||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (April 2013)|
|Street Fighter character|
|First game||Street Fighter II (1991)|
|Designed by||Akira "Akiman" Yasuda (Street Fighter II)|
|Voiced by (English)||Lia Sargent (Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie, Street Fighter II V, Animaze, Street Fighter Alpha: The Movie)
Junie Hoang (Street Fighter II V, ADV #1)
Tamara Lo (Street Fighter II V, ADV #2)
Donna Yamamoto (Street Fighter TV series)
Laura Bailey (Street Fighter IV, Marvel vs. Capcom 3, Street Fighter X Tekken)
|Voiced by (Japanese)||Yūko Miyamura (Street Fighter Alpha series, Street Fighter EX series, Vs. series)
Atsuko Tanaka (Street Fighter III: 3rd Strike, Namco x Capcom)
Michiko Neya (Capcom vs. SNK series)
Mari Jitsukawa (SVC Chaos: SNK vs. Capcom)
Fumiko Orikasa (Tatsunoko vs. Capcom, Street Fighter IV, Marvel vs. Capcom 3, Street Fighter X Tekken, Project X Zone)
Yumi Tōma (Street Fighter Alpha: The Movie)
Chisa Yokoyama (Street Fighter II V, Street Fighter Alpha drama CD)
Miki Fujitani (Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie)
Rika Fukami (Japanese dub of the Street Fighter film)
Riisa Naka (Japanese dub of The Legend of Chun-Li)
|Motion capture||Ming-Na (The Movie games)|
|Portrayed by||Jackie Chan (City Hunter)
Ming-Na (Street Fighter)
Kristin Kreuk (Street Fighter: The Legend of Chun-Li)
|Birthplace||China (British Hong Kong in some versions)|
|Nationality||Chinese (Chinese American in The Legend of Chun-Li)|
|Fighting style||SF IV: Chinese Kempo (中国拳法 Chūgoku Kenpō?, "Chinese martial arts") and others|
|Weapon||None in fighting matches (expert with firearms)|
Chun-Li (春麗, also チュン・リー Chun Rī?, simplified Chinese: 春丽; traditional Chinese: 春麗; pinyin: Chūn Lì) is a video game character produced by Capcom. First introduced in Street Fighter II, she has since appeared as a player character in nearly all subsequent games in the series. Chun-Li is notable for being the first well-known female playable character in a fighting game, earning her a status of the "first lady of fighting games" among the genre's enthusiasts.
In video games
Chun-Li is presented as a woman with a strong sense of justice, and her motives for fighting crime range from avenging the death of her father to protecting innocents. She especially cares for kids, showing repulse for the use of brainwashed young girls in Street Fighter Alpha 3 or the kidnap of a kid in Street Fighter III: Third Strike. In the latter game she decides she will teach her fighting style and philosophy to kids. Chun-Li is an expert martial arts practitioner. She started training in several styles of Chinese kempo ("Chinese martial arts") at the age of 5, especially tai chi chuan, which she would later complement with sanda (combat wushu) and fighting styles from all around the world, such as taekwondo, combat karate and capoeira. Related to her police job, she is also a very skilled firearm user, her game profiles stating that she has at least once achieved a 6th place in an international shooting competition. Chun-Li has also been noted in-universe for her fluent English, investigating skills, penetrating eyes, beauty and acting talent for deception.
Chun-Li was introduced in 1991 in the original Street Fighter II as the franchise's first female character, an undercover Interpol agent seeking to avenge the death of her father at the hands of M. Bison and his criminal organization. Upon Bison's defeat, she fulfills her revenge and decides to return to her life as an ordinary girl; Super Street Fighter II allows players to choose this ending or another in which she remains a police officer. Street Fighter Alpha prequel series built upon her backstory, while Street Fighter III: 3rd Strike shows her retired and teaching martial arts to young children, only to be forced to return to law enforcement after one of her students is abducted by Urien. Chun-Li returns in Street Fighter IV, where her in-game narrative shows her at crossroads in her life, eventually returning to both street fighting and law enforcement.
In Street Fighter EX, a non-canon spin-off series produced by Street Fighter II creator Akira Nishitani, Chun-Li is a police officer investigating Shadaloo in search of her missing father. She has also made appearances in many other Capcom-produced fighting games, including all titles of the long-running series Marvel vs. Capcom (ever since X-Men vs. Street Fighter, including Shadow Lady, a dark version of Chun-Li that underwent harsh experiments on Bison's orders) and Capcom vs. SNK, and in Tatsunoko vs. Capcom: Ultimate All-Stars and Street Fighter X Tekken. She and Ryu are the only Street Fighter characters to appear in every Capcom crossover title, including the SNK vs. Capcom fighting game series by SNK and the tactical role-playing games Namco × Capcom and Project X Zone by Namco. Often, Chun-Li is either continuing her existing story from Street Fighter II or seeking to arrest the other characters in the game that she sees as suspicious.
In addition, Chun-Li appears in the versus puzzle games Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo and Super Gem Fighter Mini Mix, and in the pachinko slot game Chun-Li Ni Makase China!, the first game that featured her in a starring role. She also has cameos in Final Fight 2, Breath of Fire and Mega Man 9, as well as in Onimusha: Dawn of Dreams (an alternate costume for Ohatsu) and in Sony's LittleBigPlanet (a DLC for Sackgirl).
In the Street Fighter II sub-series and most of her later appearances, Chun-Li wears a qipao, an early 20th-century Chinese dress. In the first version of Street Fighter II, Chun-Li was originally depicted wearing a red qipao instead of blue. The dress is modified to allow a far wider range of movement than a generic qipao. Her ensemble also includes a pair of white combat boots and brown tights. She wears her hair in "ox horns", with silk brocades and ribbons in her hair. Another familiar part of her ensemble are the large spiked bracelets she wears on her wrists. In the Street Fighter Alpha games (set during the time period before Street Fighter II), Chun-Li wears a Chinese acrobatic outfit an embroidered vest, a unitard and athletic sneaker shoes, wearing her ox horns unadorned. In Street Fighter IV, Chun-Li's alternate outfit consists of black tabard with gold accents at the bottom, while her ox horns are unadorned, just like in her Alpha appearance, only this time it is held by red ropes with golden balls at the tip. This outfit is completed with red shoes, gold earrings and black and gold bracelets.
Chun-Li is known for her very muscular legs, while depictions of the rest of her body are more variable. In the Street Fighter Alpha games, where she wore a sleeveless, tight outfit, her arms and upper body were visibly much stronger than those of any other female character in the franchise, but many artists choose to depict her as petite and slim, in official and unofficial artworks alike, drawing only her legs strong due to her emphasis on kicking moves. Chun-Li was designed with an exceptionally strong physique because she was the sole woman among a roster of powerful male characters in Street Fighter II. To overcome this perceived imbalance, she was devised as a character who had mastered Chinese kenpo and really pushed her body to the limit so that she could compete with such a cast of large and imposing men.
Chun-Li's gameplay style changes notably from game to game, with Street Fighter III: 3rd Strike marking a strong depart from previous incarnations and featuring a high number of revamped moves. Later games have looked to balance between her Street Fighter II and Third Strike styles. She started as a weak and fast close-range fighter compared to the bigger male characters from Street Fighter II, but she steadily gained an array of different moves through the games, such as a projectile attack or an anti-air defensive move, which steered her towards a more balanced type with an emphasis on poking and control of neutral game thanks to a rich set of non-special moves of relatively long range.
Street Fighter Alpha 2 and Street Fighter Alpha 3 feature Chun-Li's original outfit from Street Fighter II as an alternate version of the character with alternate special abilities and Super Combos. Her appearances in the Marvel vs. Capcom series are reminiscent of her early gameplay, featuring her as one of the fastest characters in the games, taking advantage of the faster gameplay of the games as well as game mechanics such as multiple jumps and air dashes; her X-Factor power-up in Marvel vs. Capcom 3 features an increment in speed.
Chun-Li's normal moves are balanced among punches and kicks, but most of her special moves are kicks. Her most recognizable special moves remain the Hyakuretsu Kyaku, a series of quick kicks from a one-legged stance (usually referred to as Lightning Legs/Kicks in English), and the Spinning Bird Kick, where she spins while upside down in a front split kicking all around her. Chun-Li can also use the Kiko-Ken, a ranged energy projectile similar to Ryu's Hadouken, and a concentrated static energy burst known as the Kiko-Sho.
The 1994 live-action Street Fighter portrayed the character as "Chun-Li Zang", played by Ming-Na. Posing as a television reporter, she seeks to kill M. Bison, a warlord who murdered her father during a peasant uprising. She allies herself with E. Honda and Balrog, whose reputations were ruined by Bison's mafia connections, and later forms an initially uneasy alliance with Ryu and Ken working with Guile to infiltrate Bison's fortress. At the end of the film, she helps Ryu and Ken free Bison's hostages, and in return Guile promises her an exclusive interview.
In the second live-action film, 2009's Street Fighter: The Legend of Chun-Li, Chun-Li (named as "Chun-Li Huang") was played by Kristin Kreuk. She was given the Chinese-American nationality, but retains her goal to avenge her father by killing Bison, a figure in the criminal underworld.
Chun-Li is a central character in the 1994 anime film Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie. An Interpol agent, she is investigating M. Bison's organization of Shadowlaw, which is suspected of murdering several diplomats. She requests to work with Guile to investigate Bison's organization, but he is initially reluctant, more eager to pursue Bison himself, but later they become inseparable. In a famous instance of fan service, an explicit scene shows Chun-Li showering in her apartment as a Shadaloo assassin, Vega, arrives to kill her. The shower scene has been censored to varying degrees in versions of the English dub. Vega ends up having been kicked through a wall and hurtling several stories to the ground, but Chun-Li succumbs to her injuries and slips into a coma. She remains hospitalized for the rest of the movie, as a distraught Guile promises her that he will make Bison pay. Following Bison's defeat, Chun-Li pulls a prank on Guile by making it appear as if she has died while he was away.
In the 1997-1998 anime series Street Fighter II V, Chun-Li appears as the spirited tour guide to Ken and Ryu. Her character in this adaptation is a far cry from "the world's strongest woman", since she is mostly a kung-fu student under the guidance of her father, the highest-ranked police chief in Hong Kong. Chun-Li plays a sizable role in the series' finale, when she is brainwashed by Bison. Ken is shown having growing feelings for her, as he takes her on a shopping spree and even buys her an engagement ring in the first part of the series.
Chun-Li also appears in the 1999 anime OVA Street Fighter Alpha: The Animation, as an Interpol agent who investigates a mad scientist called Sadler who works for Shadaloo. She believes the trail can lead her to her father, who at the time, was missing and presumed alive. She assists Ryu and Ken in finding a kidnapped boy named Shun.
In the 1990s Street Fighter II manga by Masaomi Kanzaki, Chun-Li remains in her established role of an interpol agent investigating Bison, yet frequently expresses her desire to earn Ryu's praise as a genuine fighter. As the story progresses, Chun-Li participates in a tournament arranged by Shadaloo, eventually coming up against Vega, portrayed here as her father's killer. She defeats him but is so exhausted that she pulls out from the tournament and her injuries prevent her from doing much when Ryu and Bison confront one another, except call off an air strike by Interpol.
Chun-Li also appears in Masahiko Nakahira's 1996-1997 manga Street Fighter: Sakura Ganbaru!, in which she participates in a police raid to an illegal underground fighting circle. Later on, she follows the trails that lead her to an assassin which turns out to be Gen, from whom she suffers an utter defeat. In the manga adaptations of Street Fighter Alpha, Chun-Li is again an agent of the Interpol. She encounters Ryu, who has fallen from grace and had hired himself out as a bodyguard to drug smugglers, and winds up befriending him and Birdie as well as Ken, also rescuing Cammy from being captured by Sodom. Shadaloo is once again responsible for the death of her father, though the exact identity of the killer is not revealed.
In the 1990s, Malibu Comics produced a short-lived series of Street Fighter comics, which featured Chun-Li as a starring character. She is depicted as having known Ryu and Ken since her late teens, as well as having a romantic interest in Ryu. The story primarily focuses not on Chun-Li or Ryu in particular, but rather on the events which follow the murder of Ken Masters. Due to the comic's abrupt end (it was cancelled after three issues), the storyline was never resolved.
When UDON picked up the comic book license for the Street Fighter franchise for American markets, Chun-Li again became a central character, involved in the hunt for Bison and Shadaloo. However, in the comic, the killer of Chun-Li's father is Cammy, prior to her being freed from Bison's control. Chun-Li battles Cammy when they meet face to face for the first time and ultimately forgives Cammy and turns her sights on Bison himself; she later meets Cammy for the second time and formally wins against her. Eventually, she receives an invitation from Shadaloo to enter a tournament being held by Bison. The comic appears to be mixing elements of the various games together and Chun-Li's mode of dress changes several times throughout the UDON comics, from the outfits worn in Street Fighter Alpha to her more traditional qipao from Street Fighter II.
In 2008, UDON also released a four-issue special miniseries Street Fighter Legends: Chun-Li, which focuses on a younger Chun-Li and one of her first assignments for the Hong Kong police; in it, Chun-Li is working with her partner Po-lin, a young policewoman who has a very personal score to settle with Shadaloo.
Chun-Li was played by cross-dressing Jackie Chan in the 1993 live-action adaptation of City Hunter during the Street Fighter II spoof scene. In the season 6 (2010) Halloween special of the animated series American Dad, Toshi's older sister Akiko goes trick-or-treating as Chun-Li. Chun-Li made a cameo appearance in the animated film Wreck-It Ralph alongside several fellow Street Fighter characters.
Scores of various Chun-Li figures were produced by various manufacturers. Artworks of her were also featured on an officially licenced animated Nubytech/UDON joypad for the PlayStation 2, and a Mad Catz wireless joypad for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360.
Chun-Li is widely regarded as one of the most popular characters in the series. In 2002, she was voted number one in Capcom's own poll of top 85 characters for the 15th anniversary of Street Fighter. In 2008, Chip ranked Chun-Li as the fifth top "girl of gaming". She was ranked third in IGN's 2009 list of top Street Fighter characters. GameDaily ranked her as number one on their 2009 list of top Street Fighter characters of all time, praising her character evolution and for balanced gameplay. The same site ranked her as second in their 2008 list of top Capcom characters of all time and as the favorite character from the Street Fighter series. UGO Networks ranked her as third on their 2010 list of top Street Fighter characters, adding that as the first female fighting game character, Chun-Li "was one of few female characters in the early 90s not cast in a role of damsel in distress, but instead showed that female characters could fight just as same as their male counterparts." Her return in Street Fighter III: Third Strike has been called as the main and best addition to the game by IGN and GamePro. Nevertheless, she has been noted to be one of the most powerful characters in the game, alongside Ken and Yun. Entertainment Weekly's Darren Franich listed her as one of "15 Kick-Ass Women in Videogames", asserting that she is "[p]roof that ladies could quite literally kick ass as well as the dudes."
Chun-Li often appears in the top list type articles for the fighting game genre, all video games, and in even in general fiction. She was awarded the title of the "Hottest Babe of 1992" by Electronic Gaming Monthly, tying with Blaze from Streets of Rage. Chun-Li's cameo in the role-playing game Breath of Fire was included in Expert Gamer's 1998 list of the 50 greatest video game secrets. In 2008, GameDaily ranked her as fourth among the "50 hottest game babes". That same year, Spike featured her in their contest "Top 10 Video Game Vixens" at number four, citing a preference for her muscular thighs. In Game Informer's 2009 list of top ten best fighting game characters Chun-Li was seventh. UGO placed her as ninth on their list of top "videogame hotties", commenting that "Chun-Li's female presence and early dominance of the fighting game genre propelled her into the minds of many early fanboys." In addition, UGO ranked her as number one on their 2011 list of fighting games' finest female fighters, adding, "For the record: There's nothing wrong with Chun-Li's thighs, and they are definitely not 'too big'," also including her in their list of "hottest fictional women of 2012". In 2010, CraveOnline listed her as one of top ten "hottest girls in gaming", noting that "for millions of early-generation gamers, Capcom's arcade release of Street Fighter II was the very first real taste of a video-game crush." Similarly, Videogamer.com included her in the 2010 list of top ten "video game crushes", noting that gamers have loved her since 1992. Mania Entertainment put her second in their 2010 list of "video game women that kick ass". Complex ranked her naked appearance in Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie as seventh on the list of the "hottest cartoon women" of all time in 2011, and as the ninth "most dominant" fighting game character in 2012, adding that "Chun-Li and her infamous thighs are instantly recognizable." Complex also pitted her against Mai Shiranui in the "battle of the beauties" feature, commenting "Breasts or legs? Personally, we'll take 'em both." In 2012, Complex ranked her as the second best Asian character in video games, commenting, "Easily one of the most recognizable characters in video games as a whole, Chun-Li seems to pop up in every list you can think of." That same year, GamesRadar ranked this "first lady of fighters (as in, literally the first one ever)" as the 85th "most memorable, influential, and badass" protagonist in games, calling her "as one of the most recognizable heroines in gaming" praising her for "her combat prowess and positive attitude" and also for "her muscular thunder thighs," while MSN included her among the 20 "hottest women in video game history". In 2013, Complex ranked her as the 22nd "most badass" video game character of all time, as well as the seventh greatest heroine in video game history, calling her "probably the most iconic fighting game character ever." In 2013, she was listed as the second "sexiest female video game character of all time" by AMOG, who stated that "after all these years, Chun-Li remains one of the most classic video game beauties," and as the seventh sexiest female video game character by Scarlet Clearwater of Soletron, while Steve Jenkins of CheatCodes.com declared her the 13th "hottest video game girl" of all time. That same year, Complex placed her at the top of list of video game characters that deserve a spin-off, noting her as "arguably the most popular female video character ever created."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chun-Li.|
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