park (วนอุทยานเขาพาง) Within the national park, there are a great variety of tropical vegetation.

Wat Chao Fa Sala Loi (วัดเจ้าฟ้าศาลาลอย) At this temple lived Luang Pho Song Chanthasaro, a famous religious teacher who died at the age of nearly 100 years.

Somdech Phra Srinagarindra Park (สวนสมเด็จพระศรีนครินทร์ฯ ) The park consists of a hill and rivers.There is also a monument to the present King’s mother.

Tham Khao Ngoen (ถ้ำเขาเงิน) The cave’s interior looks like a big hall or tent. There is an opening at the top. The cave’s wall is also inscribed with his Majesty’s initial Chor.Por.Ror.

Tham Khao Kriab (ถ้ำเขาเกรียบ) Lmestone cave with a monks residence at the entrance.

Ko Phithak (เกาะพิทักษ์) An island is in Tambon Bang Nam Chuet, 1 kilometre offshore. The island has distinctive rocks formations and fishing villages.

Namtok Thap Chang (น้ำตกทับช้าง) A beautiful waterfall in Khlong Phrao National Park.

Hat Arunothai (หาดอรุโณทัย) A beach with a shrine-memorial to Prince Chumphon.

Tham Rap Ro (Wat Thep Charoen) ถ้ำรับร่อ (วัดเทพเจริญ) This foothill temple cave with of two caves, The Ai Tay Cave houses a Buddha image known aas Luang Pho Lak Mueang, or the town god’s revered grandfather.

Hin Chang Spirit House (ศาลเจ้าพ่อตาหินช้าง) Between kilometers 453 and 454 on the Phetchakasem highway in Mu. 2 Tambon Salui, a spirit house was installed for the revered god of the stone elephant image.

Wat Tha Kwan Mueang (วัดท่าควนเมือง) A temple perched on top of a limestone hill with a commanding view.

Wat Phra Thart Sawi (วัดพระธาตุสวี) A temple next to Sawi River stands a shrine know locally as “San Phra Suea Mueang”

Hat Sai Ri Sawi (หาดทรายรี สวี) It is the most beautiful in the district. It is in Mu 8, Tambon Tha Hin. It is a large sand beach parallel to a long line of many coconut trees.

Tham Thip Prida (ถ้ำทิพย์ปรีดา) A rocky mountain with about 40 caves, some which contain pools.

Ko Khai ( เกาะไข่) A small island located off Ao Bo Mao Beach in Pathio District. It is encircled by coral reefs with fish and other marine life.

Hat Thung Wua Laen (หาดทุ่งวัวแล่น) Chumphon’s most popular tourist beach.

Ko Chorakhe( เกาะจระเข้) Island off Chumphon, “Chorakhe” means “crocodile” in Thai.

Ko Ngam Yai and Ko Ngam Noi (เกาะง่ามใหญ่และเกาะง่ามน้อย) This pair of adjacent islands is located 17 kilometers off the southern part of Thung Wua Laen Bay. It is known among locals for the swallows’ nests which are harvested there for export.

Namtok Heo Lom (น้ำตกเหวโหลม) Scenic water falls.

Por Ta Chongdong Summit (ยอดเขาพ่อตาโชงโดง) about 1,000 meters high, This summit is a sunset viewpoint of Andaman sea.

Por Ta Mangkre Summit (ยอดเขาพ่อตามังเคร)

Khao Thung-Klong Pi waterfall (เขาทุ่ง-น้ำตกคลองปิ) The main waterway of Lang Suan river and Khlong Pi waterfall.

Haew Ta Jan-Haew Phlu Nang waterfall (น้ำตกเหวตาจันทร์-น้ำตกเหวพลูหนัง)

Watershed forest mountain (สัมผัสยอดเขา) Hiking trail to the top of mountain I with views of both Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand

Tham Khao Plu Hot Spring (บ่อน้ำร้อนถ้ำเขาพลู) 3 hot springs at the foot of the mountain slope. In the vicinity, there are also 4 caves with stalactites and stalagmites. Wildlife includes squirrels, pig-tailed monkeys and birds .

Hat Tawan Chai (หาดตะวันฉาย) This is a large long beach with coconut palms.

Tourist Activities[edit]

Raptor Watching Festival (เทศกาลดูเหยี่ยวอพยพ) In the southern coastline of Chumphon, especially in October every year, the raptors flew pass Thailand to Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia or to Australia. Specifically, Chumphon, Thailand.

Visit Fruits Garden (เยี่ยมชมสวนผลไม้) A variety of tropical fruit gardens, Such as orange (Cho-gun), Papaya, Mangoesteen, Durian, Dragon fruits, and orchid flower garden.

Snorkeling and Diving (ดำน้ำชมปะการัง) There are 44 islands located of coral reef range, Amazing with beautiful sea-world in Gulf of Thailand (Ao Thai). In the Thung Wua Laen beach know as Running Bull Beach, in north of Chumphon, Pathio District, you can find the Wet Cats Center, one of the best destination for Snorkeling and Diving.

Hiking trail and white water rafting in Phato (เดินป่าและล่องแพ อำเภอพะโต๊ะ) In the rainforest of Phato. It is the beginning of river. Which runs through pass the mountain, fruits gardens, to Lang Suan river.

Fireflies Sightseeing (ล่องเรือชมหิ่งห้อย) The both side of Thatapao river. When the sundown from the day. This river covered with the fireflies stayed on Lamphu tree and other trees along the river. It seem to be a great magic light from these bugs.

Bird Watching (ดูนก) Chumphon province connected conastline, Therefore many kinds of bird are living in the mangrove forest are and also flying pass this coastline from Thailand to Malaysia, Indonesia or Singapore.

IPSC Shooting Sport (ยิงปืนระบบรณยุทธ) Extremely sport, shooting game in Chumphon. It provides the shooting stadium (outdoor-indoor), restaurant, swimming pool, fitness center and the professional trainer. Located Arparkorn Rd. (Mueang Chumphon-Hat Thungwaulaen, Pathio), 2 km (1 mi) from the Government center of Chumphon.

Local products[edit]

Fresh Fruits and Fruit Products Coffee bean Seafood Dried Spa Cashew Nut Bakery Artificial Flowers

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Phato Rafting (งานเทศกาลล่องแพพะโต๊ะ) Held during February to April. Highlights include competitions’ mini-marathon race and rafting.

Lang Suan’s Fruits Fair (งานวันผลไม้เมืองหลังสวน) This fair is organized annually around August. The fruit market here exhibits a variety of fruits and there is a fruits contest.

Traditional Boats Procession and Boat Race (งานประเพณีแห่พระแข่งเรือ) Originally, this event began in King Rama III’s period around 1844. The festival, commencing annually in October, comprises boats beautifully decorated and carrying Buddha images from various temples.

Celebration in Honouring Prince of Chumphon Shrine (งานเทิดพระเกียรติ กรมหลวงชุมพรเขตรอุดมศักดิ์) Held annually during December 19-25th, honours the Father of the Royal Thai Navy, Admiral Krom Luang Chumphon Khet Udomsak, whose life and work has been exhibited in this fair.

Chumphon Sea-World Fair (งานเปิดโลกทะเลชุมพร) The Fair is to promote local incomes and tourism as well as to conserve the natural resources of Chumphon. It is annually held in March at Hat Sai Ri. The activities include a fishing competition, exhibition and contest of pictures of related interesting places as well as mini marathon racing contest etc.

Chumphon King’s and Princess’cups boats race (งานแข่งเรือยาวชิงถ้วยพระราชทานพระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวและสมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดาฯ สยามบรมราชกุมารี) Held annually on August at the Khlong Hua Wang-Phanang Tak, Tambon Na Cha-ang around Nong-Yai area. Boats competing the race for the King’s and the Princess’s cups are beautifully decorated and are from different parts of the country.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°29′34″N 99°10′45″E / 10.49278°N 99.17917°E / 10.49278; 99.17917